Dr Manickam Minakshi
M. Sc., M. Phil., Ph.D

Senior Lecturer

About me

Dr. Minakshi is a Senior Lecturer within the School of SEIT. His main area of specialised expertise is in: Physical Chemistry, Materials Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Materials Engineering. To be specific, his current research interests are in energy storage materials.
Developing efficient and novel energy storage solutions to provide safe and reliable supply of electric power falls within the area of physical and chemical sciences. Mapping new materials for renewable energy storage is critical to our planet’s future. An innovative water-based battery with the potential to change the world of sustainable energy created at Murdoch University involves specialist knowledge in areas including physical, chemical, materials and renewable science engineering. The outcome of his current research team will have a fundamental understanding of the hypothesis involved in the structural and solid state electrochemistry.

Besides, his team also work in the following topics:
• Improved anode and cathode processes in the electro winning of base metals: The effect of additives on the properties and impurities in copper cathodes.
• Materials for hybrid supercapacitors and fuel cells.
• Catalyst for efficient water electrolysis and photo catalysis
Intercalation materials and its suitability for environmental remediation.

Research areas

Other relevant projects carried out by Dr. Minakshi et al are as follows:

(a) Modified electrodes / electrolyte bath for hydrogen / oxygen generation
Hydrogen plays an important role in the energy sector as a fuel for transportation. However, electrolytic hydrogen generation is energy intensive and the means to save energy have been widely studied. We focus in developing inexpensive alternative anode materials for oxygen generation in order to substitute expensive conventional anodes such as dimensionally stable anodes (DSA). The geometric and electronic factors of the starting “electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD) material”, Raney Nickel, and Raney Cobalt have been altered to enhance the electrochemical activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction. We are also working on modified Watts bath for Raney Ni electrode deposition while using porous electrodes and substituting expensive reagents with less costly ones. We have observed competitive over potentials for the hydrogen evolution reaction from porous deposited in modified Watts bath. The presence of certain dopants in the bath, lowers the efficiency of the electrode surface. Less efficiency means increasing the over potential for the hydrogen evolution reaction on Raney Ni based electrodes.

(b) Solid polymer electrolyte for energy storage devices
Aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes are widely used in electronic (battery like) devices but have numerous limitations such as volatility, flammability and leakage. Therefore, we have developed all solid state capacitor and used polymer electrodes and electrolyte as the host. Solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are emerging as a new class of technologically important materials suitable for energy storage devices. Our objective is to synthesize a novel polymer electrode incorporating high surface area of activated carbon (AC) and to evaluate its suitable proposition in the host polymer matrix (70PEO:30 AgI). PEO denotes polyethylene oxide that exhibiting excellent conductivity, ion transport number and activation energy a pre-requisite for solid state electrochemical devices The presence of activated carbon not only improves the conductivity of the matrix but also solving the transportation of ions into the active sites. The new conceptual idea of using activated carbon is due to its high surface area and amorphous in nature. An increase in amorphosity of the polymer matrix may result in higher ionic conductivity because it is widely agreed that the ionic conduction in the amorphous phase is much greater than that of the crystalline part.

(c) Electrodeposition of electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD): Role of anionic, cationic and non-anionic surfactants
Surfactants play a significant role in modifying the growth pattern of MnO2 through adsorption on its surface during electrodeposition. Adsorption of surfactants on the surface influences the kinetics of electron transfer through blocking of active sites, and also affects electrostatic interactions between electro active species in the electrolytic bath. Consequently, addition of organic surfactants to the electrolytic bath affects the morphology and mechanical properties of electrochemically deposited material, leading to altered electrochemical behaviour of materials. We have observed that addition of suitable amount of surfactants changed the deposited morphologies, reduced the MnO2 particle size, and increased its specific surface area as well as the electrochemical behaviour of the MnO2 samples. Eventually, by tailoring the suitable and appropriate amounts of surfactants, improved storage behaviour can be achieved both in battery or capacitor like devices.

(d) Mechanism of the incorporation of lead into copper cathodes
We are investigating the factors which contribute to the incorporation of lead into cathodes produced under conditions which simulate plant practice in the electrowinning of copper. Small scale (laboratory) test work has been shown that the main source of lead contamination is from particles of lead sulfate and lead dioxide produced by spalling of the corrosion layers on the lead alloy anodes. Lead dioxide particles are incorporated to a greater extent than lead sulfate. The extent of contamination was found to be very significantly reduced in the presence of chloride ions in the electrolyte while the presence of smoothing agents such as guar or galactosol results in smaller reductions in contamination. The use of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) has enabled the distribution of lead and sulphur in the cathodes to be quantitatively studied. Our results showed that lead is concentrated in the outer surface layers (within 50 mm of the surface) of the cathodes. A possible mechanism for this observation is underway.

Clean energy with a pinch of salt

New salt-based battery a leap for green energy

Water-based salt battery holds key to downtime green energy supply

Current projects

Mapping novel materials for securing future renewable energy supply

Wind, solar power storage breakthrough via using water based sodium battery technology

Rechargeable lithium batteries for next generation electric vehicles

A new cheap hybrid aqueous supercapacitor

Awards and grants

Dr. Minakshi has achieved the following milestones:
• Grant recipient of Australia – India Early Career Fellowship awarded by Australian Academy of Science (2012).
• Two Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF) Grant (2013 & 2014). CI (Minakshi et al)
• Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project grant 2010-2013: CI (Minakshi).
• ARC international reader (contracted since 2010).
• Center for Research into Energy for Sustainable Transport (CREST) grant 2011-2012: CI (Minakshi)
• Australia-India Council, a short-term co-operative project grant between Murdoch University and Central electrochemical research institute in India, 2010: CI (Minakshi).
• Obtained six medium size grants (around $25,000 p.a.) from AINSE “category 1 grant” (to utilise the facility at ANSTO) and the Australian Synchrotron (beam time plus travel and accommodation).
• Remunerated reviewer for Grants and Fellowships of the Fund for Scientific Research – FNRS, Belgium (since 2013).
• Filed patent (PCT Int. /WO 2011/044644) on aqueous battery technology at Murdoch University.
• Winner of Murdoch University Discoverer’s Grant round 1 (Apr 2010).
• Chairman of Organizing Committee, 10th International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) Spring Meeting.
• Guest Editor, special issue devoted to 10th ISE Spring Meeting, Electrochim. Acta (IF 4.07).
• Invited speaker at number of battery conferences.
• CASS (Contributing to Australian Scholarship and Science) Foundation travel grants on two occasions to deliver a talk at 5th Lithium Mobile Conference, Boston, MA, USA (2009) and 219th , 221st ECS Meeting, Montreal, Canada and Seattle, USA (2011 & 2012).
• Perth Convention Bureau professional development scholarship to deliver a talk at 60th ISE Annual Meeting, Beijing, China (2009).
• Work included in the research highlights of the AINSE 2008 Annual Report.
• Recent sodium battery work interviewed by ABC News (9 Aug 2012), COSMOS Magazine (14 Aug 2012), The Conversation (19 Sep 2012) and several other media reporters.
• Co-editor, Electrochemical Society Transactions (2012) – Papers (Session B1) devoted to the 222nd Electrochemical Society Meeting held in Hawaii (Oct. 2012).
• Contestant/ Applicant’s (Dr Minakshi) technology has received considerable media attention, including an interview by ABC News, a piece in COSMOS magazine and in The Conversation, along with several other media outlets.

Professional and community service

Dr. Minakshi was the Chair of the Organising Committee for the 10th International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) spring meeting that was held in Perth on 15-18, April 2012 (http://www.ise-online.org/annmeet/next_meetings.php). The organising committee consists of six members including Dr. Minakshi, Prof. Alan Bond (Monash), Justin Gooding (UNSW), Kwang-Bum Kim (Yonsei), Salvatore Daniele (Venice) and Elzbieta Frackowaik (Poznan). The theme of the meeting was on “New approaches to nanostructuring electrodes for electroanalysis and energy storage”. It’s the first time the ISE meeting had been held in Southern Hemisphere. Dr. Minakshi is the long standing member of the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE) and The Electrochemical Society (ECS). Dr. Minakshi was a session chair (for the session Li-Ion Batteries: Modelling, Performance, and Aqueous Batteries) at the 219th and 221st electrochemical society (ECS) meeting held in Montreal, QC, Canada, May 2011 and Seattle, WA, USA, May 2012 respectively.

Dr. Minakshi won the young faculty travel grant award, selected by the battery division, to attend both the 219th and 221st ECS meetings and also recently been awarded a best paper award for his invited platform presentation at the SAEST electrochemistry conference in India.

Dr. Minakshi has successfully completed an ECS (Electrochemical Society) short courses on the (a) Materials for Li-Ion Batteries: Structures, Performance, and Durability. This course was held on May 1, 2011 at Montreal, QC, Canada. Instructors for this course were Dr’s Quinn C. Horn (Exponent Inc. USA) and Yue Qi (General Motors, USA), and (b) Basic Impedance Spectroscopy by Mark E. Orazem. This was held on May 6, 2012 at Sheraton Seattle, WA, USA.

Dr. Minakshi is the guest editor for the special issue in Electrochimica Acta devoted to 10th Spring Meeting held in Perth.

Dr. Minakshi is co-organizing a battery symposium (B1) General Session at the 222nd ECS Meeting (PRiME 2012) in Honolulu, Hawaii, Oct 2012.

Doctoral and masters supervisions

Ms. Akanksha Pandey

Mr. Sathiyaraj Kandhasamy

Mr. Senthilkumar Baskar

Dr. Ziyauddin Khan

Publications

Books

  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2008),The Book Of Battery Material And Its Lithium Insertion Mechanism,VDM Verlag Dr. Mueller e.K..

Chapters

  • Delgado Aguilar, D., Hefter, G., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013),Hydrogen Generation,In: Alternative Energies, Springer, pages 141 to 162.

Journals

  • Baral, A., Das, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ghosh, M., Padhi, T., (2016), Probing Environmental Remediation of RhB Organic DyeUsing a-MnO2 under Visible- Light Irradiation: Structural,Photocatalytic and Mineralization Studies, ChemistrySelect, DOI: 10.1002/slct.201600867, 1, .
  • Biswal, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Tripathy, B., (2016), Probing the electrochemical properties of biopolymer modified EMD nanoflakes through electrodeposition for high performance alkaline batteries, Dalton Transactions: the international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry, 45, 13, pages 5557 - 5567.
  • Ramkumar, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), Electrochemical synthesis of polyaniline crosslinkedNiMoO4 nanofibre dendrites for energy storage devices, New Journal of Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/c6nj00521g, , pages -.
  • Ramkumar, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), A biopolymer gel-decorated cobalt molybdatenanowafer: effective graft polymer cross-linkedwith an organic acid for better energy storage, New Journal of Chemistry, 40, 3, pages 2863 - 2877.
  • Biswal, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Tripathy, B., (2016), Electrodeposition of Sea Urchin and Cauliflower-like Nickel-/Cobalt-Doped Manganese Dioxide Hierarchical Nanostructures with Improved Energy-Storage Behavior, ChemElectroChem, 3, 6, pages DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600071 - DOI: 10.1002/celc.201600071.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Biswal, A., Mitchell, D., Jones, R., Fernandez, C., (2016), Correlation among physical and electrochemicalbehaviour of nanostructured electrolyticmanganese dioxide from leach liquor andsynthetic for aqueous asymmetric capacitor, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18, 6, pages 4711 - 4720.
  • Barmi, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), Role of polymeric surfactant in the synthesis of cobalt molybdate nanospheres for hybrid capacitor applications, RSC Advances, 6, 42, pages 36152 - 36162.
  • Barmi, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2016), Tuning the Redox Properties of the Nanostructured CoMoO4 Electrode: Effects of Surfactant Content and Synthesis Temperature, ChemPlusChem, DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201600294, , pages -.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Jones, R., Alenazey, F., Teeraphat, W., Chakraborty, S., Ahuja, R., (2016), Synthesis, structural and electrochemicalproperties of sodium nickel phosphate for energystorage devices, Nanoscale, 8, , pages 11291 - 11305.
  • Baral, A., Dash, T., Ghosh, M., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Pathway of Sucrose Oxidation in Manganese (Pyrolusite) Nodule, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 54, , pages 12233 - 12241.
  • Delgado Aguilar, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kim, D., (2015), Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Studies on Hydrogen Evolution from Porous Raney Cobalt in Alkaline Solution, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 10, , pages 9379 - 9394.
  • Ramkumar, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Fabrication of ultrathin CoMoO4 nanosheets modified with chitosan and their improved performance in energy storage device, Dalton Transactions: the international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry, 44, 13, pages 6158 - 6168.
  • Delgado Aguilar, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Senanayake, G., Kim, D., (2015), Modified electrolytic manganese dioxide (MEMD) for oxygen generation in alkaline medium, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 19, 4, pages 1133 - 1142.
  • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Sanjay, K., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD): a perspective on worldwide production, reserves and its role in electrochemistry, RSC Advances, 5, , pages 58255 - 58283.
  • Senthilkumar, B., Kalai Selvan, R., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Synthesis and Characterization of Manganese Molybdate for Symmetric Capacitor Applications, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 10, 1, pages 185 - 193.
  • Singh, N., Verma, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), PEO nanocomposite polymer electrolyte for solid state symmetric capacitors, Bulletin of Materials Science, 38, 6, pages 1577 - 1588.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Teeraphat, W., Chakraborty, S., Ahuja, R., Duraisamy, S., Tirupathi Rao, P., Munichandraiah, N., (2015), Synthesis, and crystal and electronic structure ofsodium metal phosphate for use as a hybridcapacitor in non-aqueous electrolyte, Dalton Transactions: the international journal for inorganic, organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry, 44, 46, pages 20108 - 20120.
  • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Subbaiah, T., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015), Dual Effect of Anionic Surfactants in the electrodeposited MnO2 Trafficking Redox Ions for Energy Storage, Electrochemical Society. Journal, 162, 1, pages A30 - A38.
  • Delgado Aguilar, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., McGinnity, J., Kim, D., (2015), Co/Mo bimetallic addition to electrolytic manganese dioxide for oxygen generation in acid medium, Scientific Reports, 5, DOI: 10.1038/srep15208, pages 15208 -.
  • Tirupathi Rao, P., Shivakumara, S., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Munichandraiah, N., (2015), Porous Flower-like a-Fe2O3 Nanostructure: A High Performance Anode Material for Lithium-ion Batteries, Electrochimica Acta, 167, , pages 330 - 339.
  • Verma, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, N., (2014), Synthesis and Characterization of Solid Polymer Electrolyte based on Activated Carbon for Solid State Capacitor, Electrochimica Acta, 137, , pages 497 - 503.
  • Baskar, S., Meyrick, D., Kalai Selvan, R., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2014), Facile and large scale combustion synthesis of -CoMoO4: Mimics the redox behavior of a battery in aqueous hybrid device, Chemical Engineering Journal, 253, , pages 502 - 507.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Singh, P., Yin, C., (2014), New Insights into the Electrochemical Behavior of Hematite (a-Fe2O3) Microparticles in Strong Aqueous Basic Electrolyte: Formation of Metallic Iron, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 45A, , pages 2023 - 2029.
  • Baskar, S., Kalai Selvan, R., Vasylechko, L., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2014), Synthesis, crystal structure and pseudocapacitor electrode properties of g-Bi2MoO6 nanoplates, Solid State Sciences, 35, , pages 18 - 27.
  • Verma, M., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, N., (2014), Structural and Electrochemical Properties of Nanocomposite Polymer Electrolyte for Electrochemical Devices, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53, 39, pages 14993 - 15001.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Shanmugasundaram, D., Tirupathi Rao, P., Kandhasamy, S., Munichandraiah, N., (2014), Multi-component Olivine for Lithium-Ion Hybrid Capacitor, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 9, 11, pages 5974 - 5992.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., Ionescu, M., Tripathy, B., Biswal, A., Subbaiah, T., (2014), Effect of Non-ionic Surfactants and Its Role in K Intercalation in Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions E - Materials for Energy Systems, 1, 3, pages 226 - 238.
  • Nallathamby, K., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Carbonate anion controlled growth of LiCoPO4/C nanorods and its improved electrochemical behavior, Electrochimica Acta, 101, , pages 18 - 26.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., (2013), Reversible sodiation in maricite NaMnCoNi PO for renewable energy storage1/31/31/34, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 555, , pages 10 - 15.
  • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Subbaiah, T., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Electrodeposition of manganese dioxide: effect of quaternary amines, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 17, , pages 1349 - 1356.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., Appadoo, D., (2013), Maricite (NaMn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3PO4)/Activated Carbon: Hybrid Capacitor, Energy & Fuels, 27, , pages 3516 - 3522.
  • Senthilkumar, B., Vijaya Sankar, K., Kalai Selvan, R., Meyrick, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Nano -NiMoO4 as a new electrode for electrochemical supercapacitors, RSC Advances, 3, 2, pages 352 - 357.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., (2013), A Novel Sodium-Ion Rechargeable Battery, ECS Transactions, 45, 29, pages 95 - 102.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Meyrick, D., (2013), Electrochemical energy storage device for securing future renewable energy, Electrochimica Acta, 101, , pages 66 - 70.
  • Biswal, A., Tripathy, B., Sanjay, K., Meyrick, D., Subbaiah, T., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2013), Influence of the microstructure and its stabilityon the electrochemical properties of EMD producedfrom a range of precursors, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 17, , pages 3191 - 3198.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Ralph, D., Appadoo, D., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2012), Structural characteristics of olivine Li(Mg0.5Ni0.5)PO4 via TEM analysis, Ionics: international journal of ionics, 18, 6, pages 583 - 590.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012), Synergistic effect of additives on electrochemical properties of MnO2 cathode in aqueous rechargeable batteries, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 16, 4, pages 1487 - 1492.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., (2012), Utilizing active multiple dopants (Co and Ni) in olivine LiMnPO4, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 16, 4, pages 163 - 167.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., Meyrick, D., (2012), Synthetic strategies for better battery performance through advances in materials and chemistry: Olivine LiMn1/3Co1/3Ni1/3PO4, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 544, , pages 62 - 66.
  • Kandhasamy, S., Pandey, A., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Polyvinylpyrrolidone assisted sol-gel route LiCo1/3Mn1/3Ni1/3PO4 composite cathode for aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 60, , pages 170 - 176.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012), Success and serendipity on achieving high energy density for rechargeable batteries, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 16, 6, pages 2227 - 2233.
  • Kandhasamy, S., Nallathamby, K., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Role of structural defects in olivine cathodes, Progress in Solid State Chemistry, 40, 1-2, pages 1 - 5.
  • Kandhasamy, S., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Ionescu, M., Appadoo, D., Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2012), Olivine-type cathode for rechargeable batteries: Role of chelating agents, Electrochimica Acta, 82, , pages 302 - 308.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kandhasamy, S., (2012), Influence of sol-gel derived lithium cobalt phosphate in alkaline rechargeable battery, Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 64, 1, pages 47 - 53.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011), Characterization of alkaline-earth oxide additions to the MnO2 cathode in an aqueous secondary battery, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 20, pages 5974 - 5980.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Sharma, N., Ralph, D., Appadoo, D., Nallathamby, K., (2011), Synthesis and characterization of Li(Co0.5Ni0.5) PO4 cathode for li-ion aqueous battery applications, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 14, 6, pages A86 - A89.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2011), Alkaline-earth oxide modified MnO2 cathode: Enhanced performance in an aqueous rechargeable battery, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50, 14, pages 8792 - 8795.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Sharma, N., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011), Lithium extraction-insertion from/into liCoPO4 in aqueous batteries, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50, 4, pages 1899 - 1905.
  • Yin, C., Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Jiang, Z., Xie, Z., Guo, H., (2011), Hydrothermal synthesis of cubic -Fe2O3 microparticles using glycine: Surface characterization, reaction mechanism and electrochemical activity, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 41, pages 9821 - 9825.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Appadoo, D., Martin, D., (2011), Synthesis and characterization of olivine LiNiPO4 for aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 56, 11, pages 4356 - 4360.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2010), Lithium intercalation into amorphous FePO4 cathode in aqueous solutions, Electrochimica Acta, 55, 28, pages 9174 - 9178.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ionescu, M., (2010), Anodic behavior of zinc in Zn-MnO2 battery using ERDA technique, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 14, pages 7618 - 7622.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Pandey, A., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2010), Effect of TiS2 Additive on LiMnPO4 Cathode in Aqueous Solutions, Energy & Fuels, 24, 11, pages 6193 - 6197.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Appadoo, D., Martin, D., (2010), The Anodic Behavior of Planar and Porous Zinc Electrodes in Alkaline Electrolyte, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 13, 7, pages A77 - A80.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., Thorogood, G., Issa, T., (2010), The effect of B4C addition to MnO2 in a cathode material for battery applications, Electrochimica Acta, 55, 3, pages 1028 - 1033.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Blackford, M., (2010), Electrochemical characteristics of B4C or BN added MnO 2 cathode material for alkaline batteries, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 123, 2-3, pages 700 - 705.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2010), Sn- MnO2 Aqueous Rechargeable Battery, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 13, 9, pages A125 - A127.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2009), Improved performance of Bi2O3-doped MnO2 cathode on rechargeability in LiOH aqueous cell, Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry: current research and development in science and technology, 13, , pages 1209 - 1214.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Kalaiselvi, N., Mitchell, D., (2009), Electrochemical characterization of an aqueous lithium rechargeable battery: The effect of CeO2 additions to the MnO2 cathode, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 479, 1-2, pages 87 - 90.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., (2009), MnO2 cathode in an aqueous Li2SO4 solution for battery applications, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 39, 1, pages 1 - 5.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Carter, M., Appadoo, D., Nallathamby, K., (2009), Microstructural and spectroscopic investigations into the effect of CeO2 additions on the performance of a MnO2 aqueous rechargeable battery, Electrochimica Acta, 54, 12, pages 3244 - 3249.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Thurgate, S., (2009), Surface analysis on discharged MnO2 cathodeusing XPS and SIMS techniques, Surface and Interface Analysis, 41, 1, pages 56 - 60.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2008), Examining manganese dioxide electrode in KOH electrolyte using TEM technique, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 616, 1-2, pages 99 - 106.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., (2008), The influence of bismuth oxide doping on the rechargeability of aqueous cells using MnO2 cathode and LiOH electrolyte, Electrochimica Acta, 53, 22, pages 6323 - 6327.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Carter, M., Prince, K., (2008), The Zn-MnO2 battery: The influence of aqueous LiOH and KOH electrolytes on the intercalation mechanism, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 11, 8, pages A145 - A149.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Prince, K., (2008), Incorporation of TiB2 additive into MnO2 cathode and its influence on rechargeability in an aqueous battery system, Solid State Ionics, 179, 9-10, pages 355 - 361.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Mitchell, D., Prince, K., (2007), A study of lithium insertion into MnO2 containing TiS2 additive a battery material in aqueous LiOH solution, Electrochimica Acta, 52, 24, pages 7007 - 7013.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Carter, M., (2007), Behavior of MnO2 containing TiB2 as a cathode in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte battery, Key Engineering Materials, 350, 1, pages 159 - 162.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Singh, P., (2007), TEM investigation of MnO2 cathode containing TiS2 and its influence in aqueous lithium secondary battery, Electrochimica Acta, 52, 9, pages 3294 - 3298.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Mitchell, D., (2007), Manganese Dioxide Cathode in the Presence of TiS2 additive as Additive on an Aqueous Lithium Secondary Cell, Electrochemical Society. Journal, 154, 2, pages 109 - 113.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of anatase TiO2 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 36, 5, pages 599 - 602.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Redox behavior and surface characterization of LiFePO4 in lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, 158, , pages 646 - 649.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., De, M., (2006), Lithium insertion into manganese dioxide electrode in MnO2/Zn aqueous battery. Part III. Electrochemical behavior of gamma-MnO2 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Journal of Power Sources, 153, 1, pages 165 - 169.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Issa, T., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of LiFePO4 in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte, Key Engineering Materials, 320, 1, pages 271 - 274.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., Prince, K., (2006), Electrochemical behavior of Olivine-type LiMnPO4 aqueous solutions, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 9, 10, pages 471 - 474.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2004), Lithium insertion into manganese dioxide electrode in MnO2/Zn aqueous battery. Part II. Comparison of the behavior of EMD and battery grade MnO2 in Zn | [MnO2], Journal of Power Sources, 138, , pages 319 - 322.

Conference

  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., (2015),NANOCOMPOSITE SODIUM TRANSITION METAL PHOSPHATE PREPARED VIA COMBUSTION ROUTE FOR HYBRID CAPACITOR,In: The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society - 144th Annual Meeting.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., (2012),High Energy Density Rechargeable Battery: Study of PolyvinylpyrrolidoneEncapsulated MnO2 Composite as Cathode Material,In: 45th Power Sources Conference,, Paper 22.5.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Ralph, D., Blackford, M., Ionescu, M., (2011),LiNiPO4 Aqueous Rechargeable Battery,In: 219th ECS Meeting.
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Singh, P., Mitchell, D., (2007),Behavior of MnO2 containing TiS2 as a cathode in aqueous lithium hydroxide electrolyte battery,In: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) 136th Annual Meeting & Exhibition (2007).
  • Minakshi Sundaram, M., Mitchell, D., Singh, P., Thurgate, S., (2006),TEM characterization of MnO2 cathode in an aqueous lithium secondary battery,In: 17th Australian Institute of Physics (AIP) National Congress (2006).

Ms. Akanksha Pandey

Mr. Sathiyaraj Kandhasamy

Mr. Senthilkumar Baskar

Dr. Ziyauddin Khan