Professor James Warren
BA ( SUNY Cortland) MA ( Ohio University) PhD ( Australian National University)

Professor of History and Southeast Asian Studies at Murdoch University

About me

I am an ethnohistorian of modern Southeast Asia with a particular interest in the period from the mid-eighteenth century to the present day. For the past Forty years a passion for a forgotten past of ordinary people who have stood outside history and the recovery of a whole set of cultural-ecological relations have been a central preoccupation running through my research, writing and teaching.  This approach to writing Southeast Asian History in an ethnographic grain has all been context-sensitive with a strong cultural-ecological orientation. The themes identified and addressed in my books, whether focussing on state formation, slavery, ethnicity, migration and urbanisation, prostitution, and suicide are all trans-historical and trans-cultural.  My current research on the environment –human nexus concerning the impact of cyclonic storms on the Philippines over five centuries, extends my methodology and research to the history of environmental change in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean world .  This interdisciplinary approach in diversity of method and objects of analyses in the writing and interpretation of Southeast Asian History has enabled me to render a portrait of Southeast Asians living in a complexly textured world of exceptional natural forces, large power constellations, intimate social relations and deep moral dilemmas.

I obtained my Ph.D. in Southeast Asian History from the Australian National University in 1975, after having served in the United States Peace Corps in Sabah ,East Malaysia from 1967-69. I moved from the ANU to Murdoch University in 1976 . I have held positions at the Australian National University , Yale University, and as a Professorial Research Fellow at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, and the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore. I am a Fellow of the Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, and a Research Associate of the Indian Ocean World Centre, Mc Gill University. I have been awarded grants by the Social Science Research Council and the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Australia Research Council, the Canadian Social Science and Humanities Research Council and the United States Library of Congress. My major publications include , The North Borneo Chartered Company’s Administration of the Bajau 1878-1909 (1971) ; The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State (1981); Rickshaw Coolie: A People’s History of Singapore,1880-1940 (1986); At the Edge of Southeast History (1987); Ah Ku and Karayuki-San : Prostitution and Singapore Society,1870-1940 (1993); The Sulu Zone, the World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination (1998); Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization ,Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity (2001); and, Pirates ,Prostitutes and Pullers Explorations in the Ethno- and Social History of Southeast Asia (2008).

Teaching area

Social History of Modern Southeast Asia: Anthology of Readings (Murdoch, Western Australia: Murdoch University, External Studies Unit, ). 4 Vols.: ill.; with Study Guide, 1352 pp.

Perceptions of Southeast Asian Society: Study Guide and Course Materials (Murdoch, Western Australia: Murdoch University, External Studies Unit, ), 218 pp.

Approaches to History: Study Guide and Course Materials (Murdoch, Western  Australia: Murdoch University, External Studies Unit, ), 303 pp.

American Indian History: Study Guide and Course Materials (Murdoch, Western Australia: Murdoch University, External Studies Unit, ), 272 pp.

Social History of Modern Southeast Asia (4 points)

The course explores some of the more important themes in Southeast Asian Modern History focussing on social patterns and historical processes in particular societies as they were perceived by the actors themselves. The course will explore themes such as the structure of social dominance, the autonomy of popular culture, the impact of global trade, everyday social relationships, colonialism and self, and ideology and revolution. The shift in emphasis is from ‘places’ to faces’ so as to bring the boundaries of Southeast Asian History as close as possible to those of people’s lives and experiences. The actors constituting such a history include: kings & conmmoners, artists & artisans, fisherman & farmers, priests & shamans, tribesmen & traders, travellers & adventurers, marauders & slaves, missionaries & converts, planters & coolies, prostitutes & rickshawmen, messiah & overlords, colonizer & colonized, and researcher & researched. Where appropriate biographical and anthropological sources will be used to enrich historical analysis. The course concludes with an assessment of both the meaning and approaches to an understanding of subjective experience, and its significance for the practice of history.

Perceptions of Southeast Asian Society (4 points)

This course provides an introduction, on the basis of literary and historical records, to the way indigenous and European writers see colonized society in Southeast Asia prior to World War II. Attention will be paid to perceived patterns of traditional society and the effect of colonial rule on the colonizer, colonized society and individual commentators.

Approaches to History (4 points)

Students are introduced to a more effective use of sociological, anthropological and philosophical concepts used by historians in studying the past. In discussing various approaches examples will be drawn whenever possible from historical studies of non Western societies. The course will deal with the following areas: anthropology and history; sociology and history; psychology and history; literature and history; oral history; biography and collective biography; historical demography; quantification and history; economic history and local history.

American Indian History (4 points)

This course seeks to develop an understanding and appreciation of Amerinidan peoples, their civilisations, their history, their philosophies, their leaders and their social problems. The course begins with origins and traditional heritage stressing evolution, ecology and innovation. A chronology of Indian American-European contact, the literature and a heritage of heroes, and family life and enforced acculturation provide the focus for understanding the Indian in America’s past. The last part of the course deals with the present and future. Modern problems of urbanisation and institutionalisation including drinking, ideology and identity, native movements, land problems, and the Indian and the greater society are considered. This survey relies on historical, anthropological and biographical perspectives – historical developments and comparative relationship with Aborigines in Australia are highlighted.

Research areas

The social ,economic and ethnographic history of Southeast Asia since 1750

Chinese working class history and society in Singapore 1819-1940

Slavery ,dependent labour and human traffic in Southeast Asia

Aspects of the environmental history of Southeast Asia, especially in the Philippines

Current projects

Typhoon: Climate, History and Society in the Philippines (book length study).

 Slavery,Islam and Identity Formation in the Sulu Zone, 1768-1898 (book length study).

 Southeast Asia’s Global Economy, Climate and the Impact of Natural Hazards from the 10th to the 21st  Centuries

Awards and grants

The Grant Goodman Prize in Historical Studies – 2013The Philippine Studies Group(PSG) , a constituent of the Association of Asian Studies, awards the Grant Goodman Prize every two or more years for outstanding contributions to Philippine historical studies. This is a lifetime achievement award and is open to all scholars across academic discipines, providing that their work is innovative and incorporates a historical perspective. There are no citizenship or residency requirements.

The Philippine Studies Group ( PSG) of the Association for Asian Studies is pleased to          announce  that the recipient of  Grant Goodman Prize in Philippine Historical Studies in 2013 is James Francis    Warren. The committee is unanimous in recognizing the significance of Dr. Warren’s books and writings, especially The Sulu Zone (1981) and Iranun and Balangingi (2002) , as groundbreaking , dealing with neglected areas in Philippine historiography( southern Philippines, maritime studies, precolonial /early colonial economy), pioneering themes such as ethnogenesis  and identity formation in the early Philippines and expanding Philippine studies through trans national ,Southeast Asian /world system approaches and perspectives.

The Centenary Medal of Australia 2003 – For Service to Australian Society and the Humanities in the Study of Ethnohistory

 The Centenary Medal was established by the Australian Government in 2001 as part of the Australian system of honours and awards. The medal is to commemorate the Centenary of Federation and to honour the contribution made to Australian society and government by its citizens and other persons .Nominations for the Medal are made by the Commonwealth, State and Territory Governments. This distinctive Australian commemorative medal, designed by Balarinji of Sydney, marks the achievements at the commencement of the new century of a broad section of the Australian community including my contribution to Australian society.

Fellow Australian Academy of Humanities 1996 – for distinguished contributions to research in the Humanities- Excerpt – Citation for election as a Fellow – 1996

James Warren has been on the front line of historical innovation throughout his career. His first two books were both on the boundary of history and anthropology, selecting peripheral locations on the standard geo-political maps in order to define hitherto obscure locations of economic and cultural interaction at the margins. His ‘Sulu Zone’ was particularly influential, both in identifying the maritime zone as a useful concept, and in bringing the problematic issue of slavery to the forefront of Southeast Asian history.

Subsequently Dr Warren pioneered a new kind of social history, looking at the ‘underside’ of Singapore society through police and court records, never before utilised for Malaysia-Singapore history. The two books which have so far emerged from this concern have created great interest in both the region and in scholarly circles. A play was staged in Singapore based on Rickshaw Coolie.

Grants

1970-1971:   NDFL Area Studies Fellowship – Indonesian History, Ohio University

1971:   Johnson Foundation Language Grant – Advanced Indonesian, University of Wisconsin (Intensive Language Programme)

1972-1975:   Australian National University Ph.D. Research Scholarship

1982:   Social Science Research Council and The National Endowment for the Humanities – Post Doctoral Grant US$10,500

1978/1980/1982:   Australian University Category “A”

1985/1986/1991:   Special Research Grants

1981/1985/1986/1987/191:   Australian University Research Travel Funds

1991:   Australia Research Council Discovery Grant –‘Ah Ku and Karayuki –San: Prositution in Singapore , 1870-1940’ – $20,900

1995:   Research Index Fund (RIF) – School of Humanities – $10,000

1996:   Australia Research Council Discovery Grant – ‘Typhoon:  Climate, History and Society in the Philippines’ – $10,000

1999-2001:   Australia Research Council Discovery Grant – ‘Typhoon:  Climate, History and Society in the Philippines’ – $117,000

2006-2008:   Australia Research Council Discovery Grant-‘Captivity Remembered: Slavery, Islam and Identity Formation in the Sulu Zone,1768-1898’- $ 121,000

2009:   Major Collaborative Research Initiative Grant, Mc Gill University’The Indian Ocean World: The Making of the First Global Economy in the context of Human-Environment Interaction’-$ 2,500,000 ( 2010-013-$ A120,000)

2010:   Australia Research Council Linkage Grant-‘Southeast Asia’s Global Economy ,Climate and the impact of Natural Hazards from the 10th to 21st Centuries–$ 400,275 (2011-2014)

Events and speaking engagements

MEMORIAL LECTURES and Keynote Addresses:

 1988 – February 10 ‘Placing Women in Southeast Asian History: The Case of Oichi and the Study of Prostitution in Singapore Society’ 10th Annual Asian Studies Lecture, Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University.

1993 – June 5 ‘Looking Back on ‘The Sulu Zone’: State Formation and Ethnic Diversity in Southeast Asia’, 25th Annual Memorial Lecture, Japan Society for Southeast Asian Studies, Hokkaido University.

2001 – May 3      ‘Rickshaw Pullers, Prostitutes and “Pirates”: Researching and writing about  Southeast Asia  and the People without History’ ,3rd Southeast Asia  Conference of Taiwan, Chin Nan National University

2007-November 17      ‘Singapore History through the Looking Glass: Reflections on Museums,  Memory ,History and the Arts’, National Museum of Singapore and the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore

2010 – July      8    ‘The Balangingi Samal: Maritime Raiding and Diasporic Indentities in Nineteenth Century Philippines’,2nd Conference, ‘Displacement,Division and Renewal’,  UNIMAS and Curtin University  ,Sarawak, East Malaysia

2012-May     4    ‘ Trade for Bullion to Trade for Commodities, and ‘Piracy’: China, the West and the Sulu, Zone 1768-1898, Swedish Institute for International Affairs and Sweden’s National Defence College, Stockholm

RADIO BROADCASTS:

‘Geoffrey Blainey and Asian Immigration: A Historian’s Response’ – 6NR – date 23/3/84.

‘Singapore: Past and Future’ – 6NR – date 18/6/84

‘Father Brian Gore, Liberation theology, and Australia,’ – 6NR – date 13/7/84.

‘No More Tears: Observations on the Crisis in Philippine Society and Politics’ – 6WN (ABC) – date 1/9/85.

‘Source Method and Approach: Rickshaw Coolie’ – 6WN (ABC) – date 24/9/86.

‘The Making of Rickshaw Coolie’, Singapore Broadcasting Corporation – date 29/10/86.

‘The Culture of Silence: The Rickshaw Pullers of Singapore, Past and Future’, Singapore Broadcasting Corporation – date 31/10/86.

‘The Philippines at the Brink: Cory Aquino and the Army – 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting) date 14/9/87.

‘Perceptions of Asia: A Historian’s Approach to the Asian Past’ – 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting) – date 14/10/87.

‘Prostitution, Singapore Society and Venereal Disease: A Historical Overview’, ABC Radio Australia – date 3/7/90.

‘The Ah Ku and Karayuki-san of Singapore – their lives: Sources, methods and a historian’s representation’ – 6UVS – 6NR (public broadcasting), date 7/8/90.

‘The Bases of Insecurity: The Aquino Government and the future of the US Military Bases in the Philippines’ – 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting), date 25/9/90.

‘Indonesian mariners in Australian waters an historical overview’ – 6UVS-6NR (public broadcasting), date 4/10/90.

‘Telling the Story of Those who Lived on the Margins of Society – The Poor and Dispossessed of Asia’ – 6PR (ABC), date 30/9/91.

‘Environment, State and Society in Asia: The Legacy of the Twentieth Century’ – 6PR (ABC), date 8/7/94.

‘Rickshaw Pullers and The History of Singapore’ – News Radio 93.8, Singapore, date 5/5/2003

‘Prostitution in Singapore’ – News Radio 93.8, Singapore, date 26/6/2003

Professional and community service

SERVICE – UNIVERSITY:

History Programme Committee – 1976-2012.

Asian Studies Programme Committee – 1976-2012- Chairperson 1977, 1981, 1987, 1994-96.

Director, University Asia Research Centre, 2001

The Australian Research Council established its special research centre on Asia at Murdoch. In addition to its major research project on the rise of the new middle classes in East and Southeast Asia, and the impact on Australia, the Centre acts as a focus for research in the University and nationally. It also forges closer trade, diplomatic and educational links with Asia, by undertaking or facilitating research and teaching activities in the languages, cultures, economics and politics of East and Southeast Asia, and provides an institutional basis for community-wide seminars and publications.

Member of School sub-committee – Research and Postgraduate Studies – 1980, 1981, 1990, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1996.

 Research Co-ordinator, School of Humanities (1989-1991)

I was responsible for maintaining a data base on research within the School and for the provision of School data on research to the Board of Research and Postgraduate Studies and other bodies, and ensure recognition of the School profile in research for the public and for other significant groups. I was also a member of the School Research Committee and the Board of Research and Postgraduate Studies. I was responsible in the School for encouraging staff applications and assisting and advising applicants in relation to ARC and Special Research Grants.

Member, University  Board of Research and Postgraduate Study – 1989 – 1991, (University)

Member, Universty Travel Fund Committee – 1981, (Member of University Board of Part I, 1986, 1987,

Member of University Independent Study Contract Committee, 1986, 1987

Member of University Adult and Continuing Education Committee, 1986 – 1990,

 SERVICE – WIDER COMMUNITY

Convenor - Thirteenth Biennial Asian Studies Association of Australia Conference, Murdoch University, 1994.

Primary responsibilities as Academic Convenor pertained to the Co-ordination of all panels and papers, the information and design of all documents, organising cultural events and a film festival, acting as a liaison with all conference staff and administering the post-graduate travel awards. The writing of the final report to the ASAA Council and the Asia Research Centre was also a central responsibility of the Convenor.

Convenor- The Dimensions of the Indian Ocean World Past: Sources and Opportunities for Interdisciplinary  Work in Indian Ocean World History 9th -19th Centuries, Maritime Museum of Western Australia, 12-14 November 2012

This conference is meant to provide a forum for a rare interdisciplinary discussion between maritime archeologists, historians, ethnographers and geographers about the materials ,problems and opportunities for interdisciplinary work on the Indian Ocean World from the 9th-19th centuries. By the 13th century , the Indian Ocean World (IOW) stretching from the coast of East Africa to the South China Sea had developed what economic historians have called the world’s first ‘Global Economy’ shaped by the distinct winds of the Monsoons. A sophisticated durable system of long distance exchange of commodities, ideas, technology and people. Calling upon Maritime Archeology, History, Geography and Ethnography this interdisciplinary conference will explore aspects of the growth and importance of the IOW trade between the 9th-19th centuries, as well as the interactions between environment, commerce and people.

Doctoral and masters supervisions

Mr. Daniel Chew ‘Chinese Pioneers on the Sarawak Frontier, 1841-1941’. Ph.D. 1983.-book

Mr. Shinzo Hayase ‘Tribes, Settlers and Administrators on a Frontier: Economic Development and Social Change in Davao, South-eastern Mindanao, The Philippines 1899-1941’. Ph.D. 1984.-book-in Japanese

Mr. Gregory Bankoff, ‘Crime, State and Society in the Nineteenth Century Philippines’ Ph.D. 1991.-book

Ms. Sachiko Sone, ‘The Karayuki-san of Asia: The Role of Japanese Prostitutes in Japanese Social and Economic Development in Asia between 1868 and 1938’ MA – 1990.

Ms. Carolyn Brewer, ‘Holy Confrontation: Religion, Gender and Sexuality in the Philippines 1521-1685’, Ph.D. 1999. -book

Mr. Stephen Dobbs, ‘A Cultural/Ecological History of the Singapore River and the Communities along its banks’, Ph.D. 2000. -book

Ms. Esther Velthoen, ‘ Contested Coastlines: Diasporas, Trade and Colonial Expansion in Eastern Sulawesi , 1680-1905’, Ph.D. 2002.

Henry Chen-”Taiwanese Offshore (Distant Water) fisheries in Southeast Asia, 1937-1977 – Ph.D. 2006-book

Kurt Stenross-”The Seafarers and Maritime Entreprenuers of Madura : History ,Culture, and their role in the Jave Sea Timber Trade” – Ph.D. 2007-book

Carolin Liss-”Maritime Piracy in Southeast Asia and Bangladesh,1992-2006 – Ph.D.  2008-book

Loh Kah Seng,” The 1961 Kampong Bukit Ho Swee Fire and the making of Modern Singapore” Ph.D.-2008-book -forthcoming

Tan Teng Phee-“ A Social History of the New Villages in Malaya/Malaysia(1945-2005)” PH.D. 2011 – book -forthcoming

Jo Marie Acebes, ‘ Big Fish’ and Fishers of the Bohol Sea: Changing ecology,culture,economy and conservation ’ PH.D.- in progress

Charlotte Pham, ’The Maritime landscapes and Boatbuilding Traditions of Pre-Colonial Central Vietnam ‘ PH. D. in progress

Publications

Books

  • Warren, J., (2009),Pirates, Prostitutes and Pullers. Explorations in the Ethno-and Social History of Southeast Asia,UWA Press.
  • Warren, J., (2002),Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity,,Singapore University Press.
  • Warren, J., (1998),The Sulu Zone, The World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination,,VU University Press.

Chapters

  • Warren, J., (2014),Japanese Brothel Prostitution, Daily Life and the Client: Colonial Singapore 1870-1940,In: Sex, Power and Slavery, Ohio University Press, pages 291 to 318.
  • Warren, J., (2014),The power of speech and kinds of people: the character of the "pirates" of the Sulu Zone in the European imagination and discourse and the closing of the eastern seas,In: La piratrie au fil de l'histoireUn defi pour l'etat, PUPS. Presses de l'universite Paris-Sorbonne, pages 81 to 94.
  • Warren, J., (2014),Trade for bullion to trade for commodities and 'piracy': China, the West and the Sulu Zone, 1768-1898,In: Persistent Piracy. Maritime Violence and State-Formation in Global Historical Perspective, Palgrave Macmillan, pages 152 to 174.
  • Warren, J., (2013),The Role of Maritime Raiding or Warfare, in the Economy of the Sulu Zone, 1768-1878,In: Philippines: Archipelago of Exchange, ACTES SUD, pages 146 to 157.
  • Warren, J., (2013),Metaphorical Perspectives of the Sea and the Sulu Zone, 1768-1898,In: The Sea: Thalassography and Historiography, University of Michigan Press, pages 145 to 173.
  • Warren, J., (2013),Ransom, Escape and Debt Repayment in the Sulu Zone, 1750-1898,In: Bonded Labour and Debt in the Indian Ocean World, Pickering & Chatto Publishers, pages 87 to 101.
  • Warren, J., (2012),Weather , History and Empire: The Typhoon Factor and the Manila Galleon Trade, 1565-1815',In: Anthony Reid and the Study of the Southeast Asian Past, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, pages 183 to 220.
  • Warren, J., (2010),The Port of Jolo: International Trade and Slave Raiding,In: Pirates, Ports, and Coasts in Asia: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, pages 178 to 199.
  • Warren, J., (2009),Scientific Superman: Father Jose Algue, Jesuit Meterology, and the Philippines under American Rule, 1897-1924,In: Colonial Crucible. Empier in the making of the modern African state, University of Wisconsin Press, pages 508 to 519.
  • Warren, J., (2007),The Iranun and Balangingi Slaving voyage: Middle Passages in the Sulu Zone,In: Many Middle Passages, University of California Press, pages 52 to 71.
  • Warren, J., (2007),A Tale of two centuries: The globalization of maritime raiding and piracy in Southeast Asia at the end of the eighteenth and twentieth centuries,In: A World of Water: Rain, rivers and seas in Southeast Asian histories, KITLV Press, pages 125 to 152.
  • Warren, J., Keyes, C., (2006),Who were the Balangingi Samal? Slave Raiding and Ethnogenesis in Nineteenth Century Sul,In: On the Margins of Asia Diversity in Asian States, Asian Studies Association, pages 53 to 68.
  • Warren, J., (2004),The Global Economy and the Sulu Zone: Connections, Commodities and Culture,In: Sea Changes: Historicizing the Ocean, Routledge, pages 55 to 74.
  • Warren, J., (2003),The Global Economy and the Sulu Zone: Connections, Commodities, and Culture,In: Sea Changes: Historicizing the Ocean, Routledge, pages 55 to 74.
  • Warren, J., (2000),Sources, Method and a Historian's Representation,In: Researching the Fragments: Histories of Women in the Asian Context, New Day Publishers, pages 87 to 102.
  • Warren, J., (1998),Slavery in Southeast Asia,In: A Historical Guide to World Slavery, Oxford University Press, pages 80 to 87.

Journals

  • Warren, J., (2015), Philippine typhoons, sources and the historian, Water History, 7, 2, pages 213 - 231.
  • Warren, J., (2013), A tale of two decades: typhoons and floods, Manila and the provinces, and the Marcos years, The Asia - Pacific Journal : Japan Focus, 11, 43, pages 1 - 11.
  • Warren, J., (2011), The Global Economy and the Sulu Zone: Connections, Commodities and Culture, Crossroads: Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World, 3, April, pages 53 - 126.
  • Warren, J., (2011), The Balangingi Samal: 'pirate wars', dislocation and diasporic identities, The Great Circle, 33, 2, pages 43 - 65.
  • Warren, J., (2010), Saltwater slavers and captives in the Sulu Zone, 1768-1878, Slavery and Abolition: a journal of slave and post-slave studies, 31, 3, pages 429 - 449.
  • Warren, J., (2004), Rickshaw Pullers, Prostitutes and "Pirates": Researching and Writing about Southeast Asia and the People without History, Taiwan Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 1, 1, pages 1 - 17.
  • Warren, J., (2004), The Karayuki San of Singapore, 1877-1941, Revista Espanola Del Pacifico, 16, 14, pages 115 - 156.
  • Warren, J., (2003), The Structure of Slavery in the Sulu Zone in the Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Slavery and Abolition: a journal of slave and post-slave studies, 24, , pages 111 - 128.
  • Warren, J., (2003), The Balangingi Samal: The Global Economy, Maritime Raiding and Diasporic Identities in the Nineteenth-Century Philippines, Asian Ethnicity, 4, 1, pages 7 - 29.
  • Warren, J., (2001), Savagism and Civilization: The Iranun, Globalization and the Literature of Joseph Conrad, Journal of the Malayasian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, LXXIV Part 1, , pages 43 - 69.
  • Warren, J., (1997), The Sulu Zone, the World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination: Problematizing Global-Local Interconnections and Inter-dependencies, Southeast Asian Studies (Tonan Ajia Kenkyu), 35, 2, pages 177 - 222.

Conference

  • Warren, J., (2009),Singapore history through the looking glass: Reflections on museums, memory, history and the arts,In: The Past in the Present: Histories in the Making.
  • Warren, J., (1998),Exploring and Reflections on Southeast Asian History,In: Our Cultural Heritage.
Books

The North Borneo Chartered Company’s Administration of the Bajau, 1878-1909 Southeast Asia Series Monograph No. 22, Athens, Ohio: Ohio University, 1971, XIV 109 pp., appendix, maps.

The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 1981), XXV, 390 pp., appendices, tables, maps.

The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State Reprinted, (Quezon City: New Day Press, 1986), XXVII, 426 pp., appendices, tables, maps.

The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State , 2ND edition (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 2007), XlVII, 390 pp., appendices, tables, maps: new paperback edition with new introduction, new Forward.

Rickshaw Coolie: A People’s History of Singapore, 1880-1940 (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1986), XX, 432 pp., appendices, tables, maps, plates.

Rickshaw Coolie: A People’s History of Singapore 1880-1940 (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 2003) 391 pp. tables maps plates: new paperback edition with new introduction

(“My Grandfather in the Cellar” by Kuo Pao Kun – adaptation in Chinese of Rickshaw Coolie for the theatre, 1989).

(‘Work Horse Afloat’, by Theaterworks Singapore Incorporated, adaptation in English of Rickshaw Coolie for the theatre, 1997).

A Guide to the George L. Peet Collection on Malaysia and Singapore (Murdoch, W.A.: Murdoch University Library, 1986), IV, 41 pp.

At the Edge of Southeast Asian History: Essays by James Francis Warren, (Quezon City: New Day Press, 1987), XVIII, 210pp, maps, tables, photographs, illustrations.

Ah Ku and Karayuki-san: Prostitution in Singapore (1870-1940), (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1993) XVII, 468 pp, appendices, tables, maps, plates.

(“Broken Birds an Epic Longing” by Theatrerworks Singapore Incorporated – adaptation in English of Ah Ku and Karayuki-san; an opera-like docu-drama cum dance production for the theatre, 1995).

The Sulu Zone, The World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination: (Amsterdam: Free University Press, 1998) 7l pp, tables, maps, plates.

The Global Economy and the The Sulu Zone Connections ,commodities and Culture ( Quezon City : New Day Publishers,2000) 61pp.tables ,maps,plates.

Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 2002) 585 pp, tables, maps, plates.-

(“Tawag Sa  Bantayan,Punta “ by Punta Cruz  Cultural Collective- adaptation in Visayan for the theatre of Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity  a multi –media  doc-drama dance production for the theatre-Bohol,Philippines, 2008)

Iranun and Balangingi: Globalization, Maritime Raiding and the Birth of Ethnicity (Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 2002) 585 pp, tables maps plates. (nominated as a finalist, National Book Awards ,the Philippines, for the category  Social Science)

Pirates ,Prostitutes and Pullers Explorations in the Ethno-and Social History of Southeast Asia (Claremont: University of Western Australia Press, 2008) 410pp.tables ,maps,plates

Pirates ,Prostitutes and Pullers Explorations in the Ethno-and Social History of Southeast Asia (Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 2009) 410pp.tables ,maps,plates-

Typhoon: Climate ,History and Society in the Philippines( Ateneo de Manila University Press)-forthcoming

Articles

‘The North Borneo Chartered Company’s Administration of the Bajau, 1878-1909’, Sabah Society Journal, 5:4 (1972) 288-351.

‘Sino-Sulu Trade in the late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries’, Philippine Studies, 25 (1977), 50-79.

‘Balambangan and the Rise of the Sulu Sultanate, 1772-1775’, Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 50:1 (1977), 73-93.

‘Slave Markets and Exchange in the Malay World: The Sulu Sultanate, 1770-1878’, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 8:2 (1977), 162-175.

‘Mongkut and Menelik, the Response of Traditional Kings to the West: A Comparative Study’, Historicus, 11:2 (1977), 23-35.

‘Joseph Conrad’s Fiction as Southeast Asian History: Trade and Politics in East Borneo in the Late l9th Century’, The Brunei Museum Journal, (1977), 21-34.

‘Who were the Balangingi Samal? Slave Raiding and Ethnogenesis in Nineteenth Century Sulu’, The Journal of Asian Studies, 37:3 (1978), 477-490.

‘The Sulu Zone, Commerce and the Evolution of a Multi-Ethnic Polity (1768-1898)’ Archipel (Numero Special: Commerces Et Navires Dans Les Mers Du Sud), 18 (1979), pp. 223-230.

‘Slavery and the Impact of External Trade: Evidence from the Sulu Sultanate in the Nineteenth Century’ in De Jesus and McCoy (eds.), Philippine Social History Global Trade and Local Transformations (Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1982), pp. 415-444.

‘Rickshaw Coolie: An Exploration of the Underside of a Chinese City Outside China, Singapore, 1880-1940’ Itinerario European Journal of Overseas History 8:2 (1984), pp. 80-91.

‘Living on The Razor’s Edge: The Rickshawmen of Singapore between two wars, 1919 1939’. The Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, 16:4 (Oct – Dec, 1984), pp. 38-51.

The Singapore Rickshaw Pullers: The Social Organization of a Coolie Occupation’. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 15:1 (1985), pp. 1-15.

‘Social History and the Photograph: Glimpses of the Singapore Rickshaw Coolie in the early 20th Century’. Journal of the Malaysian Branch Royal Asiatic Society, 58:1 (1985) pp. 29-43.

‘The Spiral of Failure: Suicide among the Singapore Rickshaw Coolies’. Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science, 13:2, (1985), pp. 47-66.

“The Prahus of the Sulu Zone”, The Brunei Museum Journal, 6:1, (1985), pp. 42-53.

‘The George L. Peet Collection on Singapore and Malaysia: An Important bequest for Murdoch University’ Asian Studies Association of Australia Review, 10:1, (1986), pp. 62-66.

‘Contributor of Visual Documentation’ in Ong Choo Suat, Southeast Asian Cultural Heritage: Images of Traditional Communities, (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1986), pp. 115.

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Kiko hendo, shokuryo seisan, noson shakai:1582 nen kara 2009 nen no Firipini ( Climate Change , Food Production  and Agrarian Society: the Philippines, 1582-2009) , translated by Yasuyuki Kono, In Yanigaswa Masayuki, Kono Yasuyuki, Kozan Osamu and Kanzaki Mamoru (eds.)  Chikyuken Seimeiken no sensairyoku: Nettai chiiki shakai no sezon kiban ( The Potentiality of Geosphere and Biopshere: Exploring the Tropical Humanosphere), Kyoto: Kyoto daigaku gakujutsu shuppankan( Kyoto University Press) , 2012, pp. 39-67.

‘Weather , History and Empire: The Typhoon Factor and the Manila Galleon Trade, 1565-1815′, in Geoff Wade  and Li Tana (eds.),  Anthony Reid and the Study of the Southeast Asian Past (Singapore: Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, 2012),pp 183-220.

‘Saltwater Slavers and Captives in the Sulu Zone, 1768-1898’, in Maritime Slavery, Ed. Philip D.Morgan ( London: Routledge, 2012),pp. 119-139.

 ‘Japanese Brothel Prostitution ,Daily Life , and the Client, Singapore , 1870-1940’ in  Elizabeth     Elbourne (ed.)  in Sex,Power and Slavery: The Dynamics of Carnal Relationships under Enslavement in the Indian Ocean World ( Athens: Ohio University Press,  2012)

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