Dr Manickam Minakshi-Sundaram
M. Sc., M. Phil., Ph.D

Senior Research Fellow

About me

Dr. Manickam Minakshi from Murdoch University has made a significant contribution to studies on energy storage materials and the ceramic synthesis and characterisation of lithium-ion/Sodium battery materials. He has improved the method of lithium intercalation using aqueous solutions; this is widely regarded as the single most important innovation to this power source – transforming the primary battery to a secondary one [Minakshi et al., J. Power Sources 130 (2004) 154, cited 60 times, Patent No: PCT/Au2010/001365]. Dr Minakshi has synthesized lithium–free niobium phosphate, an environmentally friendly and technically attractive cathode material for non-aqueous battery systems (J. Power Sources 113, 2003, 179 and cited > 50 times).

Dr. Minakshi has a strong collaboration with Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bharathiyar University and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in India.

Within the school of CMS, the other partner in the field of energy storage is Dr. Danielle Meyrick.
Dr. Danielle Meyrick is the Deputy Dean of the School of Chemical and Mathematical Sciences at Murdoch University. Her research interests are primarily in aqueous chemistry, solution chemical behaviour, and development of new technologies for energy storage. Dr. Meyrick leads and formulates the strategic research vision of the School of Chemical and Mathematical Sciences, and has led and managed a number of successful research projects in collaboration with industry and others to produce a number of technical reports and publications.

Research areas

• Mapping new cathode materials for aqueous rechargeable batteries: The mechanism of intercalation of lithium in aqueous solutions.

• Mapping high performance polyanionic materials for rechargeable batteries: non-ceramic approach using mixed chelating agents.

• Improved anode and cathode processes in the electrowinning of base metals: The effect of additives on the properties of and impurities in copper cathodes.

• Molybdates and Oxides materials for hybrid supercapacitor.

• Water-based Sodium battery technology

Clean energy with a pinch of salt

New salt-based battery a leap for green energy

Water-based salt battery holds key to downtime green energy supply

Current projects

Mapping novel materials for securing future renewable energy supply

Wind, solar power storage breakthrough via using water based sodium battery technology

Rechargeable lithium batteries for next generation electric vehicles

A new cheap hybrid aqueous supercapacitor

Awards and grants

• Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project grant 2010-2013: CI (Minakshi). “Mapping new cathode materials for aqueous rechargeable batteries: The mechanism of intercalation of lithium in aqueous solutions”.

• Center for Research into Energy for Sustainable Transport (CREST) grant 2011-2012: CI (Minakshi) “Safer and cheaper batteries for electric vehicles: Effect of additives on the rechargeability of the MnO2 cathode material in aqueous electrolytes”

• Australia-India Council, a short-term co-operative project grant between Murdoch University and Central electrochemical research institute in India, 2010: CI (Minakshi). “Mapping new cathode materials for aqueous rechargeable batteries”

• Winner of Murdoch University Discoverer’s Grant round 1 (Apr 2010) – $ 20K. “Rechargeable Batteries”

Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE) GrantPage 12 AINSE

• Anodic behaviour of Zinc in Zn-MnO2 battery using microscopic and surface techniques (AINSE ALNGRA 11133: CI Minakshi) – Awarded $31,700.
• Electrochemical studies of the environmental friendly battery materials (AINSE ALNGRA 10053: CI Minakshi) – Awarded $24,430
• Microscopic examination and elemental depth profiling analysis if lithium intercalated MnO2 cathode using TEM and ERDA techniques (AINSE ALNGRA 09115: CI Minakshi) – Awarded $25,937.
• Depth resolving measurements of intercalated lithium in a cathode material using HERD, PIXE and SIMS analysis (AINSE ALNGRA 08048: CI Minakshi) – Awarded $22,572.
• Investigation of manganese dioxide in the presence of TiS2 as additive in an aqueous lithium secondary cell (AINSE ALNGRA 07111: CI Minakshi) – Awarded $7,501.
• Investigation of cathode materials for lithium secondary batteries (AINSE PGRA: CI Minakshi).

Australian Synchrotron Grant

• Sol-gel derived Olivine Li(Co1/3Mn1/3Ni1/3)PO4 cathdoe for Rechargeable Battery Applications: High Resolution Infrared analysis, Australian Synchrotron Beamtime Award (CI: Minakshi).
• The Zn-MnO2 (Zinc-Manganese dioxide) rechargeable battery, Australian Synchrotron Beamtime Award (CI: Minakshi).
• Olivine Li(Mg0.5Ni0.5)PO4 for Aqueous Rechargeable Battery: High resolution Infrared analysis, Australian Synchrotron Beamtime Award (CI: Minakshi).
• Sn-MnO2 (Tin-Manganese dioxide) rechargeable battery, Australian Synchrotron Beamtime Award (CI: Minakshi).
• Structural analysis on MnO2 cathode in an aqueous battery using high resolution infrared technique, Australian Synchrotron Beamtime Award (CI: Minakshi).

Professional and community service

Dr. Minakshi was the Chair of the Organising Committee for the 10th International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) spring meeting that was held in Perth on 15-18, April 2012 (http://www.ise-online.org/annmeet/next_meetings.php). The organising committee consists of six members including Dr. Minakshi, Prof. Alan Bond (Monash), Justin Gooding (UNSW), Kwang-Bum Kim (Yonsei), Salvatore Daniele (Venice) and Elzbieta Frackowaik (Poznan). The theme of the meeting was on “New approaches to nanostructuring electrodes for electroanalysis and energy storage”. It’s the first time the ISE meeting had been held in Southern Hemisphere. Dr. Minakshi is the long standing member of the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) and The Electrochemical Society (ECS). Dr. Minakshi was a session chair (for the session Li-Ion Batteries: Modelling, Performance, and Aqueous Batteries) at the 219th and 221st electrochemical society (ECS) meeting held in Montreal, QC, Canada, May 2011 and Seattle, WA, USA, May 2012 respectively.

Dr. Minakshi won the young faculty travel grant award, selected by the battery division, to attend both the 219th and 221st ECS meetings and also recently been awarded a best paper award for his invited platform presentation at the SAEST electrochemistry conference in India.

Dr. Minakshi has successfully completed an ECS (Electrochemical Society) short courses on the (a) Materials for Li-Ion Batteries: Structures, Performance, and Durability. This course was held on May 1, 2011 at Montreal, QC, Canada. Instructors for this course were Dr’s Quinn C. Horn (Exponent Inc. USA) and Yue Qi (General Motors, USA), and (b) Basic Impedance Spectroscopy by Mark E. Orazem. This was held on May 6, 2012 at Sheraton Seattle, WA, USA.

Dr. Minakshi is the guest editor for the special issue in Electrochimica Acta devoted to 10th Spring Meeting held in Perth.

Dr. Minakshi is co-organizing a battery symposium (B1) General Session at the 222nd ECS Meeting (PRiME 2012) in Honolulu, Hawaii, Oct 2012.

Doctoral and masters supervisions

Ms. Akanksha Pandey

Mr. Sathiyaraj Kandhasamy

Mr. Senthilkumar Baskar

Dr. Ziyauddin Khan

Publications

Books

  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2008),The Book Of Battery Material And Its Lithium Insertion Mechanism,VDM Verlag Dr. Mueller e.K..

Journals

  • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Sanjay, K., Meyrick, D., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Influence of the microstructure and its stabilityon the electrochemical properties of EMD producedfrom a range of precursors, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 17, , pages 3191 - 3198.
  • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Subbaiah, T., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Electrodeposition of manganese dioxide: effectof quaternary amines, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 17, , pages 1349 - 1356.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., (2013), A Novel Sodium-Ion Rechargeable Battery (DOC REQUIRED), ECS Transactions, 45, 29, pages 95 - 102.
  • Senthilkumar, B., Vijaya Sankar, K., Kalai Selvan, R., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Nano -NiMoO4 as a new electrode for electrochemical supercapacitors, RSC Advances: an international journal to further the chemical sciences, 3, 2, pages 352 - 357.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., (2013), Reversible sodiation in maricite NaMn1/3Co1/3Ni1/3PO4 for renewable energy storage, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 555, , pages 10 - 15.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., (2013), Electrochemical energy storage device for securing future renewable energy, Electrochimica Acta, 101, , pages 66 - 70.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., Appadoo, D., (2013), Maricite (NaMn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3PO4)/Activated Carbon: Hybrid Capacitor, Energy & Fuels, 27, , pages 3516 - 3522.
  • Nallathamby, K., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Carbonate anion controlled growth of LiCoPO4/C nanorods and its improved electrochemical behavior, Electrochimica Acta, 101, , pages 18 - 26.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Ralph, D., Appadoo, D., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2012), Structural characteristics of olivine Li(Mg0.5Ni0.5)PO4 via TEM analysis, Ionics: international journal of ionics, 18, 6, pages 583 - 590.
  • Kandhasamy, S., Nallathamby, K., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Role of structural defects in olivine cathodes, Progress in Solid State Chemistry, 40, 1-2, pages 1 - 5.
  • Kandhasamy, S., Pandey, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Polyvinylpyrrolidone assisted sol-gel route LiCo1/3Mn1/3Ni1/3PO4 composite cathode for aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 60, , pages 170 - 176.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012), Success and serendipity on achieving high energy density for rechargeable batteries, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 16, 6, pages 2227 - 2233.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012), Synergistic effect of additives on electrochemical properties of MnO2 cathode in aqueous rechargeable batteries, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 16, 4, pages 1487 - 1492.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., (2012), Utilizing active multiple dopants (Co and Ni) in olivine LiMnPO4, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 16, 4, pages 163 - 167.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., Meyrick, D., (2012), Synthetic strategies for better battery performance through advances in materials and chemistry: Olivine LiMn1/3Co1/3Ni1/3PO4, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 544, , pages 62 - 66.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., (2012), Influence of sol-gel derived lithium cobalt phosphate in alkaline rechargeable battery, Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 64, 1, pages 47 - 53.
  • Kandhasamy, S., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Ionescu, M., Appadoo, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Olivine-type cathode for rechargeable batteries: Role of chelating agents, Electrochimica Acta, 82, , pages 302 - 308.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Sharma, N., Ralph, D., Appadoo, D., Nallathamby, K., (2011), Synthesis and characterization of Li(Co0.5Ni0.5) PO4 cathode for li-ion aqueous battery applications, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 14, 6, pages A86 - A89.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011), Characterization of alkaline-earth oxide additions to the MnO2 cathode in an aqueous secondary battery, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 20, pages 5974 - 5980.
  • Yin, C., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Jiang, Z., Xie, Z., Guo, H., (2011), Hydrothermal synthesis of cubic -Fe2O3 microparticles using glycine: Surface characterization, reaction mechanism and electrochemical activity, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 41, pages 9821 - 9825.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2011), Alkaline-earth oxide modified MnO2 cathode: Enhanced performance in an aqueous rechargeable battery, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50, 14, pages 8792 - 8795.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Appadoo, D., Martin, D., (2011), Synthesis and characterization of olivine LiNiPO4 for aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 56, 11, pages 4356 - 4360.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Sharma, N., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011), Lithium extraction-insertion from/into liCoPO4 in aqueous batteries, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50, 4, pages 1899 - 1905.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Pandey, A., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2010), Effect of TiS2 Additive on LiMnPO4 Cathode in Aqueous Solutions, Energy & Fuels, 24, 11, pages 6193 - 6197.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Appadoo, D., Martin, D., (2010), The Anodic Behavior of Planar and Porous Zinc Electrodes in Alkaline Electrolyte, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 13, 7, pages A77 - A80.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., (2010), Electrochemical characteristics of B4C or BN added MnO 2 cathode material for alkaline batteries, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 123, 2-3, pages 700 - 705.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2010), Sn- MnO2 Aqueous Rechargeable Battery, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 13, 9, pages A125 - A127.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2010), Lithium intercalation into amorphous FePO4 cathode in aqueous solutions, Electrochimica Acta, 55, 28, pages 9174 - 9178.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ionescu, M., (2010), Anodic behavior of zinc in Zn-MnO2 battery using ERDA technique, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 14, pages 7618 - 7622.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., Thorogood, G., Issa, T., (2009), The effect of B4C addition to MnO2 in a cathode material for battery applications, Electrochimica Acta, 55, 3, pages 1028 - 1033.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Carter, M., Appadoo, D., Nallathamby, K., (2009), Microstructural and spectroscopic investigations into the effect of CeO2 additions on the performance of a MnO2 aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 54, 12, pages 3244 - 3249.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kalaiselvi, N., Mitchell, D., (2009), Electrochemical characterization of an aqueous lithium rechargeable battery: The effect of CeO2 additions to the MnO2 cathode, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 479, 1-2, pages 87 - 90.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2009), Improved performance of Bi2O3-doped MnO2 cathode on rechargeability in LiOH aqueous cell, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 13, , pages 1209 - 1214.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., (2008), The influence of bismuth oxide doping on the rechargeability of aqueous cells using MnO2 cathode and LiOH electrolyte, Electrochimica Acta, 53, 22, pages 6323 - 6327.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Carter, M., Prince, K., (2008), The Zn-MnO2 battery: The influence of aqueous LiOH and KOH electrolytes on the intercalation mechanism, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 11, 8, pages 145 - 149.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., (2008), MnO2 cathode in an aqueous Li2SO4 solution for battery applications, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 39, 1, pages 1 - 5.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Thurgate, S., (2008), Surface analysis on discharged MnO2 cathodeusing XPS and SIMS techniques, Surface and Interface Analysis, 41, , pages 56 - 60.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2008), Examining manganese dioxide electrode in KOH electrolyte using TEM technique, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 616, 1-2, pages 99 - 106.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Prince, K., (2008), Incorporation of TiB2 additive into MnO2 cathode and its influence on rechargeability in an aqueous battery system, Solid State Ionics, 179, 9-10, pages 355 - 361.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Mitchell, D., Prince, K., (2007), A study of lithium insertion into MnO2 containing TiS2 additive a battery material in aqueous LiOH solution, Electrochimica Acta, 52, 24, pages 7007 - 7013.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Carter, M., (2007), Behavior of MnO2 containing TiB2 as a cathode in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte battery, Key Engineering Materials, 350, 1, pages 159 - 162.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Singh, P., (2007), TEM investigation of MnO2 cathode containing TiS2 and its influence in aqueous lithium secondary battery, Electrochimica Acta, 52, 9, pages 3294 - 3298.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Mitchell, D., (2007), Manganese Dioxide Cathode in the Presence of TiS2 additive as Additive on an Aqueous Lithium Secondary Cell, Electrochemical Society. Journal, 154, 2, pages 109 - 113.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of anatase TiO2 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 36, 5, pages 599 - 602.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., De, M., (2006), Lithium insertion into manganese dioxide electrode in MnO2/Zn aqueous battery. Part III. Electrochemical behavior of gamma-MnO2 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, 153, 1, pages 165 - 169.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Redox behavior and surface characterization of LiFePO4 in lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, 158, , pages 646 - 649.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 aqueous solutions, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 9, 10, pages 471 - 474.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of LiFePO4 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Key Engineering Materials, 320, 1, pages 271 - 274.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2004), Lithium insertion into manganese dioxide electrode in MnO2/Zn aqueous battery. Part II. Comparison of the behavior of EMD and battery grade MnO2 in Zn | [MnO2], Journal of Power Sources, 138, , pages 319 - 322.

Conference

  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012),High Energy Density Rechargeable Battery: Study of PolyvinylpyrrolidoneEncapsulated MnO2 Composite as Cathode Material,In: 45th Power Sources Conference,, Paper 22.5.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011),LiNiPO4 Aqueous Rechargeable Battery,In: 219th ECS Meeting.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Mitchell, D., (2007),Behavior of MnO2 containing TiS2 as a cathode in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte battery,In: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) 136th Annual Meeting & Exhibition (2007).
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., (2006),TEM characterization of MnO2 cathode in an aqueous lithium secondary battery,In: 17th Australian Institute of Physics (AIP) National Congress (2006).

Ms. Akanksha Pandey

Mr. Sathiyaraj Kandhasamy

Mr. Senthilkumar Baskar

Dr. Ziyauddin Khan