Almantas Pivrikas  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.

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+61 466 965 314 (Office 9360 7637)


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    Dr. Almantas Pivrikas
    Bachelor, Master's, PhD

    Senior lecturer

    About me

    PhD scholarships available now! Email me please for more details

    PhD scholarship in materials science

    PhD stipend of $28,597 pa for 3 years (tax free)
    Tuition fees waived.

    A fully-funded PhD scholarship is available in materials science to study organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). An OLED uses organic semiconductor materials to generate light, for example, in mobile phone screens and TVs. OLED displays are already in the market, but there is still significant room for improvement. A major gap in understanding is the impact of nano- and microscale film structure on device performance. There is an opportunity for a motivated PhD student to address these challenges and contribute to the next generation of organic semiconductor technology.

    The broader context
    This PhD project is part of a multi-university (University of Queensland, Murdoch University and James Cook University) and multi-disciplinary collaboration funded by the Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Projects. There are a total of three PhD positions available. This project focuses on electrical properties of materials and devices. The other two projects are: (1) experimental studies of thin film morphology at the University of Queensland under the primary supervision of Prof. Ian Gentle, and (2) computational studies at James Cook University under the primary supervision of Dr. Bronson Philippa. All three PhD students will work closely together as a cohort, in collaboration with the academics and postdoctoral researchers at each institution.

    About the PhD project
    The successful applicant will study the electrical currents, charge transport and photocarrier recombination in novel nano-structured semiconductors and optoelectronic devices. Standard Time-of-Flight, quasi steady state current-voltage, Hall-effect as well as novel CELIV methods will be used. Time-dependent electrical characterisation of organic semiconductors and OLED devices using oscilloscopes, signal generators, voltage-current supply and measure units, lasers, LEDs with pulsed electronics will be applied. C and Labview language programming of measurement equipment will be required.

    What we offer
    The successful applicant will receive an ARC-funded stipend equal in value to the Research Training Program Scholarship, which in 2021 is AUD$28,597 per annum (indexed annually). The stipend is for three years with a possible extension of 6 months in approved circumstances. The scholarship is tax-free.
    We also provide funding to support the research, including for travel to visit collaborators and attend conferences.

    Eligibility requirements
    Applicants must meet Murdoch’s entry requirements for admission to a PhD. Award of the scholarship is conditional on the university accepting your enrolment. The successful applicant will be guided through the process of formally applying for admission.
    This is an interdisciplinary project so applicants from a wide range of academic backgrounds will be considered. Applications should have strong undergraduate knowledge in some of these areas:
    • Semiconductor physics, electrochemistry and materials science.
    • Computer programming.
    This project is based in Murdoch, Western Australia and is available for immediate start. For eligibility reasons the candidate must be living in Australia.

    How to apply
    To express your interest in this scholarship and PhD research opportunity, please prepare the following items:
    1. A cover letter describing the exciting projects you have worked on in the past.
    2. A brief CV, including qualifications, academic achievements, list of publications, work history, and references.
    3. A copy of your academic transcript(s).
    Please submit your application via email to

    The scholarship may be filled before the end of the life of the advertising period, so you are encouraged to get in contact as soon as possible.

    Contact details
    Murdoch University
    School of Engineering and Information Technology
    Office location: 340.2.045
    90 South Street
    Murdoch 6150
    Perth, Western Australia
    Mobile phone: +61 466 965 314
    My room/office (Building 340, Physical Sciences, room 2.045) is located EXACTLY here:
    (car parking is free of charge after 4PM and since I work long hours I prefer evening meetings)

    My short CV

    Dr. Almantas Pivrikas has graduated Bachelor’s degree in 2000 at the Faculty of Physics and Master’s degree in 2002 at the Solid State Electronics and Condensed Matter Physics Department at Vilnius University, Lithuania with Prof. Gytis Juska.
    Almantas completed his PhD studies in 2006 in Physics at Abo Akademi University, Finland with Prof. Ronald Osterbacka.
    He was a postdoctoral fellow (2007-2010) at the Physical Chemistry Department, Linz Institute for Organic Solar Cells (LIOS), Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria with Prof. Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci.
    Almantas received DECRA fellowship (2011-2014) at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, with Prof. Paul Burn and Prof. Paul Meredith.
    Since 2015 he has been a senior lecturer at Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.


    My affiliation, for use in publications
    Physics Department, Murdoch University, Perth 6150, Australia.


    Some fun stuff can be found at Almantas Pivrikas blog.

    Teaching area


    Application for admission form:

    Scholarships for domestic students

    Apply for admission – domestic students

    Scholarships for international students

    Application for admission – International students


    General info for all PhD students
    Step-by-step guide to research degrees
    Graduate Research Degrees Policies, Guidelines & Regulations
    Confirmation of Candidature – your first major milestone top be reached after 6 month

    Research areas

    My research interests

    The aim of my research is to develop the next-generation modern opto-electronic devices.

    Research outputs
    My h-index, list of publications and citations can be found at his public Google Scholar profile:

    My expertise areas:
    - Opto-electronic device fabrication and characterisation
    - Electrical conductivity and photoconductivity studies
    - Charge transport, charge mobility and recombination
    - Spectroscopy, optical interference, light absorption, photoluminescence
    - Development of novel techniques for device and material characterization

    Device knowledge:
    - Photovoltaic solar cells
    - Photodetectors and photosensors
    - Field effect and electrochemical transistors
    - Light emitting diodes
    - Chemical and bio-sensors
    - Electrochemical systems, batteries, neurons, cell communication mechanisms.
    - Disordered and crystalline semiconductors: organic molecules, polymers, multidimensional nanostructures, carbon structures, quantum dots and structures, silicon, germanium, gallium nitride, selenium, perovskites etc.
    - Electrolyte based systems such as batteries, organic-inorganic interfaces
    - Electrowinning and electrodeposition for mineral extraction and mining
    - Bio-systems, cell signalling etc.

    Electrical and photophysics knowledge:
    - Electrical conductivity of any material
    - Leakage currents of insulators
    - Photoconductivity
    - Space Charge Limited Injection (SCLC), Ohmic injection, contact limited or trap limited injection
    - Charge drift due to electric field and diffusion coefficients due to concentration gradient
    - Mobility of electrons and holes or positive and negative ions
    - Charge trap states: trap densities, charge capture and release times
    - Lifetime and bimolecular recombination coefficient of photogenerated charge carriers
    - Frequency dependent dielectric constant (relative permittivity).

    Optical, spectroscopy knowledge:
    - Spectrophotometry, aka light absorption, transmission or reflection spectra in UV, VIS, IR
    - Optical constants of materials: refractive index n and extinction (attenuation) coefficient k
    - Thin film optical interference, aka what determines the colour of thin films
    - Photoacoustic spectroscopy
    - Second (or higher) harmonic generation, aka multiphoton spectroscopy
    - Amplified spontaneous emission, optically and electrically pumped lasing and use of lasers for various applications such as range-finding and communication
    - Photoluminescence spectra, exciton lifetimes

    Numeric modelling, simulations and theory knowledge:
    - Finite element method to simulate electrical, optical, structural, acoustic, fluid, heat, chemical and other real world processes using partial differential equations
    - Monte Carlo method simulations of random sampling to solve problems numerically
    - Custom made drift-diffusion model for any type of semiconductor: metal-semiconductor-metal, metal-semiconductor-insulator structures, diode (bulk) and field effect transistor (planar) geometries.
    - Charge transport: drift, diffusion, and space charge effects
    - Dispersive transport and hot charge carriers
    - Charge hopping and localized transport mechanisms in disordered systems
    - Recombination mechanisms of photogenerated electrons and holes
    - Computational screening of possible device parameters in device optimization or material selection

    We also develop novel techniques for reliable experimental measurements when classical methods fail.


    List of equipment in our spectroscopy laboratory

    Manuals for all equipment listed below I can provide on request.

    - Laser, nanosecond pulse duration. QLI Model Q1B-10. Wavelengths 355nm, 532nm and 1064nm. High pulse intensity, 10 mJ.
    - Oscilloscope. Tektronix model DPO7104C.
    - Arbitrary function generator. Tektronix AFG3102C 100 Mhz, 2 channels. Special feature – superimpose any external signal with an internal one synthesized by the generator.
    - Current-Voltage sources and measurement units. Keithley model 2450.
    - Hall effect for charge carrier mobility and density measurements.
    - Time-of-Flight, CELIV, MIS-CELIV setup.
    - Lock-in amplifier. Stanford SR830.
    - Solar simulator. Model Spire SPI-Sun Simulator 5600SLP.
    - Various optical and opto-mechanical components such as Neutral density filters, bandpass filters, laser mirrors, optical mounts, translation stages etc.

    Current projects

    PhD scholarships in electronics, charge transport and electrical signalling are presently available. Please don’t hesitate to contact me anytime to find out more details about available PhD positions, topics and requirements for an application.



    • Mohammadpour, E., Cord-Ruwisch, R., Pivrikas, A., Ho, G., (2021), Utilisation of oxygen from water electrolysis Assessment for wastewater treatment and aquaculture, Chemical Engineering Science, 246, , .
    • Pivrikas, A., (2021), Advanced Monitoring and Control System for Virtual Power Plants for Enabling Customer Engagement and Market Participation, Energies, 14, 4, pages -.
    • Behi, B., Baniasadi, A., Arefi, A., Gorjy, A., Jennings, P., Pivrikas, A., (2020), Costbenefit analysis of a virtual power plant including solar PV, flow battery, heat pump, and demand management: A Western Australian case study, Energies, 13, 10, pages -.
    • Ahmad, V., Sobus, J., Greenberg, M., Shukla, A., Philippa, B., Pivrikas, A., White, R., (2020), Charge and exciton dynamics of OLEDs under high voltage nanosecond pulse: towards injection lasing, Nature Communications, 11, 1, pages 4310 -.
    • Gao, M., Burn, P., Pivrikas, A., (2019), Charge transport in an organic light emitting diode material measured using metal-insulator-semiconductor charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage with parameter variation, Journal of Applied Physics, 126, 2019, pages 035501 -.
    • Pivrikas, A., Marks, M., Kumar, P., Kroon, R., Barr, M., Nicolaidis, N., Feron, K., Fahy, A., Mendaza, A., Kilcoyne, A., Müller, C., Zhou, X., Andersson, M., Dastoor, P., Belcher, W., (2016), Nano-pathways: Bridging the divide between water-processable nanoparticulate and bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics, Nano Energy, 19, , pages 495 - 510.
    • Philippa, B., White, R., Pivrikas, A., (2016), A route to high gain photodetectors through suppressed recombination in disordered films, Applied Physics Letters, 109, 15, pages -.
    • Pivrikas, A., Philippa, B., White, R., Juska, G., (2016), Photocarrier lifetime and recombination losses in photovoltaic systems, Nature Photonics, 10, 5, pages 282 - 283.
    • Pivrikas, A., Philippa, B., Shoaee, S., Jiang, W., White, R., Burn, P., Meredith, P., (2015), Charge Transport without Recombination in Organic Solar Cells and Photodiodes, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C: Nanomaterials, Interfaces and Hard Matter, 119, 48, pages 26866 - 26874.
    • Pivrikas, A., (2015), Photocarrier drift distance in organic solar cells and photodetectors, Scientific Reports, 5, 0, pages 0 - 0.
    • Pivrikas, A., (2014), Dynamics of Charge Generation and Transport in Polymer-Fullerene Blends Elucidated Using a PhotoFET Architecture, ACS Photonics, 1, 2, pages 114 - 120.
    • Pivrikas, A., Kadashchuk, A., Sitter, H., Genoe, J., Bassler, H., (2012), Electric field dependence of charge carrier hopping transport within the random energy landscape in an organic field effect transistor, Physical Review B- Condensed matter and materials physics, 86, 4, pages -.


    • Arefi, A., Behi, B., Pivrikas, A., Gorjy, A., Catalao, J., (2020),Consumer engagement in virtual power plants through gamification,In: The 5th International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy.

    Full updated list of my publications with citations can be found at Google Scholar:

    Ten career-best publications

    1. A Review of Charge Transport and Recombination in Polymer/Fullerene Organic Solar Cells.
    A. Pivrikas, G. Juska, R. Österbacka, and N.S. Sariciftci (I am a corresponding author).
    Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 15, 677 (2007). Impact Factor 7.712.
    This paper summarizes out achievements in charge transport and recombination in organic solar cells.

    2. Measuring internal quantum efficiency to demonstrate hot exciton dissociation.
    A Armin, Y Zhang, PL Burn, P Meredith, A. Pivrikas (I am a corresponding author).
    Nature Materials 12 (7), 593-593 (2013). Impact Factor 35.7. Funded by DE120102271.
    In contrast to a widespread believe (results published at high impact journals), this work shows that the excess energy of excitons is not utilized to increase efficiency organic solar cells because the dissociation itself already very efficient.

    3. Bimolecular recombination coefficient as a sensitive testing parameter for low-mobility solar-cell materials.
    A. Pivrikas, G. Juska, A.J. Mozer, M. Scharber, K. Arlauskas, N.S. Sariciftci, H. Stubb, and R. Österbacka.
    Physical Review Letters 94, 176806 (2005). Impact Factor 7.943.
    For the first time we have observed an unexpected non-Langevin bimolecular recombination in organic materials. This discovery led to numerous clarifications of photophysics and performance of organic solar cells.

    4. Charge carrier mobility in regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) probed by transient conductivity techniques: A comparative study.
    A. Mozer, N.S. Sariciftci, A. Pivrikas, R. Österbacka, G. Juska, and H. Bassler.
    Physical Review B 71, 035214 (2005). Impact Factor 3.767.
    This paper demonstrates the novel charge transport characterisation technique in organic semiconductors, quantifies the specific parameters and highlights the borders of technique applicability.

    5. Time-dependent mobility and recombination of the photoinduced charge carriers in conjugated polymer/fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells.
    A. J. Mozer, G. Dennler, N.S.  Sariciftci, M. Westerling, A. Pivrikas, R. Österbacka, and G. Juska.
    Physical Review B 72, 035217 (2005). Impact Factor 3.767.
    For the first time we have reported a novel result quantifying the time-dependent charge transport in strongly disordered organic solar cells. This led to further progress in the field..

    6. Charge carrier mobility and lifetime versus composition of conjugated polymer/fullerene bulk-heterojunction solar cells.
    G. Dennler, A. J. Mozer, G. Juska, A. Pivrikas, R. Österbacka, D. A. Fuchsbauer, and N. S. Sariciftci.
    Organic Electronics 7, 229 (2006). Impact Factor 4.021.
    Previously overlooked relation between charge carrier mobility and lifetime product is reported. It highlights the importance of both in organic solar cells.

    7. Substituting the postproduction treatment for bulk-heterojunction solar cells using chemical additives.
    A. Pivrikas, P. Stadler, H. Neugebauer, and N.S. Sariciftci (I am a corresponding author).
    Organic Electronics 9, 775 (2008). Impact Factor 4.021.
    Novel technique is reported allowing to control the nanoscale morphology and improve the efficiency of organic solar cells. The reason behind the improvement are quantified.

    8. Mobility and density relaxation of photogenerated charge carriers in organic materials.
    R. Österbacka, A. Pivrikas, G. Juska, K. GeneviCius, K. Arlauskas, and H. Stubb.
    Current Applied Physics 4, 534 (2004). Impact Factor 1.782.
    For the first time we have reported a novel result quantifying the time-dependent charge transport in strongly disordered organic materials. Experimental results well matched with theoretical predictions demonstrating the validity of the theory.

    9. Langevin recombination and space charge perturbed current transients in pi-conjugated polymers.
    A. Pivrikas, G. Juska, R. Österbacka, M. Westerling, M. ViliS«nas, K. Arlauskas, and H. Stubb.
    Physical Review B 71, 125205 (2005). Impact Factor 3.767.
    Space charge limited current transient for the first time observed in organic semiconductors. Paper highlights the specifics of classical theory to measure carrier mobility in organic materials.

    10. The impact of hot charge carrier mobility on photocurrent losses in polymer-based solar cells
    B. Philippa, M. Stolterfoht, P. L. Burn, G. Juška, P. Meredith, R. D. White and A. Pivrikas (I am a corresponding author).
    Nature Scientific Reports 4, 1 (2014). Impact Factor 5.078. Funded by DE120102271.
    Groundbreaking results demonstrating the nature of charge transport and fallacy of photocarrier lifetime measurements in organic solar cells and disordered materials in general.