Prof Benjamin Reilly
BA (Hons, 1st class) UNSW, PhD (Political Science) ANU

Dean, Sir Walter Murdoch School of Public Policy and International Affairs

About me

I am a political scientist specializing in democratization, comparative politics and political development. I was formerly Professor of Political Science, head of the Policy and Governance program and Director of the Centre for Democratic Institutions in the Crawford School of Public Policy at the Australian National University (ANU). I have also worked with the Australian government, the United Nations and other international organisations, and held visiting appointments at Harvard, Oxford, and Johns Hopkins universities. I have authored or edited 7 books and over 100 scholarly papers, and received financial support from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the United States Institute of Peace, the East-West Centre, the National Endowment for Democracy and the Australian Research Council.

Research areas

My key research interests concern democratization, electoral systems, ethnic conflict, and Asia-Pacific politics. I also write on Australian foreign policy.

Current projects

I have current projects on Australia as a Southern Hemisphere power, on China and democracy in East Asia, and on democracy and electoral systems in Southeast Asia. I am also a member of several international research projects with the German Institute for International Affairs (GIGA) on “Institutions for Sustainable Peace - Comparing Institutional Configurations for Divided Societies”.

Awards and grants

My work has received grant support from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the United States Institute of Peace, the East-West Center and the Australian Research Council.

Events and speaking engagements

Presentations to international and domestic conferences and other events:

 

‘Australia as a Southern Hemisphere Power’, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Perth Office), 24 September 2013.

 

‘Leadership Transitions’, Symposium on Intersections of Power, Politics, and Conflict in Asia, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Jakarta, 20 June 2013.

 

 ‘The Shadow of China’, invited lecture for ‘Oriental Democracies’ seminar, University of Oregon, Eugene OR, 9 April 2013.

 

“Knowledge Gaps”, seminar on “Institutions for Sustainable Peace: From Research Gaps to New Frontiers”, 6-7 September 2012, Berlin, Germany

 

‘Democratization, Electoral Processes and Conflict Management’, workshop on Responding to Non-Traditional Security Threats, United Nations, New York, 23 August 2012.

 

Convenor and lead speaker, ‘Political Reform in Australia and America: Reversing the Flow of Ideas?’, Embassy of Australia, Washington DC, 12 July 2012.

 

‘Is there Mileage in Democracy? China, Southeast Asia, and the Future of ASEAN’, invited presentations, SAIS Southeast Asia Program, Washington DC, 2 May 2012; Brigham Young University, Utah, 17 June 2012; University of Toronto, Canada, 3 October 2012; University of British Colombia, Canada, 6 December 2012; Crawford School, Australian National University, 19 March 2013.

 

‘Democracy in East and Southeast Asia’, invited lecture, UCLA Centre for Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, Los Angeles, 6 April 2012.

 

‘Political Parties and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding’, workshop on Institutions for Sustainable Peace, International Studies Association annual meeting, San Diego, 1-4 April 2012.

 

‘Regionalism and Democracy: the Australia-Malaysia Nexus’ presentation to IKMAS-UNSW workshop on Globalisation and Social Transformation in Two Culturally Diverse Societies: the Australian and Malaysian Experience’, Kuala Lumpur, 7-9 February 2012.

 

‘Indonesia: An Unlikely Democracy’, invited presentation to the Foreign Policy Association ‘Great Decisions’ series, Frederick MD, 22 January 2012.

 

‘Elections in Conflict-Prone Contexts’, presentation at symposium on Elections in Dangerous Places, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington DC, 23 October 2011.

 

‘Political Parties, Electoral Systems and Democratic Governance’, paper delivered at conference on “Democracy in East Asia and Taiwan in Global Perspective”, National Taiwan University, Taipei, August 24-25, 2011.

 

‘The Political Economy of Post-Conflict Electoral System Design’, invited lecture, University of Maryland, 4 May 2011.

 

‘Party Regulation and the Management of Ethnic Conflict’, workshop on “Peace through institutions: what works under which conditions?”, GIGA, 13-14 April, Hamburg, Germany.

 

‘Democracy and Development in East Asia’, panel chair and convenor, Association of Asian Studies annual meeting, Honolulu HI, 29 March-2 April 2011.

 

‘Centripetalism’, roundtable on “Challenges to Democracy in Divided Societies’, Duke University, Durham NC, 29 January 2011.

 

‘Democratic Development in East Asia’, invited lecture, George Washington University, Washington DC 19 January 2011.

 

‘Models of Democracy in Asia and the Pacific’, international workshop on Electoral Systems, Parties, and Parliaments: Making the Connections, Bali, Indonesia, 12-14 November 2010

 

‘Political Parties in Conflict-Prone Societies’, invited lecture, US Agency for International Development, Washington DC, 2 November 2010.

 

‘Democracy in East Asia: An Elephant’s Graveyard?’, presentations to National Endowment for Democracy, Washington DC, 19 July 2010, and Center for Asian Democracy, University of Louisville, KY, 18 October 2010.

 

‘Electoral Reform in Mongolia’, State Great Hural and Open Society Institute, Ulaanbator, Mongolia, May 2010.

 

‘Political Reform and the Demise of Consociationalism in Southeast Asia’ for panel “Is Rule Change Real Change? Political Reforms in Southeast Asian Democracies”, Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, March 2010.

 

‘Political Party Assistance: Challenging Conventional Wisdom’, invited participant at conference on Delivering Effective Political Party Assistance, Wilton Park, UK, 15-18 March 2010.

 

‘Centripetalism’, ISA Workshop ‐ Conflict Resolution in Divided Societies: Theories and Practice, International Studies Association annual meeting, New Orleans, 16-17 February 2009.

 

‘Conflict and Democratization in the Asia-Pacific’, symposium on Sustainable Peacemaking: Regional Approaches and Pivotal States, Vail, Colorado, 11-13 November 2009.

 

‘Elections in Conflict Situations’, symposium on Elections and Conflict: Promoting Good Practice in Electoral Conflict Management, Ottawa, Canada, 29-30 October 2009.

 

‘Democracy and Diversity’, invited presentation to the 14th International Metropolis Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, 14-18 September 2009.

 

‘Political Engineering and Ethnic Politics in Asia’, invited lecture to the Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, Western Australia, 23 April 2009.

 

‘Democracy, Ethnicity and the Demise of Consociationalism in Southeast Asia’, conference on Challenges and Prospects of Democratic Governance in Southeast Asia, University of Heidelberg, Germany, 15-17 January 2009.

 

‘Semi-presidentialism and democratic development in East Asia’, conference on Semi-Presidentialism and Democracy, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, 17-18 October 2008

 

‘Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific’, invited lecture to the Centre for Governance and Public Policy, Griffith University, Brisbane, 26 September 2008.

 

‘Policy stability and party regulation: lessons from other countries’, conference on Political Stability and Governance in Solomon Islands: Prospects for Reform, Honiara, Solomon Islands, 24-25 September 2008.

 

‘Developing norms and standards for political parties’, 5th Assembly of the World Movement for Democracy, Kiev, Ukraine, 7 April 2008.

 

‘Democratization and Electoral Reform in the Asia-Pacific: Is There an Asian Model of Democracy?’, American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago, 1-4 September 2007. 

 

‘Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific’, conference on After the Third Wave: Problems and Challenges for the New Democracies, Taipei, Taiwan, 13-15 August 2007.

 

‘Political Party Development in Conflict-Prone Societies’, conference on Political Party Regulation for Conflict-Prone Societies, The Hague, the Netherlands, 26-27 October 2006.

 

‘Political Engineering and Party Politics in Conflict-Prone Societies’, International Political Studies Association XX World Congress, Fukuoka, Japan, 7 July 2006.

 

‘Elections in War-Torn Societies: Uncertain Turning Points of Transition’, conference on Dilemmas of Democratization in War-Torn Societies, Vail CO, 26-30 March 2006

 

‘Post-Conflict Elections’, panel on Dilemmas of Democratization in Post-War Societies, International Studies Association annual meeting,San Diego, 22 March 2006

 

‘Political Development in Melanesia and Polynesia Compared’,TongaUpdate 2005, Nuku’alofa,Tonga, 29 November 2005

 

‘Democratization and Institutional Reform in the Asia-Pacific: Is there an ‘Asian Model’ of Democracy?’, to the Governance Dilemmas in Asia conference, Asian Political and International Studies Association, Hong Kong, 14-16 November 2005.

 

‘Political Party Development in Conflict-Prone Societies’, presentation to workshop on the External Regulation of Political Parties, International IDEA, Stockholm, 28 October 2005.

 

‘Party Formation Rules in the Asia-Pacific’, panel on Party Formation Rules and the Effect on Ethnic Party Building in New Democracies, American Political Science Association annual meeting, Washington DC, 1 September 2005.

 

‘Democratization and Political Reform in the Asia-Pacific: Is there an ‘Asian Model’ of Democracy?’, Nagoya Conference on Comparative Democratization, Center for Asian Legal Exchange, Nagoya University, Japan, 27-28 May 2005.

 

‘Post-War Elections: Uncertain Turning Points of Transition’, workshop on ‘Dilemmas of Democratization in Post-War Societies’, University of Uppsala, Sweden, 20-23 April 2005.

 

‘Ethnic Conflict in Papua New Guinea’, workshop on Natural Resources and Violent Ethnic Conflicts in the Asia-Pacific Region, East-West Center, Honolulu, 18-20 March 2005.

 

‘Democratization and Ethnic Politics in the Asia-Pacific’, International Studies Association annual convention, Honolulu, 1-5 March 2005.

 

‘Explaining State Failure in the South Pacific: Ethnicity, Conflict and Development’, International Studies Association annual convention, Honolulu, 1-5 March 2005.

 

‘Political Engineering and Ethnic Politics in the Asia-Pacific’, panel on ‘Ethnic Politics and Nascent Democracies’, The 18th Conference of the International Association of Historians of Asia,Taipei,Taiwan, 6-10 December 2004.

 

‘State Failure and Australia’s New Security Agenda in the South Pacific’, First International Conference on Sources of Insecurity, Globalism Institute, RMIT University , Melbourne, 17-19 November 2004.

 

‘Democratization and Political Reform in the Asia-Pacific: Is There an ‘Asian Model’ of Institutional Design?’, Australasian Political Science Association annual conference, Adelaide, 28 September-1 October 2004.

 

‘Electoral Innovation and the Borda Count in Nauru’, conference on Political Culture, Representation and Electoral Systems in the Pacific, Port Vila, Vanuatu, 9-12 July 2004.

 

‘State Functioning and State Failure in the South Pacific’, 2004 Fulbright symposium on Civil-Military Cooperation and the War on Terror, Brisbane, 5-8 July 2004.

 

‘Ethnic Diversity’, presentation to the meeting of the Pacific Islands Forum Regional Security Committee Meeting in Nadi, Fiji, 17 June 2004.

 

‘Implications for Policymakers’, conference on ‘Democratization and Civil War’ convened by the Liu Institute on Human Security at the Rockefeller Foundation’sBellagio Study Center,Italy, 7-10 June 2004.

 

‘Post-Conflict Elections: What Lessons have been Learned?’ conference on ‘Making Peace Work’, World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) , Helsinki, Finland, 3-5 June 2004.

 

‘Economic Strategies for Conflict Resolution’, conference on Resources and Conflict in the Asia-Pacific Region,Sydney, 6 April 2004.

 

‘China’s Rising Star in Oceania’, 20th AUS-CSCAP Meeting,Canberra, 9-10 February 2004.

 

‘Electoral Systems and Conflict Management: Comparing AV and STV Systems’, seminar on Does Northern Ireland Need a New Electoral System?, Constitution Unit, University College London, 19 January 2004.

 

‘The Global Spread of Preferential Voting: Australian Institutional Imperialism?’, annual meeting of the Australasian Political Science Association,Hobart, 1-3 October 2003.

 

‘Political Engineering of Parties and Party Systems’, panel on Ethnic Parties and Voters in Comparative Perspective, American Political Science Association annual meeting, Philadelphia, 29 August 2003.

 

‘Failed and Failing States in the South Pacific’, meeting on ‘Making States Work: State Failure and the Crisis of Governance’,UnitedNationsUniversity,Tokyo, 16-18 May 2003.

 

‘Elections, Democratization and Human Rights’, UnitedNationsUniversityGlobal Seminar on “From Conflict to Peace”,Okinawa,Japan, 19-22 December 2002.

 

‘Chinain the South Pacific’, Pacific Islands Political Studies Association meeting,Noosa,Queensland, 4-7 December 2002.

 

‘Strengthening Political Parties in Parliament’, Policy Dialogue on Legislative Development,Brussels,Belgium, 20-22 November 2002.

 

‘Preferential Voting and the “Centripetal” Approach to Electoral System Design’, panel on Electoral Systems and their Design, American Political Science Association annual meeting,Boston, 1 September 2002.

 

‘Democratic Governance and Conflict Management’,WiltonParkconference on “The UN and Conflict Prevention”,Wilton Park,United Kingdom, 1-4 July 2002.

 

‘Internal Conflict and Regional Security in Island Asia: Stabilizing the ‘Arc of Instability’’, panel on “The Internationalization of Ethnic Politics”, International Studies Association annual meeting,New Orleans, 24-27 March 2002.

 

‘Electoral Reform inFiji: Where to from here?’, seminar on “Electoral Reform inFiji”,Nadi,Fiji, 17-18 January 2002.

 

‘Elections in Post-Conflict Scenarios: Constraints and Dangers’, confernce on “Electoral Systems and Conflict Mediation”, Dili, East Timor, 10-12 December 2001.

 

‘Electoral Systems’, conference on “Powersharing and Peacemaking”,UniversityofCalifornia,San Diego, 7-9 December 2001.

 

‘Electoral Reform in Papua New Guinea’, presentation at the Papua New Guinea Update 2001 held in Goroka, Port Moresby and Townsville, 25-29 October 2001.

 

‘Electoral Reform inIndonesia’, presentation to conference on “Review of Constitutional Institutions to Promote Sustainable Democracy inIndonesia”,Jakarta, 15-17 August 2001.

 

‘Electoral Administration’, presentation to the American Political Science Annual conference,San Francisco, 31 August-3 September 2001.

 

‘Democratic Validation’, presentation to the “From Violence to Politics” conference, Inititive on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity, Derry, Northern Ireland, 27-30 June 2001.

 

‘Security Challenges in the Southwest Pacific’, presentation to the Australian Command and Staff Course program, Army Command and Staff College, Canberra, 1 May 2001.

 

‘The Africanization of the South Pacific’, presentation atGeorgetownUniversity,WashingtonDC, 24 April 2001.

 

‘An Overview of the Region’, seminar on “Where Goes the Neighbourhood?: Scholarly discussion of recent developments inFiji,Papua New Guinea, and theSolomon Islands”,AustralianNationalUniversity, 28 March 2001.

 

‘Social Choice in the South Pacific: the Strange Case of the Borda Count in theRepublicofNauru’, Social and Political Theory Seminar,AustralianNationalUniversity, 20 March 2001.

 

‘Hypothetical: Crisis in Papua New Guinea’, presentation to the Australian Command and Staff Course program, Army Command and Staff College, Canberra, 1 March 2001.

 

‘Divided Societies in the Making? Urban-Rural Cleavages inAustraliaand theUnited States’, seminar on “Democratic Divides: New/Old Cleavages”,AustralianNationalUniversity, 24 January 2001.

 

‘Electoral Systems’, conference on “Powersharing and Peacemaking”, Institute on Global Cooperation and Conflict, University of California, San Diego, 8-9 December 2000.

 

‘Internal Conflict and Conflict Management in the Asia-Pacific: Stabilizing the Arc of Instability’, conference on “Self-Determination, Security and the United Nations”,DenverandVailCO, 30 November-1 December 2000.

 

‘Civil Society Building’, conference on “The Role of NGOs in Conflict Prevention”, Japan Institute for International Affairs, Tokyo, 9-11 June 2000.

 

‘Beyond Autonomy: Constitutional Engineering in Divided Societies’, workshop on “Autonomy and Democracy in the Asia-Pacific”, Parliament House,Darwin, 1-3 March 2000.

 

‘Democracy and Conflict Management’, seminar on “La Promotion de la Démocratie: Expériences et Défis”, Centre d’Études et de Recherches Internationales, Paris, 10 February 2000.

 

‘Electoral Incentives and Alternatives inCyprus’, Third Meeting of the Harvard Study Group onCyprus,Wicklow,Ireland, 2 October 1999.

 

‘Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict’, Center on International Cooperation conference on ‘Knowledge for What: Policy Research on Conflict Prevention and Peace-Building’,Pocantico Conference Center,New York, 12-14 September 1999.

 

‘Building Democracy in Troubled Regions’, UNITAR-API Fellowship Programme on Peacemaking and Preventative Diplomacy, BurgSchlaining,Austria, 26 June 1999.

 

‘Strengthening Democratic Institutions in Societies Emerging from Civil War’, ACUNS meeting on ‘Rebuilding Torn Societies, United Nations,New York, 16-18 June 1999.

 

‘Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict’, meeting of Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction Peace-Building Network Working Group, Ottawa, Canada, 9 June 1999.

 

‘Electoral Reform inLebanon: the Options’, seminar on ‘Towards a New Electoral System forLebanon’, IDEA/LADE,Beirut,Lebanon, 28-29 May 1999.

 

‘Electoral Reform inIndonesia’, seminar on Indonesian Elections: Challenges, Opportunities and the Role of the International Community,AustralianNationalUniversity, 15 March 1999.

 

‘Democracy and Conflict in Divided Societies’, seminar on Constitution Making, Conflict and Transition in Divided Societies, Bellagio Center, Italy, 15-19 February 1999.

 

‘Constitutional Engineering inFiji’,PacificIslandsPolitical Studies Association Annual Meeting,UniversityofCanterbury,Christchurch,New Zealand, 7-10 December 1999.

 

‘Regionalism and the Spread of Democracy in the Asia-Pacific’, conference on Interdependence in Asia Pacific, Swedish Institute of International Affairs,Stockholm,Sweden, 30 November 1998.

 

‘Institution Building and Electoral Reform’, roundtable on Searching for Peace in the Balkans, National Defence College (Sweden) and Centre for Defence Studies (Kings College, London), Stockholm, Sweden, 11-12 September 1998.

 

‘Electoral Reform in South Africa: An Alternative Model’, Roundtable on Post-1999 Electoral System Choice in South Africa, Electoral Institute of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa, 17-19 August 1998.

 

‘The New Electoral System inIndonesia: Some Comparisons’, presentation to Political Legislation Reform Team,Jakarta,Indonesia, 1-13 August 1998.

 

‘The Reform of the Electoral System in the Kyrgyz Republic’, presentation to conference on Improving the Electoral System of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 4-5 June 1998.

 

‘The Electoral System in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Options for Ethnic Accommodation’, OSCE/UN Office of the High Representative Symposium on Electoral Systems, Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, 12-13 March 1998.

 

‘Proportional Representation in theUnited Kingdom’,United KingdomAssociation of Electoral Administrators Annual Conference,Plymouth,UK, 23-25 February 1998.

 

‘Majority/Minority Issues’, Conference on The Role of International Co-operation in Conflict Prevention in Africa, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Helsinki, 1-2 December 1997.

 

‘Electoral Systems of the South Pacific’, South Pacific Electoral Administrators’ Conference,Suva,Fiji, 8-10 October 1997.

 

‘Electoral Systems in Southern Africa’, Conference of the Electoral Commission Forum of SADC Countries,Midgard,Namibia, 22-24 July 1997.

 

‘Electoral Systems and Conflict in Divided Societies’, panel on Electoral Engineering in Ethnically Divided Societies, American Political Science Association Annual Meeting,WashingtonDC,USA, 28 August 1997.

 

‘Electoral systems and conflict:  preliminary results from an ongoing research program’, Workshop on Electoral Systems and Conflict in Divided States, National Research Council, Washington DC, USA, 28-29 May 1997.

 

‘The Alternative Vote in the New Fiji:  An Assessment’, conference on Electoral Systems in Divided Societies: the Fiji Constitutional Review, ANU, Canberra, 18-19 January 1997.

 

Professional and community service

I have advised governments and international organisations on issues of democratic governance, political development, electoral system design, and party politics. These include consultancies on:

  • Egypt’s new electoral law, for IFES and NDI, June 2011
  • Reform of local government elections, for Northern Territory government, Australia, Dec 2010
  • Electoral reform in Mongolia, for UNDP, May-June 2010
  • East Timor’s electoral law, for SIDA, October 2005
  • Constitutional and electoral reform in Bhutan, for Constitutional Review Commission of Bhutan/United Nations Development Programme, May-December 2005
  • Political party development in Iraq, for International IDEA, May 2004
  • Electionsand conflict in Northern Ireland, for UK Dept of Constitutional Affairs, January 2004
  • Constitutional reform in Afghanistan, for UN Constitutional Commission of Afghanistan, 2003
  • Electoral and party development in Guyana, for National Democratic Institute, April 2002
  • Elections and party systems in East Timor, for UN Department of Political Affairs, 2001
  • Elections and political party development in Indonesia, for International IDEA, October 2001
  • Preferential voting and political parties in Fiji, for AusAid, May 2001
  • Electoral reform in Papua New Guinea, for AusAid, 2000-2002
  • Electoral reform inSouthern Africa, for Friedrich-Ebbert Stiftung, March 2000
  • Political reform and conflict management in Bosnia-Herzegovina, for United Nations High Representative in Bosnia-Herzegovina, October 1999
  • Democratization and political development in Kazhakstan and Kyrgyzstan, for OSCE, 1998-1999
  • I also served in various capacities with the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia, 1993

Doctoral and masters supervisions

PhD Students Supervised

Matthew Allen (Chair) – passed

Andrew Bradly (Advisor) – passed

Gabriel Lele (Advisor) – passed

Aaron Batten (Advisor) – passed

Scott Flower (Co-Chair) – passed

Giovanna Dore  (External examiner, Johsn Hopkins University) – passed

Nathan Allen (External examiner, University of British Columbia) – passed

Geoffrey Macdonald (External Committee member, University of Denver) – in process

Publications

Chapters

  • Reilly, B., (2013),Regionalism and Democracy in Asia: the Australia-Malaysia Nexus,In: Globalization and Social Transformation in the Asia Pacific: The Australian and Malaysian Experience, Palgrave Macmilan, pages -.

Journals

  • Reilly, B., (2013), Political parties and post-conflict peacebuilding, Civil Wars, 15, S1, pages 88 - 104.

   

Books

Political Parties in Conflict-Prone Societies: Regulation, Engineering and Democratic Development (co-editor with Per Nordlund), United Nations University Press, Tokyo, 2008.

 

Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific,OxfordUniversity Press,Oxford, 2006.

 

Electoral System Design: The New International IDEA Handbook (co-author with Andrew Ellis and Andrew Reynolds), International IDEA, Stockholm, 2005 (translated into Arabic and Nepali).

 

Democracy in Divided Societies: Electoral Engineering for Conflict Management, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.

 

Electoral Systems and Conflict in Divided Societies (co-author with Andrew Reynolds), National Academy Press,WashingtonDC, 1999.

 

Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators (co-editor with Peter Harris), International IDEA, Stockholm, 1998. (Translated into Indonesian, Burmese, Serbo-Croation and Spanish).

 

The International IDEA Handbook of Electoral System Design (co-author with Andrew Reynolds), International IDEA,Stockholm, 1997. (Translated into French, Indonesian, Spanish, Arabic, Burmese, Serbo-Croat, Albanian).

 

Journal Articles

 

‘Political Parties and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding’, Civil Wars, forthcoming.

 

‘Southeast Asia: In The Shadow of China’, Journal of Democracy, 24(1), 2013, pp. 156-164.

 

‘Presidentialism Reconsidered: The relevance of an old debate’, Ethnopolitics, 12(1) 2013, pp. 82-5.

 

‘Institutional Designs for Diverse Democracies: Consociationalism, Centripetalism and Communalism Compared’, European Political Science, 11, 2012, 259-270.

 

‘Ethnic Conflict in Papua New Guinea’, Asia-Pacific Viewpoint, 49(1), April 2008, pp. 12-22.

 

‘Democratization and Electoral Reform in the Asia-Pacific Region: Is There an ‘Asian Model’ of Democracy?’, Comparative Political Studies, 40(11), 2007, pp. 1350-1371.

 

‘Electoral Systems and Party Systems in East Asia’, Journal of East Asian Studies, 7, 2007, pp. 185-192.

 

‘Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific’, Journal of Democracy, 18(1), 2007, pp. 58-72.

 

‘Political Engineering and Party Politics in Conflict-Prone Societies’, Democratization 13(5), 2006, pp. 811-827.

 

‘Political Reform in Papua New Guinea: Testing the Evidence’, Pacific Economic Bulletin, 21(1), 2006, pp. 187-194.

 

‘Political Engineering and Ethnic Politics in the Asia-Pacific’, Asia-Pacific Forum 29, 2005, pp. 47-78.

 

‘State Functioning and State Failure in the South Pacific’, Australian Journal of International Affairs 58(4), 2004, pp. 479-493.

 

‘The Global Spread of Preferential Voting: Australian Institutional Imperialism?’, Australian Journal of Political Science 39(2), 2004, pp. 253-66.

 

‘Ethnicity, Democracy and Development in Papua New Guinea’, Pacific Economic Bulletin 19(1), 2004, pp. 46-54.

 

‘Political Parties and Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific Region’, Asia Pacific Issues: Analysis from the East-West Center, 71, 2003, pp. 1-8.

 

(with John Henderson) ‘Dragon in Paradise: China’s Rising Star in Oceania’, The National Interest, 72, 2003, pp. 94-104.

 

(with Robert Phillpot) ‘“Making Democracy Work” in Papua New Guinea: Social Capital and Provincial Development in an Ethnically Fragmented Society’, Asian Survey, XLII(6), November/December 2002, pp. 906-927.

 

‘Economic Decline and Political Reform in Papua New Guinea’, Pacific Economic Bulletin, 17(2), November 2002, pp. 134-140.

 

‘“A Reflection on South Pacific Regional Security”: A Rejoinder’, Journal of Pacific History, 37(3), 2002, pp. 323-324.

 

‘Political Engineering and Party Politics in Papua New Guinea’, Party Politics, 8(6), November 2002, pp. 701-718.

 

‘Social Choice in the South Seas: Electoral Innovation and the Borda Count in the PacificIslandCountries’, International Political Science Review, 23(4), October 2002, pp. 355-372.

 

‘Post-Conflict Elections: Constraints and Dangers’, International Peacekeeping, 9(2), 2002, pp. 118-139.

 

‘Back to the Future? The Political Consequences of Electoral Reform in Papua New Guinea’, Journal of Pacific History, 37(2), 2002, pp. 239-253.

 

‘Electoral Systems for Divided Societies’, Journal of Democracy, 13(2), 2002, pp. 156-170.

 

‘Internal Conflict and Regional Security in Asia and the Pacific’, Pacifica Review, 14(1), 2002, pp. 7-21.

 

‘Evaluating the Effect of the Electoral System in Post-Coup Fiji’, Pacific Economic Bulletin, 16(1), 2001, pp. 142-149.

 

‘Trouble in “Paradise”: The Africanization of the South Pacific’, Policy, 17(1), 2001, pp. 3-7.

 

‘Democracy, Ethnic Fragmentation, and Internal Conflict: Confused Theories, Faulty Data, and the “Crucial Case” of Papua New Guinea’, International Security, 25(3), 2000, pp. 162-185.

 

‘The Africanisation of the South Pacific’, Australian Journal of International Affairs, 54(3), 2000, pp. 261-268.

 

‘Party Politics in Papua New Guinea: A Deviant Case?’, Pacific Affairs, 72(2), 1999, pp. 225-246.

 

‘The Plant Report and the Supplementary Vote: Not So Unique After All’, Representation, 34(2), 1997, pp. 95-102.

 

‘Preferential Voting and Political Engineering: A Comparative Study’, Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 35(1), 1997, pp. 1-19.

 

‘The Alternative Vote and Ethnic Accommodation: New Evidence from Papua New Guinea’, Electoral Studies, 16(1), 1997, pp. 1-11.

 

Book chapters

 

‘Regionalism and Democracy in Asia: the Australia-Malaysia Nexus’ in Claudia Tazreiter (ed),  Globalization and Social Transformation in the Asia Pacific: The Australian and Malaysian Experience, Palgrave, forthcoming.

 

‘Models of democracy in the Asia-Pacific’ in William Case and Stephen McCarthy (eds), Governance and Democracy in the Asia-Pacific: Political and Civil Society, forthcoming

 

‘Preferential voting and political engineering: a comparative study’ in David M. Farrell and Matthew S. Shugart (eds), Electoral Systems, Sage: New Delhi, 2013.

 

‘Democratization and Electoral Reform in the Asia-Pacific Region: Is there an “Asian Model” of Democracy?’ in David M. Farrell and Matthew S. Shugart (eds), Electoral Systems, Sage: New Delhi, 2013.

 

‘Political Parties, Electoral Systems and Democratic Governance’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, and Yun-han Chu (eds), Democracy in East Asia: Prospects for the Twenty-First Century, Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

 

‘The Shadow of China’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, and Yun-han Chu (eds), Democracy in East Asia: Prospects for the Twenty-First Century, Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

 

‘Elections and Post-Conflict Political Development’ in Mats Berdal and Dominik Zaum (eds), The Political Economy of Post-conflict Statebuilding: Power after Peace, Routledge, London and New York, 2012.

 

‘Centripetalism: Cooperation, Accommodation and Integration’ in Stefan Wolff and Christalla Yakinthou (eds), Conflict Management in Divided Societies: Theories and Practice, Routledge: London and New York, 2012

 

‘Understanding Elections in Conflict Situations’ in David Gillies (ed), Elections in Dangerous Places: Democracy and the Paradoxes of Peacebuilding, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011

 

‘Political Reform and the Demise of Consociationalism in Southeast Asia’ in Aurel Croissant & Marco Bünte (eds), The Crisis of Democratic Governance in Southeast Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

 

‘Semi-Presidentialism and Democratic Development in East Asia’ in Robert Elgie, Sophia Moestrup and Yu-shan Wu (eds), Semi-Presidentialism and Democracy, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011 (translated into Portuguese).

 

‘Centripetalism’ in Karl Cordell and Stefan Wolff (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict, Routledge, London and New York, 2011.

 

‘Introduction’ in Benjamin Reilly and Per Nordlund (eds), Political Parties in Conflict-Prone Societies: Regulation, Engineering and Democratic Development, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, 2008.

 

‘Democratic Validation’ in John Darby and Roger Mac Ginty (eds), Contemporary Peacemaking: Conflict, Peace Processes and Post-War Reconstruction (rev. 2nd ed), Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire and New York, 2008.

 

‘Electoral Systems and Party Systems’ in Russell Dalton, Doh Chull Shin and Yun-han Chu (eds) Party Politics in East Asia: Citizens, Elections and Democratic Development, Lynne Rienner,Boulder andLondon, 2008.

 

‘Post-Conflict Elections: Uncertain Turning Points of Transition?’ in Anna K. Jarstad and Timothy D. Sisk (eds), From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge University Press,Cambridge, 2008.

 

‘Electoral and Political Party Reform’ in Ross H. McLeod and Andrew MacIntyre (eds), Indonesia: Democracy and the Promise of Good Governance, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, 2007.

 

‘Dealing with Divided Societies’ in Larry Diamond and Mark F. Plattner (eds), Electoral Systems and Democracy, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2006.

 

‘Does the Choice of Electoral System Promote Democracy? The Gap Between Theory and Practice’ in Philip G. Roeder and Donald S. Rothchild (eds), Sustainable Peace: Power and Democracy after Civil Wars, Cornell University Press, Ithaca NY, 2005.

 

(with Elsina Wainwright) ‘The South Pacific’ in Simon Chesterman, Michael Ignatieff and Ramesh Thakur(eds), Making States Work: State Failure and the Crisis of Governance, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, 2005.

 

(with Kennedy Graham) ‘Conflict Through Asia and the Pacific: Causes and Trends’ in A. Heijmans, N. Simmonds, and H. van de Veen (eds), Searching for Peace in Asia Pacific, Lynne Rienner, Boulder and London, 2004.

 

‘Elections in Post-Conflict Societies’ in Edward Newman and Roland Rich (eds), The UN Role in Promoting Democracy: Between Ideals and Reality, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, 2004.

 

‘Options for an Electoral System for Local Government in Guyana’ in Patricia Persaud (ed), Decentralization and Local Government in the Caribbean, National Democratic Institute,WashingtonDC, 2004.

 

‘Government Structure and Electoral Systems’ in Center on International Cooperation (ed), Afghanistan: Towards a New Constitution,New York University,New York, 2003 (translated into Pashto and Dari).

 

‘Democratic Validation’ in John Darby and Roger MacGinty (eds), Progressing Towards Settlement: Contemporary Peace Processes, Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire, 2003.

 

‘Continuity and Change in Papua New Guinea Elections 1964-1997’ in R.J. May and Ray Anere (eds), Maintaining Democracy: The 1997 Elections  in Papua New Guinea, University of Papua New Guinea and Australian National University, Port Moresby and Canberra, 2002.

 

‘Internal Conflict and Regional Security in Island Asia: Stabilizing the “Arc of Instability”’ in Bruce Vaughn (ed), The Unraveling of Island Asia?: Governmental, Communal, and Regional Instability, Praeger,Westport CT andLondon, 2002.

 

‘Post-Conflict Elections: Constraints and Dangers’ in Edward Newman and Albrecht Schnabel (eds), Recovering from Civil Conflict: Reconciliation, Peace and Development, Frank Cass,London andPortlandOR, 2002.

 

‘Electoral Reform in Indonesia’ in International IDEA (ed), Continuing Dialogues Towards Constitutional Reform in Indonesia, International IDEA, Jakarta, 2002.

 

‘Elections in Post-Conflict Scenarios: Constraints and Dangers’, in Independent Electoral Commission of East Timor (ed), Electoral Systems and Conflict Mediation, IEC, Dili, 2001.

 

‘Preferential Voting and its Political Consequences’ in Marian Sawer (ed), Elections: Full, Free and Fair, Federation Press,Sydney, 2001.

 

‘Papua New Guinea’ in Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz and Christof
Hartmann (eds), Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook, Oxford University Press, New York, 2001.

 

(with Maria Gratschew) ‘Nauru’ in Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz and Christof Hartmann (eds), Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook, Oxford University Press, New York, 2001.

 

‘Regionalism and the Spread of Democracy in the Asia-Pacific’ in Bert Edstrom (ed), Interdependence in the Asia Pacific, Swedish Institute for International Affairs and Center for Pacific Asia Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 2001.

 

(with Andrew Reynolds) ‘Electoral Systems and Conflict in Divided Societies’ in Paul C. Stern and Daniel Druckman (eds), International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War, National Academy Press, Washington DC, 2000.

 

(with Michael Maley) ‘The Single Transferable Vote and the Alternative Vote Compared’ in Sean Bowler and Bernard Grofman (eds), Elections in Australia, Ireland and Malta Under the Single Transferable Vote: Reflections on an Embedded Institution,University ofMichigan Press,Ann Arbor, 2000.

 

‘Electoral Systems for Post-Conflict Societies: Lessons for Bosnia-Hercegovina’ in European Commission for Democracy Through Law, NewTrends in Electoral Law in a Pan-European Context, Council of Europe Publishing,Strasbourg, 2000.

 

‘Electoral Reform in Indonesia: the Options’ in Julia Suryakusuma (ed), Almanac Parpol Indonesia (The Almanac of Indonesian Political Parties), API,Jakarta, 1999.

 

‘Electoral System Choice in Post-1999 South Africa: An Alternative Model’ in Electoral Institute of Southern Africa (ed), Electoral Systems Roundtable, EISA,Johannesburg, 1999.

 

(with David Bloomfield) ‘The Changing Nature of Conflict and Conflict Management’ in Peter Harris and Ben Reilly (eds), Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, International IDEA,Stockholm, 1998.

 

(with David Bloomfield and Yash Ghai) ‘Analysing Deep-Rooted Conflict’ in Peter Harris and Ben Reilly (eds), Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, International IDEA,Stockholm, 1998.

 

‘Democratic Levers: An Introduction’ in Peter Harris and Ben Reilly (eds), Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, International IDEA,Stockholm, 1998.

 

‘Executive Type: Presidentialism versus Parliamentarism’ in Peter Harris and Ben Reilly (eds), Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, International IDEA,Stockholm, 1998.

 

(with Andrew Reynolds) ‘Electoral Systems for Divided Societies’ in Peter Harris and Ben Reilly (eds), Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, International IDEA, Stockholm, 1998.

 

‘Fiji’ in Peter Harris and Ben Reilly (eds), Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators, International IDEA,Stockholm, 1998.

 

‘Deep-Rooted Conflict: Electoral Systems’ in Marija Airas (ed), The Role of International Cooperation in Conflict Prevention in Africa, KATU,Finland, 1998.

 

‘Constitutional Engineering and the Alternative Vote in Fiji: An Assessment’ in Brij V. Lal and Peter Larmour (eds), Electoral Systems in Divided Societies: The Fiji Constitution Review, National Centre for Development Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, 1997.

 

‘The Effects of the Electoral System in Papua New Guinea’ in Yaw Saffu (ed), The 1992 PNG Election: Change and Continuity in Electoral Politics, Department of Political and Social Change, Australian National University, Canberra, 1996.

 

’The Elections at the Coalface: Reflections on the Cambodian Experience’ in Viberto Selochan and Carlyle A. Thayer (eds), Bringing Democracy to Cambodia: Elections and Peacekeeping, Australian Defence Studies Centre,Canberra, 1996.

 

Newspaper Op-Eds

 

 ’We can be a leader of great southern lands’, The West Australian, 15 August 2013.

 

‘Australia an aid superpower’, Canberra Times, 7 September 2012.

 

‘PM Faces ‘Frugal’ Superpower Dilemma’, Canberra Times, 9 March 2011.

 

‘Trade-offs key to electoral reform’, New York Times ‘Room for Debate’ online forum, 18 February 2011.

 

‘Big task to tackle at Bali forum’, Canberra Times, 11 December 2008.

 

‘Japan’s return to Guadalcanal’, Wall Street Journal Asia, 1-3 August 2008 (also run in Wall Street Journal Europe, same date).

 

‘Why do South Pacific nations need armies?’, Wall Street Journal Asia, 6 November 2006.

 

‘Let’s invite Islanders to play in our backyard’, The Australian, 2 July 2004.

 

‘Making our region a level playing field’, Sydney Morning Herald, 4 April 2003.

 

‘Instant runoff ballots work, mates’, Anchorage Daily News, 24 August 2002.

 

‘Strength lies in the Pacific footy hold’, The Australian, 8 October 2001.

 

‘Islandsof neglect’, Asian Wall Street Journal, 4 April 2001.

 

‘Hanson preferential myth’, The Australian Financial Review, 14 March 2001.

 

‘Voting is good, except when it guarantees war’, The Washington Post, 17 October 1999.

 

‘Indonesia’s fading empire’, Asian Wall Street Journal, 4 October 1999.

 

(with Christopher Bennett) ‘Building democracy in troubled regions’, The Wall Street Journal Europe, 12 May 1999.

 

‘East Timor’s elections are just a start’, Asian Wall Street Journal, 7 May 1999.

 

‘East Timor’s elections are first step for democracy’, Asian Wall Street Journal Weekly Edition, 10-16 May 1999.

 

‘Regional unity draws near’, Canberra Times, 11 January 1999.

 

‘With no melting pot, a recipe for failure in Bosnia’, International Herald Tribune, 12-13 September 1998.

 

‘‘Mixed’ system an option’, Jakarta Post (Indonesia), 12 August 1998.

 

Other papers

 

Australia as a Southern Hemisphere Power, ASPI Strategic Insight Paper, Australian Strategic Policy Institute, July 2013.

 

‘Asia’s Surprising Democratic Renaissance’, World Politics Review, 20 March 2012.

 

‘Out of Steppe?’, On Campus, 17 November 2010.

 

‘Semi-presidentialism and democratic development in East Asia grows’, APEC Economies Newsletter 12:10, November 2008.

 

(with Per Nordlund and Edward Newman) Political Parties in Conflict-Prone Societies: Encouraging Inclusive Politics and Democratic Development, United Nations University Policy Brief No. 2, 2008.

 

Democratization and Political Reform in the Asia-Pacific: Is There an ‘Asian Model’ of Institutional Design?, Policy & Governance Discussion Paper 04/04, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, Canberra, 2004.

                    

International Electoral Assistance: A Review of Donor Activities and Lessons Learned, Working Paper No 17, Conflict Research Unit, Netherlands Institute of International Relations, Clingendael, The Hague, The Netherlands, 2003.

 

The Borda count in the real world: the electoral system in the Republic of Nauru, Macmillan Brown Working Paper Series No. 8, Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, 2001.