Ali Arefi  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.
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+61 8 9360 2830

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A.Arefi@murdoch.edu.au

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    Dr Ali Arefi
    PhD, MSc, BSc

    Senior Lecturer in Electrical Engineering, IEEE Senior Member

    About me

    Ali Arefi received a B.Sc. (Honours), M.Sc., and Ph.D. all in electrical engineering in 1999, 2001, and 2011, respectively. He has been a lecturer and Research Fellow in Queensland University of Technology (QUT) since 2012. During this time, he has developed an automated tool for optimal investment strategy in electric distribution networks over large areas and long planning horizons for Energy Queensland Limited. He is a chief investigator in the awarded Discovery Project titled “Transition to Customer Response Driven Networks”, which is funded $390k by Australian Research Council (ARC) in 2015. Moreover, he is contributor/author of two research grants including Linkage Project funded more than $0.5M by ARC and supply industry. He is an IEEE Senior member and a member of several IEEE Working Groups and Committee and Task Force. He has more than six years’ experiences with electric distribution industry. He has been the consultant for 5 industry-funded research projects. He has also carried out energy audits and power quality analysis for more than 30 factories and electric distribution networks. Moreover, he has delivered many talks for industries in the field of energy efficiency and power quality. His research interests are mainly in the areas of sustainable electric distribution planning, state estimation, and energy efficiency.

    Industrial activities:

    • Consultant in and Supervisor of the Research Project on Technical Requirements of Distributed Generation (2 to 25 MW) Interconnection with Electric Distribution Network.
    • Supervisor of the Research Project on Economic and Integrated Planning of Active Distribution Network. (the outcome of this project has been commercialised.)
    • Consultant in and Supervisor of the Research Project on Electric Loss Reduction and Determination for Modern (Smart) Electric Distribution Networks.
    • Consultant in and Supervisor of the Research Project of Power Quality Improvement and Determination in Modern (Smart) Electric Distribution Networks.
    • Consultant in and Supervisor of the Research Project of Technical and Economic Study of Power Quality Improvement in Modern Electric Distribution Networks.
    • Consultant in Knowledge Transfer from SIEMENS Co. in Efficient and Cost-effective Electric Distribution Network.
    • Consultant in Examining the Performance of Energy Optimization Devices.
    • Consultant in Distributed Generation for Interconnection Analysis of Hydro/Pump Storage Power Plant (600 MW) with the 230 kV or 400 kV power Network and Feasibility Study of Hydro Power Plant (20MW) and interconnection with distribution network as well as tender documents preparation.
    • Technical Analyst and Manager in Power Quality / Power Electronics
    • Supervisor of Tool Development for Power Quality Analysis and Power Electronic Device Diagnosis. Using this tool, many power quality and energy analyses have been conducted.
    • Consultant in Electric Power Quality and Energy Saving for Electric Power Companies.

    Research areas

    My research interests are in the areas of:

    • Electric distribution network:

    Sustainable and resilient planning of power delivery system, Microgrids, Smart Grids, State Estimation, Power Quality, and Electric Loss Reduction.

    • Energy Efficiency:

    Renewable Integration, Zero Emission Technologies, and Motor Drives

    Current projects

    Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery project (2016-2019):

    G.Ledwich, L. Wagner, Ali Arefi “Transition to Customer Response Driven Networks”,

     

    Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) (2017-2020): 

    Distributed Energy Resources Trials in Carnarvon – a collaborative research project with Horizon Power funded by Horizon Power and the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) (2017-2020).

    This project is concerned with a series of practical trials, experiments and studies in Carnarvon with the aim of increasing distributed Photovoltaic and battery systems hosting capacity in remote microgrids.

    The research aims to overcome technical constraints associated with a high-penetration distributed energy resource future. It seeks to explore efficient ways to design and manage a remote microgrid with very high levels of distributed energy resources and with that reduce the dependence on fossil-fuel generation.

    Awards and grants

      • G. Ledwich, L. Wagner, Ali Arefi, “Transition to Customer Response Driven Networks”, Australian Research Council Discovery Project (ARC DP), funded $390k, on 2016-2019.
      • Ali Arefi, Chris Lund from Murdoch University and City of Melville, “Local Government Facilities as a Grid Paralleled Mode Microgrids”, Smart Cities and Suburbs Program, $547k grant from Government and Industry contribution: $550k, 2018-2020.
      • M. Calais, P. Bahri, C. Carter, Ali Arefi, et al from Murdoch University, Horizon Power, Next Energy, funded $1.92m (total: $7.08m), “Project Highgarden – Monitor & Control of PV & Energy Storage”, Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), 2017-2020, this project is a joint application among Horizon Power, Murdoch University, and Next Energy, web address: https://arena.gov.au/projects/horizon-power-business-model-pilot/.
      • ‘2019 Advanced Foreign Expert Introduction Plan’ with the Northwest Minzu University in China and Queensland University of Technology on “Improved Visibility of Renewable Generations through advanced State Estimator”, May 2019, awarded ¥100,000 (~$21k).
      • Science Industry PhD Fellowships for two students from Department of Jobs, Tourism, Science and Innovation (JTSI) with the supports from industries: $93k ($60k plus $33k cash contribution from industry).
      • The award of ‘Australia-China Young Professional Fellowship 2019‘ from the Australian Academy of Technology and Engineering and China Science and Technology Exchange Centre to visit Chinese institutes.
      • A. Abeygunawardana, Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “Development of Cost-reflective Pricing Scheme for Active Electricity Distribution Networks”, funded $20k, School EECS Pilot Projects for Emerging Research Strength, June 2014.
      • Ali Arefi, et al,” A test bed for hybrid AC/DC microgrids: towards future energy distribution”, $21k, Murdoch University Equipment Grant Scheme, 2016.
      • Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “An optimal investment strategy in electric distribution networks considering equipment ageing using energy storages and demand response”, $6k, Murdoch University Strategic Scheme, 2016.
      • P. Bahri, M. Anda, W. Ela, Ali Arefi, et al, “Modelling rooftop PV and customer engagement for delivery of reliable urban electricity and water supplies”, $5k, Murdoch University Interdisciplinary Grant Scheme, 2016.
      • Ali Arefi, R. Bagheri, “Technical and Economic Study of Utilizing ElectroFlowTM System in Modern Electric Distribution Networks”, 60m IRR, Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Holding Company, Tehran, Iran, 2003-2004.
      • Ali Arefi, “Technical Requirements of Distributed Generation (2 to 25 MW) Interconnection with Electric Distribution Network”, 800m IRR, Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Holding Company, Tehran, Iran, 2011-2012.
      • Ali Arefi, “Electric Loss Reduction and Determination for Modern Electric Distribution Networks”, 150m IRR, Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Holding Company, Tehran, Iran, 2004-2011.
      • Ali Arefi, “Power Quality Improvement and Determination in Modern (Smart) Electric Distribution Networks”, 70m IRR, Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Holding Company, Tehran, Iran, 2008-2010.
      • Contributor to ARC Linkage project proposal: “Risk-managed Customer-responsive Distribution Network Planning”, funded A$525k by Australian Research Council (ARC), supported financially by Ergon Energy Co. Ltd., June 2014.

    Publications

    Selected Publications

    • Books and Book chapters:
    1. Ali Arefi, M-R. Haghifam, “Chapter 14 – State Estimation in Smart Power Grids”, Smart Power Grids, Editors: Prof. Ali Keyhani and Dr. Muhammad Marwali, SPRINGER-VERLAG, 1st Edition, 685 pages, Oct. 2011, ISBN: 978-3-642-21577-3.
    2. Ali Arefi, A. Yavartalab, “Distribution System Loss Reduction Manual”, Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Holding Co., Distribution Engineering Department, 180 pages, 2007.
    3. T. Fatanat, Ali Arefi, et al., “Energy Management Practical Reference Book”, Technology Studies Centre of Sharif University of Technology, 736 pages, 2005.
    4. F. Shahnia, Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “Electric Distribution Network Planning and Management”, Springer, due: December 2017.
    • Journals:
    1. H. Pezeshki, Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, P. J. Wolfs, “Probabilistic Voltage Management Using OLTC and dSTATCOM in Distribution Networks,” in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2017.2718511.
    2. H. Sagha, G. Mokhtari, Ali Arefi, G. Nourbakhsh, G. Ledwich, A. Ghosh, “A New Approach to Improve PV Power Injection in LV Electrical Systems using DVR”, IEEE Systems Journals (to be appeared)
    3. Ali Arefi, F. Shahnia, “Tertiary Controller-based Optimal Voltage and Frequency Management Technique for Multi-Microgrid Systems of Large Remote Towns”, Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2017.
    4. F. Shahnia, Ali Arefi, “Eigenanalysis-based Small Signal Stability of the System of Coupled Sustainable Microgrids”, Accepted for publication in International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 2017.
    5. Ali Arefi, A. Abeygunawardana, G. Ledwich, “A New Risk-managed Planning of Electric Distribution Network Incorporating Customer Engagement and Temporary Solutions”, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 7, no. 4, 2016.
    6. B. Behi, Ali Arefi, H. Pezeshki, F. Shahnia, “Distribution transformer lifetime analysis in the presence of demand response and rooftop PV integration”, accepted in Renewable Energy & Environmental Sustainability journal.
    7. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, B. Behi, “An Efficient DSE Using Conditional Multivariate Complex Gaussian Distribution”, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Special issue on “Monitoring, Visualization, and State Estimation for Distribution Systems”, 2015, DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2014.2385871.
    8. Ali Arefi,M. -R. Haghifam, S. H. Fathi, “Observability Analysis of Electric Networks Considering Branch Impedance,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 33, issue 4, pp. 954-960, May 2011.
    9. Ali Arefi,M. -R. Haghifam, “A Modified Particle Swarm Optimization for Correlated Phenomena”, Applied Soft Computing Journal, vol. 11, no. 8, Dec. 2011, pp. 4640-4654, doi:10.1016/ j.asoc.2011.07.018.
    10. Ali Arefi,M. R. Haghifam, S. H. Fathi, “Distribution State Estimation Based on Doubly Loop Mutant PSO (DLM-PSO)”, Journal of Iranian Association of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, no. 9(1); pp.41-52, Spring-Summer 2012.
    11. Ali Arefi,J. Olamaei, M. R. Haghifam, A. Yavartalab, Z. Deliani, “PMU Placement for Harmonic State Estimation in Distribution Networks”, Journal of Electric Power Industry, vol. 166, pp. 24-31, Autumn and Winter 2011.
    12. T. Niknam, B. Amiri, J. Olamaei, Ali Arefi, “An Efficient Hybrid Evolutionary Optimization Algorithm Based on PSO and SA for Clustering”, Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 512-519, 2009.
    13. T. Niknam, M. Nayeripour, J. Olamaei, Ali Arefi, “An Efficient Hybrid Evolutionary Optimization Algorithm for Daily Volt/Var Control at Distribution System Including DGs”, International Review of Electrical Engineering Journal (IREE), vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 513-524, June 2008.
    • Conferences:
    1. M. M. Rahman, G.M. Shafiullah, Ali Arefi, S. Hettiwatte, “Improvement of Voltage Magnitude and Unbalance in LV Network by Implementing Residential Demand Response”, 2017 IEEE PES General Meeting, July 16-20, 2017, Chicago, IL, USA.
    2. L. Ali, F. Shahnia, Ali Arefi, H. Iu, T. Fernando, “Feasibility Analysis of a Sustainable System for an Australian Remote Town”, 3rd IEEE International Conference on Power Generation Systems and Renewable Energy Technologies, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Apr. 2017.
    3. M. Shafiei, G. Nourbakhsh, Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, T. Fernando, H. Iu, “Dynamic Load Modelling Using Measured Data in Distribution Networks”, 3rd IEEE International Conference on Power Generation Systems and Renewable Energy Technologies, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Apr. 2017.
    4. M.A. Hayat, F. Shahnia, Ali Arefi, H. Iu, and T. Fernando, “Comparison of the economic benefits and the payback periods of rooftop solar panels in Australia,” 3rd IEEE International Conference on Power Generation Systems and Renewable Energy Technologies, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Apr. 2017.
    5. M.A. Hayat, F. Shahnia and Ali Arefi, “Efficient seasonal time of use feed-in tariff for residential rooftop PVs in Australian electricity market,” World Renewable Energy Congress XVI, pp.1-4, Perth, Australia, Feb. 2017.
    6. B. Behi, Ali Arefi, H. Pezeshki, F. Shahnia, “Distribution transformer lifetime analysis in the presence of demand response and rooftop PV integration,” World Renewable Energy Congress XVI, pp.1-8, Perth, Australia, Feb. 2017.
    7. M. M. Rahman, Ali Arefi, GM Shafiullah, S. Hettiwatte, “Penetration Maximisation of Residential Rooftop Photovoltaic using Demand Response”, International Conference on Smart-Green Technology in Electrical and Information Systems,6-8 Oct. 2016, Bali, Indonesia.
    8. F. Shahnia and A. Arefi, “Defining the suitable adjacent microgrids to form a temporary system of coupled microgrids,” IEEE Region 10 Conference (Tencon), pp.1-4, Singapore, Nov. 2016.
    9. J. Susanto, F. Shahnia and A. Arefi, “Small signal model load flow initialisation for converter-dominated microgrids,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Power Systems Technology (Powercon), pp.1-6, Wollongong, Australia, Sept./Oct. 2016.
    10. M.A. Hayat, F. Shahnia and A. Arefi, “Comparison of the electricity tariffs and bills across the zones of Australian power distribution companies,” 26th Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference (AUPEC), pp.1-6, Brisbane, Australia, Sept. 2016.
    11. R. Fornarelli, P.A. Bahri, M. Anda, G. Ho, F. Shahnia, and A. Arefi, “The energy-water nexus: renewable energy and water desalination,” 15th World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC), pp.1-10, Jakarta, Indonesia, Sept. 2016.
    12. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, A. Louis, M. Nadarajah, “Optimizing and Testing of Batteries for a Smart Grid”, The 7th IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC 2015), Brisbane, Australia.
    13. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, F. Boulaire, A. Abeygunawardana, R. Drogemuller, “A Flexible Tool for Integrated Planning of Active Distribution Networks”, The 23rd International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution, Lyon, France, 15-18 June 2015.
    14. A. Abeygunawardana, Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “Distribution Network Pricing Model for Efficient Use of Existing Infrastructure and Efficient New Investments”, The 23rd International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution, Lyon, France, 15-18 June 2015.
    15. A. Abeygunawardana, Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “An Effective Approach for Designing Cost-reflective Network Pricing Schemes”, Accepted for presentation, 2015 IEEE PES General Meeting, July 26- 30, 2015 at the Sheraton Denver Downtown Hotel in Denver, Colorado, USA.
    16. A. Abeygunawardana, AliArefi, G. Ledwich, “An Efficient  Forward-backward  Algorithm  to MSDEPP Including Batteries and Voltage Control Devices”, 2014 IEEE PES General Meeting, July 27 -31, 2014, Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center On The Potomac, National Harbor, MD, USA.
    17. R. Drogemuller, F. Boulaire, G. Ledwich, L. Buys, M. Utting, D. Vine, P. Morris, Ali Arefi, “Aggregating Energy Supply and Demand”, 10th European Conference on Product & Process Modelling, ECPPM 2014, 17-19th September 2014, Vienna. Austria.
    18. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “Maximum Loadability Achievement in SWER Networks Using Optimal Sizing and Locating of Batteries”, Australasian  Universities  Power  Engineering  Conference, AUPEC 2013, Hobart, TAS, Australia, 29 September – 3 October 2013.
    19. Ali Arefi, M.R. Andervazh, A. Yavartalab, J. Olamaei, “Optimal Distributed Generation Placement in Radial Distribution Systems”, 12th International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems (PMAPS 2012), pp. 520-525, 10-14 June 2012, Istanbul, Turkey.
    20. AliArefi, M. R. Haghifam, S. H. Fathi, “Distribution Harmonic State Estimation Based on a Hybrid PSO and SA Algorithm Considering Parameters Uncertainty”, 2011 IEEE PES General Meeting, 26- 29 July, 2011, Detroit Michigan, USA.
    21. AliArefi, M. R. Haghifam, S. H. Fathi, “Distribution Harmonic State Estimation Based on a Modified PSO Considering Parameters Uncertainty”, IEEE PES Trondheim PowerTech 2011, 19-23 June, Trondheim, Norway, doi: 10.1109/PTC.2011.6019326.
    22. A.Arefi, M. R. Haghifam, S. H. Fathi, T. Niknam, J. Olamaei, “A Novel Algorithm Based on Honey Bee   Mating Optimization for Distribution Harmonic State  Estimation  Including  Distributed Generators”, IEEE Bucharest PowerTech Conference, June 28th-July 2th, 2009, doi: 10.1109/ PTC.2009.5282101.
    23. M. H. Shariatkhah, M. R. Haghifam, AliArefi, “Load Profile Based Determination of Distribution Feeder Configuration by Dynamic Programming”, IEEE PES Trondheim PowerTech 2011, 19-23 June, Trondheim, Norway, doi: 10.1109/PTC.2011.6019329.
    24. Ali Arefi, J. Olamaei, A. Yavartalab, H. Keshtkar, “Loss Reduction Experiences in Electric Power Distribution Companies of Iran”, Energy Procedia, vol. 14, 2012, pp. 1392–1397, 2nd International Conference on Advances in Energy Engineering (ICAEE 2011),  26-28  Dec.  2011,  Bangkok, Thailand.
    25. Ali Arefi, M.-R. Haghifam, A. Yavartalab, J. Olamaei, H. Keshtkar, “Loss Reduction Planning in Electric Distribution Networks of Iran Until 2025,” Electrical Power Distribution Networks (EPDC), 16th Conference on, 2011, pp. 1-6, 19-20 April 2011, Tehran, Iran, INSPEC Accession Number:12063453.
    26. M. Gilvanejad, H. Ghadiri, M.R. Shariati, S. Farzalizadeh, A.Arefi, “A Novel  Algorithm for Distribution Network Planning Using Loss Reduction Approach”, Power Engineering Conference, 2007. AUPEC 2007. Australasian Universities, pp. 1-6, 2007.
    27. J. Olamaei, T. Niknam, A.Arefi, “A Novel Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithm Based on ACO and SA for Distribution Feeder Reconfiguration With Regard to DGs,” IEEE GCC Conference & Exhibition, pp. 259-262, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 19-22 Feb. 2011.
    28. J.  Olamaei,  T.  Niknam,  S.  Badali,    A.Arefi, “Distribution Feeder Reconfiguration for Loss Minimization Based on Modified Honey Bee Mating Optimization Algorithm”, Energy Procedia, vol.  14, 2012, pp. 304–311, 2nd International Conference on Advances in Energy Engineering (ICAEE 2011), 26-28 Dec. 2011, Bangkok, Thailand.
    29. J. Olamaei, A. Arefi, A.H. Mazinan, T. Niknam, “A Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithm Based on ACO and SA for Distribution Feeder Reconfiguration,” Computer and Automation Engineering (ICCAE), 2010 The 2nd International Conference on , vol. 4, pp. 265-269, 26-28 Feb. 2010.
    30. A.Arefi, M. R. Haghifam, J. Olamaee, M. Parsa Moghaddam, “Correct Use of Variable Voltage Drives as Energy Saving Device for Electric Motors”, 24th International Power System Conference (PSC2009), Tehran, Iran, 2009.
    31. A.Arefi, M. R. Haghifam, A. Yavartalab, G. R. Saffarpoor, M. Mostaghimi, J. Olamaee, A. A. Bahmanpoor, K. Bakhshi, A. Alipoor, “Load Balancing  in  Electric  Low  Voltage  Distribution Network Considering Limited Data”,  24th  International  Power  System  Conference  (PSC2009), Tehran, Iran, 2009.
    32. P. Hasanpoor, H. Ghadiri, S. Farzalizadeh, A.Arefi, “Economic Model for AMR of Residential Consumers in Iran and Comparison with Traditional Procedure”, 22th International Power System Conference (PSC2007), Tehran, Iran, 2007.
    33. M. H. Amrollahi, A.Arefi, A. Yavartalab, J. Olamaee, “Comperehensive Model of Loss Cost in Distribution Systems”, 22th International Power System Conference (PSC2007), Tehran, Iran, 2007.
    34. E. Farmani, A.Arefi, R. Bagheri, H. Oraee, “Efficiency of Industrial Electric Motors Considering Operational Specification”, National Energy Congress, Tehran, Iran, 2005.
    35. H. Oraee, A.Arefi, P. Valley and E. Abdi-Jalebi,  “Comparison  of  Different  Drives  in  Servo Systems”, Proceeding of 38th International Universities  Power  Engineering  Conference (UPEC2003), pp. 236-239, Greece, 2003.
    36. A.Arefi, E. Abdi-Jalebi, M.R. Zolghadri and H. Oraee, “Design of a Robust Position Controller for IPMSM by Hybrid Fuzzy Control and Maximum Torque per Input Current”, Proceeding of 10th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, EPE-PEMC 2002, Croatia, 2002.
    37. A.Arefi, E. Abdi-Jalebi, M.R. Zolghadri and H. Oraee, “Design of an Optimal Robust Position Controller for IPMSM”, Proceedings of 37th  International  Universities  Power  Engineering Conference (UPEC2002), pp. 693-697, UK, 2002.
    38. A.Arefi, E. Abdi, M.R. Zolghadri, H. Oraee, “Design of an Fuzzy and Robust Position Controller for IPMSM Position Controller”, Electrical Engineering Conference, Tabriz, Iran, 2002.
    39. M. H. Amrollahi, J. Olamaee, R. Taheri, A.Arefi, “Urban Development Planning and Energy Conversation Strategy”, 4th Electrical Engineering Conference, Mazandaran, Iran, 17 Oct. 2008.
    40. M. R. Olamaee, F. Falakolaflaki, J. Olamaee, A.Arefi, “Microturbine vs. Diesel  Generator Comparison as Power Source of High Buildings”, 4th Electrical Engineering Conference, Mazandaran, Iran, 17 Oct. 2008.
    41. M. Khodsiani, J. Olamaee, A.Arefi, A. Yavartalab,  “Static  Planning  of  Generation  in  Green Buildings by Renewable Resources”, 3th Electrical Engineering Conference, Mazandaran, Iran, 12 Dec. 2007.
    42. A.Arefi, M. R. Haghifam, J. Olamaee, M. H. Amrollahi, A. Yavartalab, “Power Factor Correction for High Administrative Buildings in Harmonic Polluted Environments”, Third Electrical Engineering Conference, Mazandaran, Iran, 12 Dec. 2007.
    • Technical Reports:
    1. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “Electric Distribution Network Planning Including New Zone Substation Placement”, Project Milestone Report for the ARC Linkage Project “Planning Future Energy Grids for Renewables”, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, pp 47-60, April 2014.
    2. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, G. Nourbakhsh, “Incorporating Reliability in Electric Distribution Planning”, Project Milestone Report for the ARC Linkage Project “Planning Future Energy Grids for Renewables”, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, pp 14-23, Aug. 2013.
    3. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, A. Abeygunawardana, “Probabilistic Planning in Electric Distribution Networks”, Project Milestone Report for the ARC Linkage Project: “Planning Future Energy Grids for  Renewables”, Submitted to Ergon Energy, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, pp 24-31, Aug. 2013.
    4. A. Abeygunawardana, Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “Multi-stage Planning for Large Distribution Networks”, Project Milestone Report for ARC Linkage Project: “Planning Future Energy Grids for Renewables”, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, pp.32-40, August 2013.
    5. Ali Arefi, G. Ledwich, “Placement of Batteries within SWER systems”, Project Milestone Report for the ARC Linkage Project: “Planning Future Energy Grids for Renewables”, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, pp 9-17, Feb. 2013.
    6. G. Ledwich, L. Buys, J. Bell, A. Abeygunawardana, Ali Arefi, “Electricity Demand Management Prediction, Control and Engagement”, Project Milestone Report of ARC Linkage Project, Submitted to ERGON Energy, 22 pages, May 2014.
    7. Ali Arefi, R. Bagheri, “The Impact of Power Quality Improvement on Energy Saving”, Iran Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution Management Holding Company, Tehran, Iran, 70 pages, 2004.