Animesh Gain  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.

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    Dr. Animesh Gain
    PhD in Climate Change

    Senior Lecturer in Environmental Policy and Management

    About me

    I am interested in the broader field of environmental policy with particular focus on social-ecological systems, climate change adaptation, environmental governance and diplomacy, water resources management, and coastal/delta management. In this fields, I have conducted research in various reputed institutions (such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology) in North America, Europe, and South Asia.

    I published more than 50 articles in high-ranked journals such as Nature, Earth’s Future, Environmental  Research Letters. Based on my contribution to the interdisciplinary field of water-related hazards and risks, I received the ‘Outstanding Young Scientists Award 2016’ of the European Geosciences Union, EGU. I am a contributing author of the 6th Assessment Report of the IPCC. I also received prestigious fellowships and grants from multiple funding agencies to pursue my research (e.g., Marie Skłodowska-Curie global fellowship of the European Commission, Alexander von Humboldt post-doctoral fellowship in Germany). I am serving as an editor-in-chief/executive editor for the journal, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS, Copernicus).


    Teaching area

    • ENV616 Environmental Policy for the 21st Century
    • ENVxxx Coastal Policy
    • ENVxxx Social-Ecological Systems


    For publications, please visit my profile on:

    50. Kreibich, H. et al, 2022. Unprecedented floods and droughts: challenges for risk management. Nature(IF. 49.96, Q1), 608(7921):1-7. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04917-5

    49. Gain, A.K., Rahman, M., Sadik, S. et al., 2022. Overcoming Challenges for Implementing Nature-based Solutions in Deltaic Environments: insights from the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta in Bangladesh. Environmental Research Letters (IF. 6.793, Q1), 17(6), 064052. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ac740a

    48. Gain, A.K., Bühler, Y., Haegeli, P., Molinari, D., Parise, M., Peres, D.J., Pinto, J.G., Schröter, K., Trigo, R. M., Llasat, M. C., Kreibich, H., 2022. Brief Communication: Key papers of 20 years in Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (IF. 4.345, Q1), 22, 985–993. doi: 10.5194/nhess-22-985-2022

    47. Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K., Gain, A.K., Keskinen, M., Varis, O., McKnight, U.S., 2022. To which extent should we ensure the explicit inclusion of water quality within the WEF nexus? Hydrological Sciences Journal (IF. 3.787, Q1), 67(8), 1287-1290. doi: 10.1080/02626667.2022.2077651.

    46. Giupponi, C., Ausseil, A.-G., Balbi, S., Cian, F., Fekete, A., Gain, A.K., Essenfelder, A.H., Martínez-López, J., Mojtahed, V., Norf, C., Relvas, H., Villa, F., 2022. Integrated Modelling of Social-Ecological Systems for Climate Change Adaptation. Socio-Environmental Systems Modeling, in Press. doi:

    45. Gain, A.K., Hossain, M.S., Benson, D., Di Baldassarre, G., Giupponi, C., Huq, N., 2021. Social-ecological system approaches for water resources management. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology (IF. 3.716, Q2*[1]), 28(2): 109-124. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2020.1780647

    44. Mohibbullah, M., Gain, A.K., Ahmed, M.N., 2021. Examining local institutional networks for sustainable disaster management: Empirical evidence from the South-West coastal areas in Bangladesh. Environmental Science & Policy (IF. 5.581, Q1), 124: 433-444. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2021.07.016

    43. Roy, R., Gain, A.K., Hurlbert, M.A., Samat, N., Tan, M.L., Chan, N.W., 2021. Designing adaptation pathways for flood-affected households in Bangladesh. Environment, Development and Sustainability (IF. 3.219, Q2), 23: 5386-5410. doi: 10.1007/s10668-020-00821-y

    42. Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., Renaud, F.G., Vafeidis, A.T., 2020. Sustainability of complex social-ecological systems: methods, tools and approaches. Regional Environmental Change (IF. 3.678, Q2), 20: 102. doi: 10.1007/s10113-020-01692-9.

    41. Benson, D., Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., 2020. Moving beyond water centricity? Conceptualizing integrated water resources management for implementing sustainable development goals. Sustainability Science (IF. 6.367, Q1), 15(2): 671-681. doi: 10.1007/s11625-019-00733-5

    40. Masud, M.M.A., Gain, A.K., Azad, A.K., 2020. Tidal river management for sustainable agriculture in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta: implication for land use policy. Land Use Policy (IF. 5.398, Q1), 92: 10443. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104443

    39. Hossain, M.S., Gain, A.K., Rogers, K.G., 2020. Sustainable coastal social-ecological systems: how do we define “coastal”? International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology (IF. 3.716, Q2), 27(7): 577-582. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2020.1789775

    38. Gain, A.K., Ashik-Ur-Rahman, M, Vafeidis A. 2019. Exploring human-nature interaction on the coastal floodplain in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta through the lens of Ostrom’s social-ecological systems framework. Environmental Research Communications (IF. 2.104, Q2), 1: 051003. doi: 10.1088/2515-7620/ab2407

    37. Gain, A.K., Rahman, M.A.U., Benson, D., 2019. Exploring institutional structures for Tidal River Management in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta in Bangladesh. DIE ERDE (IF. 0.93), 150(3): 184-195. doi: 10.12854/erde-2019-434

    36. Roy, R., Gain, A.K., Samat, N., Hulbert, M., Tan, M.L., Chan, N.W., 2019. Resilience of coastal agricultural systems in Bangladesh: Assessment for agroecosystem stewardship strategies. Ecological Indicators (IF. 4.958, Q1), 106: 105525. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105525

    35. Giupponi, C., Gain, A.K., Farinosi, F., 2018. Spatial assessment of water use efficiency (SDG indicator 6.4.1) for regional policy support. Frontiers in Environmental Science (IF. 4.581, Q1), 6: 141. doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2018.00141

    34. Cudennec, C., Liu, J., Qi, J., Yang, H., Zheng, C., Gain, A.K., Lawford, R., 2018. Epistemological dimensions of the water-energy-food nexus approach. Hydrological Sciences Journal (IF. 3.787, Q1), 63(12): 1868-1871. doi: 10.1080/02626667.2018.1545097

    33. Gouweleeuw, B. T., Kvas, A., Grüber, C., Gain, A.K., Mayer-Gürr, T., Flechtner, F., Güntner, A., 2017. Daily GRACE gravity field solutions track major flood events in the Ganges -Brahmaputra Delta. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (IF. 5.748, Q1), 22 (5), 2867-2880. doi: 10.5194/hess-22-2867-2018.

    32. Gain, A.K., Benson, D., Rahman, R., Datta, D.K., Rouillard, J.J., 2017. Tidal river management in the South West Ganges-Brahmaputra delta: moving towards a transdisciplinary approach? Environmental Science & Policy (IF. 5.581, Q1), 75, 111-120. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2017.05.020

    31. Gain, A.K., Mondal, M.S., Rahman, R., 2017. From flood control to water management: a journey of Bangladesh towards integrated water resources management. Water (IF. 3.103, Q2), 9(1), 55; doi:10.3390/w9010055

    30. Roy, K., Gain, A.K., Mallick, B., Vogt, J., 2017. An assessment of social, hydro-ecological and climatic changes in the South-West coastal region of Bangladesh. Regional Environmental Change (IF. 3.678, Q2), 17(7), 1895-1906. doi: 10.1007/s10113-017-1158-9

    29. Giupponi, C., Gain, A.K. (2017) Integrated spatial assessment of the water, energy and food dimensions of the Sustainable Development Goals. Regional Environmental Change (IF. 3.678, Q2), 17(7), 1881-1893. doi: 10.1007/s10113-016-0998-z

    28. Giupponi, C., Gain, A.K. (2017) Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) for Climate Change Adaptation: Editorial. Regional Environmental Change (IF. 3.678, Q2), 17(7), 1865-1867.  doi:10.1007/s10113-017-1173-x

    27. Do, T.C.,Nguyen, D., Gain, A.K., Kreibich, H., 2017. Flood loss models and risk analysis for private households in Can Tho city, Vietnam. Water (IF. 3.103, Q2), 9(5): 313. doi: 10.3390/w9050313

    26. Kreibich H, Di Baldassarre G, Vorogushyn S, Aerts JCJH, Apel H, Aronica GT, Arnbjerg-Nielsen K, Bouwer LM, Bubeck P, Caloiero T, Chinh DT, Cortès M, Gain AK, Giampá V, Kuhlicke C, Kundzewicz ZW, Llasat MC, Mård J, Matczak P, Mazzoleni M, Molinari D, Dung NV, Petrucci O, Schröter K, Slager K, Thieken AH, Ward PJ, Merz B (2017) Adaptation to flood risk – results of international paired flood event studies. Earth’s Future (IF. 7.50, Q1), 5(10), 953-965.  doi:10.1002/2017EF000606

    25. Liu, J., Yang, H., Cudennec, C., Gain, A. K., Hoff, H., Lawford, R.,  Qi, J., Strasser, L., Yillia, P. T., Zheng, C.,2017. Challenges in operationalizing the water-energy-food nexus. Hydrological Sciences Journal (IF. 3.787, Q1), 62(11):1714-1720. doi: 10.1080/02626667.2017.1353695

    24. Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., Wada, Y., 2016. Measuring Global Water Security towards Sustainable Development Goals. Environmental Research Letters (IF. 6.793, Q1), 11(12): 124015. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124015

    23. Aleksandrova, M., Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., 2016. Assessing agricultural systems vulnerability to climate change to inform adaptation planning: an application in Khorezm, Uzbekistan. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (IF. 3.583, Q1), 21(8), 1263-1287.doi: 10.1007/s11027-015-9655-y

    22. Do, T.C., Gain, A.K., Nguyen, D., Haase, D., Kreibich, H., 2016. Multi-Variate Analyses of Flood Loss in Can Tho City, Mekong Delta. Water (IF. 3.103, Q2), 8(1), 6. doi:10.3390/w8010006

    21. Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., 2015. A dynamic assessment of water scarcity risk in the Lower Brahmaputra River Basin: an integrated approach. Ecological Indicators (IF. 4.958, Q1), 48, 120-131. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.07.34

    20. Gain, A.K., Mojtahed V., Biscaro, C., Balbi, S., Giupponi, C., 2015. An integrated approach of flood risk assessment in the eastern part of Dhaka City. Natural Hazards (IF 3.102, Q1), 79(3), 1499-1530. doi:10.1007/s11069-015-1911-7

    19. Huq, N., Hugé, J., Boon, E., Gain, A.K., 2015. Climate Change Impacts in Agricultural Communities in Rural Areas of Coastal Bangladesh: A Tale of Many Stories. Sustainability (IF. 3.251, Q2), 7:8437-8460.

    18. Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., Benson, D., 2015. The water, energy and food security nexus: the policy perspective of Bangladesh. Water International (IF. 2.662, Q1), 40(5-6), 895-910. doi: 10.1080/02508060.2015.1087616

    17. Benson, D., Gain, A.K., Rouillard, J.J., 2015. Water governance in a comparative perspective: from IWRM to a ‘nexus’ approach? Water Alternative (IF. 2.05, Q1), 8(1): 756-773.

    16. Gain, A.K., Kumar, M.D., Cramwinckel, J., Oesterlé, J., 2015. Co-Optimizing Solutions for Water and Food – Scoping the Nexus Challenges in the Agro-Sector and finding Scalable Business Solutions. Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, 2(1), 106-108.

    15. Roy, K., Ansari, M.S., Karim, M.R., Das, R., Mallick, B., Gain, A.K., 2015. Irrigation Water Quality Assessment and Identification of River Pollution Sources in Bangladesh: Implications in Policy and Management. Journal of Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering, 4(4), 303-317.

    14. Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., 2014. Impact of the Farakka Dam on thresholds of hydrologic flow regime in the Lower Ganges River Basin (Bangladesh). Water (IF. 3.103, Q2), 6(8), 2501-2518. doi:10.3390/w6082501

    13. Gain, A.K., Wada, Y., 2014. Assessment of future water scarcity at different spatial and temporal scales of the Brahmaputra River Basin. Water Resources Management (IF. 3.517, Q1), 28(4), 999-1012. doi:10.1007/s11269-014-0530-5

    12. Rouillard, J.J., Benson, D., Gain, A.K., 2014. Evaluating IWRM implementation success: are water policies in Bangladesh enhancing adaptive capacity to climate impacts? International Journal of Water Resources Development (IF. 4.660, Q1), 30 (3), 515-527. doi:10.1080/07900627.2014.910756

    11. Gain, A.K., Rouillard, J.J. Benson, D., 2013. Can integrated water resources management increase adaptive capacity to climate change adaptation? A critical review. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 5(4A), 11-20. doi:10.4236/jwarp.2013.54A003.

    10. Gain, A.K., Apel, H., Renaud, F.G., Giupponi, C., 2013. Thresholds of hydrologic flow regime of a river and investigation of climate change impact – the case of lower Brahmaputra river Basin. Climatic Change (IF. 4.743, Q1), 120, 463-475. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0800-x.

    9. Gain, A.K., Hoque, M.M., 2013. Flood risk assessment and its application to the eastern part of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Journal of Flood Risk Management (IF. 3.884, Q2), 6(3), 219-228. doi:10.1111/jfr3.12003

    8. Balbi, S., Bhandari, S., Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., 2013. Multi-agent agro-economic simulation of irrigation water demand with climate services for climate change adaptation. Italian Journal of Agronomy (IF. 2.30), 8(3), 175-185. doi:10.4081/ija.2013.e23

    7. Gain, A.K., Giupponi, C., Renaud, F.G., 2012. Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in developing countries: A generalized framework and a feasibility study in Bangladesh. Water (IF. 3.103, Q2), 4 (2), 345-366. doi:10.3390/w4020345

    6. Gain, A.K., Schwab, M., 2012. An assessment of water governance trends: the case of Bangladesh. Water Policy (IF. 1.434, Q2), 14 (5), 821-840. doi:10.2166/wp.2012.143

    5. Gain, A.K., Immerzeel, W.W., Sperna Weiland, F.C., Bierkens, M.F.P., 2011. Impact of climate change on the stream flow of the lower Brahmaputra: trends in high and low flows based on discharge-weighted ensemble modelling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (IF. 5.748, Q1), 15(5), 1537-1545. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1537-2011

    4. Gain, A.K., 2010. Assessment of coastal vulnerability using DIVA Tool: a case study in Bangladesh. Asia Pacific Journal on Environment & Development, 17, 41-55.

    3. Gain, A.K., Uddin, M.N., Sana, P., 2008. Impact of River Salinity on Fish Diversity in the South-West Coastal Region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Ecology & Environmental Sciences, 34(1), 49-54.

    2. Gain, A.K., Bari, M.A., 2007. Effect of Environmental Degradation on National Security of Bangladesh. Asia Pacific Journal on Environment & Development, 14(2), 35-54.

    1. Gain, A.K, Aryal, K.P., Sana, P., Uddin, M.N., 2007. Effect of River Salinity on Crop Diversity: A Case Study of South West Coastal Region of Bangladesh. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 8, 35-43.