Manickam Minakshi  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.
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08 9360 2017

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minakshi@murdoch.edu.au

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    Dr Manickam Minakshi
    M. Sc., M. Phil., Ph.D

    Associate Professor of Energy

    About me

    Dr. Minakshi is an Associate Professor of Energy.

    I have a Ph.D. in Chemical Science from Murdoch University with 4 years of postdoctoral experience in Extractive Metallurgy. Prior to my Ph.D., I had both learning and working experience in academia (Nagaoka University of Technology) in Japan. At Murdoch University, I have developed vigorous research in the domain of energy production and storage. My research focuses on “Energy Production and Storage” with specific applications to batteries, supercapacitors, hydrogen production, and electrowinning of base metals. I have been involved in energy storage research and development since 2000 and have a strong passion for creating new and developing existing energy storage devices and contributing them to the knowledge and research community. I am one of the leading researchers in the energy storage community involved in aqueous battery technology.

    I work in the following topics:

    • Aqueous energy storage devices;
    • Materials for hybrid supercapacitors and fuel cells;
    • Catalyst for efficient water electrolysis and photo catalysis; and
    • Intercalation materials and its suitability for environmental remediation.

     

    Teaching area

    I have been serving as the Academic Chair of the Energy Studies Program since June 2019. I oversee the 4 energy programs within the Energy studies  My duties in teaching involve unit co-ordination, preparation of lecture notes and presentation slides, marking the assessment and preparation of final exam and marking. I have been a unit coordinator (UC) for several postgraduate level units.

     

    Research areas

    Other relevant projects carried out by Dr. Minakshi et al are as follows:

    (a) Modified electrodes / electrolyte bath for hydrogen / oxygen generation
    Hydrogen plays an important role in the energy sector as a fuel for transportation. However, electrolytic hydrogen generation is energy intensive and the means to save energy have been widely studied. We focus in developing inexpensive alternative anode materials for oxygen generation in order to substitute expensive conventional anodes such as dimensionally stable anodes (DSA). The geometric and electronic factors of the starting “electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) material”, Raney Nickel, and Raney Cobalt have been altered to enhance the electrochemical activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction. We are also working on modified Watts bath for Raney Ni electrode deposition while using porous electrodes and substituting expensive reagents with less costly ones. We have observed competitive over potentials for the hydrogen evolution reaction from porous deposited in modified Watts bath. The presence of certain dopants in the bath, lowers the efficiency of the electrode surface. Less efficiency means increasing the over potential for the hydrogen evolution reaction on Raney Ni based electrodes.

    (b) Solid polymer electrolyte for energy storage devices
    Aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes are widely used in electronic (battery like) devices but have numerous limitations such as volatility, flammability and leakage. Therefore, we have developed all solid state capacitor and used polymer electrodes and electrolyte as the host. Solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are emerging as a new class of technologically important materials suitable for energy storage devices. Our objective is to synthesize a novel polymer electrode incorporating high surface area of activated carbon (AC) and to evaluate its suitable proposition in the host polymer matrix (70PEO:30 AgI). PEO denotes polyethylene oxide that exhibiting excellent conductivity, ion transport number and activation energy a pre-requisite for solid state electrochemical devices The presence of activated carbon not only improves the conductivity of the matrix but also solving the transportation of ions into the active sites. The new conceptual idea of using activated carbon is due to its high surface area and amorphous in nature. An increase in amorphosity of the polymer matrix may result in higher ionic conductivity because it is widely agreed that the ionic conduction in the amorphous phase is much greater than that of the crystalline part.

    (c) Electrodeposition of electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD): Role of anionic, cationic and non-anionic surfactants
    Surfactants play a significant role in modifying the growth pattern of MnO2 through adsorption on its surface during electrodeposition. Adsorption of surfactants on the surface influences the kinetics of electron transfer through blocking of active sites, and also affects electrostatic interactions between electro active species in the electrolytic bath. Consequently, addition of organic surfactants to the electrolytic bath affects the morphology and mechanical properties of electrochemically deposited material, leading to altered electrochemical behaviour of materials. We have observed that addition of suitable amount of surfactants changed the deposited morphologies, reduced the MnO2 particle size, and increased its specific surface area as well as the electrochemical behaviour of the MnO2 samples. Eventually, by tailoring the suitable and appropriate amounts of surfactants, improved storage behaviour can be achieved both in battery or capacitor like devices.

    (d) Mechanism of the incorporation of lead into copper cathodes
    We are investigating the factors which contribute to the incorporation of lead into cathodes produced under conditions which simulate plant practice in the electrowinning of copper. Small scale (laboratory) test work has been shown that the main source of lead contamination is from particles of lead sulfate and lead dioxide produced by spalling of the corrosion layers on the lead alloy anodes. Lead dioxide particles are incorporated to a greater extent than lead sulfate. The extent of contamination was found to be very significantly reduced in the presence of chloride ions in the electrolyte while the presence of smoothing agents such as guar or galactosol results in smaller reductions in contamination. The use of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) has enabled the distribution of lead and sulphur in the cathodes to be quantitatively studied. Our results showed that lead is concentrated in the outer surface layers (within 50 mm of the surface) of the cathodes. A possible mechanism for this observation is underway.

    Clean energy with a pinch of salt

    New salt-based battery a leap for green energy

    Water-based salt battery holds key to downtime green energy supply

    Current projects

    Mapping novel materials for securing future renewable energy supply

    Wind, solar power storage breakthrough via using water based sodium battery technology

    Rechargeable lithium batteries for next generation electric vehicles

    A new inexpensive hybrid aqueous supercapacitor

    Awards and grants

    Dr. Minakshi has achieved the following milestones:
    • Grant recipient of Australia – India Early Career Fellowship awarded by Australian Academy of Science (2012).
    • Two Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF) Grant (2013 & 2014). CI (Minakshi et al)
    • Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project grant 2010-2013: CI (Minakshi).
    • ARC international reader (contracted since 2010).
    • Center for Research into Energy for Sustainable Transport (CREST) grant 2011-2012: CI (Minakshi)
    • Australia-India Council, a short-term co-operative project grant between Murdoch University and Central electrochemical research institute in India, 2010: CI (Minakshi).
    • Obtained six medium size grants (around $25,000 p.a.) from AINSE “category 1 grant” (to utilise the facility at ANSTO) and the Australian Synchrotron (beam time plus travel and accommodation).
    • Remunerated reviewer for Grants and Fellowships of the Fund for Scientific Research – FNRS, Belgium (since 2013).
    • Filed patent (PCT Int. /WO 2011/044644) on aqueous battery technology at Murdoch University.
    • Winner of Murdoch University Discoverer’s Grant round 1 (Apr 2010).
    • Chairman of Organizing Committee, 10th International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) Spring Meeting.
    • Guest Editor, special issue devoted to 10th ISE Spring Meeting, Electrochim. Acta (IF 4.07).
    • Invited speaker at number of battery conferences.
    • CASS (Contributing to Australian Scholarship and Science) Foundation travel grants on two occasions to deliver a talk at 5th Lithium Mobile Conference, Boston, MA, USA (2009) and 219th , 221st ECS Meeting, Montreal, Canada and Seattle, USA (2011 & 2012).
    • Perth Convention Bureau professional development scholarship to deliver a talk at 60th ISE Annual Meeting, Beijing, China (2009).
    • Work included in the research highlights of the AINSE 2008 Annual Report.
    • Recent sodium battery work interviewed by ABC News (9 Aug 2012), COSMOS Magazine (14 Aug 2012), The Conversation (19 Sep 2012) and several other media reporters.
    • Co-editor, Electrochemical Society Transactions (2012) – Papers (Session B1) devoted to the 222nd Electrochemical Society Meeting held in Hawaii (Oct. 2012).
    • Contestant/ Applicant’s (Dr Minakshi) technology has received considerable media attention, including an interview by ABC News, a piece in COSMOS magazine and in The Conversation, along with several other media outlets.

    Professional and community service

    Dr. Minakshi was the Chair of the Organising Committee for the 10th International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) spring meeting that was held in Perth on 15-18, April 2012 (http://www.ise-online.org/annmeet/next_meetings.php). The organising committee consists of six members including Dr. Minakshi, Prof. Alan Bond (Monash), Justin Gooding (UNSW), Kwang-Bum Kim (Yonsei), Salvatore Daniele (Venice) and Elzbieta Frackowaik (Poznan). The theme of the meeting was on “New approaches to nanostructuring electrodes for electroanalysis and energy storage”. It’s the first time the ISE meeting had been held in Southern Hemisphere. Dr. Minakshi is the long standing member of the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) and The Electrochemical Society (ECS). Dr. Minakshi was a session chair (for the session Li-Ion Batteries: Modelling, Performance, and Aqueous Batteries) at the 219th and 221st electrochemical society (ECS) meeting held in Montreal, QC, Canada, May 2011 and Seattle, WA, USA, May 2012 respectively.

    Dr. Minakshi won the young faculty travel grant award, selected by the battery division, to attend both the 219th and 221st ECS meetings and also recently been awarded a best paper award for his invited platform presentation at the SAEST electrochemistry conference in India.

    Dr. Minakshi has successfully completed an ECS (Electrochemical Society) short courses on the (a) Materials for Li-Ion Batteries: Structures, Performance, and Durability. This course was held on May 1, 2011 at Montreal, QC, Canada. Instructors for this course were Dr’s Quinn C. Horn (Exponent Inc. USA) and Yue Qi (General Motors, USA), and (b) Basic Impedance Spectroscopy by Mark E. Orazem. This was held on May 6, 2012 at Sheraton Seattle, WA, USA.

    Dr. Minakshi is the guest editor for the special issue in Electrochimica Acta devoted to 10th Spring Meeting held in Perth.

    Dr. Minakshi is co-organizing a battery symposium (B1) General Session at the 222nd ECS Meeting (PRiME 2012) in Honolulu, Hawaii, Oct 2012.

    Doctoral and masters supervisions

    I am keenly committed to research training and student supervision. In my current role, I have made several higher degrees by research  (HDR) completions until now, and a few more students are expected to complete by the end of 2022, in which I am the primary supervisor.

    Publications

    Books

    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2008),The Book Of Battery Material And Its Lithium Insertion Mechanism,VDM Verlag Dr. Mueller e.K..

    Chapters

    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Schneider, P., Ahuja, R., (2021),SUITABLE ELECTRODE MATERIALS FOR HYBRID CAPACITORS,In: Next-Generation Materials for Batteries, AIP, pages 1 to 26.
    • Delgado Aguilar, D., Hefter, G., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013),Hydrogen Generation,In: Alternative Energies, Springer, pages 141 to 162.

    Journals

    • Sharma, P., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Sigh, D., Ahuja, R., (2021), Highly Energetic and Stable Gadolinium/Bismuth Molybdate with a Fast Reactive Species, Redox Mechanism of Aqueous Electrolyte, ACS Applied Energy Materials, 3, , pages 12385 - 12399.
    • Razaviasfali, S., Arefi, A., Ledwich, G., Nourbakhsh, G., Smith, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2021), From Load to Net Energy Forecasting:Short-Term Residential Forecasting for theBlend of Load and PV Behind the Meter, IEEE Access, 8, , pages 224343 - 224353.
    • Wickramaarachchi, W., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Gao, X., Dabare, P., Wong, K., (2021), Hierarchical Porous Carbon from Mango Seed Husk for Electrochemical Energy Storage, Chemical Engineering Journal, 15, , pages 100158 -.
    • Wickramaarachchi, W., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Henry, D., Gao, X., (2021), Alginate Biopolymer Effect on the Electrodeposition of Manganese Dioxide on Electrodes for Supercapacitors, ACS Applied Energy Materials, 4, , pages 7040 - 7051.
    • Mohammadpour, E., Hsien Liew, W., Radevski, N., Lee, S., Mondinos, N., Altarawneh, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Amri, A., Rowles, M., Lim, H., Jiang, Z., (2021), High temperature (up to 1200 C) thermal-mechanical stability of Si and Ni doped CrN framework coatings, Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 14, , .
    • Divakaran, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Arabzadeh Bahri, P., Paul, S., Kumari, P., Divakaran, A., Manjunatha, K., (2021), Rational design on materials for developing next generation lithium-ion secondary battery, Progress in Solid State Chemistry, 62, , pages 100298 -.
    • Sharma, P., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Whale, J., Jean-Fulcrand, A., Garnweitner, G., (2021), Effect of the anionic counterpart: Molybdate vs. tungstate in energy storage for pseudo-capacitor applications, Nanomaterials, 11, 3, pages 580 -.
    • Ash, B., Nalajala, V., Popuri, A., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2020), Perspectives on Nickel Hydroxide Electrodes Suitable for Rechargeable Batteries: Electrolytic vs. Chemical Synthesis Routes, Nanomaterials, 10, 9, pages 1878 -.
    • Biswal, A., Prasanna, P., Acharya, A., Mohaptra, S., Swain, N., Tripathy, B., Jiang, Z., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2020), Role of Additives in Electrochemical Deposition of Ternary Metal Oxide Microspheres for Supercapacitor Applications, ACS Omega, 5, 7, pages 3405 - 3417.
    • Biswal, A., Prasanna, P., Acharya, A., Tripathy, B., Alenazey, F., Jiang, Z., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2020), Tuning the morphology and redox behavior by varying the concentration of Fe in a CoNiFe ternary oxide heterostructure for hybrid devices, New Journal of Chemistry, 44, 23, pages 9921 - 9932.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Appadoo, D., (2020), Traditional salt-in-water electrolyte vs. water-in-salt electrolyte with binary metal oxide for symmetric supercapacitors: capacitive vs. faradaic, Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, 49, 33, pages 11743 - 11755.
    • Jaf, Z., Jiang, Z., Miran, H., Altarawneh, M., Veder, J., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Zhou, Z., Lim, H., Huang, N., Dlugogorski, B., (2020), Physico-chemical properties of CrMoN coatings - combined experimental and computational studies, Thin Solid Films, 693, , pages 137671 -.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Jones, R., Pramanik, N., Jean-Fulcrand, A., Garnweitner, G., (2020), A Hybrid Electrochemical Energy Storage Device UsingSustainable Electrode Materials, ChemistrySelect, 5, 4, pages 1 - 11.
    • Sharma, P., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Watcharatharapong, T., Laird, D., Euchner, H., Ahuja, R., (2020), Zn Metal Atom Doping on the Surface Plane of One-Dimensional NiMoO4 Nanorods with Improved Redox Chemistry, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 12, 40, pages 44815 - 44829.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Higley, S., Baur, C., Mitchell, D., Jones, R., Fichtner, M., (2019), Calcined chicken eggshell electrode for battery andsupercapacitor applications, RSC Advances, 9, , pages 26981 - 26995.
    • Rahman, M., Ella, A., Amri, A., Altarawneh, M., Md Abul, H., Zhao, X., Willey Yun Hsien, L., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Yin, C., Veder, J., Chuah, L., Jiang, Z., (2019), A holistic analysis of surface, chemical bonding states and mechanical properties of sol-gel synthesized CoZn-oxide coatings complemented by finite element modelling, Ceramics International, 45, , pages 12882 - 10898.
    • Divakaran, A., Hamilton, D., Manjunatha, K., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2019), Design, Development and Thermal Analysis ofReusable Li-Ion Battery Module for Future Mobileand Stationary Applications, Energies, 13, , pages 1477 -.
    • Alenazey, F., Alyousef, Y., AlOtaibi, B., Almutairi, G., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Cheng, C., N. Vo, D., (2019), Degradation Behaviors of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks in Steady-State and Cycling Conditions, Energy & Fuels, 34, 11, pages 14864 - 14873.
    • Biswal, A., Prasanna, P., Jiang, Z., Tripathy, B., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2019), Facile synthesis of a nanoporous sea sponge architecture in a binary metal oxide, Nanoscale Advances, , , pages -.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Teeraphat, W., Chakraborty, S., Ahuja, R., (2018), A combined theoretical and experimental approach of a new ternary metal oxide in molybdate composite for hybrid energy storage capacitors, Applied Physics Letters, 6, 4, pages 047701 - 047709.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Baur, C., Chable, J., Barlow, A., Fichtner, M., Banerjee, A., Chakraborty, S., Ahuja, R., (2018), Phase evolution in calcium molybdate nanoparticles as a function of synthesis temperature and its electrochemical effect on energy storage, Nanoscale Advances, Adavnce Article, , pages -.
    • Albohani, S., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Laird, D., (2018), Egg shell membrane template stabilises formation of b-NiMoO4 nanowires and enhances hybrid supercapacitor behaviour, Materials Letters, 236, 2019, pages 64 - 68.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Fernandez, C., Zhang, Z., Cholhwan, K., Wang, Y., Wang, L., Ramakrishnappa, T., Hu, X., Sun, T., (2018), Adsorption removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution on carbon-coated Fe3O4 microspheres functionalized with chloroacetic acid, Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, 25, 2, pages 353 - 361.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Barmi, M., Mitchell, D., Barlow, A., Fichtner, M., (2018), Effect of oxidizer in the synthesis of NiO anchored nanostructure nickel molybdate for sodium-ion battery, Materials Today Energy, 10, , pages 1 - 14.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Anji Reddy, M., Barlow, A., Fichtner, M., (2018), New insights into the electrochemistry ofmagnesium molybdate hierarchical architecturesfor high performance sodium devices, Nanoscale, 10, , pages 13277 - 13288.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Visbal, H., Mitchell, D., Fichtner, M., (2018), Bio-waste chicken eggshells to store energy, Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, 47, 47, pages 16828 - 16834.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Barmi, M., Jones, R., (2017), Rescaling metal molybdate nanostructures withbiopolymer for energy storage having highcapacitance with robust cycle stability, Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, 46, 11, pages 3588 - 3600.
    • Shahnazari, M., Arabzadeh Bahri, P., Parlevliet, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Moheimani, N., (2017), Sustainable conversion of light to algal biomass and electricity: A net energy return analysis, Energy, 131, 2017, pages 218 - 229.
    • Delgado Aguilar, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kim, D., Kyeong, C., (2017), Influence of the Oxide Content in the Catalytic Power of Raney Nickel in Hydrogen Generation, Analytical Letters, 50, 15, pages 2386 - 2401.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., (2017), Dispersion of Ni2+ ions via acetate precursor inthe preparation of NaNiPO4 nanoparticles: effectof acetate vs. nitrate on the capacitive energystorage properties, Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, Published online first, , pages -.
    • Albohani, S., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Laird, D., (2017), Polymer templated nickel cobaltate for energy storage, Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability, 2, , pages 9 -.
    • Samal, R., Dash, T., Sarangi, S., Sanjay, K., Subbaiah, T., Senanayake, G., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2017), Influence of Synthesis Temperature on the Growth and Surface Morphology of Co3O4 Nanocubes for Supercapacitor Applications, Nanomaterials, 7, 11, pages 356 - 369.
    • Barmi, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), Tuning the Redox Properties of the Nanostructured CoMoO4 Electrode: Effects of Surfactant Content and Synthesis Temperature, ChemPlusChem, , , pages -.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Biswal, A., Mitchell, D., Jones, R., Fernandez, C., (2016), Correlation among physical and electrochemicalbehaviour of nanostructured electrolyticmanganese dioxide from leach liquor andsynthetic for aqueous asymmetric capacitor, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18, 6, pages 4711 - 4720.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Jones, R., Alenazey, F., Teeraphat, W., Chakraborty, S., Ahuja, R., (2016), Synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties of sodium nickel phosphate for energy storage devices, Nanoscale, 8, 21, pages 11291 - 11305.
    • Baral, A., Das, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ghosh, M., Padhi, T., (2016), Probing Environmental Remediation of RhB Organic Dye Using alpha-MnO2 under Visible- Light Irradiation: Structural, Photocatalytic and Mineralization Studies, ChemistrySelect, , 1, pages 4277 - 4285.
    • Ramkumar, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), Electrochemical synthesis of polyaniline crosslinked NiMoO4 nanofibre dendrites for energy storage devices, New Journal of Chemistry, 40, 9, pages 7456 - 7464.
    • Ramkumar, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), A biopolymer gel-decorated cobalt molybdatenanowafer: effective graft polymer cross-linkedwith an organic acid for better energy storage, New Journal of Chemistry, 40, 3, pages 2863 - 2877.
    • Barmi, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), Role of polymeric surfactant in the synthesis of cobalt molybdate nanospheres for hybrid capacitor applications, RSC Advances, 6, 42, pages 36152 - 36162.
    • Biswal, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Tripathy, B., (2016), Electrodeposition of Sea Urchin and Cauliflower-like Nickel-/Cobalt-Doped Manganese Dioxide Hierarchical Nanostructures with Improved Energy-Storage Behavior, ChemElectroChem, 3, 6, pages 976 - 985.
    • Biswal, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Tripathy, B., (2016), Probing the electrochemical properties of biopolymer modified EMD nanoflakes through electrodeposition for high performance alkaline batteries, Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, 45, 13, pages 5557 - 5567.
    • Tirupathi Rao, P., Shivakumara, S., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Munichandraiah, N., (2015), Porous Flower-like alpha-Fe2O3 Nanostructure: A High Performance Anode Material for Lithium-ion Batteries, Electrochimica Acta, 167, , pages 330 - 339.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Teeraphat, W., Chakraborty, S., Ahuja, R., Duraisamy, S., Tirupathi Rao, P., Munichandraiah, N., (2015), Synthesis, and crystal and electronic structure of sodium metal phosphate for use as a hybrid capacitor in non-aqueous electrolyte, Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, 44, 46, pages 20108 - 20120.
    • Delgado Aguilar, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Senanayake, G., Kim, D., (2015), Modified electrolytic manganese dioxide (MEMD) for oxygen generation in alkaline medium, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 19, 4, pages 1133 - 1142.
    • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Subbaiah, T., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Dual Effect of Anionic Surfactants in the electrodeposited MnO2 Trafficking Redox Ions for Energy Storage, Electrochemical Society. Journal, 162, 1, pages A30 - A38.
    • Delgado Aguilar, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., McGinnity, J., Kim, D., (2015), Co/Mo bimetallic addition to electrolytic manganese dioxide for oxygen generation in acid medium, Scientific Reports, 5, DOI: 10.1038/srep15208, pages 15208 -.
    • Singh, N., Verma, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), PEO nanocomposite polymer electrolyte for solid state symmetric capacitors, Bulletin of Materials Science, 38, 6, pages 1577 - 1588.
    • Baral, A., Dash, T., Ghosh, M., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Pathway of Sucrose Oxidation in Manganese (Pyrolusite) Nodule, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 54, 49, pages 12233 - 12241.
    • Ramkumar, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Fabrication of ultrathin CoMoO4 nanosheets modified with chitosan and their improved performance in energy storage device, Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions, 44, 13, pages 6158 - 6168.
    • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Sanjay, K., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD): a perspective on worldwide production, reserves and its role in electrochemistry, RSC Advances, 5, 72, pages 58255 - 58283.
    • Delgado Aguilar, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kim, D., (2015), Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Studies on Hydrogen Evolution from Porous Raney Cobalt in Alkaline Solution, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 10, 11, pages 9379 - 9394.
    • Senthilkumar, B., Kalai Selvan, R., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Synthesis and Characterization of Manganese Molybdate for Symmetric Capacitor Applications, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 10, 1, pages 185 - 193.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Shanmugasundaram, D., Tirupathi Rao, P., Kandhasamy, S., Munichandraiah, N., (2014), Multi-component Olivine for Lithium-Ion Hybrid Capacitor, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 9, 11, pages 5974 - 5992.
    • Verma, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, N., (2014), Structural and Electrochemical Properties of Nanocomposite Polymer Electrolyte for Electrochemical Devices, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53, 39, pages 14993 - 15001.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., Ionescu, M., Tripathy, B., Biswal, A., Subbaiah, T., (2014), Effect of Non-ionic Surfactants and Its Role in K Intercalation in Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions E - Materials for Energy Systems, 1, 3, pages 226 - 238.
    • Baskar, S., Kalai Selvan, R., Vasylechko, L., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2014), Synthesis, crystal structure and pseudocapacitor electrode properties of gamma-Bi2MoO6 nanoplates, Solid State Sciences, 35, , pages 18 - 27.
    • Verma, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, N., (2014), Synthesis and Characterization of Solid Polymer Electrolyte based on Activated Carbon for Solid State Capacitor, Electrochimica Acta, 137, , pages 497 - 503.
    • Baskar, S., Meyrick, D., Kalai Selvan, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2014), Facile and large scale combustion synthesis of alpha-CoMoO4: Mimics the redox behavior of a battery in aqueous hybrid device, Chemical Engineering Journal, 253, , pages 502 - 507.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Singh, P., Yin, C., (2014), New Insights into the Electrochemical Behavior of Hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) Microparticles in Strong Aqueous Basic Electrolyte: Formation of Metallic Iron, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 45A, 4, pages 2023 - 2029.
    • Kalidas, C., Nallathamby, K., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Oxalic Dihydrazide Assisten Novel Combustion Synthesized Li3V2(PO4)3 and LiVP2O7 Compounds for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries, ECS Transactions, 50, 24, pages 79 - 88.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., (2013), Reversible sodiation in maricite NaMn1/3Co1/3Ni1/3PO4 for renewable energy storage, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 555, , pages 10 - 15.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., Appadoo, D., (2013), Maricite (NaMn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3PO4)/Activated Carbon: Hybrid Capacitor, Energy & Fuels, 27, 6, pages 3516 - 3522.
    • Nallathamby, K., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Carbonate anion controlled growth of LiCoPO4/C nanorods and its improved electrochemical behavior, Electrochimica Acta, 101, , pages 18 - 26.
    • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Subbaiah, T., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Electrodeposition of manganese dioxide: effect of quaternary amines, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 17, 5, pages 1349 - 1356.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., (2013), Electrochemical energy storage device for securing future renewable energy, Electrochimica Acta, 101, , pages 66 - 70.
    • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Sanjay, K., Meyrick, D., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Influence of the microstructure and its stabilityon the electrochemical properties of EMD producedfrom a range of precursors, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 17, 12, pages 3191 - 3198.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., (2013), A Novel Sodium-Ion Rechargeable Battery, ECS Transactions, 45, 29, pages 95 - 102.
    • Senthilkumar, B., Vijaya Sankar, K., Kalai Selvan, R., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Nano alpha-NiMoO4 as a new electrode for electrochemical supercapacitors, RSC Advances, 3, 2, pages 352 - 357.
    • Kandhasamy, S., Nallathamby, K., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Role of structural defects in olivine cathodes, Progress in Solid State Chemistry, 40, 42767, pages 1 - 5.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Ralph, D., Appadoo, D., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2012), Structural characteristics of olivine Li(Mg0.5Ni0.5)PO4 via TEM analysis, Ionics: international journal of ionics, 18, 6, pages 583 - 590.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., Meyrick, D., (2012), Synthetic strategies for better battery performance through advances in materials and chemistry: Olivine LiMn1/3Co1/3Ni1/3PO4, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 544, , pages 62 - 66.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., (2012), Utilizing active multiple dopants (Co and Ni) in olivine LiMnPO4, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 16, 4, pages 163 - 167.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012), Success and serendipity on achieving high energy density for rechargeable batteries, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 16, 6, pages 2227 - 2233.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012), Synergistic effect of additives on electrochemical properties of MnO2 cathode in aqueous rechargeable batteries, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 16, 4, pages 1487 - 1492.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., (2012), Influence of sol-gel derived lithium cobalt phosphate in alkaline rechargeable battery, Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 64, 1, pages 47 - 53.
    • Kandhasamy, S., Pandey, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Polyvinylpyrrolidone assisted sol-gel route LiCo1/3Mn1/3Ni1/3PO4 composite cathode for aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 60, , pages 170 - 176.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Looking beyond lithium-ion technology - Aqueous NaOH battery, Materials Science and Engineering B: Advanced Functional Solid-state Materials, 177, 20, pages 1788 - 1792.
    • Kandhasamy, S., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Ionescu, M., Appadoo, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Olivine-type cathode for rechargeable batteries: Role of chelating agents, Electrochimica Acta, 82, , pages 302 - 308.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Sharma, N., Ralph, D., Appadoo, D., Nallathamby, K., (2011), Synthesis and Characterization of Li(Co0.5Ni0.5)PO4 Cathode for Li-Ion Aqueous Battery Applications, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 14, 6, pages A86 - A89.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011), Characterization of alkaline-earth oxide additions to the MnO2 cathode in an aqueous secondary battery, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 20, pages 5974 - 5980.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2011), Alkaline-earth oxide modified MnO2 cathode: Enhanced performance in an aqueous rechargeable battery, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50, 14, pages 8792 - 8795.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Appadoo, D., Martin, D., (2011), Synthesis and characterization of olivine LiNiPO4 for aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 56, 11, pages 4356 - 4360.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Sharma, N., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011), Lithium extraction-insertion from/into liCoPO4 in aqueous batteries, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50, 4, pages 1899 - 1905.
    • Yin, C., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Jiang, Z., Xie, Z., Guo, H., (2011), Hydrothermal synthesis of cubic alpha-Fe2O3 microparticles using glycine: Surface characterization, reaction mechanism and electrochemical activity, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 41, pages 9821 - 9825.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ionescu, M., (2010), Anodic behavior of zinc in Zn-MnO2 battery using ERDA technique, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 14, pages 7618 - 7622.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Appadoo, D., Martin, D., (2010), The Anodic Behavior of Planar and Porous Zinc Electrodes in Alkaline Electrolyte, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 13, 7, pages A77 - A80.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., (2010), Electrochemical characteristics of B4C or BN added MnO 2 cathode material for alkaline batteries, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 123, 2-3, pages 700 - 705.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2010), Sn- MnO2 Aqueous Rechargeable Battery, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 13, 9, pages A125 - A127.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., Thorogood, G., Issa, T., (2010), The effect of B4C addition to MnO2 in a cathode material for battery applications, Electrochimica Acta, 55, 3, pages 1028 - 1033.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2010), Lithium intercalation into amorphous FePO4 cathode in aqueous solutions, Electrochimica Acta, 55, 28, pages 9174 - 9178.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Pandey, A., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2010), Effect of TiS2 Additive on LiMnPO4 Cathode in Aqueous Solutions, Energy & Fuels, 24, 11, pages 6193 - 6197.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Thurgate, S., (2009), Surface analysis on discharged MnO2 cathodeusing XPS and SIMS techniques, Surface and Interface Analysis, 41, 1, pages 56 - 60.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., (2009), MnO2 cathode in an aqueous Li2SO4 solution for battery applications, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 39, 1, pages 1 - 5.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kalaiselvi, N., Mitchell, D., (2009), Electrochemical characterization of an aqueous lithium rechargeable battery: The effect of CeO2 additions to the MnO2 cathode, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 479, 1-2, pages 87 - 90.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Carter, M., Appadoo, D., Nallathamby, K., (2009), Microstructural and spectroscopic investigations into the effect of CeO2 additions on the performance of a MnO2 aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 54, 12, pages 3244 - 3249.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2009), Improved performance of Bi2O3-doped MnO2 cathode on rechargeability in LiOH aqueous cell, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 13, , pages 1209 - 1214.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Carter, M., Prince, K., (2008), The Zn-MnO2 battery: The influence of aqueous LiOH and KOH electrolytes on the intercalation mechanism, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 11, 8, pages A145 - A149.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., (2008), The influence of bismuth oxide doping on the rechargeability of aqueous cells using MnO2 cathode and LiOH electrolyte, Electrochimica Acta, 53, 22, pages 6323 - 6327.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Prince, K., (2008), Incorporation of TiB2 additive into MnO2 cathode and its influence on rechargeability in an aqueous battery system, Solid State Ionics, 179, 9-10, pages 355 - 361.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2008), Examining manganese dioxide electrode in KOH electrolyte using TEM technique, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 616, 1-2, pages 99 - 106.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Singh, P., (2007), TEM investigation of MnO2 cathode containing TiS2 and its influence in aqueous lithium secondary battery, Electrochimica Acta, 52, 9, pages 3294 - 3298.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Mitchell, D., Prince, K., (2007), A study of lithium insertion into MnO2 containing TiS2 additive a battery material in aqueous LiOH solution, Electrochimica Acta, 52, 24, pages 7007 - 7013.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Mitchell, D., (2007), Manganese Dioxide Cathode in the Presence of TiS2 additive as Additive on an Aqueous Lithium Secondary Cell, Electrochemical Society. Journal, 154, 2, pages 109 - 113.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Carter, M., (2007), Behavior of MnO2 containing TiB2 as a cathode in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte battery, Key Engineering Materials, 350, 1, pages 159 - 162.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of anatase TiO2 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 36, 5, pages 599 - 602.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Redox behavior and surface characterization of LiFePO4 in lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, 158, , pages 646 - 649.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of LiFePO4 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Key Engineering Materials, 320, 1, pages 271 - 274.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., De, M., (2006), Lithium insertion into manganese dioxide electrode in MnO2/Zn aqueous battery. Part III. Electrochemical behavior of gamma-MnO2 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, 153, 1, pages 165 - 169.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 aqueous solutions, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 9, 10, pages 471 - 474.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2004), Lithium insertion into manganese dioxide electrode in MnO2/Zn aqueous battery. Part II. Comparison of the behavior of EMD and battery grade MnO2 in Zn | [MnO2], Journal of Power Sources, 138, , pages 319 - 322.

    Conference

    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015),NANOCOMPOSITE SODIUM TRANSITION METAL PHOSPHATE PREPARED VIA COMBUSTION ROUTE FOR HYBRID CAPACITOR,In: The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society - 144th Annual Meeting.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012),High Energy Density Rechargeable Battery: Study of PolyvinylpyrrolidoneEncapsulated MnO2 Composite as Cathode Material,In: 45th Power Sources Conference,, Paper 22.5.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011),LiNiPO4 Aqueous Rechargeable Battery,In: 219th ECS Meeting.
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Mitchell, D., (2007),Behavior of MnO2 containing TiS2 as a cathode in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte battery,In: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) 136th Annual Meeting & Exhibition (2007).
    • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., (2006),TEM characterization of MnO2 cathode in an aqueous lithium secondary battery,In: 17th Australian Institute of Physics (AIP) National Congress (2006).

    Ms. Akanksha Pandey

    Mr. Sathiyaraj Kandhasamy

    Mr. Senthilkumar Baskar

    Dr. Ziyauddin Khan