Dr Caroline Mansfield
B.A. (UWA), Grad. Dip. Ed. (WACAE), M.Ed. (ECU), Ph.D. (ECU)

Senior Lecturer

About me

Dr Caroline Mansfield is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Education, Murdoch University. She coordinates undergraduate and postgraduate units focusing on learning processes and effective teaching. Caroline’s research focuses on teacher resilience and the personal and contextual resources that enable teachers to maintain engagement, commitment and motivation, and thrive throughout their career. Furthermore, Caroline has a keen interest in how higher education programmes can prepare aspiring teachers to successfully manage the challenges of the teaching profession.

Caroline has led two successful projects in the field of teacher resilience, namely Keeping Cool (www.keepingcool.edu.au) (funded ALTC, 2009-2012) and BRiTE: Building Resilience in Teacher Education (https://www.brite.edu.au/) (funded OLT, 2013-2015).  Completed in 2015, the five online learning modules developed in the BRiTE project are being widely used nationally by pre-service and practicing teachers, and have also attracted international users in the UK, Europe, USA and Canada. Caroline partnered in the European project, Enhancing Teacher Resilience in Europe (http://entree-project.eu/en/) (funded European Union, 2013-2015), which built on findings from Keeping Cool. Her work also has interdisciplinary application and she is currently working with veterinarians in the project VetSet2Go: Building Veterinary Employability (https://www.vetset2go.edu.au/) (funded OLT, 2015-2017).

Caroline has received awards of excellence for research, teaching and service to the community. In 2003 she received the Western Australian Institute of Educational Research’s Postgraduate Award for meritorious research for her PhD dissertation. In 2009 she received Murdoch University’s Vice Chancellor’s Teaching Excellence Award in the category of early career teaching. In 2013, Caroline received an Outstanding Professional Service award for service to the Western Australian Institute of Educational Research (WAIER). In 2016, she won an Office of Learning and Teaching (OLT) National Teaching Fellowship.

Teaching area

My current teaching in teacher education encompasses the following -

  • Educational Psychology focusing on learning processes
  • Collaboration, creativity and motivation in education

Research areas

My research areas of interest include the following -
  • Teacher resilience
  • Teacher motivation and efficacy
  • Teacher collaborative professional learning
  • Pre-service teachers’ learning
  • Student motivation

Current projects

  • Teacher resilience, 2013-2015  BRiTE: Building Resilience in Teacher Education (Mansfield, Beltman, Broadley & Weatherby-Fell, 2013-2015). Building on the Keeping Cool project, BRiTE is an OLT (Office of Learning and Teaching, Australia) funded project that is creating online modules to support the development of professional resilience for pre-service teachers. Each module is personalised, interactive, connected to the profession and informed by current research both nationally and internationally. For further information and access to the modules, see BRiTE (www.brite.edu.au).
  • Teacher resilience, 2013-2015  Keeping Cool – Europe: Enhancing Teacher Resilience in Europe (Wosnitza, et al., 2013). The ENTREE project is funded by the European Union’s Lifelong Learning Program and aims to develop online and face-to-face training to support teacher resilience in Europe. Caroline is a third country partner in this project. For further information, see ENTREE (http://entree-project.eu).
  • Teacher collaborative professional learning, 2014-2015 (Thompson & Mansfield). This project investigates the potential of a collaborative rounds-based approach for teacher professional learning conducted in three small primary schools in Western Australia.
  • VetSet2GO: Building veterinary employability (Cake et al.).  See www.vetset2go.edu.au (Twitter @VetSet2Go) for details of this 2.5-year collaborative project, which began in August 2015 and aims to define the capabilities most important for employability and success in the veterinary profession, and create online assessment tools and resources to build these capabilities. This Office of Learning and Teaching (Australia) funded study is a partnership between Murdoch University (lead institution), the University of Queensland, the University of Adelaide, the University of Sydney, the University of Edinburgh (UK) and the University of Nottingham (UK), with presence now also at Washington State University (USA). Caroline is a member of the resilience group in this project.
  • Teacher resilience, 2009-2012  Keeping Cool: Embedding resilience in the teacher education curriculum (Mansfield, Price, Beltman, McConney, Wosnitza & Pelliccione, 2009-2012). This ALTC (Australian Learning and Teaching Council) funded project investigated teacher resilience in preservice and early career teachers in Western Australia. Key deliverables include a website (www.keepingcool.edu.au), annotated bibliography and a framework showing 4 dimensions of teacher resilience (Mansfield, Price, Beltman & McConney, 2012).
  • Preservice teachers learning about classroom motivation, 2010-2015 (Mansfield & Volet, 2010 – current): This project investigates how preservice teachers learn about classroom motivation and examines the learning process that contribute to development of beliefs about classroom motivation.
  • University teacher motivation, 2012-2015 (Wosnitza, Helker & Mansfield): Investigating the motivation of university teachers in Australia, Germany and Switzerland is the focus of this collaborative project.

Awards and grants

Fellowships

  • Mansfield, C.F., (2016) Promoting resilience in higher education: A collaborative approach to curriculum development for student resilience in teacher education ($90, 000). National Teaching Fellowship. Australia: Office of Learning and Teaching.

Grants 

  • Cake, M., Bell, M., Schull, D., McArthur, M., Hamood, W., Feakes, A., Rhind, S., Mossop, L., Matthew, S., Mansfield, C.F.,  Zaki, S. (2015). VetSetGO: A collaborative outcomes and assessment framework building employability, resilience and veterinary graduate success ($349, 000). Australia: Office of Learning and Teaching.
  • Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S., Broadley, T. & Weatherby-Fell, N (2013):  BRiTE: Keeping Cool by Building Resilience in Teacher Education. Funding body – Office of Learning and Teaching (OLT), Australia. ($150, 000). Chief Investigator: Dr Caroline Mansfield.
  • Wosnitza, M. (2013) Keeping Cool – Europe: Enhancing Teacher Resilience in Europe (300.000 Euro – EU-partners: Morgan, M. (IRE), Nevralova, K. (CZ), Carmel, C. (MT), Henkel, M. (D), Peixoto, F. (PT) Third-country-partner: Mansfield, C. (AUS) & Beltman, S. (AUS), funding body: European Union).
  • Mansfield, C.F., Price, A., McConney, A., Wosnitza, M., Beltman, S. & Pelliccone, L. (2009). Keeping cool: Embedding resiliency in the initial teacher education curriculum. Australian Learning and Teaching Council (ALTC). $217 000.00 Chief investigators: Dr Caroline Mansfield, Dr Anne Price.

 

Awards

  • Professional Teaching Council of Western Australia (PTCWA) Outstanding Professional Service Award. October, 2013.
  • Nomination for Outstanding Publication Award at the bi-annual conference of the European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction (EARLI), Munich 2013. Publication details:  Beltman, S., Mansfield, C.F. & Price, A. (2011) Thriving not just surviving: A review of research on teacher resilience. Educational Research Review, 6, 185-207.
  • Murdoch University’s Vice Chancellor’s Excellence in Teaching Awards, 2009: Early Career Teaching. (Also nominated in 2006, 2007 and 2008)
  • West Australian Institute of Educational Research Prize (May, 2003)

Events and speaking engagements

Invited presentations:

Beltman, S. & Mansfield, C.F. (2014, November). Resilience in Educators. Invited presentation at the Child Australia Conference: Understanding behaviour: learning to respond, Perth.

Mansfield, C.F. (2014, July). Teacher Resilience – an Australian Perspective. Invited presentation at the Discussion Series for the Centre for the Study of Resilience. University of Pretoria.

Mansfield, C.F. (2013, August). Invited discussant of the symposium University Teachers’ and Mentors’ Motivation and Emotion at the bi-annual conference of the European Association for Learning and Instruction, Munich.

Beltman, S. & Mansfield, C.F. (2013, August). Developing capacity for teacher resilience. Paper presented in the invited symposium, ‘A cross-national perspective on teacher resilience’ at the bi-annual conference of the European Association for Learning and Instruction, Munich.

Mansfield, C.F. (2012, September). Promoting resilience for teachers and their students: A four dimensional view. Invited presentation at the Children’s Hospital Educational Research Institute (CHERI) conference. Sydney.

Mansfield, C.F. & Beltman, S. (2012, March). Keeping Cool: What makes a resilient teacher? Invited presentation for the Western Australian Institute of Educational Research. Curtin University, Perth.

Mansfield, C.F. (2010, December). Invited discussant of the symposium Consequences of teacher-student interaction on students’ motivation at the annual conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, Melbourne.

Conference Papers

Mansfield, C. F., Ebersöhn, L., Beltman, S., & Loots, T. (2016). Great Southern Lands: Making space for teacher resilience in South Africa and Australia. Paper presented in the symposium “Retaining quality teachers: International perspectives on teacher resilience” at the American Educational Research Association, Washington DC, April.

Beltman, S., Mansfield, C. F., Weatherby-Fell, N., Wosnitza, M., & Broadley, T. (2015). Using online modules to develop pre-service teachers’ capacity for resilience. Paper presented in the symposium “Beginning teacher resilience: Making a difference” at the Australian Association for Research in Education annual conference, Fremantle, WA, December.

Mansfield, C. F., Weatherby-Fell, N., Beltman, S., & Broadley, T. (2015). BRiTE: Building Resilience in Teacher Education. Paper presented at the International Study Association of Teachers and Teaching, Auckland, NZ.

Beltman, S., Mansfield, C.F., Weatherby-Fell, N. & Broadley, T. (2015). Building Resilience in Teacher Education: The Development of Online Modules. Paper presented in the symposium “Teacher Resilience: What we know and what we do” at the European Association of Learning and Instruction bi-annual conference, Limassol, Cyprus, August.

Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S., Weatherby-Fell, N. & Broadley, T. (2015). Resilience Research and Teacher Education. Paper presented in the symposium “Resilience and Teachers: Synergies between research and practice” at the European Association of Learning and Instruction bi-annual conference, Limassol, Cyprus, August.

Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S., Broadley, T. & Weatherby-Fell, N. (2015). Using the past to plan for the future: A BRiTE approach in Teacher Education. Paper presented at the annual forum of the Western Australian Institute for Educational Research, Notre Dame University, Perth, August.

Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S., Weatherby-Fell, N. & Broadley, T. (2015). Preparing teachers to thrive: Using BRiTE in Teacher Education. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Australian Teacher Education Association, Darwin, July.

Mansfield, C.F., & Broadley, T., Beltman, S., & Weatherby-Fell, N. (2015). BRiTE: Building Resilience in Teacher Education. Teaching and Learning Forum, University of Western Australia, January 30th.

Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S., Broadley, T. & Weatherby-Fell, N. (2014) BRiTE: Keeping Cool by Building Resilience in Teacher Education.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Australian Teacher Education Association, Sydney, July.

Broadley, T., Mansfield, C., Beltman, S. & Weatherby-Fell, N. (2014). Innovating Resilience Resources through BRiTE Online Modules. In Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2014 (pp. 2432-2434). Chesapeake, VA: AACE. Retrieved November 14, 2014 from http://academicexperts.org/conf/edmedia/2014/papers/43214/

Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S. & Wosnitza (2013, December)“I want to be the best teacher I can be”: Exploring beginning teachers’ professional goals”.  Paper presented in the symposium “Teacher Quality and Professional Development: Challenges for Future Teachers” at the annual meeting of the Australian Association for Research in Education, Adelaide.

Beltman, S. & Mansfield, C.F. (2013, July) Understanding beginning teachers’ professional goals. Paper presented in the symposium ‘Looking forward, looking back: Messages from pre-service and early career teachers’, at the annual conference of the Australian Teacher Education Association conference, Brisbane.

Fried, L., Mansfield, C.F. & Dobozy (2012, December) Teacher Emotion Research 2003-2011: Constructing a conceptual model for future research Paper presented at the annual conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, Sydney.

Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S., Price, A., (2011, December).“Don’t Sweat the Small Stuff”: Examining Four Dimensions of Teacher Resilience. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, Hobart.

Mansfield, C.F. & Woods-McConney, A., (2011, December)“I Didn’t Always Perceive Myself as a Science Person”: Examining Development of Efficacy for Science Teaching in Primary Schools. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, Hobart.

Mansfield, C.F., Beltman, S. & Wosnitza, M. (2011, August) Goals for teaching: A goal content approach to understanding teacher motivation. Paper presented in the symposium ‘Teacher goals: Theory development and future research’ at the bi-annual conference of the European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction. Exeter, United Kingdom.

Mansfield, C.F. & Price, A.E., Beltman, S., McConney, A., Wosnitza, M. & Pelliccione, L. (2010, December). Keeping Cool: Building resilience in initial teacher education curriculum. Paper presented in the symposium ‘New ways of investigating early career teacher retention: Resilience theory’ at the annual conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, Melbourne.

Mansfield, C.F. & Volet, S.E. (2010, September). Developing beliefs about classroom motivation: Journeys of student teachers. 12th International Conference on Motivation. Porto, Portugal.

Beltman, S., Wosnitza, M., McConney, A., Mansfield, C.F., Price, A. & Pelliccione, L. (2010, September) Teachers’ motivation and self-efficacy at the beginning of their career. Paper presented at the 12th International Conference on Motivation, Porto, Portugal.

Beltman, S., Mansfield, C.F., Price, A., McConney, A., Wosnitza, M. & Pelliccione, L. (2010, August) Teacher resilience: A systematic review of recent literature. Paper presented at the 25th West Australian Institute of Educational Research Forum, Perth.

Beltman, S., Mansfield, C.F., Price, A., McConney, A., Wosnitza, M. & Pelliccione, L. (2010, July) Teacher resilience: A review of current literature. Paper presented at the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Melbourne.

Price, A., Mansfield, C.F., McConney, A., Beltman, S., Wosnitza, M. & Pelliccione, L. (2010, June) Toughen up princess. Paper presented at the Comparative Education Conference, Istanbul.

Mansfield, C.F. (2009, August). Rethinking motivational goals for adolescents: Beyond achievement goals. European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Lewis, E., Baudains, C.M. & Mansfield, C.F. (2009, August). Little Green Fingers. Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Forum, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

Lewis, E., Baudains, C.M. & Mansfield, C.F. (2009, October). Little Green Fingers: EfS in Early Childhood. Engage Empower Enact: Sustainability and the Early Years Conference, Melbourne, Australia.

Mansfield, C.F. (2008, August). Motivational goals: A cross-sectional perspective. 11th International Conference on Motivation. Turku, Finland.

Lewis, E., Baudains, C.M. & Mansfield, C.F.  (2008) Turtle Watch: Community contribution to environmental impact assessment.  28th Annual Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment: The Art and Science of Impact Assessment.  Perth, Australia, May.

Lewis, E., Baudains, C.M. & Mansfield, C.F. (2008) Making Waves.  Australian Association of Environmental Education National Conference – Environmental Education up the Track: Hot Topics for our Community.  Darwin, Australia, July.

Lewis, E., Baudains, C.M. & Mansfield, C.F. (2008) Hands On.  Australian Association of Environmental Education National Conference – Environmental Education up the Track: Hot Topics for our Community.  Darwin, Australia, July.

Lewis, E., Mansfield, C. & Baudains, C. M.  (2008) Getting Down and Dirty: Values in Education for Sustainability.  Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Forum.  Perth, Australia, August.

Lewis, E., Mansfield, C.F. & Baudains, C.M.  (2008) Nurturing Nature.  Connecting Children with Nature Conference. Perth, Australia, August.

Mansfield, C.F. (2007, August). Managing multiple goals in learning contexts. European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction, Budapest, Hungary.

 

Professional and community service

  • Secretary, Western Australian Institute of Educational Research, 2010-2013
  • Assistant copy editor: Issues in Educational Research, 2010 – 2011.
  • Chair, Postgraduate Awards Committee, Australian Association for Research in Education, 2010-2011.
  • External reviewer for a range of international peer reviewed journals (2007 – current).
  • Reviewer: AARE refereed conference papers 2008-2011.
  • Panel member and reviewer: Betty Watts and Early Career Award AARE, November, 2008
  • Committee member: West Australian Institute for Educational Research. 2008-2013
  • School Board Chair: St Augustine’s Catholic Primary School, Rivervale, WA. 2003-2009

Doctoral and masters supervisions

Current

Helen Dempsey (PhD)  How do casual beginning teachers in Western Australia experience their work in their first year of teaching?

Yibo Yang (PhD) The experiences of Chinese international doctoral students in STEM fields in Australia and their relationships to academic achievement

Melinda Bell (PhD)  How can employability be defined in the veterinary context and how can it be assessed?

Johanne Klap (PhD)  The Effects of Mindfulness on Principals’ Wellbeing and Leadership

Completed

Katie Roe (PhD, 2015) Zoo education: A comparative international study of zoo intentions and the visitor experience.

Elaine Lewis (EdD, 2012) Impact of Education for Sustainability at a Montessori Primary School: From silos to systems thinking. EdD thesis, Murdoch University.

Karen Kimmel (PhD, 2010) University students’ intercultural interactions and attitudes: A person-in-multiple-contexts perspective. PhD thesis, Murdoch University.

Melanie Susinetti (MEd, 2010) An investigation into the motivation of secondary students within Outcomes Based Education in Western Australia. MEd thesis, Murdoch University.

 

 

Publications

Chapters

  • Mansfield, C., (2003),Honouring the differences: A reexamination of academic motivation with reference to student gender.,In: On the Forefront of Educational Psychology, Nova Science Publishers, pages 69 to 90.

Journals

  • Veitch, S., Johnson, S., Mansfield, C., (2016), Collaborating to embed the teaching and assessment of literacy in Education: A targeted unit approach, Journal of Academic Language and Learning, 10, 2, pages -.
  • Mansfield, C., Beltman, S., Broadley, T., Weatherby-Fell, N., (2016), Building resilience in teacher education: An evidenced informed framework, Teaching and Teacher Education, 54, , pages 77 - 87.
  • Beltman, S., Mansfield, C., Harris, A., (2015), Quietly sharing the load? The role of school psychologists in enabling teacher resilience, School Psychology International, Published online, , pages -.
  • Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C., (2015), How Do Zoos 'Talk' to Their General Visitors? Do Visitors 'Listen'? A Mixed Method Investigation of the Communication Between Modern Zoos and Their General Visitors, Australian Journal of Environmental Education, 30, 2, pages 167 - 186.
  • Veitch, S., Johnson, S., Mansfield, C., (2015), Collaborating to embed the teaching and assessment of literacy in Education A targeted unit approach, Journal of Academic Language and Learning, 10, 2, pages A1 - A10.
  • Hornstra, L., Mansfield, C., (2015), Motivational teacher strategies: the role of beliefs and contextual factors, Learning Environments Research, , , pages -.
  • Mansfield, C., Dobozy, E., (2015), Teacher emotion research: Introducing a conceptual model to guide future research, Issues in Educational Research (Online), 25, 4, pages 415 - 441.
  • Mansfield, C., Volet, S., (2014), Impact of structured group activities on pre-service teachers' beliefs about classroom motivation: An exploratory study, Journal of Education for Teaching:, 40, 2, pages 155 - 172.
  • Mansfield, C., Beltman, S., (2014), Teacher motivation from a goal content perspective:Beginning teachers' goals for teaching, International Journal of Education Research, 65, 2014, pages 54 - 64.
  • Lewis, E., Mansfield, C., Baudains, C., (2014), Ten Tonne Plan: Education for Sustainability From a Whole Systems Thinking Perspective, Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 13, 2, pages 128 - 141.
  • Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C., (2014), The role of zoos in modern society - A comparison of zoos reported priorities and what visitors believe they should be, Anthrozoos, 27, 4, pages 529 - 541.
  • Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C., (2014), Using evaluation to prove or to improve? An international, mixed-method investigation into zoos' formal education evaluation practices, Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2, 4, pages 108 - 116.
  • Mansfield, C., Beltman, S., Price, A., (2014), 'I'm coming back again!' The resilience process of early career teachers, Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, 20, 5, pages 547 - 567.
  • Mansfield, C., Beltman, S., Price, A., McConney, A., (2012), "Don't sweat the small stuff": Understanding teacher resilience at the chalkface, Teaching and Teacher Education, 28, 3, pages 357 - 367.
  • Mansfield, C., (2012), Rethinking motivation goals for adolescents: Beyond achievement goals, Applied Psychology: an international review, 61, 4, pages 564 - 584.
  • Mansfield, C., Woods-McConney, A., (2012), "I didn't always perceive myself as a science person": Examining efficacy for primary science teaching, Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 37, 10, pages 37 - 52.
  • Price, A., Mansfield, C., McConney, A., (2012), Considering 'teacher resilience' from critical discourse and labour process theory perspectives, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 33, 1, pages 81 - 95.
  • Mansfield, C., Beltman, S., Wosnitza, M., (2012), Goals for teaching: Towards a framework for examining motivation of graduating teachers, Australian Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 12, , pages 21 - 34.
  • Klassen, R., Aldhafri, S., Mansfield, C., Purwanto, E., Siu, A., Wong, M., Woods-McConney, A., (2012), Teachers engagement at work: An international validation study, The Journal of Experimental Education, 80, 4, pages 317 - 337.
  • Beltman, S., Mansfield, C., Price, A., (2011), Thriving not just surviving: A review of research on teacher resilience, Educational Research Review, 6, 3, pages 185 - 207.
  • Mansfield, C., (2010), Motivating adolescents: Goals for Australian students in secondary schools, Australian Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 10, , pages 44 - 55.
  • Mansfield, C., Volet, S., (2010), Developing beliefs about classroom motivation: Journeys of preservice teachers, Teaching and Teacher Education, 26, 7, pages 1404 - 1415.
  • Mansfield, C., Wosnitza, M., (2010), Motivation goals during adolescence: A cross-sectional perspective, Issues in Educational Research (Online), 20, 2, pages 149 - 165.
  • Lewis, E., Mansfield, C., Baudains, C., (2010), Going on a turtle egg hunt and other adventures: Education for sustainability in early childhood, Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 35, 4, pages 95 - 100.
  • Mansfield, C., (2009), Managing multiple goals in real learning contexts, Journal of Educational Research, 48, 4, pages 286 - 298.
  • Lewis, E., Baudains, C., Mansfield, C., (2009), Engaging students in science: Turtle Nestwatch, Teaching Science, 55, 1, pages 50 - 53.
  • Lewis, E., Baudains, C., Mansfield, C., (2009), The Impact of AuSSI-WA at a Primary School, Australian Journal of Environmental Education, 25, , pages 45 - 57.
  • Lewis, E., Mansfield, C., Baudains, C., (2008), Getting down and dirty: Values in education for sustainability, Issues in Educational Research (Online), 18, 2, pages 138 - 155.
  • Lewis, E., Mansfield, C., Baudains, C., Marcus, L., Dundas, B., (2008), Healing the Swan: Integrating Science, Journal of the Science Teachers Association of Western Australia, 44, 3, pages 16 - 19.
  • Volet, S., Mansfield, C., (2006), Group work at university: significance of personal goals in the regulation strategies of students with positive and negative appraisals, Higher Education Research and Development, 25, 4, pages 341 - 356.

Conference

  • Lewis, E., Baudains, C., Mansfield, C., (2008),Making waves,In: 15th Australian Association for Environmental Education (AAEE) Biennial Conference (2008).
  • Mansfield, C., (2008),Responding to rewards and sanctions: the impact on students' sense of belonging and school affect.,In: Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) International Education Conference (2008).
  • Lewis, E., Baudains, C., Mansfield, C., (2008),Turtle Watch: Community contribution to environmental impact asessment,In: 28th International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) Annual Conference (2008).
  • Mansfield, C., (2008),Academic and social goals in adolescence: Developments and directions.,In: Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) International Education Conference (2008).