Graham Gardner  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.
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9360 2264

Email

G.Gardner@murdoch.edu.au

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    Dr Graham Gardner
    BSc(Hons), PhD

    Associate Professor

    About me

    Graham has been an academic at Murdoch University since 2005, after relocating from Armidale in NSW where he was previously employed as an academic at the University of New England.

    Teaching area

    Graham teaches in the areas of Biochemistry, Nutrition, and Toxicology at the School of Veterinary and Life Sciences. These units are undertaken mainly by students involved in the Veterinary, Animal Science and Animal Health majors. Graham also teaches a scientific research methodology course for the Veterinary students and Animal Science Honours students.

    Graham also delivers a meat science course bi-annually on behalf of the MSA group of Meat and Livestock Australia.

    Research areas

    Graham’s research is predominantly focused on the impact of selection for growth, leanness and muscling within the sheep and cattle industries, looking at aspects of carbohydrate and intermediary metabolism, stress sensitivity, and growth and maturity, as well as the metabolic changes that take place in muscle. He is also heavily involved in the development of measurement technologies for determining lean meat yield and eating quality. Most recently he has developed an X-ray system for use in determining lamb carcase composition at abattoir chain-speed.

    Current projects

    Graham’s research is predominantly funded by the Sheep CRC, and Meat and Livestock Australia. Graham coordinates Sheep CRC project 2.1 “Estimating carcase values based on lean meat yield and eating quality”, and is also the coordinator of the national postgraduate program for the Sheep CRC. He currently collaborates with Scott Robotics and Automation in the development of a Dual X-ray Absorptiometer for determining body composition in lamb and beef.

    Graham is also the Chief Investigator leading the successful Rural Research and Development for Profit project investigating “Globally competitive Australian meat value chains enabled by advanced measurement technologies and integrated feedback systems”. Through this project he represents Meat and Livestock Australia, Australian Pork Limited, and Australian Meat Processor Corporation, as well as other industry partners.

    Events and speaking engagements

    On average Graham presents at 20-30 industry field days per year. He has also been an invited speaker at numerous national and international conferences including European Association of Animal Production (x5), International Symposium of Ruminant Physiology (x2), International Congress of Meat Science and Technology, Protein and Energy Metabolism, Nutrition Society of Australia (x3), and Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition.

    Professional and community service

    Graham is a member of the national lamb supply chain group, which is a consortium that provides scientific direction for research and innovation within the Australian Lamb Industry.

    Graham is also a member of the Meat Standards Australia Pathways Committee, which provides scientific overview of the Australian beef industries MSA eating quality prediction system.

    On behalf of the Sheep CRC, Meat and Livestock Australia, Australian Pork Limited, and Australian Meat Processor Corporation, Graham runs a national postgraduate student conference annually for all PhD students funded by these organisations.

    Doctoral and masters supervisions

    Graham currently supervises 9 PhD students and 4 postdoctoral fellows across a range of projects within the area of production animal research. Graham has also graduated 8 PhD students to date. PhD students and their topic area’s are listed:

    Year

    Student Name

    Degree, University

    Thesis Title

    Status

    Scholarship Source

    01-04

    Briana Daly

    PhD, UNE

    Factors affecting rate of pH decline in bovine muscle post-mortem.

    Graduated

    Beef CRC

    03-07

    Kirsty Thomson

    PhD, UNE

    Proteolytic impacts of selection for muscling and rapid pH decline in sheep and cattle.

    Graduated

    UNE UPA, Sheep CRC

    05-10

    Cameron Jose

    PhD, Murdoch

    Antioxidants and colour stability in sheep meat.

    Graduated

    Murdoch UPA, Sheep CRC

    05-10

    Mark Ferguson

    PhD, Murdoch

    Maternal impacts of lamb carcase selection traits.

    Graduated

    Murdoch UPA, Sheep CRC

    06-10

    Peter McGilchrist

    PhD, Murdoch

    Physiological impacts of selection for muscling in cattle.

    Graduated

    Murdoch UPA, Beef CRC

    10-15

    Khama Kelman

    PhD, Murdoch

    Genetic and phenotypic factors impacting lamb growth and muscle type

    Graduated

    Sheep CRC

    10-15

    Fiona Anderson

    PhD, Murdoch

    Genetic and phenotypic factors impacting body composition in lamb

    Graduated

    Sheep CRC

    10-current

    Sarah John

    PhD, Murdoch

    Genetic and phenotypic factors impacting maternal efficiency in sheep.

    Enrolled

    Sheep CRC

    11-15

    Eleri Price

    PhD, Aberystwyth Uni, Wales

    Using computed tomography to assess genotypic impacts on carcass quality in Welsh sheep.

    Graduated

    Aberystwyth University, Wales

    12-current

    Honor Calnan

    PhD, Murdoch

    Genetic and phenotypic factors impacting colour stability in lamb meat

    Enrolled

    Sheep CRC

    12-current

    Sandra Corbett

    PhD, Murdoch

    Genetic and phenotypic factors impacting muscle glycogen metabolism in lamb

    Enrolled

    Sheep CRC

    13- current

    Sarah Bonny

    PhD, Murdoch

    Establishing MSA eating quality systems in France, Poland, and Ireland

    Enrolled

    Meat and Livestock Australia

    14- current

    Sarah Stewart

    PhD, Murdoch

    Blood-born indicators of stress response

    Enrolled

    Australian Meat Processor Corporation

    15- current

    Kate Loudon

    PhD, Murdoch

    Factors affecting dark cutting in Southern Australia

    Enrolled

    Meat and Livestock Australia

    15- current

    Rachel O’Reilly

    PhD, Murdoch

    Understanding consumer responses to lamb in USA and China

    Enrolled

    Sheep CRC

    16- current

    Maddison Corlett

    PhD, Murdoch

    Colour stability in lamb meat at retail

    Enrolled

    Sheep CRC

    16- current

    Steve Connaughton

    PhD, Murdoch

    Developing a Dual X-Ray Absorptiometer for determining body composition in lamb

    Enrolled

    Sheep CRC

    Publications

    Chapters

    • Alston, C., Strickland, C., Mengerson, K., Gardner, G., (2013),Bayesian mixed effects models.,In: Case Studies in Bayesian Statistical Modelling and Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, pages 141 to 158.
    • Alston, C., Mengerson, K., Gardner, G., (2013),Bayesian Mixture Models: When the thing you need to know is the thing you cannot measure.,In: Case Studies in Bayesian Statistical Modelling and Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, pages 267 to 286.
    • Alston, C., Mengersen, K., Gardner, G., (2011),Bayesian mixture models: a blood-free dissection of a sheep,In: Mixtures: Estimation and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, pages 293 to 308.
    • Ferguson, M., Pethick, D., Briegel, J., Adams, N., Gardner, G., Pugh, H., (2009),Glucose release in response to adrenaline is lower in Merino ewes bred for lower fatness,In: Ruminant physiology. Digestion, metabolism, and effects of nutrition on reproduction and welfare, Wageningen Academic Publishers, pages to.
    • Pethick, D., Ferguson, M., Gardner, G., Hocquette, J., Thompson, J., Warner, R., (2005),Muscle metabolism in relation to genotypic and enviromental influences on consumer defined quality of red meat. In Indicators of milk and beef quality.,In: Muscle metabolism in relation to genotypic and enviromental influences on consumer defined quality of red meat. In Indicators of milk and beef quality., Wageningen Academic Publishers, pages 95 to 110.

    Journals

    • Anderson, F., Cook, J., Williams, A., Gardner, G., (2018), Computed tomography has improved precision for prediction of intramuscular fat percent in the M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum in cattle compared to manual grading, Meat Science, 145, Nov 2018, pages 425 - 430.
    • Pannier, L., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., (2018), Effect of Merino sheep age on consumer sensory scores, carcass and instrumental meat quality measurements, Animal Production Science, online, , pages -.
    • Pannier, L., Gardner, G., O'Reilly, R., Pethick, D., (2018), Factors affecting lamb eating quality and the potential for their integration into an MSA sheepmeat grading model, Meat Science, 144, , pages 43 - 52.
    • Jacobson, C., Yang, R., Williams, A., Gardner, G., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Ryan, U., (2018), Faecal shedding of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica determined by qPCR for yst virulence gene associated with reduced live weight but not diarrhoea in prime lambs, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 152, , pages 56 - 64.
    • Bonny, S., O'Reilly, R., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., Hocquette, J., Pannier, L., (2018), Update of Meat Standards Australia and the cuts based grading scheme for beef and sheepmeat, Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17, 7, pages 1641 - 1654.
    • Yang, R., Abraham, S., Gardner, G., Ryan, U., Jacobson, C., (2017), Prevalence and pathogen load of Campylobacter spp., Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli O157/O145 serogroup in sheep faeces collected at sale yards and in abattoir efÂuent in Western Australia, Australian Veterinary Journal, 95, 5, pages 143 - 148.
    • Bonny, S., Pethick, D., Legrand, I., Wierzbicki, J., Allen, P., Farmer, L., Polkinghorne, R., Hocquette, J., Gardner, G., (2016), Ossification score is a better indicator of maturity related changes in eating quality than animal age, Animal, 10, 4, pages 718 - 728.
    • McGilchrist, P., Greenwood, P., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2016), Selection for increased muscling in Angus cattle did not increase the glycolytic potential or negatively impact pH decline, retail colour stability or mineral content, Meat Science, 114, , pages 8 - 17.
    • Bonny, S., Pethick, D., Legrand, I., Wierzbicki, J., Allen, P., Farmer, L., Polkinghorne, R., Hocquette, J., Gardner, G., (2016), European conformation and fat scores have no relationship with eating quality, Animal, 10, 6, pages 996 - 1006.
    • Jacobson, C., Williams, A., Yang, R., Ryan, U., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Gardner, G., (2016), Greater intensity and frequency of Cryptosporidium and Giardia oocyst shedding beyond the neonatal period is associated with reductions in growth, carcase weight and dressing efficiency in sheep, Veterinary Parasitology, 228, , pages 42 - 51.
    • Blumer, S., Gardner, G., Ferguson, M., Thompson, A., (2016), Environmental and genetic factors influence the liveweight of adult Merino and Border Leicester x Merino ewes across multiple sites and years, Animal Production Science, 56, 4, pages 775 - 788.
    • Calnan, H., Jacob, R., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2016), Production factors influence fresh lamb longissimus colour more than muscle traits such as myoglobin concentration and pH, Meat Science, 119, , pages 41 - 50.
    • Yang, R., Ryan, U., Gardner, G., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Jacobson, C., (2016), Prevalence, faecal shedding and genetic characterisation of Yersinia spp. in sheep across four states of Australia, Australian Veterinary Journal, 94, 5, pages 129 - 137.
    • McGilchrist, P., Greenwood, P., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2016), Selection for increased muscling in Angus cattle did not increase the glycolytic potential or negatively impact pH decline, retail colour stability or mineral content, Meat Science, 114, , pages 8 - 17.
    • Jose, C., Jacob, R., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2016), Short term supplementation rates to optimise vitamin E concentration for retail colour stability of Australian lamb meat, Meat Science, 111, , pages 101 - 109.
    • Blumer, S., Gardner, G., Ferguson, M., Thompson, A., (2016), Whole-body fatness is a good predictor of phenotypic feed and liveweight efficiency in adult Merino ewes fed a poor-quality diet, Animal Production Science, 56, 4, pages 789 - 796.
    • Bonny, S., Hocquette, J., Pethick, D., Farmer, L., Legrand, I., Wierzbicki, J., Allen, P., Polkinghorne, R., Gardner, G., (2016), The variation in the eating quality of beef from differentsexes and breed classes cannot be completely explained by carcass measurements, Animal, 10, 6, pages 987 - 995.
    • Blumer, S., Gardner, G., Ferguson, M., Thompson, A., (2016), Whole body fatness is good predictor of phenotypic feed and liveweight efficiency in adult Merino ewes fed a poor quality diet (NEED FINAL PUBLISHED ARTICLE), Animal Production Science, 56, 4, pages 789 - 796.
    • Anderson, F., Williams, A., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2016), Sire carcass breeding values affect body composition in lambs-2. Effects on fat and bone weight and their distribution within the carcass as measured by computed tomography, Meat Science, 116, 0, pages 243 - 252.
    • Anderson, F., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2016), The impact of genetics on retail meat value in Australian lamb, Meat Science, 117, , pages 147 - 157.
    • Yang, R., Gardner, G., Ryan, U., Jacobson, C., (2015), Prevalence and pathogen load of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in sheep faeces collected from saleyards and in abattoir effluent in Western Australia, Small Ruminant Research, 130, , pages 216 - 220.
    • Anderson, F., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2015), Intramuscular fat in lamb muscle and the impact of selection for improved carcass lean meat yield, Animal, 9, 6, pages 1081 - 1090.
    • Gardner, G., Williams, A., Ball, A., Jacob, R., Refshauge, G., Hocking Edwards, J., Behrendt, R., Pethick, D., (2015), Carcase weight and dressing percentage are increased using Australian Sheep Breeding Values for increased weight and muscling and reduced fat depth, Meat Science, 99, , pages 89 - 98.
    • Anderson, F., Williams, A., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2015), Sire carcass breeding values affect body composition in lambs-1. Effects on lean weight and its distribution within the carcass as measured by computed tomography, Meat Science, 108, , pages 145 - 154.
    • Bonny, S., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Legrand, I., Polkinghorne, R., Hocquette, J., (2015), Biochemical measurements of beef are a good predictor of untrained consumer sensory scores across muscles, Animal, 9, 1, pages 179 - 190.
    • Anderson, F., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2015), The correlation of intramuscular fat content between muscles of the lamb carcass and the use of computed tomography to predict intramuscular fat percentage in lambs, Animal, 9, 7, pages 1239 - 1249.
    • Yang, R., Jacobson, C., Gardner, G., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Ryan, U., (2014), Longitudinal prevalence, faecal shedding and molecular characterisation of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella enterica in sheep, The Veterinary Journal, 202, 2, pages 250 - 254.
    • Pethick, D., Ball, A., Banks, R., Gardner, G., Rowe, J., Jacob, R., (2014), Translating science into the next generation meat quality program for Australian lamb, Meat Science, 96, 2, pages 1013 - 1015.
    • Yang, R., Jacobson, C., Gardner, G., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Ryan, U., (2014), Longitudinal prevalence, oocyst shedding and molecular characterisation of Eimeria species in sheep across four states in Australia, Experimental Parasitology, 145, 0, pages 14 - 21.
    • Yang, R., Jacobson, C., Gardner, G., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Ryan, U., (2014), Longitudinal prevalence and faecal shedding of Chlamydia pecorum in sheep, The Veterinary Journal, 201, 3, pages 322 - 326.
    • Coombes, S., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., McGilchrist, P., (2014), The impact of beef cattle temperament assessed using flight speed on muscle glycogen, muscle lactate and plasma lactate concentrations at slaughter, Meat Science, 98, 4, pages 815 - 821.
    • Gardner, G., McGilchrist, P., Pethick, D., (2014), Ruminant glycogen metabolism, Animal Production Science, 54, 10, pages 1575 - 1583.
    • Kelman, K., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2014), Selection for lean meat yield in lambs reduces indicators of oxidative metabolism in the longissimus muscle, Meat Science, 96, 2, pages 1058 - 1067.
    • McGilchrist, P., Perovic, J., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Jose, C., (2014), The incidence of dark cutting in southern Australian beef production systems fluctuates between months, Animal Production Science, 54, 10, pages 1765 - 1769.
    • Yang, R., Jacobson, C., Gardner, G., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Ng-Hublin, J., Ryan, U., (2014), Longitudinal prevalence, oocyst shedding and molecular characterisation of Cryptosporidium species in sheep across four states in Australia, Veterinary Parasitology, 200, 200, pages 50 - 58.
    • Nattrass, G., Cafe, L., McIntyre, B., Gardner, G., McGilchrist, P., Robinson, D., Wang, Y., Pethick, D., Greenwood, P., (2014), A post-transcriptional mechanism regulates calpastatin expression in bovine skeletal muscle, Animal Science Journal, 92, 2, pages 443 - 455.
    • Pannier, L., Gardner, G., Pearce, K., McDonagh, M., Ball, A., Jacob, R., Pethick, D., (2014), Associations of sire estimated breeding values and objective meat quality measurements with sensory scores in Australian lamb, Meat Science, 96, 2, pages 1076 - 1087.
    • Jacob, R., Beatty, D., Gardner, G., Warner, R., (2014), Grain feeding increases core body temperature of beef cattle, Animal Production Science, 54, 4, pages 444 - 449.
    • Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Geesink, G., Ball, A., Jacob, R., Gardner, G., (2014), Intramuscular fat in the longissimus muscle is reduced in lambs from sires selected for leanness, Meat Science, 96, 2, pages 1068 - 1075.
    • Yang, R., Jacobson, C., Gardner, G., Carmichael, I., Campbell, A., Ryan, U., (2014), Development of a quantitative PCR (qPCR) for Giardia and analysis of the prevalence, cyst shedding and genotypes of Giardia present in sheep across four states in Australia, Experimental Parasitology, 137, , pages 46 - 52.
    • Mortimer, S., van der Werf, J., Jacob, R., Hopkins, D., Pannier, L., Pearce, K., Gardner, G., Warner, R., Geesink, G., Edwards, J., Ponnampalam, E., Ball, A., Pethick, D., (2014), Genetic parameters for meat quality traits of Australian lamb meat, Meat Science, 96, 2, pages 1016 - 1024.
    • Calnan, H., Pethick, D., Jacob, R., Gardner, G., (2014), Factors affecting the colour of lamb meat from the longissimus muscle during display: The influence of muscle weight and muscle oxidative capacity, Meat Science, 96, 2, pages 1049 - 1057.
    • Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Boyce, M., Ball, A., Jacob, R., Gardner, G., (2014), Associations of genetic and non-genetic factors with concentrations of iron and zinc in the longissimus muscle of lamb, Meat Science, 96, 2, pages 1111 - 1119.
    • McGilchrist, P., Alston, C., Jacobs, R., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., (2012), Beef carcasses with larger eye muscle areas, lower ossification scores and improved nutrition have a lower incidence of dark cutting, Meat Science, 92, 4, pages 474 - 480.
    • Chriki, S., Gardner, G., Jurie, C., Picard, B., Micol, D., Brun, J., Journaux, L., Hocquette, J., (2012), Cluster analysis application identifies muscle characteristics of importance for beef tenderness, BMC Biochemistry, 13, 1, pages 1 - 11.
    • Kitessa, S., Young, P., Nattrass, G., Gardner, G., Pearce, K., Pethick, D., (2012), When balanced for precursor fatty acid supply echium oil is not superior to linseed oil in enriching lamb tissues with long-chain n-3 PUFA, The British Journal of Nutrition: an international journal of nutritional science, 108, 1, pages 71 - 79.
    • Sweeny, J., Gardner, G., Dobson, R., Jacobson, C., Bell, K., (2011), Associations between trichostrongylid worm egg count and productivity measures in Dorper lambs, Veterinary Parasitology, 180, 42828, pages 307 - 314.
    • Kogelman, L., Byrne, K., Vuocolo, T., Watson-Haigh, N., Kadarmideen, H., Kijas, J., Oddy, H., Gardner, G., Gondro, C., Tellam, R., (2011), Genetic architecture of gene expression in ovine skeletal muscle, BMC Genomics, 12, , pages -.
    • McGilchrist, P., Pethick, D., Bonny, S., Greenwood, P., Gardner, G., (2011), Beef cattle selected for increased muscularity have a reduced muscle response and increased adipose tissue response to adrenaline, Animal, 5, 6, pages 875 - 884.
    • McGilchrist, P., Pethick, D., Bonny, S., Greenwood, P., Gardner, G., (2011), Whole body insulin responsiveness is higher in beef steers selected for increased muscling, Animal, 5, 10, pages 1579 - 1586.
    • Martin, K., McGilchrist, P., Thompson, J., Gardner, G., (2011), Progeny of high muscling sires have reduced muscle response to adrenaline in sheep, Animal, 5, 7, pages 1060 - 1070.
    • Ferguson, M., Young, J., Kearney, G., Gardner, G., Robertson, I., Thompson, A., (2010), The value of genetic fatness in Merino ewes differs with production system and environment, Animal Production Science, 50, 11-12, pages 1011 - 1016.
    • Gardner, G., Williams, A., Siddell, J., Ball, A., Mortimer, S., Jacob, R., Pearce, K., Hocking Edwards, J., Rowe, J., Pethick, D., (2010), Using Australian Sheep Breeding Values to increase lean meat yield percentage, Animal Production Science, 50, 12, pages 1098 - 1106.
    • Jose, C., Jacob, R., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Liu, S., (2010), Selenium Supplementation and Increased Muscle Glutathione Concentration Do Not Improve the Color Stability of Lamb Meat, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 12, pages 7389 - 7393.
    • Pannier, L., Ponnampalam, E., Gardner, G., Hopkins, D., Ball, A., Jacob, R., Pearce, K., Pethick, D., (2010), Prime Australian lamb supplies key nutrients for human health, Animal Production Science, 50, 12, pages 1115 - 1122.
    • Mortimer, S., van der Werf, J., Jacob, R., Pethick, D., Pearce, K., Warner, R., Geesink, G., Hocking Edwards, J., Gardner, G., Ponnampalam, E., Kitessa, S., Ball, A., Hopkins, D., (2010), Preliminary estimates of genetic parameters for carcass and meat quality traits in Australian sheep, Animal Production Science, 50, 12, pages 1135 - 1144.
    • Kitessa, S., Liu, S., Briegel, J., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., Ferguson, M., Allingham, P., Nattrass, G., McDonagh, M., Ponnampalam, E., Hopkins, D., (2010), Effects of intensive or pasture finishing in spring and linseed supplementation in autumn on the omega-3 content of lamb meat and its carcass distribution, Animal Production Science, 50, 2, pages 130 - 137.
    • Alston, C., Mengersen, K., Gardner, G., (2009), A new method for calculating the volume of primary tissue types in live sheep using computed tomography scanning, Animal Production Science, 49, , pages 1035 - 1042.
    • Jacob, R., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., (2009), Repletion of glycogen in muscle is preceded by repletion of glycogen in the liver of Merino hoggets, Animal Production Science, 49, , pages 131 - 138.
    • Jose, C., Pethick, D., Jacob, R., Gardner, G., (2009), CT scanning carcases has no detrimental effect on the colour stability of M-longissimus dorsi from beef and sheep, Meat Science, 81, , pages 183 - 187.
    • Thomson, K., Gardner, G., Simmons, S., Thompson, J., (2008), Length of exposure to high post-rigor temperatures affects the tenderisation of the beef M. longissmus dorsi, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48, , pages 1442 - 1450.
    • Gardner, G., Hopkins, D., Greenwood, P., Cake, M., Boyce, M., Pethick, D., (2007), Sheep genotype, age and muscle type affect the expression of metabolic enzyme markers, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47, 10, pages 1180 - 1189.
    • Ferguson, D., Daly, B., Gardner, G., Tume, R., (2007), Effect of glycogen concentration and form on the response to electrical stimulation and rate of post-mortem glycolysis in ovine muscle, Meat Science, 78, , pages 202 - 210.
    • Hopkins, D., Stanley, D., Toohey, E., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Van, d., (2007), Sire and growth path effects on sheep meat production 2. Meat and eating quality., Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47, , pages 1219 - 1228.
    • Hopkins, D., Stanley, D., Toohey, E., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Van de ven, R., (2007), Sire and growth path effects on sheep meat production. 2. Meat and eating quality, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47, , pages 1219 - 1228.
    • Cake, M., Boyce, M., Gardner, G., Hopkins, D., Pethick, D., (2007), Genotype and gender effects on sheep limb bone growth and maturation: selection for loin depth causes bone hypotrophy, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47, 10, pages 1128 - 1130.
    • Greenwood, P., Gardner, G., Hegarty, R., (2006), Lamb myofibre characteristics are influenced by sire estimated breeding values and pastoral nutritional system, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 627 - 639.
    • Martin, K., Hopkins, D., Gardner, G., Thompson, J., (2006), Effects of stimulation on tenderness of lamb with a focus on protein degradation, Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 46, , pages 891 - 896.
    • McDonagh, M., Ferguson, K., Bacic, A., Gardner, G., Hegarty, R., (2006), Variation in protein abundance profiles in the M. semitendinosus of lambs bred from sires selected on the basis of growth and muscling potential, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 671 - 682.
    • Greenwood, P., Gardner, G., Hegarty, R., (2006), Indices of cellular development in muscles of lambs are influenced by sire estimated breeding values and pastoral nutritional system, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 651 - 659.
    • Nattrass, G., Quigley, S., Gardner, G., Bawden, C., Mclachlan, C., Hegarty, R., Greenwood, P., (2006), Genotypic and nutritional regulation of gene expression in two sheep hindlimb muscles with distinct myofibre and metabolic characteristics, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 691 - 698.
    • Cake, M., Gardner, G., Boyce, M., Loader, D., Pethick, D., (2006), Forelimb bone growth and mineral maturation as potential indices of skeletal maturity in sheep., Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 699 - 706.
    • Warner, R., Dunshea, F., Ponnampalam, E., Ferguson, D., Gardner, G., Martin, K., Salvatore, L., Hopkins, D., Pethick, D., (2006), Quality meat from Merinos., International Journal of Sheep and Wool Science., 54(2), , pages 48 - 53.
    • Gardner, G., Hegarty, R., (2006), Effects of sire genotype and plane of nutrition on fascicular structure of M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum and its effect on eating quality., Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 641 - 650.
    • Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Greenwood, P., Hegarty, R., (2006), The effect of genotype and plane of nutrition on the rate of pH decline in lamb carcasses and the expression of metabolic enzymatic markers, Crop and Pasture Science: an international journal for crop and pasture science, 57, 6, pages 661 - 670.
    • Gardner, G., Pethick, D., (2006), The effect of magnesium oxide supplementation on muscle glycogen metabolism before and after exercise and at slaughter in sheep, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 52, , pages 723 - 729.
    • Daly, B., Gardner, G., Ferguson, D., Thompson, J., (2006), The effect of time off feed prior to slaughter on muscle glycogen metabolism and rate of pH decline., Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 1229 - 1235.
    • Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Hopkins, D., Hegarty, R., Cake, M., Boyce, M., Allingham, P., (2006), The impact of carcase estimated breeding values on yield and quality of sheep meat, International Journal of Sheep and Wool Science., 54, , pages 33 - 39.
    • Thompson, J., Perry, D., Gardner, G., Johnston, D., Pethick, D., Daly, B., (2006), Genetic and environmental effects on the muscle structure response post-mortem, Meat Science, 74, , pages 59 - 65.
    • Cake, M., Gardner, G., Hegarty, R., Boyce, M., Pethick, D., (2006), Effect of nutritional restriction andsiregenotypeon forelimb bone growth and carcass composition in crossbred lambs, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 605 - 616.
    • Harper, G., Gardner, G., (2006), Effects of sire genotype and plane of nutrition on fascicular structure of M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum and its effect on eating quality, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, , pages 641 - 650.
    • Warner, R., Dunshea, F., Ponnampalam, E., Ferguson, D., Gardner, G., Martin, K., Salvatore, L., Hopkins, D., Pethick, D., (2006), Quality meats from Merinos, International Journal of Sheep and Wool Science., 54, , pages 48 - 53.
    • Martin, K., Gardner, G., Thompson, J., Hopkins, D., (2004), Nutritional impact on muscle glycogen metabolism in lambs selected for muscling, Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 13, Suppl. 1, pages 639 - 642.
    • Gardner, G., Thompson, J., (2003), Muscle glycogen repletion in 3 breeds of young cattle is not affected by energy intake, Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 12 (suppl), , pages S38 -.
    • Gardner, G., Jacob, R., Pethick, D., (2001), the effect of magnesium oxide supplementation on muscle glycogen metabolism before and after exercise and at slaughter in sheep., Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 52, , pages 723 - 729.
    • Gardner, G., McIntyre, B., Tudor, G., Pethick, D., (2001), The impact of nutrition on bovine muscle glycogen metabolism following exercise, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 52, , pages 461 - 470.
    • Gardner, G., McIntyre, B., Tudor, G., Pethick, D., (1999), A model to study the impact of stress on muscle glycogen metabolism, South African Journal of Animal Science, 29, , pages 323 -.
    • Gardner, G., Kennedy, L., Milton, J., Pethick, D., (1999), Glycogen metabolism and ultimate pH of muscle in Merino, first-cross, and second-cross wether lambs as affected by stress before slaughter, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 50, , pages 175 - 181.
    • Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Smith, G., (1998), The effect of chromium chelavite supplementation on the metabolism of glycogen and lipid in adult Merino sheep, Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 49, , pages 137 - 145.

    Conference

    • O'Reilly, R., Pannier, L., Gardner, G., Zhao, L., Luo, H., Meng, Q., Pethick, D., (2018),CHINESE CONSUMER ASSESSMENT OF SHEEP MEAT IN TRADITIONAL HOTPOT: THE ROLE OF MUSCULARITY AND INTRAMUSCULAR FAT %,In: 63rd International Congress of Meat Science and technology.
    • Pannier, L., Zhao, L., Brown, D., Geenty, K., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., (2018),DIET HAS MINIMAL IMPACT ON AUSTRALIAN CONSUMER PALITABILITY,In: 63rd International Congress of Meat Science and technology.
    • O'Reilly, R., Pannier, L., Gardner, G., Garmyn, A., Jacob, R., Luo, H., Meng, Q., Miller, M., Pethick, D., (2018),IMF AND EATING QUALITY IN SHEEPMEAT: A COMPARISON OF AMERICAN, CHINESE AND AUSTRALIAN CONSUMERS,In: 63rd International Congress of Meat Science and technology.
    • Payne, C., Anderson, F., Gardner, G., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., (2018),Using objective measurement technology to differentiate between lamb ages,In: 64th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology, 12-17th August, Melbourne, Australia, 1B48..
    • Corlett, M., Pethick, D., Kelman, K., Pannier, L., Jacob, R., Gardner, G., (2017),The oxygen concentration required in modified atmosphere packaging to maintain meat colour over retail display,In: 63rd International Congress of Meat Science and technology.
    • Bonny, S., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Legrand, I., Polkinghorne, R., Hocquette, J., (2014),Muscle is a Better Descriptor of Beef Eating Quality than Collagen Content.,In: 30th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production.
    • Calnan, H., Jacob, R., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2014),Using Vitamin E to improve colour stability is less effective in long aged lamb meat,In: 65th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science.
    • Coombes, S., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., McGilchrist, P., (2012),CATTLE WITH FLIGHTY TEMPERAMENTS HAVE INCREASED MUSCLE GLYCOGEN IN THE LONGISSIMUS THORACIS ET LUMBORUM AT SLAUGHTER COMPARED TO CALM CATTLE,In: 58th International Congress of Meat Science and Techonology.
    • Gardner, G., Anderson, F., Williams, A., Kelman, K., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., (2012),Growth breeding value redistributes weight to the saddle region of lamb carcasses,In: 63rd Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science.
    • Anderson, F., Williams, A., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2012),PEMD delivers increased carcase lean and redistribution of lean to the saddle region in lambs,In: 63rd Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science.
    • Gardner, G., Anderson, F., Williams, A., Ball, A., Hancock, B., Pethick, D., (2012),Systems for determining carcass lean meat yield% in beef and lamb,In: 63rd Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science.
    • Kelman, K., Pannier, L., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2011),Selection for reduced PFAT decreases Isocitrate Dehydrogenase activity,In: 62nd Annual meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science.
    • Pethick, D., Pannier, L., Gardner, G., Geesink, G., Ball, A., Hopkins, D., Jacob, R., Mortimer, S., Pearce, K., (2010),Genetic and production factors that influence the content of intramuscular fat in the meatof prime lambs,In: 3rd European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP) International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition (2010).
    • McGilchrist, P., Thomson, K., Pethick, D., Jacob, R., Gardner, G., (2010),More muscular, younger cattle have a lower incidence of dark cutting,In: 3rd European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP) International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition (2010).
    • Pannier, L., Gardner, G., Ball, A., Hopkins, D., Jacob, R., Mortimer, S., Pearce, K., Pethick, D., (2010),Genetic and production factors that influence the content of iron and zinc in the meat ofprime lambs,In: 3rd European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP) International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition (2010).
    • Gardner, G., Martin, K., Pethick, D., Ferguson, M., Thompson, J., McGilchrist, P., (2010),Selection for muscling increases adipose tissue response to adrenaline,In: 3rd European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP) International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition (2010).
    • Jose, C., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Jacob, R., (2008),The colour stability of aged lamb benefits from Vitamin E supplementation,In: 54th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICMST) (2008).
    • Pearce, K., Williams, A., Gardner, G., Phillips, J., (2008),The potential for a combination of stretch and electrical stimulation technology to optimise hot-boned meat quality,In: 54th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICMST) (2008).
    • McGilchrist, P., Martin, K., Thompson, J., Gardner, G., (2007),The effect of selection for muscling on adipose tissue sensitivity to adrenaline DUPLICATE,In: Nutrition Society of Australia (2007).
    • McGilchrist, P., Gardner, G., Pethick, D., Bonny, S., (2007),The effect of selection for muscling on insulin sensitivity DUPLICATE,In: Nutrition Society of Australia (2007).
    • Warner, R., Dunshea, F., Ponnampalam, E., Ferguson, D., Gardner, G., Martin, K., Salvatore, L., Hopkins, D., Pethick, D., (2006),Quality meat from Merinos,In: Australian Sheep Industry Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) Conference (2006).
    • Jose, C., Jacob, R., Pethick, D., Gardner, G., (2006),Vitamin E as a dietary supplement improves sheep meat colour stability,In: Australian Sheep Industry Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) Conference (2006).
    • Jacob, R., Gardner, G., Beatty, D., (2006),The impact of long term grain feeding on the core body temperature of cattle,In: 11th International Symposium on Ruminant Physiology (ISRP) (2009).
    • Thomson, K., Baudoux, P., Gardner, G., Simmons, S., Daly, C., Thompson, J., (2006),The impact of length of exposure to high temperatures post-rigor on ageing rate of beef,In: Australian Sheep Industry Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) Conference (2006).
    • Martin, K., Gardner, G., Thompson, J., Hopkins, D., (2006),Nutritional impact on muscle glycogen metabolism in lambs selected for muscling,In: Australian Sheep Industry Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) Conference (2006).
    • Pethick, D., Fergusson, D., Gardner, G., Hocquette, J., Warner, R., (2005),Muscle metabolism in relation to genotypic and environmental influences on consumer defined quality of red meat. In: Indicators of milk and beef quality,In: 55th European Association for Animal Production (EAAP) Annual Meeting (2004).
    • Gardner, G., Martin, K., McGilchrist, P., Thompson, J., (2005),The impact of selection for muscling on carbohydrate metabolism,In: Nutrition Society of Australia (NSA) Annual Scientific Conference (2005).
    • Martin, K., Gardner, G., Thompson, J., Hopkins, D., (2004),The effect of selection for muscling on rate of pH decline and ultimate pH in lamb carcases post-mortem,In: 25th Australian Society of Animal Production (ASAP) Biennial Conference (2004).
    • Daly, B., Richards, I., Gibson, P., Gardner, G., Thompson, J., (2002),Rate of pH decline in bovine muscle post-mortem - a benchmarking study,In: 54th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICMST) (2008).
    • Gardner, G., McIntyre, B., Tudor, G., Pethick, D., (2001),Nutritional influences on muscle glycogen recovery following exercise in sheep and cattle,In: Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition in Australia.
    • Gardner, G., McIntyre, B., Tudor, G., Pethick, D., (2000),The chronic effect of nitrogen intake on muscle glycogen metabolism at slaughter,In: Nutrition Society of Australia (2000).
    • Pethick, D., Cummins, L., Gardner, G., Jacob, R., Knee, B., McDowell, M., McIntyre, B., Tudor, G., Walker, P., Warner, R., (2000),The regulation of glycogen level in the muscle of ruminants by nutrition,In: New Zealand Society of Animal Production.