Antonia Girardi  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.
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9360 6980

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A.Girardi@murdoch.edu.au

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    Dr Antonia Girardi
    PhD (UWA); BCom (Hons) (UWA)

    Associate Professor Management

    About me

    I am an Associate Professor in the Murdoch Business School, and currently the Academic Director for special curriculum projects.

    As an Associate Professor in Management at Murdoch University since 2011, I have held several key leadership roles as Head of Management, Postgraduate Coursework Director and Acting Dean, in conjunction with my substantive role as a teaching and research academic.

    I have completed approximately 28 academic publications which have been published in international journals and presented at conferences in the U.S., Europe and Australia.

    I am an experienced Higher Degree Research supervisor, with 13 PhD completions.  Most recently I have moved to supervision of thesis by publication which has improved employability outcomes for students wishing to pursue an academic career.

    I have been the recipient of the Murdoch University Vice Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Learning and Teaching, in recognition of my teaching in the human resource management discipline. I have made significant contributions to innovative curriculum development projects locally and nationally.

    I am actively engaged in University service as a member of the Human Research Ethics Committee and the Probation and Promotion Committee (Level A-C), and numerous School and College-level committees. I am a founding member of the South Metro Australian Human Resources Network which connects students and HR professionals within the region.

    Teaching area

    Over the past 30 years I have developed, coordinated and taught across a range of undergraduate and postgraduate human resource management and research methods units in face-to-face, blended and online modes, at local and transnational locations, to a diverse student cohort.  I have adopted a student-centred approach to teaching to encourage students to become active, engaged participants in their own learning experience.

    I design curriculum to influence student self-efficacy beliefs via the purposeful creation of a ‘holding environment’ – defined as a socio-emotional environment that is devoid of affective and cognitive judgments, but a safe psychological space where students can explore the unknown and experiment with a new way of ‘being’ and ‘acting’ to solve problems and make decisions. The application of a holding environment is innovative and has been a positive influence on the student experience. This approach to learning and teaching has been recognised when I was presented the Murdoch University Vice Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Learning and Teaching.

    I have also been instrumental in the development of innovative research methods curriculum for undergraduate and postgraduate students, with a particular focus on mixed methods research designs.  This has complemented my extensive higher degree research (HDR) supervision activities which have made up the bulk of my teaching for the last three years.

    I have successfully supervised 13 HDR students to completion, and have recently moved to supervision of the thesis by publication as my preferred supervision approach.  My skills as an effective HDR supervisor have been recognised via a nomination for excellence in supervision award and my appointment as an Adjunct at the University of Notre Dame, Fremantle, to support the supervision of HDR students in the School of Business.

    I have also been involved in a number of strategic projects with a learning and teaching focus.  Between 2007 and 2011, I was a team member on two Office for Learning and Teaching funded projects where my primary role was in data analytics. The first project investigated the factors aimed to better understand the beliefs academic staff hold about graduate attributes. The second, examined factors which contribute to the retention, attrition, and learning of undergraduate business students.

    In addition, I have actively mentored junior teaching staff in developing their scholarship of teaching and learning portfolios.  This has resulted in a number of ongoing projects examining the factors that influence engagement of students in diverse learning experiences.  Most recently, our work on understanding how chronotype diversity influences engagement with online learning materials and using virtual simulations to develop interview skills have received funding support and been presented at the HERDSA conference (2019).

    Research areas

    As an active researcher, I have completed approximately 28 publications (including refereed articles, book chapters and conference papers), and supervised 13 PhD students to completion during my tenure at Murdoch. I am proficient in quantitative data analysis and mixed method research design.

    I have worked on various research projects and consultancies including a work-related issues project for the Australian Red Meat Processing Industry; the introduction of self-managed teams at Sydney Water; the management of unplanned absences within the South Metropolitan Health Services Sector WA; and the evaluation of customer satisfaction within the Thai banking sector; staff engagement at St John of God Hospital Murdoch; and the evaluation of  leader development programs for  Leadership Western Australia.

    I have received a variety of School and University-based grants to support my research.

     

    Current projects

    Understanding leadership reflections (Girardi, Boudville, Minaee, Paull, Whitsed)

    The investment in leadership development programs continues to rise as organisations struggle to develop leaders at all levels.  This study focuses on the role of reflective practice in leadership development. In this pilot study personal reflections from senior leaders completing an almost year-long leadership development program are analysed using an integrated series of content analysis techniques. This research adds value to the discourse on successful leadership and management education.

    Employability skills (Girardi, Whitsed, Omari, Paull)

    Signalling Theory (Spence, 1973) suggests that content provided in organisational communications, such as job advertisements can provide information about unknown organisational characteristics, which can thereby influence applicant attraction (Celani & Singh, 2010).  In this study, job advertisements are used to examine how employers communicate information about the types of employability skills needed by graduates seeking to enter their profession; and whether such communication matches governmental reports and media releases that purport that graduates from Australian universities are not ready for employment in a complex, diverse, global environment.  The study has implications for Universities developing work-ready graduates.

    Developing a predictive model for collective engagement: a study in the healthcare sector (Girardi, Paull, Toohey, Whitsed)

    As healthcare management becomes more complex, the significant challenges associated with the recruitment of caregivers globally and the retention of medical practitioners is receiving greater attention (Ang et al., 2013).  Previous research has identified that by addressing employee engagement, organisations can influence individual satisfaction, commitment, and retention, as well as individual and organisational performance (Barrick et al., 2015). Barrick et al (2015) propose a model of collective engagement.  In this model, engagement is influenced by three main drivers – motivating work designs which are high on job autonomy and feedback; work practices that are seen by employees as promoting investments in people; and transformational leadership behaviours which align organisational goals and strategic direction.  Using this framework, this research project proposes to develop a predictive model for collective engagement in a healthcare setting.

    Teaching Teamwork Skills in Higher Education (Riebe, Girardi, Whitsed)

    Teamwork pedagogy has received considerable attention across a wide range of academic literature. Yet, employers continue to argue that universities need to do more to better prepare graduates to work in team-based environments. This study explores educator, student and institutional factors influencing teamwork pedagogy in higher education business courses.

    Understanding career attitudes of business management professionals in academia (Gander, Girardi, Paull)

    There have been significant volumes of research on career attitudes. However, it has been argued that contemporary career theory has run ahead of the lived realities of employees. This study investigates perceptions of careers of Australian and U.K. business management professionals working in higher education.

     

    Awards and grants

    Best Reviewer
    ANZAM Best Reviewer Award (2015, 2014) International Human Resource Management Stream
    Best Paper Awards
    Best short paper
    Turner, S. & Girardi, A. (2015) Developing social and cultural intelligence via self-efficacy: Creating a holding environment to teach human resource management. Paper presented at The Conversation: Learning and Teaching Showcase, Murdoch University, 26-28th August 2015. 

    Teaching and Supervision Awards

    • Winner: 2015 Murdoch University Vice Chancellor’s Awards for Excellence in Learning and Teaching (Team Teaching award with Mr Stephen Turner)
    • Nomination for Vice-Chancellors’ Excellence in Teaching Award (2008, 2013, 2014, 2015)
    • Nomination for UniJobs Lecturer of the Year Award 2010 (Ranked in the Top 10 Lecturers at Murdoch University)
    • Nomination for Vice-Chancellors’ Excellence in Supervision Award (2007)
    • Nomination Pearson Education ANZAM Management Educator of the Year Award (2004)

    School of Business and Governance Seed Funding Grants

    2013 CSR: understanding  community impact $4,900 (Lead: Anne Clear, Megan Paull, Antonia Girardi)

    The initial report will provide the analysis of the findings but also the recommendations for further research. The findings of the project are to be presented in a conference paper and a journal article.  The intention is to identify a snapshot of CSR community impact and to determine the parameters of research direction and research design for a longitudinal study. This longitudinal study would initially be a 3-5 year study and be a source of guidance for CSR funding determinations by companies for the future.

    2014 Employability skills $6,000 (Lead: Antonia Girardi, Craig Whitsed)

    Signalling Theory (Spence, 1973) suggests that content provided in organisational communications, such as job advertisements can provide information about unknown organisational characteristics, which can thereby influence applicant attraction (Celani & Singh, 2010).  In this study, job advertisements are used to examine how employers communicate information about the types of employability skills needed by graduates seeking to enter their profession; and whether such communication matches governmental reports and media releases that purport that graduates from Australian universities are not ready for employment in a complex, diverse, global environment.  The study has implications Universities developing work-ready graduates.

    2014 Understanding leadership reflections $4.500 (Lead: Antonia Girardi, Ian Boudville, Megan Paull)

    Interest in leadership to enhance motivation and social responsibility is receiving increased attention.  Servant leadership (SL), introduced over 30 years ago, has recently been ‘discovered’ by scholars as a leadership theory which has potential social impact.  There is no consensus on SL conceptual frameworks underpinning much of the research, especially in Australia.  This pilot will explore different measures and conceptual frameworks to enrich understanding of SL. The results will be used to analyse a corpus of leadership reflections by community leaders.  This research has implications for the refinement of the conceptual underpinnings of SL; and practical consequences for the promotion of educational leadership development programs.

    Office of Learning and Teaching Grants – Category 1

    Between 2007 and 2011, Antonia was a team member on two Office of Learning and Teaching funded projects where her primary role was in data analytics. The first project investigated the factors aimed to better understand the beliefs academic staff hold about graduate attributes (see http://www.olt.gov.au/resource-b-factor-academic-beliefs-graduates-rmit-2009). The second, examined factors which contribute to the retention, attrition, and learning of undergraduate business students (seehttp://www.olt.gov.au/resource-university-experience-undergraduate-business-usc-2011).

    Events and speaking engagements

    2016 Leadership Western Australia – Guest Presenter “Trusting Yourself and Trusting Others”

    -Thank you so much for your generosity of time and energy in presenting to our 2016 Rising Leadership Program. Your insights and expertise greatly contributed to the day’s success.

    2016 Melville Cockburn Chamber of Commerce Your Business our Future Forum – Guest Presenter “The Future World of Work”

    2016, 2015  SWM519 Strategic Health Leadership and Management, Murdoch University - Guest Presenter “The Engaged Workforce:  Myth or Reality?”

    2015 Leadership Western Australia – Panel discussant “Values-based leadership”

    2015 Career Counsellor PD at Murdoch University – Panel discussant  ”WA’s changing job landscape”


    Professional and community service

    I was a research associate with the University of Western Australia, working as a project evaluation analyst in the areas of organisational change, HRM strategy, work design and team work, with companies in both the private and public sectors.

    My other consultancies and research positions include the management of unplanned absences within the South Metropolitan Health Services Sector (2004-05), the evaluation of customer satisfaction within the Thai banking Sector (2000-04), a work-related issues project for the Meat Processing Industry (1996-99), and the introduction of self-managed Teams at Sydney Water (1996-2000).

    I am a Referee for the Journal of Management and Organisation; and Research and Practice in Human Resource Management.

    I am a member of the Australian Human Resources Institute (AHRI); Academy of Management (AOM); the British Academy of Management (BAM)and the European Academy of Management (EURAM).  

    I am a Deputy Chair of the Corpus Christi Catholic College School Board and Chair of the Risk Management Committee.

    Doctoral and masters supervisions

    CANDIDATE

    THESIS TOPIC

    PROGRESS

    Ms Charunya Parncharoen (PhD) How do individual cultural values impact the success of Total Quality management programmes? Evidence form a cross-cultural study. Conferred 2002
    Mr Sriwan Tapanya (PhD) Examining the factors which influence performance measurement and management in the Thai banking industry: An application of the Balanced Scorecard Framework Conferred 2005
    Mr Azman Ismail (PhD) Does procedural justice impact the relationship between compensation administration features and individual attitudes and behaviours?  An investigation of the Malaysian higher education sector” Conferred 2005
    Ms Janet Chew (PhD) What are the factors that influence the retention of core staff in the Australian workplace Conferred 2005
    Ms Lois Booth (Masters with Training) An examination of ageing academic staffing issues within Australian universities. Conferred 2007
    Ms Leela Tiangsoongnsern (PhD) An examination of perceived risk and trust as determinants of online purchasing behaviour: A study within the USA gemstone industry. Conferred 2007
    Mr Hyun Chang (DBA) Cross-cultural adjustment of expatriate managers: The impact of family on expatriate success Conferred  2008
    Mr Jaturong Sriwongwanna (DHRM) An examination of the impact of outsourcing HR activities on employee performance Conferred 2009
    Mr Arif Sikander (PhD) Strategic technology management and the performance of firms in the electrical and electronics manufacturing industry of Malaysia (1986-1995) – An exploratory study Conferred 2011
    Ms Ramraini Ali Hassan (PhD) An examination of the impact of organisational practices on the success of ICT companies in Asia. Conferred 2012
    Ms Yvonne Yeo (PhD) How universal is HRM?: An examination of best practice HR within the international work context Conferred 2015
    Ms Nancy Churchill (PhD) The Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) Framework and Policing: An Exploration of Collective Action, Collective Choice, and Problem Solving. Conferred 2015
    Ms Wan Sofiah Meor Osman (PhD) Outcomes of soft skills training: A study evaluating student and educators’ perceptions. Submitted
    Mr Richard Wickramaratne (PhD) Factors influencing career development within the Sri Lankian context In progress
    Ms Linda Riebe (PhD) Teaching teamwork skills in higher education In progress
    Ms Michelle Gander (PhD) Understanding the factors affecting career management of professional university staff In progress
    Ms Jannike Nygaard (PhD) The role of impression management in a financial crisis In progress
    Mr Amer Matarneh Socialisation in the Australian workplace In progress
    Ms Sandra Crewe Understanding nurse retention in healthcare settings in the Seychelles In progress

     

    Publications

    Chapters

    • Brueckner, M., Spencer, R., Paull, M., Girardi, A., Klomp, S., (2017),Journeying towards responsible citizenship and sustainability,In: Handbook of Sustainability in Management Education, Edward Elgar Publishing, pages 364 to 384.
    • Paull, M., Girardi, A., (2016),Floorcraft: Researching subjective phenomena,In: Workplace Abuse, Incivility and BullyingMethodological and cultural perspective, Routledge, pages 23 to 38.

    Journals

    • Gander, M., Girardi, A., Paull, M., (2019), The careers of university professional staff: A systematic literature review, Career Development International, 24, 7, pages -.
    • Paull, M., Girardi, A., (2017), Mixed methods research in investigations of volunteering, Third Sector Review, 23, 1, pages 183 - 207.
    • Riebe, L., Girardi, A., Whitsed, C., (2017), Teaching teamwork in Australian university business disciplines: Evidence from a systematic literature review, Issues in Educational Research, 27, 1, pages 134 - 150.
    • Riebe, L., Girardi, A., Whitsed, C., (2016), A systematic literature review of teamwork pedagogy in higher education, Small Group Research: an international journal of theory, investigation and application, online first, , pages 1 - 46.
    • Paull, M., Whitsed, C., Girardi, A., (2016), Applying the Kirkpatrick model: Evaluating an Interaction for Learning Framework curriculum intervention, Issues in Educational Research, 26, 3, pages 490 - 507.
    • Girardi, A., D'Alessandro, S., Tiangsoongnern, L., (2012), Perceived risk and trust as antecedents of online purchasing behavior in the USA gemstone industry, Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 24, 3, pages 433 - 460.
    • MEOR OSMAN, W., Girardi, A., (2012), An Exploratory Study Examining Educator Perceptions about Teaching and Assessing Entrepreneurship Skills at Malaysian Public Higher Education Institutions, Journal of the World Universities Forum, 4, 4, pages 81 - 99.
    • Meor Osman, W., Girardi, A., Paull, M., (2012), Educator Perceptions of Soft Skill Development: An Examination within the Malaysian Public Higher Education Sector, The International Journal of Learning, 18, 10, pages 49 - 62.
    • Benino, D., Girardi, A., Czarniak, P., (2011), Incorporando la enseanza online en un curso introductorio de farmacia prctica: Estudio de percepciones de los estudiantes en una Universidad Australiana, Pharmacy Practice (Online), 9, 4, pages 252 - 258.
    • Meor Osman, W., Girardi, A., Paull, M., (2011), Educators' Perceptions of soft skill development: An examination within the Malaysian Public Higher Education Sector, The International Journal of Learning, 18, 10, pages 49 - 62.
    • Ismail, A., Al-Banna Mohamed, H., Sahol Hamid, N., Zaidi Sulaiman, A., Girardi, A., Madi Bin Abdullah, M., (2011), Relationship between Performance Based Pay, Interactional Justice and Job Satisfaction: A Mediating Model Approach, International Journal of Business and Management, 6, 11, pages 170 - 180.
    • Girardi, A., Ismail, A., (2009), The Mediating Effect of Empowerment in the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Service Quality, International Journal of Business and Management, 4, 4, pages -.
    • Girardi, A., Ismail, A., Ibrahim, D., (2009), The mediating effect of distributive justice in the relationship between pay design and job satisfaction, Journal of Economics and Business, 27, , pages 129 - 148.
    • Girardi, A., Ismail, A., Boerhannoeddin, A., (2009), Empirically Testing the Mediating Effect of Distributive Justice in the Relationship between Adequacy of Benefits and Personal Outcomes, Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences, 2, , pages -.
    • Ward, S., Girardi, A., Lewandowska, A., (2006), A Cross National Validation of the Narver and Slater Marketing Orientation Scale, Journal Marketing Theory and Practice, 14, 2, pages 155 - 167.
    • Girardi, A., Soutar, G., Ward, S., (2005), The Validation of a Use Innovateness Scale, European Journal of Innovation Management, 8, 4, pages 471 - 481.
    • Chew, J., Girardi, A., Entrekin, L., (2005), Retaining core staff: The impact of human resource practices on organisational commitment, Journal of Comparative International Management, 8, 2, pages 23 - 42.
    • Morrison, D., Cordery, J., Girardi, A., Payne, R., (2005), Job Design, Opportunities for Skill Utilisation and Job-Related Affective Well-being, European Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology, 14, 1, pages 59 - 79.
    • Burr, R., Girardi, A., (2002), Intellectual Capital: More Than the Interaction of Competence x commitment, Australian Journal of Management, 27, Special, pages 77 - 87.
    • Joseph, J., Simmons, B., Abramowicz, K., Girardi, A., (2002), Career Plateuism: End of the Road or Just Another Fork?, Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management, 8, 2, pages 14 - 21.

    Conference

    • Crewe, S., Girardi, A., (2018),Nurse Manager as Employee Champion: Results from a scoping review examining retention in healthcareHealthcare.,In: Annual Australian & New ZealandAcademy of Management Conference.
    • Girardi, A., Paull, M., Minaee, S., Whitsed, C., Boudville, I., (2015),Reflective Learning and the Development of Leader,In: ANZAM Conference.
    • Ward, S., Girardi, A., Tiangsoongnern, L., (2007),Like a Glittering Prize: The impact of Perceived Risk and Trust as Determinants of Online Purchasing Behaviour in the Gemstone Industry,In: Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy (ANZMAC) Conference (2007).
    • Booth, L., Entrekin, L., Girardi, A., (2004),Ageing Academic Staff: Mind the Gap,In: 3rd Emerging Researchers in Ageing (ERA) National Conference (2004).

    Selected Publications

    • D’Alessandro, S., Girardi, A. & Tiangsoongnern, L. (2012). Perceived risk and trust as antecedents of online purchasing behavior in the USA gemstone industry”, Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, Vol. 24 Iss: 3 pp. 433 – 460
    • Wan Meor Osman, S., Girardi, A. & Paull, M. (2012). Educator Perceptions of Soft Skill Development: An Examination within the Malaysian Public Higher Education Sector. The International Journal of Learning, Vol 19(10), pp.  49-61.
    • Wan Meor Osman, S. & Girardi, A. (2011). An Exploratory Study Examining Educator Perceptions about Teaching and Assessing Entrepreneurship Skills at Malaysian Public Higher Education Institutions. Journal of the World Universities Forum . Vol 4.
    • Benino, D., Girardi, A., Czarniak, P. (2011). Incorporating online teaching in an introductory pharmaceutical practice course: A study of student perceptions within an Australian University. Pharmacy Practice 9(4), pp. 252-258.
    •  Ismail, A., Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, H.A., Hamid, N., Zaidi Sulaiman, A., Girardi, A., Madi Bin Abdullah, M. (2011). Relationship Between Performance Based Pay, Interactional Justice and Job Satisfaction: A Mediating Model Approach. International Journal of Business Management 6(11), pp. 170-180.
    • Meor Osman, W. S., & Girardi, A. (2011). An exploratory study examining educator perceptions about teaching and assessing entrepreneurship skills at Malaysian public higher education institutions.  Journal of the World Universities Forum 4, pp.81-100.
    • Ismail, A., Girardi, A. & Boerhannoeddin, A. (2009). Empirically Testing the Mediating Effect of Distributive Justice in the Relationship between Adequacy of Benefits and Personal Outcomes. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences,  2 (1), 1-15.
    • Ismail, A., Halim, F., Abdullah, D., Shmina, A., Mudal, A., Samsudin, S. & Girardi, A. (2009). The Mediating Effect of Empowerment in the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Service Quality. International Journal of Business and Management, 4(4), 3-12.
    • Ismail, A, Ibrahim, D, & Girardi, A. (2009). The mediating effect of distributive justice in the relationship between pay design and job satisfaction. Journal of Economics and Business, 27 (1), 129-148.
    • Chew, J and Girardi, A. (2008). Is career management the panacea to retaining vital staff? International Journal of Management and Marketing Research, 1(1), 83-98.
    • Ward, S., Girardi, A. & Lewandowska, A. (2006). A Cross-National Validation of the Narver and Slater Market Orientation Scale. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 14(2), 155-167.
    • Chew, J. Girardi, A. & Entrekin, L. (2005). Retaining Core Staff: The impact of human resource practices on organizational commitment. Journal of Comparative International Management, 8(2), 23-42.
    • Ward, S, Girardi, A & Soutar, G. (2005). The validation of the use innovativeness scale European Journal of Innovation Management, 8(4), 471-481.
    • Morrison, D; Cordery, J, Girardi, A & Payne, R. (2005). Job Design, Opportunities for Skill Utilisation and Job-Related Affective Well-being. The European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 14(1), 59-79.
    • Burr, R., & Girardi, A. (2002). Intellectual Capital: More than Competence x Commitment. Australian Journal of Management, Special Issue, 27: 77-88.
    • Joseph, J, Simmons, B, & Girardi, A. (2002) Career Plateauism: End of the Road or Just another Fork? Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management, 8(2); 14-21.
    • Pearson, C., Entrekin, L., & Girardi, A. (1997) ‘Quality Perception & Organisational Processes: The Malaysia & Singapore Case, Journal of Asian Business, 13(4), 39-64.

    Selected Conference and Seminar Papers

    • Turner, S. & Girardi, A. (2015) Developing social and cultural intelligence via self-efficacy: Creating a holding environment to teach human resource management. Paper presented at The Conversation: Learning and Teaching Showcase, Murdoch University, 26-28th August 2015. 
    • Paull, M. Girardi, A., Holloway, D. & Burnett, H. (2013). Break the Impasse: First Value the Manager of Volunteers” presented as an INTERACTIVE PAPER for the 27th ANZAM Conference 2013.
    • Holloway, D., Paull, M. Jarzabkowski, L. & Girardi, A. (2013) Australian Higher Education Regulatory Terrain: The Experience of a Self Accrediting Institution (SAI)” presented as an INTERACTIVE PAPER for the 27th ANZAM Conference 2013.
    • Meor Osman, W. S., Girardi, A., & Paull, M. (2011). Educators’ perceptions of soft skills development: An examination within the Malaysian public higher education sector. The Eighteenth International Conference on Learning, University of Mauritius, Mauritius.
    • Meor Osman, W. S., & Girardi, A. (2011). An exploratory study examining educators’ perceptions about teaching and assessing entrepreneurship skills at Malaysian public higher education institutions. The Fourth World Universities Forum, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong, China.
    • Girardi, A., Ward, S. & Chang, H. (2009). “Family matters: A comparative study of Australian managers working in Korea and Korean managers working in Australia”. Paper presented at the 8th Industrial & Organisational Psychology Conference 25 – 28 June 2009, Sydney, Australia.
    • Booth, L. Girardi, A. & Entrekin, L. (2004) “Ageing Academic Staff: Mind the Gap” Paper presented at the 3rd National Conference of Emerging Researchers in Ageing Brisbane December 2004
    • Girardi, A, Soutar, G & Ward, S. (2003). “Assessing Price & Rideway’s use innovativeness scale”. Presented at the 17 th Australian & New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, December 2003.
    • Burr, R., & Girardi, A. (2003). “The interaction effect of organisational status & gender on perceptions of procedural justice”. Presented at the Academy of Management Conference, Seattle, USA. August, 2003
    • Parncharoen, C., Girardi, A. & Entrekin, L.E. (2003). “The Total Quality Management Implementation Model”. Presented at the Global Business Development Conference Hawaii, May 2003
    • Parncharoen, C., Girardi, A. & Entrekin, L.E. (2003). “The Impact of Cultural Values on the Successful Implementation of Total Quality Management: A Comparison between the Australian and Thai Models”. Presented at the 7th International Conference on Global Business & Economic Development, Bangkok, 2003.
    • Burr, R., & Girardi, A. (2003). “Perceptions of procedural justice in the public sector: Unmasking the relationship between gender and organisational status”. Presented at the 17 th Australian & New Zealand Academy of Management Conference, December 2003.
    • Burr, R., & Girardi, A. (2003) “The influence of social context factor on perceptions of procedural justice in the public sector”. Presented at the 5th Australian Industrial and Organisational Psychology Conference, Melbourne, June, 2003.