Associate Professor David Newsome

Associate Professor

About me

Environmental scientist with expertise in wildlife tourism, geotourism and biophysical impacts of natural area tourism; advisory role, predominantly to the State government, but also to the Queensland government and IUCN on ecotourism.

Research areas

  • Wildlife tourism
  • Geotourism
  • Biophysical impacts of natural area tourism

Current projects

1. Currently undertaking a revision for the second edition of Newsome, D, Moore, S. and Dowling, R. (2002) Natural Area Tourism: Ecology, Impacts and Management. Channel View Publications, Clevedon, UK

2. Collaborative Project: Geotourism in China book with Young Ng (University of Sydney)

3. Collaborative Project with Chee Hon Loong  A Study of the Limits of Acceptable Change of ecotourism activities in a Malaysian National Park: A Case Study of Endau Rompin Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)

4. Development of a marine ecotourism programme with Dr Joko Samiaji, Marine Science Department, University of Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia

5. Collaborative Project with A Smith (DEC), K Rodger (Environmental Science, Murdoch University) Management response to increasing tourism and site evolution at natural attractions

6. Collaborative Project with S Moore et al. (Environmental Science, Murdoch University) 2009. Promoting and managing national parks into the 21st century. Australia Research Council

7. Collaborative Project with S Moore et al. (Environmental Science, Murdoch University) Successful funding for Paul Eagles. Adjunct Professor Research Scheme

8. Collaborative Project: Management of an interpretive experience to foster positive tourist encounters and manage turtle tourism in northwest Western Australia. Collaborative research with Diane Lee. Tourism, Murdoch University and Leanne Smith RPS Consulting, Perth

Awards and grants

Grant income totaling AUD $987,388 sourced from Australian state and federal governments and industry. This income has funded 28 research projects.

Events and speaking engagements

  • Newsome, D. (2012) Keynote address and workshop participation at Wildlife Tourism Symposium. Kajaani University of Applied Sciences, Research and Development Unit, Kajaani, Finland. 12-20 August, 2012.
  • Newsome, D. (2012) A research agenda for adventure racing and sporting events that take place in natural settings and protected areas. 6th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas, Stockholm, Sweden. 21-24 August, 2012.
  • Newsome, D. (2011) How to be a geopark tour guide. Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Hong Kong. 20-27 January, 2011.
  • Newsome, D. (2011) What is geotourism? Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Wudalianchi Geopark China, 29 July-August 3, 2011.
  • Newsome, D (2011) Visitor impacts and site management at geotourism destinations and geological sites of World Heritage Value. Third Global Geotourism Conference: Seeing Destinations Differently, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, 30 October to 1 November 2011.
  • Newsome, D (2009) International perspectives on geotourism. Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Lake Myvatn, Iceland. 2-4 Sept 2009.
  • Newsome, D (2009) Geoparks. Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Lake Myvatn, Iceland. 2-4 Sept 2009.
  • Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2008) The future of geotourism. Keynote address. The 3rd International UNESCO Conference on Geoparks, Osnabruck, Germany, 22-26 June 2008.
  • Newsome, D. (2006) Is it OK to feed wildlife? Keynote address 2nd National Wildlife Tourism Conference, The Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, WA, 13-15 August 2006.
  • Newsome, D (2005) Wildlife Tourism: trends and issues. Keynote speaker on wildlife Tourism at FACET annual general meeting. Forum Advocating Cultural and Eco-tourism, Perth, WA. 7 September 2005.

Professional and community service

Positions, Qualifications, Experience

Associate Professor in Environmental Science and Ecotourism and member, Nature Based Tourism Research Group, School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University.

Positions

Member of the Conservation Commission of Western Australia, member of the Commission’s National Park Management Planning Committee, Member Queensland Government Horse Trails Scientific Advisory Committee, Member of the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, Honorary Advisory Committee Member Hong Kong Geopark Guide System, Advisor Geoheritage Institute of Iran, Advisor at the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity Regional Training on Ecotourism Workshop for Protected Area Managers in Malaysia in 2009.

Doctoral and masters supervisions

  1. Sally-Ann Mason (co-supervisor Susan Moore)
  2. Jessica Rutherford (co-supervisor Halina Kobryn)
  3. Sarith Hin (co-supervisor Richard Bell)

Publications

Books

  • Newsome, D., Moore, S., Dowling, R., (2013),Natural Area Tourism: Ecology, Impacts and Management.,Channel View Publications.
  • Newsome, D., Moore, S., Dowling, R., (2002),Natural Area Tourism,,Channel View Publications.

Chapters

  • Newsome, D., Rodger, K., (2013),Feeding of Wildlife: An Acceptable Practice in Ecotourism? In: International Handbook on Ecotourism,In: International Handbook on Ecotourism, Edward Elgar Books, pages 436 - 451.
  • Newsome, D., Rodger, K., (2013),Wildlife tourism,In: A Handbook of Tourism and the Environment, Routledge, pages 345 - 358.
  • Newsome, D., Rodger, K., (2012),Vanishing fauna of tourism interest.,In: Last Chance Tourism: adapting tourism opportunities in a changing world., Routledge (UK), pages -.
  • Dowling, R., Newsome, D., (2010),Geotourism: Opportunity and Tourism Significance,In: Global Geotourism Perspectives, Goodfellow Publishers Limited, pages 230 - 248.
  • Newsome, D., Fung, L., Ng, Y., (2010),Hong Kong Geopark: uncovering the geology of a metropolis,In: Global Geotourism Perspectives, Goodfellow Publishers Limited, pages -.
  • Dowling, R., Newsome, D., (2010),Geotourism: a Global Activity,In: Global Geotourism Perspectives, Goodfellow Publishers Limited, pages 1 - 17.
  • Newsome, D., Dowling, R., (2010),Setting an agenda for geotourism,In: Geotourism: the tourism of geology and landscape, Goodfellow Publishers Limited, pages 1 - 12.
  • Newsome, D., (2010),The Need for a Planning Framework to Preserve the Wilderness Values of Sibayak Volcano, North Sumatra, Indonesia,In: Volcano and Geothermal Tourism: Sustainable Geo-Resources for Leisure and Recreation, Earthscan, pages 131 - 139.
  • Paik, I., Huh, M., Kim, H., Kim, S., Newsome, D., (2010),The Cretaceous fossil sites of South Korea: identifying geosites, science and geotourism,In: Geotourism: the tourism of geology and landscape, Goodfellow Publishers Limited, pages -.
  • Dowling, R., Newsome, D., (2010),The future of geotourism: where to from here?,In: Geotourism: the tourism of geology and landscape, Goodfellow Publishers Limited, pages 231 - 244.
  • Newsome, D., Rodger, K., (2008),To feed or not to feed: a contentious issue inwildlife tourism,In: Too close for comfort: contentious issues in human-wildlife encounters, Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, pages 255 - 270.
  • Newsome, D., Rodger, K., (2008),Impacts of tourism on pinnipeds and implications for tourism management,In: Marine wildlife and Tourism Management: Insights from the Natural and Social Sciences, CABI Publishing, pages 182 - 205.
  • Smith, A., Lee, D., Newsome, D., Stoeckl, N., (2006),Production and Consumption of Wildlife Icons: Dolphin Tourism at Monkey Mia, Western Australia,In: Tourism Consumption and Representation: Narratives of Place and Self, CAB International, pages 113 - 139.
  • Newsome, D., Cole, D., Marion, J., (2004),Environmental impacts associated with recreational horse-riding,In: Environmental Impacts of Ecotourism, CABI Publishing, pages 61 - 82.
  • Newsome, D., (2003),The role of an accidentally introduced fungus in degrading the health of the Stirling Range National Park ecosystem in southwestern Australia: status and prognosis,In: Managing for Healthy Ecosystems, Lewis Publishers, pages 375 - 387.

Journals

  • Newsome, D., (2014), Appropriate policy development and research needs in responseto adventure racing in protected areas, Biological Conservation, 171, , pages 259 - 269.
  • Newsome, D., Hassell, S., (2014), Tourism and conservation in Madagascar: Theimportance of Andasibe National Park, Koedoe, 56, 2, pages 1 - 8.
  • Jones, C., Newsome, D., Macbeth, J., (2013), Governance and environmental implications of motorised events: insights from Australia and avenues for further inquiry, Current Issues in Tourism, , , pages -.
  • Newsome, D., Johnson, C., (2013), Potential Geotourism and the Prospect of Raising Awareness About Geoheritage and Environment on Mauritius, Geoheritage, 5, , pages 1 - 9.
  • Newsome, D., Dowling, R., Leung, Y., (2012), The nature and management of geotourism: A case study of two established iconic geotourism destinations, Tourism Management Perspectives, 2-3, , pages 19 - 27.
  • Smith, A., Newsome, D., Enright, N., (2012), Does provision of firewood reduce woody debris loss around campsites in south-west Australian forests?, Australian Journal of Environmental Management, , , pages -.
  • Waayers, D., Lee, D., Newsome, D., (2011), Exploring the nature of stakeholder collaboration: a case study of marine turtle tourism in the Ningaloo region, Western Australia, Current Issues in Tourism, Online, , pages -.
  • Newsome, D., Lacroix, C., Pickering, C., (2011), Adventure Racing Events in Australia: context, assessment and implications for protected area management, Australian Geographer, 42, 4, pages 403 - 418.
  • Newsome, D., Lacroix, C., (2011), Changing Recreational Emphasis and the Loss of 'Natural Experiences' in Protected Areas: An Issue that Deserves Consideration, Dialogue, and Investigation, Journal of Tourism and Leisure Studies, 17, 2, pages 315 - 333.
  • Rodger, K., Smith, A., Newsome, D., Moore, S., (2011), Developing and testing an assessment framework to guide the sustainability of the marine wildlife tourism industry, Journal of Ecotourism, 10, 2, pages 149 - 164.
  • Rodger, K., Moore, S., Newsome, D., (2010), Wildlife tourism science and scientists: Barriers and opportunities, Society and Natural Resources, 23, 8, pages 679 - 694.
  • Pickering, C., Hill, W., Newsome, D., Leung, Y., (2010), Comparing hiking, mountain biking and horse riding impacts on vegetation and soils in Australia and the United States of America, Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 3, pages 551 - 562.
  • Pickering, C., Castley, G., Hill, W., Newsome, D., (2010), Environmental, safety and management issues of unauthorised trail technical features for mountain bicycling, Landscape and Urban Planning, 97, 1, pages 58 - 67.
  • Newsome, D., Randall, M., (2009), Changes in the soil micro-topography of two coastal hiking trails in south-western Australia, Conservation Science Western Australia, 7, 2, pages 279 - 299.
  • Moore, S., Newsome, D., Rodger, K., Smith, A., (2009), Interdisciplinary ecotourism research: insights and issues for conservation biology., Open Conservation Biology, 3, , pages 57 - 64.
  • Newsome, D., Davies, C., (2009), A case study in estimating the area of informal trail development and associated impacts caused by mountain bike activity in John Forrest National Park, Western Australia, Journal of Ecotourism, 8, 3, pages 237 - 253.
  • Rodger, K., Moore, S., Newsome, D., (2009), Wildlife tourism, science and actor network theory, Annals of Tourism Research: a social sciences journal, 36, 4, pages 645 - 666.
  • Barter, M., Newsome, D., Calver, M., (2008), Preliminary Quantitative Data on Behavioural Responses of Australian Pelican (Pelecanus conspicillatus) to Human Approach on Penguin Island, Western Australia, Journal of Ecotourism, 7, 2-3, pages 197 - 212.
  • Newsome, D., Smith, A., Moore, S., (2008), Horse riding in protected areas: a critical review and implications for research and management, Current Issues in Tourism, 11, 2, pages 144 - 166.
  • Randall, M., Newsome, D., (2008), Assessment, evaluation and a comparison of planned and unplanned walk trails in coastal south-western Australia, Conservation Science Western Australia, 7, 1, pages 19 - 34.
  • Rodger, K., Moore, S., Newsome, D., (2007), Wildlife tours in Australia: Characteristics, the place of science and sustainable futures., Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2, 15, pages 169 - 179.
  • Newsome, D., Davis, M., Moncrieff, D., Smith, A., (2007), Conserving the Black-flanked Rock-Wallaby (Petrogale lateralis lateralis) through tourism: development of a habitat ranking system for translocated animals and the need for on-going management., Conservation Science Western Australia, 6, 1, pages 1 - 12.
  • Randall, M., Macbeth, J., Newsome, D., (2006), Investigating the impacts of off-road vehicle activity in Broome, North-Western Australia: A preliminary appraisal, Annals of Leisure Research, 9, 1-Feb, pages 17 - 42.
  • Waayers, D., Newsome, D., Lee, D., (2006), Observations of non-compliance behaviour by tourists to a voluntary code of conduct: A pilot study of turtle tourism in the Exmouth Region, Western Australia, Journal of Ecotourism, 5, 3, pages 211 - 222.
  • Mende, P., Newsome, D., (2006), Theassessment,monitoringandmanagementofhikingtrails: A case study fromtheStirling Range National Park, Western Australia, Conservation Science Western Australia, 5, 3, pages 285 - 295.
  • Orsini, J., Shaughnessy, P., Newsome, D., (2006), Impacts of human visitors on Australian sea lions (Neophoca cinerea) at Carnac Isand, Western Australia: Implications for tourism management, Tourism in Marine Environments: an interdisciplinary journal, 3, 2, pages 101 - 115.
  • Stoeckl, N., Smith, A., Newsome, D., Lee, D., (2005), Regional economic dependence on iconic wildlife tourism: Case studies of Monkey Mia and Hervey Bay, Journal of Tourism Studies, The, 16, 1, pages 69 - 81.
  • Hughes, M., Newsome, D., Macbeth, J., (2005), Case study: Visitor perceptions of captive wildlife tourism in a western Australian natural setting, Journal of Ecotourism, 4, 2, pages 73 - 91.
  • Orsini, J., Newsome, D., (2005), Human perceptions of hauled out Australian sea lions (Neophoca cinerea) and implications for management: A case study from Carnac Island, Western Australia, Tourism in Marine Environments: an interdisciplinary journal, 2, 1, pages 23 - 37.
  • Newsome, D., Lewis, A., Moncrief, D., (2004), Impacts and risks associated with developing, but unsupervised, stingray tourism at Hamelin Bay, Western Australia, International Journal of Tourism Research, 6, , pages 305 - 323.
  • Moore, S., Smith, A., Newsome, D., (2003), Environmental performance reporting for natural area tourism: contributions by visitor impact management frameworks and their indicators., Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11, , pages 348 - 375.
  • Lewis, A., Newsome, D., (2003), Planning for stingray tourism at Hamelin Bay, Western Australia: the importance of stakeholder perspectives., International Journal of Tourism Research, 5, , pages 331 - 346.
  • Newsome, D., Ladd, P., (2003), The relative importance of pedogenic processes in deep sandy regolith in Western Australia., Zeitschrift fuer Geomorphologie, 47, , pages 499 - 520.
  • Tapsell, P., Newsome, D., Bastian, L., (2003), Origin of yellow sand from Tamala Limestone on the Swan Coastal Plain, Western Australia., Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50, , pages 331 - 342.
  • Smith, A., Newsome, D., (2002), An integrated approach to assessing, managing and monitoring campsite impacts in Warren National Park, Western Australia, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10, , pages 343 - 359.
  • Newsome, D., Phillips, N., Milewski, A., Annear, R., (2002), Effects of horse riding on national parks and other national ecosystems in Australia: implications for management, Journal of Ecotourism, 1, , pages 52 - 74.
  • Phillips, N., Newsome, D., (2002), Understanding the impacts of recreation in Australian protected areas: quantifying damage caused by horse riding in D'Entrecasteaux National Park, Western Australia, Pacific Conservation Biology, 7, , pages 256 - 273.
  • Newsome, D., Walden, J., (2000), Mineral magnetic evidence for heterogeneous sandplain regolith in Western Australia, Journal of Arid Environments, 45, , pages 139 - 150.
  • Fink, D., McKelvey, B., Hannan, D., Newsome, D., (2000), Cold rocks, hot sands: In-situ cosmogenic applications in Australia at ANTARES, Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B. Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 172, , pages 838 - 846.
  • Newsome, D., (2000), Origin of sandplains in Western Australia: a review of the debate and some recent findings, Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 47, , pages 695 - 706.
  • Newsome, D., Ladd, P., (1999), The use of quartz grain microtextures in the study of the origin of sand terrains in Western Australia, Catena, 35, , pages 1 - 17.
  • Newsome, D., Compton, S., Jones, D., (1997), Selection for cyanogenesis in the leaves and petals of lotus corniculatus at high latitudes., Acta Oecologica, 60, , pages 353 - 358.

Conference

  • Newsome, D., Smith, A., Lee, D., (2007),Facilitating student understanding of interpretation: supporting theory with practical application.,In: The Network of Asia Pacific Education and Training Insitutes in Tourism (APETIT) 14th meeting of the executive committee and seminar..
  • Morrison-Saunders, A., Moore, S., Newsome, D., Newsome, J., (2005),Reflecting on the role of emotions in the PhD process,In: 14th Annual Teaching Learning Forum (2005).
  • Morrison-Saunders, A., Moore, S., Newsome, D., Smith, D., Rodger, K., Hughes, M., (2003),Making postgraduate students and their supervisors aware of the role of emotions in the PhD process,In: 12th Annual Teaching Learning Forum (2003).
Books

Newsome, D, Moore, S. and Dowling, R. (2002) Natural Area Tourism: Ecology, Impacts and Management. Channel View Publications, Clevedon, UK.

Newsome, D., Dowling, R. and Moore, S (2005) Wildlife Tourism Channel View Publications, Clevedon, UK.

Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2006) (editors) Geotourism. Elsevier/Heineman Publishers, Oxford, UK

Newsome, D. and Dowling, R. (2010) (editors) Geotourism: The Tourism of Geology and Landscape. Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2010) (editors) Global Geotourism Perspectives Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Book Chapters

Newsome, D. (2003). The role of an accidentally introduced fungus in degrading the health of the Stirling Range National Park ecosystem in South Western Australia: status and prognosis.  In: Managing for healthy ecosystems edited by D. J. Rapport, W. L. Lasley, D. E. Rolston, N. O. Nielsen, C. O. Qualset and A. B. Damania. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.

Newsome, D., Cole, D, and Marion J. (2004) Environmental impacts associated with recreational horse riding. In: Ralph Buckley (Ed) The environmental impacts of tourism. pp. 61-82. CABI Publishing, UK.

Smith, A, Lee, D, Newsome, D & Stoekl, N, (2006).  Production and Consumption of wildlife icons:  Dolphin tourism at Monkey Mia, Western Australia.  In: Kevin Meethan, Alison Anderson and Steve Miles (Eds) Tourism, Consumption and Representation. pp. 113-139. CABI Publishing, UK.

Newsome, D. and Dowling, R. (2006) The scope and nature of geotourism. In: R. Dowling and D. Newsome. (editors) Geotourism. pp. 3-25. Elsevier/Heineman Publishers Oxford, UK.

Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2006) Geotourism’s issues and challenges. In: R. Dowling and D. Newsome. (editors) Geotourism. pp. 242-254. Elsevier/Heineman Publishers Oxford, UK.

Newsome, D. and Rodger, K. (2008) Impacts of tourism on pinnipeds and implications for tourism management. In: James Higham and Michael Luck (editors) Marine wildlife and tourism management. pp. 182-205. CABI Publishing, Oxford, UK.

Newsome, D. and Rodger, K. (2008) To feed or not to feed: a contentious issues in wildlife tourism. In: Daniel Lunney, Adam Munn and Will Meikle (eds) Too close for comfort: contentious issues in human-wildlife encounters. pp.255-270. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.

Morrison-Saunders, A, S Moore, M Hughes and D Newsome (2010) Riding the Emotional Roller Coaster of Doctoral Research Studies, In: P Thomson and M Walker (eds) The Routledge Doctoral Supervisor’s Companion: Getting to Grips with Research in Education and the Social Sciences, Routledge, London, Chapter 17: 206-218

Newsome, D. (2010) The need for a planning framework to preserve the wildness of Sibayak Volcano, north Sumatra. In: P. Erfurt-Cooper and M. Cooper (editors) Volcano and geothermal Tourism Sustainable Geo-resources for Leisure and Recreation, Earthscan. London, UK.

Newsome, D. and Dowling, R. (2010) Setting an agenda for geotourism. In: D. Newsome and R. Dowling (editors) Geotourism: The Tourism of Geology and Landscape. Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Paik, I. S., Kim, H. J., Kim, S. J. and Newsome, D. (2010) The Cretaceous fossil sites of South Korea: identifying geosites, science and geotourism. In: D. Newsome and R. Dowling (editors) Geotourism: The Tourism of Geology and Landscape. Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2010) The future of geotourism: where to from here? In: D. Newsome and R. Dowling (editors) Geotourism: The Tourism of Geology and Landscape. Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2010) Geotourism a global activity. In: R. Dowling and D. Newsome (editors) Global Geotourism Perspectives Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Ng, Y., Fung, L. W. and Newsome, D. (2010) Hong Kong Geopark: uncovering the geology of a metropolis. In: R. Dowling and D. Newsome (editors) Global Geotourism Perspectives Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Newsome, D. and Dowling, R. (2010) Geotourism: opportunity and tourism significance. In: R. Dowling and D. Newsome (editors) Global Geotourism Perspectives Goodfellow Publishers Limited, Oxford, UK.

Newsome, D. and Rodger, K. (2012) Wildlife tourism In: A Handbook of Tourism and the Environment. A Holden and D Fennell (editors). Routledge.

Newsome, D. and Rodger, K. (2012) Vanishing fauna of tourism interest In: Last Chance Tourism: adapting tourism opportunities in a changing world. Edited by R. H. Lemelin, J. Dawson and E. J. Stewart. Routledge, London and New York. pp. 55-70.

Newsome, D. and Rodger, K. (2012) Feeding of Wildlife: An Acceptable Practice in Ecotourism? In: International Handbook on Ecotourism. Edward Elgar Books (UK)

Refereed journal articles

Compton, S.G., Newsome, D. and Jones, D.A. (1983) Selection for cyanogenesis in the leaves and petals of lotus corniculatus at high latitudes. Oecologia 60: 353-358.

Ellis, S. and Newsome, D. (1991) Chalkland soil formation and erosion on the Yorkshire Wolds, northern England. Geoderma, 48: 58-72.

Newsome, D. and Ladd, P. (1999) The use of quartz grain microtextures in the study of the origin of sand terrains in Western Australia. Catena 35, 1-17.

Newsome, D. and Walden, J. (2000) Mineral magnetic evidence for heterogeneous and locally derived sandplains in Western Australia. Journal of Arid Environments 45: 139-150.

Newsome, D. (2000) Origin of sandplains in Western Australia: a review of the debate and some recent findings. Australian Journal of Earth Science. 47(4): 695-706.

Fink, D., McKelvey, B., Hannan, D. and Newsome, D. (2000) Cold rocks, hot sands: In-situ cosmogenic applications in Australia at ANTARES. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 172: 838-846.

Newsome, D., Milewski, A., Phillips, N. and Annear, R. (2002) Effects of horse riding on ecosystems in Australian national parks: implications for management.  Journal of Ecotourism, 1: 52-74.

Phillips, N. and Newsome, D. (2002) Understanding the impacts of recreation in Australian protected areas: quantifying damage caused by horse riding in D’Entrecasteaux National Park, Western Australia.  Pacific Conservation Biology, 7: 256-273.

Smith, A. J. and Newsome, D. (2002) An integrated approach to assessing, managing and monitoring campsite impacts in Warren National Park, Western Australia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 10 (4): 343-359.

Moore, S., Smith, A. and Newsome, D. (2003) Environmental performance reporting for natural area tourism: contributions by visitor impact frameworks and their indicators. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 11(4): 348-375.

Tapsell, P., Newsome, D. and Bastian, L. (2003) Origin of yellow sand from Tamala Limestone on the Swan Coastal Plain, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Science. 50: 331-342.

Newsome, D. and Ladd, P. (2003) The relative importance of pedogenic processes in deep sandy regolith in Western Australia. Zeitschrift Fur Geomorphologie. 47 (4): 499-519.

Lewis, A. and Newsome, D. (2003) Planning for stingray tourism at Hamelin Bay, Western Australia: the importance of stakeholder perspectives. International Journal of Tourism Research. 5: 331-346.

Newsome, D., Lewis, A., and Moncrieff, D. (2004) Impacts and risks associated with developing, but unsupervised, stingray tourism at Hamelin Bay, Western Australia. International Journal of Tourism Research 6: 305-323.

Stoeckl, N., Smith, A., Newsome, D. and Lee, D. (2005) Regional economic dependence on iconic wildlife tourism: case studies of Monkey Mia and Hervey Bay. Journal of tourism studies 16: 69-81.

Hughes, M., Newsome, D. and Macbeth, J. (2005) Case study: visitor perceptions of captive wildlife tourism in a Western Australian natural setting. Journal of Ecotourism 4: 73-91.

Orsini, J-P and Newsome, D. (2005) Human perceptions of hauled out sea lions (Neophoca cinerea) and implications for management: a case study from Carnac Island, Western Australia. Tourism in Marine Environments 2: 23-37.

Mende, P and Newsome, D. (2006) The assessment, monitoring and management of hiking trails: a case study from the Stirling Range national Park, Western Australia. Conservation Science Western Australia 5 (3): 27-37.

Randall, MacBeth and Newsome, D. (2006) Investigating the impacts of off-road vehicle activity in Broome, Western Australia. Annals of Leisure Research 9 (1-2): 17-42.

Waayers, D., Newsome, D. and Lee, D. (2006) Observations of non-compliance behaviour by tourists to a voluntary code of conduct: A pilot study of turtle tourism in the Exmouth region, Western Australia. Journal of Ecotourism 5 (3): 211-222.

Orsini, J-P., Shaughnessy, P. D. and Newsome, D. (2006) Impacts of human visitors on Australian Sea Lions (Neophoca cinerea) at Carnac Island, Western Australia: implications for tourism Management. Tourism in Marine Environments 3 (2): 101-115.

Rodger, K. Moore, S. and Newsome, D. (2007) Wildlife Tours in Australia: characteristics, the place of science and sustainable futures. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 15 (2): 169-179.

Davis, M., Newsome, D., Moncrieff, D. and Smith, A. (2007) Conserving the Black-flanked Rock-Wallaby (Petrogale lateralis lateralis) through tourism: development of a habitat ranking system for translocated animals and the need for on-going management. Conservation Science Western Australia, 6(1): 1-12.

Newsome, D. Smith, A. and Moore, S. (2008) Horse riding in protected areas: a critical review and implications for research and management. Current Issues in Tourism 11 (2): 144-166.

Barter, M., Newsome, D. and Calver, M. (2008) Preliminary quantitative data on behavioural responses of Australian Pelican (Pelecanus conspicillatus) to human approach on Penguin Island, Western Australia. Journal of Ecotourism 7 (2 &3): 192-212.

Randall, M. and Newsome, D. (2008) Assessment, evaluation and a comparison of planned and unplanned walk trails in coastal south-western Australia. Conservation Science Western Australia 7 (1): 19-34.

Moore, S., Newsome, D., Rodger, K. and Smith, A. (2009) Inter-disciplinary tourism research: Insights for conservation biology. Open Conservation Biology Journal.3: 57-64.

Newsome, D. and Davies, C. (2009) A case study in estimating the area of informal trail development and associated impacts caused by mountain bike activity in John Forrest National Park, Western Australia. Journal of Ecotourism 8: 237-253.

Rodger, K., Moore, S. and Newsome, D. (2009) Wildlife tourism science and Actor Network Theory. Annals of Tourism Research 36: 645-666.

Randall, M. and Newsome, D. (2009) Changes in the soil micro-topography of unplanned walking trails in South-western Australia. Conservation Science Western Australia 7: 279-299.

Pickering, C. M., Hill, W., Newsome, D. and Leung, Y-F (2010) Comparing hiking, mountain biking and horse riding impacts on vegetation and soils in Australia and the United States of America. Journal of Environmental Management 91: 551-562.

Rodger, K., Moore, S. and Newsome, D. (2010) Wildlife tourism science and scientists: the barriers and the opportunities Society and Natural Resources. 23 (8): 679-694.

Pickering, C., Castley, G, Hill, W and Newsome, D. (2010) Environmental, safety and management issues of unauthorised trail technical features for mountain bicycling Landscape and Urban Planning 97: 58-67.

Rodger, K., Smith,A., Newsome, Dand Moore, S. (2011) Developing and testing a rapid assessment framework to guide the sustainability of the marine wildlife tourism industry. Journal of Ecotourism 10: 149-164.

Newsome, D. and Lacroix, C. (2011) Changing recreational emphasis and the loss of ‘natural experiences’ in protected areas: an issue that deserves consideration, dialogue, and investigation Journal of Travel and Leisure Studies 17 (special issue): 315-333.

Waayers, D., Lee, D. and Newsome, D (2011) Exploring the nature and extent of collaborative efforts by stakeholders in turtle tourism in the Ningaloo region, Western Australia. Current Issues in Tourism iFirst Article 1-20.

Newsome, D., Lacroix, C. and Pickering, C. (2011) Adventure racing events in Australia: context, assessment and implications for protected area management. Australian Geographer 42 (4): 403-418.

Smith, A., Newsome, D. and Enright, N. (in press) Does provision of firewood reduce woody debris loss around campsites in south-west Australian forests? Australasian Journal of Environmental Management.

Newsome, D., Dowling, R. and Leung, Y-F. (2012) The nature and management of geotourism: A case study of two established iconic geotourism destinations Tourism Management Perspectives 2-3: 19-27.

Refereed conference papers

Morrison-Saunders A., S. Moore, D. Newsome and J. Newsome (2005) Reflecting on the role of emotions in the PhD process. in: Teaching and Learning Forum 2005, The Reflective Practitioner, Proceedings of the 14th Annual Teaching Learning Forum, 3-4 February 2005. Perth: Murdoch University, Western Australia, http://lsn.curtin.edu.au/tlf/tlf2005/contents-all.html.

Newsome, D. (2010) The problem of mountain biking as leisure and sporting activity in protected areas. In: Proceedings of the Conference on Visions and Strategies for World’s National Parks and Issues Confronting the Management of World’s Parks (edited by Yi-Chung Hsu). National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan.

 Edited Proceedings

Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2008) Conference Proceedings, Inaugural Global Geotourism Conference, 17-20 August 2008, Perth, Western Australia.

 International Conference Papers

 Newsome, D. (1999) The role of an accidentally introduced fungus in degrading the health of the Stirling Range National Park ecosystem in South Western Australia: status and prognosis. International Congress on Ecosystem Health, Sacramento, USA. 15-20 August 1999.

Smith, A., Newsome, D. and Moore, S. (2002) Nature tourism and recreation in the temperate eucalypt forests of Western Australia. Ninth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, Indiana University, Bloomington Campus, USA. 2-5 June, 2002.

Rodger, K., Moore, S. and Newsome, D. (2004) Wildlife Tourism and scientific research: can actor-network theory provide the link. 10th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management: Social Sciences in Resource Management, Keystone Resort, Colorado, 2-6 June 2004.

Rodger, K., Moore, S. and Newsome, D. (2004) Wildlife Tourism and scientific research: can actor-network theory provide the link. Aldo Leopold Research Institute, Missoula, Montana, USA, 9th June 2004.

Rodger, K., Moore, S. and Newsome, D. (2006). Wildlife Tourism, science and actor-network theory. 12th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management: Global challenges and local responses, Keystone Resort, Vancouver BC, 3-8 June 2006.

Randall, M, MacBeth, J. and Newsome, D. (2007). Investigating off-road vehicle use in the dry-wet tropics, Northern Australia: User perceptions of environmental impacts and management actions. 13th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management: Landscape continuity and change, Park City, Utah, 17-21 June 2007.

Mason, S., Moore, S., Newsome, D. and Hobbs, R. (2007). The impacts of tourism on biodiversity hotspots: research opportunities and dilemmas. 13th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management: Landscape continuity and change, Park City, Utah, 17-21 June 2007.

Smith, A., Lee, D. and Newsome, D. (2007). Facilitating student understanding of interpretation: supporting theory with practical application. The Network of Asia Pacific Education and Training Institutes in Tourism (APETIT) 14th Meeting of the Executive Committee and Seminar. Ecotourism Interpretive Programmes, Education and Research Singapore, 26-28 June, 2007.

Moore, S., Newsome, D, Rodger, K. and Smith, A. (2007). Inter-disciplinary Tourism Research: insights and issues for Conservation Biology. Society for Conservation Biology 21st Annual Meeting, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 1-5 July 2007.

Rodger, K., Newsome, D. and Smith, A. (2007) A wildlife tourism auditing framework: can we build it? 5th Coastal and Marine Tourism Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, 11- 15 September 2007.

Dowling, R. and Newsome, D. (2008) The future of geotourism. Keynote address. The 3rd International UNESCO Conference on Geoparks, Osnabruck, Germany, 22-26 June 2008.

Newsome, D. (2008) Interpreting landscapes that don’t speak to us. Keynote address. Inaugural Global Geotourism Conference, 17-20 August 2008, Perth, Western Australia.

Newsome. D. (2009) The geotourism potential of coastal environments. 6th Coastal and Marine Tourism Congress, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 23- 26 June 2009.

Newsome. D. (2009) Definition and scope of ecotourism. Regional Training on Ecotourism for Middle-Level Protected Area Staff. ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity. Malaysia, 7-19 December 2009.

Newsome. D. (2010) Geotourism: some examples from around the world and setting an agenda for the future. Second Global Geotourism Conference, Mulu, Sarawak, 17-20 April 2010.

Hin, S., Bell, R., Newsome, D. and Seng, V. (2010) Understanding variability in texture and acidity among sandy soils in Cambodia. 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil solutions for a changing World Brisbane, Australia, 1-6 August 2010.

Newsome. D. (2010) The problem of mountain biking as leisure and sporting activity in protected areas. Conference on Visions and Strategies for World’s National Parks and Issues Confronting the Management of World’s Parks. National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan.29 August – 6 September 2010.

Newsome, D. (2011) Presenting and managing the dinosaur sites of South Korea. International Workshop on Geotourism and Geoparks Friday 27 May 2011 Perth, Western Australia.

Newsome, D and Johnson, C. P. (2011) The importance of geotourism and its potential in Mauritius. International Tourism Sustainability Conference 2011: Embracing Social and Environmental Change: The Influence and Role of Tourism. Mauritius, 21-24 September 2011.

Newsome, D (2011) Developing geotourism in Mauritius: the need for interpretation. Third Global Geotourism Conference: Seeing Destinations Differently, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, 30 October to 1 November 2011.

Newsome, D (2011) Visitor impacts and site management at geotourism destinations and geological sites of World Heritage Value. Third Global Geotourism Conference: Seeing Destinations Differently, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, 30 October to 1 November 2011.

Newsome, D (2011) People, parks and impacts: a WA perspective. International Symposium on People in Parks: managing the environmental impacts of visitors. Griffith University, Gold Coast, 15-15 November, 2011.

National/local Conference Papers

Gilkes, R.J., Mosquera-Pardo, D., Newsome, D. and Watson, G. (1992).  Iron oxide wastes from synthetic rutile manufacture:  A comparison with bauxite red mud as ameliorants for P-leaching sandy soils. Proceedings of International Bauxite Workshop, 2-6 November, 1992. Perth, Western Australia.

Smith, A. and Newsome, D. (1998). The environmental impacts of recreation and camping in Warren National Park. Ecotourism Association of Australia National Conference, Margaret River, Western Australia. 29-31 October, 1998.

Moore, S., Smith, A., Mackay,G. and Newsome, D. (2001) Using resource indicators to improve environmental performance reporting for natural area tourism: future directions, promises and pitfalls Ecotourism Association of Australia National Conference, Rottnest Island, Western Australia. October, 2001.

Moore, S.A., Hughes, M., Rodger, K., Morrison-Saunders, A., Newsome, D. and Smith, A (2002) Making our emotions work for us in postgraduate studies. Workshop presented at the Australian Association for Social Research Annual Conference, The Hydro Majestic Hotel, The Blue Mountains, NSW, 1-4 October 2002.

Lewis, A. R. and Newsome, D. (2002) Planning for stingray tourism in Western Australia. Ecotourism Association of Australia National Conference, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. October, 2002

Waayers, D. and Newsome, D. (2002) developing turtle tourism in Bali: opportunities and hindrances. Ecotourism Association of Australia National Conference, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, October, 2002.

Morrison-Saunders, A., Moore, S.A., Newsome, D., Smith, A., Rodger, K. and Hughes, M. (2003) Making postgraduate students and supervisors aware of the role of emotions in the PhD process. In: Partners in Learning: proceedings of the 12th Annual Teaching Learning Forum,. Perth: Edith Cowan University, 11-12 February 2003

Smith, A., Newsome, D. and Moore, S. (2003) Campsite monitoring in the temperate eucalypt forests of Western Australia: an integrated approach. Workshop paper presented for the Department of Conservation and Land Management, Parks and Visitor Service annual workshop, Wollaston Conference Centre, Mt Claremont, WA, 14h November 2003

Smith, A.J., Charles, D. and Newsome, D. (2004). Carrying Capacities: How Are They Going to be Managed? Workshop paper presented for the Department of Conservation and Land Management, Parks and Visitor Service annual workshop, Wollaston Conference Centre, Mt Claremont, WA, 29th September 2004

Smith, A.J. and Newsome, D. (2004). Research into the Factors Leading to and the Management of Impact Creep. Paper presented at the Sustainable Tourism CRC Western Australian Network Industry Forum, Altitude 9, Perth, WA, 6th October 2004.

Smith, A.J., Newsome, D., Lee, D., and Stoeckl, N.(2004). The Role of Wildlife Icons as Major Tourist Attractions. Paper presented at the Sustainable Tourism CRC Western Australian Network Industry Forum, Altitude 9, Perth, WA, 6th October 2004.

Barter, M., Newsome, D. and Dunlop, N. (2004) Interactions between seabirds and visitors. Seabird Management Workshop for the Abrolhos Islands, Geradton. Department of Fisheries workshop. Western Australia. 5th November 2004.

Morrison-Saunders, A., Moore, S.A., Newsome, D. and Newsome, J. (2005) Reflecting on the role of emotions in the PhD process. The Reflective Practitioner. 14th Annual Teaching and Learning Forum, Murdoch University, 3-4 February 2005.

Barter, M. and Newsome, D. (2005) An investigation into human disturbance to colonially breeding seabirds off the Coast of Western Australia. Parks and Visitor Services Workshop Research Forum. WA Department of Conservation and Land Management, Trinity Conference Centre, University of Western Australia. 13 October 2005

Randall, M. and Newsome, D. (2005) Changes in walk trail micro-topography as an indicator of soil erosion in Torndirrup National Park. Parks and Visitor Services Workshop Research Forum, 13 October 2005, WA Department of Conservation and Land Management, Trinity Conference Centre, University of Western Australia.

Rodger, K., Newsome, D. and Moore, S. (2005) The role of science in wildlife tourism. Parks and Visitor Services Workshop Research Forum, WA Department of Conservation and Land Management, Trinity Conference Centre, University of Western Australia. 13 October 2005.

Newsome, D (2005) Enhancing the avitourism potential of the Boondall Wetlands, Queensland. Western Australian Section, Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre Industry Forum, New Esplanade Hotel, Perth WA. 14th October, 2005.

Newsome, D (2005) Wildlife Tourism: trends and issues. Keynote speaker on wildlife Tourism at FACET annual general meeting. Forum Advocating Cultural and Eco-tourism. 7th September, Perth, WA

Rodger, K., Moore, S. and Newsome, D. (2006) Science and wildlife tourism: What are the barriers? 2nd National Wildlife Tourism Conference, The Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, WA, 13-15 August 2006.

Barter, M., Newsome, D. and Calver, M. (2006) Preliminary quantitative data on behavioural responses of Australian Pelican (Pelecanus conspicillatus) to human approach on Penguin Island, Western Australia. 2nd National Wildlife Tourism Conference, The Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, WA, 13-15 August 2006.

Newsome, D. (2006) Is it OK to feed wildlife? Keynote address 2nd National Wildlife Tourism Conference, The Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, WA, 13-15 August 2006.

Newsome, D. (2006) Wildlife feeding. Invited address. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales Forum, Too close for comfort: contentious issues in human-wildlife encounters. Taronga Zoo, Mosman, Sydney, 21 October 2006.

Newsome, D. (2007) The importance of natural landscapes. Protected Areas Forum: a sense of place, for all people, for all time. Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, 23-26 October 2007.

Newsome, D. (2008) Coastal tourism: resources, trends, impacts and responses. Coastal Tourism Seminar, Margaret River, Western Australia, October 2008.

Newsome, D. and Davies, C. (2008) The issue of mountain bike activity in natural areas: assessing impacts in John Forrest National Park in Western Australia. Protected Areas Forum. 24-28 November 2008. Sunshine Coast, Queensland.

Waayers, D, Newsome, D. and Lee, D. (2009) Change of perspective: using aerial surveys to identify human-turtle interactions, Ningaloo Marine Park. 18th Tourism and Hospitality Education and Research Conference, Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, 10-13 February 2009. Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education.

Newsome, D (2009) International perspectives on geotourism. Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Lake Myvatn, Iceland. 2-4 Sept 2009.

Newsome, D (2009) Geoparks. Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Lake Myvatn, Iceland. 2-4 Sept 2009.

Newsome, D. (2011) How to be a geopark tour guide. Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Hong Kong. 20-27 January, 2011

Newsome, D. (2011) What is geotourism? Keynote address, Geotourism Workshop, Wudalianchi Geopark China, 29 July-August 3, 2011.

Reports

Newsome, D. (1982). Soil development on Rakata. In: Flenley, J.R. and Richards, K. 1982.  The Krakatau Centenary Expedition final report. Miscellaneous series no. 25. University of Hull. Department of Geography, pp. 83-102.

Newsome, D. (1986.a). A soil profile from Bambili gallery forest. In:  Baker, R.G.E.; Richards, K. and Rimes, C.A.  The Hull University Cameroun Expedition: 1981-1982 final report. Miscellaneous series no. 30.  University of Hull, Department of Geography, pp. 29-45.

Newsome, D. (1986b). A brief report on the habitat status of some of the rarer birds of Cameroun. In:  Baker, R.G.E.; Richards, K. and Rimes, C.A. The Hull University Cameroun Expedition:  1981-1982 final report. Miscellaneous series no. 30. University of Hull, Department of Geography, pp. 73-86.

Newsome, D. (1986c). Physical and chemical properties at the soil surface on Rakata and Anak Krakatau and their probable relation to geology and plant succession. In: Bush, M., Jones, P. and Richards, K. The Krakatau Centenary Expedition 1983 final report.  Miscellaneous series no. 33. University of Hull. Department of Geography, pp. 134-156.

Newsome, D. and Gilkes, R.J. (1990).  An investigation of synthetic rutile solid wastes and their assessment as soil conditioners.  Report to Sponsors/Minerals and Energy Research Institute, Western Australia, 100p.

Newsome, D. and Ladd, P.G. (1991). Hazelmere Lakes.  Biological Survey and Management Recommendations.  Report to the Shire of Swan, Perth, Western Australia, 51p

Gilkes, R., Kanobo, UI., Mosquero-Pardo, A., Newsome, D. and Weatherley, A. (1994)  Utilisation of wastes from synthetic rutile plants. Final report to Minerals and Energy Research Institute of Western Australia.  MERIWA Report No 84. Perth.  W.A.

Newsome, D. and Bamford, M. (1999a). Asia Pacific Space Centre.  Proposed Satellite Launching Facility at South Point on Christmas Island. Assessment of the conservation value for fauna of the South Point area. Unpub. Report to Sinclair Knight Merz, Brisbane.

Newsome, D. and Bamford, M. (1999b).  Asia Pacific Space Centre.  Proposed Satellite Launching Facility at South Point on Christmas Island.  Report on Fauna Studies July 1999.  Unpub. Report to APSC, Sydney.

Newsome, D. (1999).  Asia Pacific Space Centre.  Proposed Satellite Launching Facility at South Point on Christmas Island.  Prediction and Management of the Potential Impacts on Bird Populations at South Point.  Unpub. Report to APSC, Sydney.

Bamford, M. and Newsome, D. (2000).  Asia Pacific Space Centre.  Proposed Satellite Launching Facility at South Point on Christmas Island. Monitoring Programme for Seabirds and other Fauna.  Unpub. Report to Sinclair Knight Merz, Brisbane.

Newsome, D. and Bamford, M. (2000).  Asia Pacific Space Centre.  Proposed Satellite Launching Facility at South Point on Christmas Island.  Report on the development of a monitoring programme for seabirds and other fauna: June/July 2000.  Unpub. Report to APSC, Sydney.

Waayers, D. and Newsome, D. (2003) A management framework for the conservation of endangered turtles. Unpublished Final Report to Environment Australia.

Newsome, D. (2004) Boondall Wetlands Tourism Opportunities study. Report to CRC for Sustainable Tourism.

Newsome, D. (2004) Sustainable tourism at Sukau Rainforest Lodge and along the lower Kinbatangan floodplain, Sabah. Report to Albert Teo, Borneo Ecotours.

Moore, S., Morrison-Saunders, A., Smith, A., Newsome, D., Rodger, K. and Hughes, M. (2004). Making our emotions work for us in postgraduate studies. Workshop run for postgraduate students by Murdoch University’s Teaching and Learning Centre, 1 June 2004.

Smith, A. J., Newsome, D., Lee, D. and Stoeckl, N. (2005) The role of wildlife icons as major tourist attractions: case studies – Monkey Mia dolphins and Hervey Bay whale watching. Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism. The Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Smith, A. J., Newsome, D. (2006) An investigation into the concept of and factors leading to impact creep and its management. Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism. The Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Cater, C., Buckley, R., Hales, R., Newsome, D., Pickering, C. and Smith, A. J.,  (2008) High-impact activities in parks: Best practice management and future research. Technical Report. Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism. The Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Davies, C. and Newsome, D. (2009) Assessing the impact of mountain bike activity in John Forrest National Park, Western Australia. Technical Report. Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism. The Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Rodger, K., Smith, A., Davis, C., Newsome, D. and Patterson, P. (2010) A framework to guide the sustainability of wildlife tourism operations: examples of marine wildlife tourism in Western Australia. Technical Report. Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism. The Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

Palmer, S. and Newsome, D (2010) Ecotourism on Rottnest Island: a review of the current status and opportunities

Abbott, E, Palmer, S. and Newsome, D (2010) A case study analysis of horse riding and its management in a peri-urban setting. Technical Report. Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism. The Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia