Professor Peter Irwin
BVetMed, PhD (James Cook), FANZCVS, MRCVS

Principal, College of Veterinary Medicine

About me

I was appointed Principal of the College of Veterinary Medicine in August 2014. Originally I was a graduate of the Royal Veterinary College, London University (1982) and completed my PhD at James Cook University. I joined Murdoch University in 1998 as a Senior Lecturer in Small Animal Medicine, after an academic position at the Vet School at Universiti Putra Malaysia (in Kuala Lumpur) and completing a residency and registrar appointment at the Veterinary Clinical Centre, University of Melbourne.  I’m a combination of veterinary clinician (and registered as a specialist in canine medicine) and veterinary parasitologist – most of my teaching and clinical service has been in companion animal science and all of my research in to do with vector-borne diseases.

In my role as Principal I am responsible for the professional, ethical, and academic affairs of the College of Veterinary Medicine.  Additionally I am currently Program Chair of the postgraduate coursework program in Small Animal Practice (Masters) and I co-supervise clinical residencies and research degrees.  My clinical interests include infectious and parasitic diseases of dogs and cats and my research is predominantly concerned with vector-borne diseases of animals and people.

Teaching area

Since taking the role of Principal the amount of time available for teaching in Small Animal Medicine has reduced. The subjects I teach currently include medical neurology and the diagnosis and treatment of canine and feline infectious and parasitic diseases. In the past I have lectured in gastroenterology, cardiology, endocrinology, urinary tract medicine and immunological diseases.  I teach into clinical rotations (VET585), I coordinate VET622 (Case Reports), VET629 (Infectious and Parasitic Diseases) and VET609 (Medicine 1), units in the postgraduate coursework program.

Research areas

Since participating in an undergraduate research team studying East Coast Fever in Kenya in 1980, I have always had an interest in vector-borne diseases.  For my PhD I studied canine babesiosis, a blood-borne,  tick-vectored parasitic disease of dogs, and my subsequent research has included the study of vector-borne diseases in companion animals (mainly dogs) and wildlife. I am currently co-director of the Vector- and Water-borne Pathogen Research Group (with Professor Una Ryan) and coordinate research into the microbiome of Australian ticks.

Current projects

We are currently researching the bacterial and protozoal microbiome of Australian ticks,  the phylogeny of piroplasms (blood protozoa), and tick taxonomy.

Awards and grants

Peter was awarded the ASAVA Distinguished Scientific Contribution award in 2005.

Events and speaking engagements

Peter regularly speaks at national and international conferences on his research programs.

Doctoral and masters supervisions

HDR Students recently supervised or co-supervised:

  • Gunn Kaewmongkol  – PhD – Detection and characterization of Bartonella species in Western Australia (awarded 2012)
  • Puteri Azaziah Megat Abd Rani – PhD (University of Queensland) – The epidemiology of canine vector-borne diseases in India (completed 2012)
  • Ryan Jefferies – PhD – Emerging canine tick-borne diseases in Australia and phylogenetic studies of the canine Piroplasmida (awarded 2006)

Residency (Research Masters with Training) Students recently supervised or co-supervised in Small Animal Medicine:

  • Amanda Paul
  • Mellora Sharman
  • Sonia McGill
  • Nicholas Russell

Publications

Chapters

  • Irwin, P., (2016),Babesiosis and Cytauxzoonosis,In: Arthropod-borne infectious diseases of the dog and cat, CRC Press, pages 77 to 95.
  • Irwin, P., Acke, E., (2013),Panorama of vector borne diseases of pets in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands,In: Guide to vector borne diseases of pets, Merial, pages 109 to 123.
  • Irwin, P., (2005),Babesiosis and cytauxzoonosis,In: Arthropod-borne diseases of the dog and cat, Manson Publishing/The Veterinary Press, pages 63 to 77.

Journals

  • Dybing, N., Jacobson, C., Irwin, P., Algar, D., Adams, P., (2017), Leptospira Species in Feral Cats and Black Rats from Western Australia and Christmas Island, Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 17, 5, pages 319 - 324.
  • Irwin, P., Robertson, I., Westman, M., Perkins, M., STRAUBINGER, R., (2017), Searching for Lyme borreliosis in Australia: Results of a canine sentinel study, Advances in Applied Probability, 10, , pages 114 -.
  • Duarte Barbosa, A., Gofton, A., Paparini, A., Codello, A., Greay, T., Gillett, A., Warren, K., Irwin, P., Ryan, U., (2017), Increased genetic diversity and prevalence of co-infection with Trypanosoma spp. in koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) and their ticks identified using next-generation sequencing (NGS), PLoS One, 12, 7, pages 1 - 20.
  • Greay, T., Oskam, C., Gofton, A., Rees, R., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2016), A survey of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of companion animals in Australia, Parasites & Vectors, 9.207, , pages 1 - 10.
  • Dybing, N., Jacobson, C., Irwin, P., Algar, D., Adams, P., (2016), Bartonella Species Identified in Rodent and Feline Hosts from Island and Mainland Western Australia, Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 16, 4, pages 238 - 244.
  • Tong, L., Hosgood, G., Irwin, P., French, A., Shiel, R., (2016), Platelet function and activation in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels with subclinical chronic valvular heart disease, American Journal of Veterinary Research, 77, 8, pages 860 - 868.
  • Loh, S., Gofton, A., Lo, N., Gillett, A., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Oskam, C., (2016), Novel Borrelia species detected in echidna ticks, Bothriocroton concolor, in Australia, Parasites & Vectors, 9:339, 1, pages 1 - 7.
  • Dybing, N., Jacobson, C., Irwin, P., Algar, D., Adams, P., (2016), Ghosts of Christmas past?: absence of trypanosomes in feral cats and black rats from Christmas Island and Western Australia, Parasitology Open, 2, e4, pages 1 - 5.
  • Duarte Barbosa, A., Mackie, J., Stenner, R., Gillett, A., Irwin, P., Ryan, U., (2016), Trypanosoma teixeirae: A new species belonging to the T. cruzi clade causing trypanosomosis in an Australian little red flying fox (Pteropus scapulatus), Veterinary Parasitology, 223, , pages 214 - 221.
  • Duarte Barbosa, A., Austen, J., Gillett, A., Warren, K., Paparini, A., Irwin, P., Ryan, U., (2016), First report of Trypanosoma vegrandis in koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus), Parasitology International, 65, 4, pages 316 - 318.
  • Austen, J., Reid, S., Robinson, D., Friend, J., Ditcham, W., Irwin, P., Ryan, U., (2015), Investigation of the morphological diversity of the potentially zoonotic Trypanosoma copemani in quokkas and Gilberts potoroos, Parasitology (Cambridge), 142, 11, pages 1443 - 1452.
  • Brown, A., Shiel, R., Irwin, P., (2015), Clinical, haematological, cytokine and acute phase protein changes during experimental Babesia gibsoni infection of beagle puppies, Experimental Parasitology, 157, , pages 185 - 196.
  • Lee, G., Ignace, J., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., (2015), Canine vector borne infections in Mauritius, Parasites & Vectors, 8, 1, pages 174 - 180.
  • Gofton, A., Oskam, C., Lo, N., Beninati, T., Wei, H., McCarl, V., Murray, D., Paparini, A., Greay, T., Holmes, A., Bunce, M., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2015), Inhibition of the endosymbiont "Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii" during 16S rRNA gene profiling reveals potential pathogens in Ixodes ticks from Australia, Parasites & Vectors, 8, 1, pages 345 -.
  • Gofton, A., Doggett, S., Ratchford, A., Oskam, C., Paparini, A., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2015), Bacterial profiling reveals novel "Ca. Neoehrlichia", Ehrlichia, and Anaplasma species in Australian human-biting ticks, PLoS One, 10, , pages 1 - 16.
  • Traub, R., Irwin, P., Dantas-Torres, F., Tort, G., Labarthe, N., Inpankaew, T., Gatne, M., Linh, B., Schwan, V., Watanabe, M., Siebert, S., Mencke, N., Schaper, R., (2015), Toward the formation of a Companion Animal Parasite Council for the Tropics (CAPCT), Parasites & Vectors, 8, 271, pages 1 - 5.
  • Paparini, A., Macgregor, J., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2015), First Molecular Characterization of Theileria ornithorhynchi Mackerras, 1959: yet Another Challenge to the Systematics of the Piroplasms, Protist, 166, 6, pages 609 - 620.
  • Miro, G., Checa, R., Paparini, A., Ortega, N., González-Fraga, J., Gofton, A., Bartolomé, A., Montoya, A., Gálvez, R., Mayo, P., Irwin, P., (2015), Theileria annae (syn. Babesia microti-like) infection in dogs in NW Spain detected using direct and indirect diagnostic techniques: clinical report of 75 cases, Parasites & Vectors, 8, 1, pages 1 - 11.
  • Irwin, P., (2014), It shouldn't happen to a dog ... or a veterinarian: clinical paradigms for canine vector-borne diseases, Trends in Parasitology, 30, 2, pages 104 - 112.
  • Fawcett, A., Irwin, P., (2014), Diagnosis and treatment of generalised tetanus in dogs, In Practice (London), 36, , pages 482 - 493.
  • Paparini, A., McInnes, L., Di Placido, D., Mackereth, G., Tompkins, D., Clough, R., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2014), Piroplasms of New Zealand seabirds, Parasitology Research, 113, 12, pages 4407 - 4414.
  • Fawcett, A., Irwin, P., (2014), Review of treatment of generalised tetanus in dogs, Australian Veterinary Practitioner, 44, 1, pages 574 - 578.
  • Nicholls, P., Allen, G., Irwin, P., (2014), Streptomyces cyaneus dermatitis in a dog, Australian Veterinary Journal, 92, 1-2, pages 38 - 40.
  • Paparini, A., Senanayake, S., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2014), Molecular confirmation of the first autochthonous case of human babesiosis in Australia using a novel primer set for the beta-tubulin gene, Experimental Parasitology, 141, , pages 93 - 97.
  • Cleare, E., Mills, J., Irwin, P., (2014), Remaining vigilant for the exotic: cases of imported canine leishmaniosis in Australia 2000-2011, Australian Veterinary Journal, 92, 4, pages 119 - 127.
  • Paparini, A., Macgregor, J., Irwin, P., Warren, K., Ryan, U., (2014), Novel genotypes of Trypanosoma binneyi from wild platypuses (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) and identification of a leech as a potential vector., Experimental Parasitology, 145, 1, pages 42 - 50.
  • Rong, J., Bunce, M., Wayne, A., Pancini, C., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2012), A high prevalence of Theileria penicillata in woylies (Bettongia penicillata), Experimental Parasitology, 131, 2, pages 157 - 161.
  • Senanayake, S., Paparini, A., Latimer, M., Andriolo, K., Dasilva, A., WIlson, H., Xayavong, M., Collignon, P., Jeans, P., Irwin, P., (2012), First report of human babesiosis in Australia, Medical Journal of Australia, 196, 5, pages 350 - 353.
  • Paparini, A., Ryan, U., Warren, K., McInnes, L., De Tores, P., Irwin, P., (2012), Identification of novel Babesia and Theileria genotypes in the endangered marsupials, the woylie (Bettongia penicillata ogilbyi) and boodie (Bettongia lesueur), Experimental Parasitology, 131, 1, pages 25 - 30.
  • Kaewmongkol, G., Kaewmongkol, S., Burmej, H., Bennett, M., Fleming, P., Adams, P., Wayne, A., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Fenwick, S., (2011), Diversity of Bartonella species detected in arthropod vectors from animals in Australia, Comparative Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 34, 5, pages 411 - 417.
  • Kaewmongkol, G., Kaewmongkol, S., McInnes, L., Burmej, H., Bennett, M., Adams, P., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Fenwick, S., (2011), Genetic characterization of flea-derived Bartonella species from native animals in Australia suggests host-parasite co-evolution, Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 11, 8, pages 1868 - 1872.
  • Abd Rani, P., Coleman, G., Irwin, P., Traub, R., (2011), Hippobosca longipennis - A potential intermediate host of a species of Acanthocheilonema in dogs in northern India, Parasites & Vectors, 4, 1, pages -.
  • Paparini, A., Irwin, P., Warren, K., McInnes, L., de Tores, P., Ryan, U., (2011), Identification of novel trypanosome genotypes in native Australian marsupials, Veterinary Parasitology, 183, 1-2, pages 21 - 30.
  • Kaewmongkol, G., Kaemongkol, S., Owen, H., Fleming, P., Adams, P., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Fenwick, S., (2011), Candidatus Bartonella antechini: A novel Bartonella species detected in fleas and ticks from the yellow-footed antechinus (Antechinus flavipes), an Australian marsupial, Veterinary Microbiology, 149, 3-4, pages 517 - 521.
  • Kaewmongkol, G., Kaewmongkol, S., Fleming, P., Adams, P., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Fenwick, S., (2011), Zoonotic bartonella species in fleas and blood from red foxes in australia, Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 11, 12, pages 1549 - 1553.
  • Abd Rani, P., Irwin, P., Coleman, G., Gatne, M., Traub, R., (2011), A survey of canine tick-borne diseases in India, Parasites & Vectors, 4, 1, pages -.
  • Megat Abd Rani, P., Irwin, P., Gatne, M., Coleman, G., McInnes, L., Traub, R., (2010), A survey of canine filarial diseases of veterinary and public health significance in India, Parasites & Vectors, 3, 1, pages -.
  • Megat Abd Rani, P., Irwin, P., Gatne, M., Coleman, G., Trajub, R., (2010), Canine vector-borne diseases in India: A review of the literature and identification of existing knowledge gaps, Parasites & Vectors, 3, 1, pages -.
  • Lim, S., Irwin, P., Lee, S., Oh, M., Ahn, K., Myung, B., Shin, S., (2010), Comparison of selected canine vector-borne diseases between urban animal shelter and rural hunting dogs in Korea, Parasites & Vectors, 3, 1, pages -.
  • Irwin, P., (2010), Canine Babesiosis, Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 40, 6, pages 1141 - 1156.
  • McGill, S., Lenard, Z., See, A., Irwin, P., (2009), Nonsurgical Treatment of Gastroesophageal Intussusception in a Puppy, American Animal Hospital Association. Journal (Online), 45, 4, pages 185 - 190.
  • Lee, J., Ryan, U., Jefferies, R., McInnes, L., Forshaw, D., Friend, J., Irwin, P., (2009), Theileria gilberti sp. N (Apicomplexa: Theileriidae) in the Gilbert's Potoroo (Potorous gilbertii), Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 56, 3, pages 290 - 295.
  • Irwin, P., (2009), Canine babesiosis: From molecular taxonomy to control, Parasites & Vectors, 2, SUPPL.1, pages 1 - 9.
  • McGill, S., Malik, R., Beetson, S., Secombe, C., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., (2009), Cryptococcosis in domestic animals in Western Australia: a retrospective study from 1995-2006., Medical mycology: official publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology, 47, 6, pages 625 - 639.
  • Russell, N., Irwin, P., Tyrell, D., Beck, C., (2008), Pneumatosis coli in a dog, American Animal Hospital Association. Journal (Online), 44, , pages 32 - 35.
  • Ramsey, I., Richardson, J., Lenard, Z., Tebb, A., Irwin, P., (2008), Persistent isolated hypocortisolism following brief treatment with trilostane, Australian Veterinary Journal, 86, , pages 491 - 495.
  • Davies, D., Foster, S., Hopper, B., Staudte, K., O'Hara, A., Irwin, P., (2008), Hypokalaemic paresis, hypertension, alkalosis and adrenal-dependent hyperadrenocorticism in a dog, Australian Veterinary Journal, 86, , pages 139 - 146.
  • Russell, N., Irwin, P., Hopper, B., Nicholls, P., (2008), Acute Necrotising Pulmonary Vasculitis and Pulmonary Hypertension in a Juvenile Dog: Case report and review, Journal of Small Animal Practice, 49, , pages 349 - 355.
  • Jefferies, R., Down, J., McInnes, L., Ryan, U., Robertson, H., Jakob-Hoff, R., Irwin, P., (2008), Molecular characterization of Babesia kiwiensis from the Brown Kiwi (Apteryx mantelli)., The Journal of Parasitology, 94, , pages 557 - 560.
  • Criado-Fornelio, A., Rey-Valerion, C., Buling, A., Barba-Carretero, J., Jefferies, R., Irwin, P., (2007), New advances in molecular epizootiology of canine hematic protozoa from Venezuela, Thailand and Spain, Veterinary Parasitology, 144, , pages 261 - 269.
  • Russell, N., Foster, S., Clark, P., Robertson, I., Lewis, D., Irwin, P., (2007), Comparison of radioimmunoassay and chemiluminescent assay methods to estimate canine blood cortisol concentrations, Australian Veterinary Journal, 85, , pages 487 - 494.
  • Tebb, A., Johnson, V., Irwin, P., (2007), Angiostrongylus vasorum ("French heartworm") in an imported dog, Australian Veterinary Journal, 85, , pages 23 - 28.
  • Jefferies, R., Ryan, U., Jardine, J., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., (2007), Babesia gibsoni: Detection during experimental infections and after combined atovaquone and azithromycin therapy, Experimental Parasitology, 117, , pages 115 - 123.
  • Jefferies, R., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2007), PCR-RFLP for the detection and differentiation of the canine piroplasm species and its use with filter-based technologies, Veterinary Parasitology, 144, , pages 20 - 27.
  • Jefferies, R., Ryan, U., Jardine, J., Broughton, D., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., (2007), Blood, bull terriers and babesiosis: further evidence for direct transmission of Babesia gibsoni in dogs, Australian Veterinary Journal, 85, , pages 459 - 463.
  • Mills, J., Irwin, P., Baguley, J., Meehan, M., Austin, H., Fitzpatrick, L., Parry, B., Health, T., (2006), development of veterinary communication skills at murdoch university and other australian veterinary schools, Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 33, 1, pages 93 - 99.
  • Russell, N., Bond, K., Robertson, I., Parry, B., Irwin, P., (2006), Primary hypoparathyroidism in dogs: a retrospective study of 17 cases, Australian Veterinary Journal, 84, , pages 285 - 290.
  • Criado, A., Buling, A., Barba, J., Merino, S., Jefferies, R., Irwin, P., (2006), New data on epizootiology and genetics of piroplasms based on sequesnces of small ribosomal subunit and cytochrome b genes, Veterinary Parasitology, 142, 3-Apr, pages 238 - 247.
  • McInnes, L., Irwin, P., Palmer, D., Ryan, U., (2006), In vitro Isolation and Characterisation of the First Canine Neospora caninum isolate in Australia, Veterinary Parasitology, 137, , pages 355 - 363.
  • Traub, R., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., Mencke, N., Thompson, R., (2005), Canine gastrointestinal parasitic zoonoses in India, Trends in Parasitology, 21, , pages 42 - 48.
  • Davies, D., O'Hara, A., Irwin, P., Guilford, G., (2004), Successful management of histiocytic ulcerative colitis with enrofloxacin in two Boxer dogs, Australian Veterinary Journal, 82, , pages 58 - 61.
  • Hopper, B., Lester, N., Irwin, P., Eger, C., Richardson, J., (2004), Imaging Diagnosis: Pneumothorax and focal peritonitis in a dog due to migration of inhaled grass awn, Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 45, , pages 136 - 138.
  • Davies, D., Wyatt, K., Jardine, J., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., (2004), Vinblastine and prednisolone adjuvant chemotherapy for canine cutaneous mast cell tumors, American Animal Hospital Association. Journal (Online), 40, , pages 124 - 130.
  • Traub, R., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., Mencke, N., Thompson, R., (2004), Application of a species-specific PCR-RFLP to identify Ancylostoma eggs directly from canine faeces, Veterinary Parasitology, 123, , pages 245 - 255.
  • Traub, R., Monis, P., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., Mencke, N., Thompson, R., (2004), Epidemiological and molecular evidence supports the zoonotic transmission of Giardia among humans and dogs living in the same community, Parasitology (Cambridge), 128, , pages 253 - 262.
  • Traub, R., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., Mencke, N., Thompson, R., (2004), The prevalence, intensities and risk factors associated with geohelminth infection in tea-growing communities of Assam, India, Tropical Medicine & International Health, 9, , pages 688 - 701.
  • Hopper, B., Richardson, J., Irwin, P., (2004), Pulmonic stenosis in two cats, Australian Veterinary Journal, 82, , pages 143 - 148.
  • Irwin, P., Jefferies, R., (2004), Arthropod-transmitted diseases of companion animals in Southeast Asia, Trends in Parasitology, 20, , pages 27 - 34.
  • Jefferies, R., Ryan, U., Macnish, M., Muhlnickel, C., Irwin, P., (2003), Two species of canine Babesia in Australia: Detection and characterisation by PCR, The Journal of Parasitology, 89, 2, pages 409 - 412.
  • Pelham, J., Irwin, P., Kay, P., (2003), Genomic hypomethylation in neoplastic cells from dogs with malignent lymphoproliferative disorders, Research in Veterinary Science, 74, 1, pages 101 - 104.
  • Davis, H., Irwin, P., Richardson, M., O'Brien-Malone, A., (2003), When a pet dies: Religious issues, euthanasia and strategies for coping with bereavement, Anthrozoos, 16 (1), , pages 57 - 74.
  • Traub, R., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., Mencke, N., Monis, P., Thompson, R., (2003), Humans, Dogs and Parasitic Zoonoses-Unravelling the Relationships in a Remote Endemic Community in Northeast India using Molecular Tools, Parasitology Research, 90, , pages 156 - 157.
  • Davies, D., Irwin, P., (2003), Degenerative neurological and neuromuscular disease in young Rottweilers, Journal of Small Animal Practice, 44, 9, pages 388 - 394.
  • King, A., Davies, D., Irwin, P., (2002), Feline multiple myeloma: Four case presentations, Australian Veterinary Practitioner, 32, , pages 146 - 151.
  • Irwin, P., (2002), Companion animal parasitology: a clinical perspective, International Journal for Parasitology, 32, , pages 581 - 593.
  • Muhlnickel, C., Jefferies, R., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2002), Babesia gibsoni infection in three dogs in Victoria, Australian Veterinary Journal, 80, , pages 606 - 610.
  • Traub, R., Robertson, I., Irwin, P., Mencke, N., Thompson, R., (2002), The role of dogs in transmission of gastrointestinal parasites in a remote tea-growing community in Northeastern India, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 67, , pages 539 - 545.
  • Denholm, K., Haitjema, H., Gwynne, B., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., (2001), Concurrent Cryptosporidium and parvovirus infections in a puppy, Australian Veterinary Journal, 79, , pages 98 - 101.
  • Horn, B., Forshaw, D., Cousins, D., Irwin, P., (2000), Disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection in a dog with chronic diarrhoea, Australian Veterinary Journal, 78, , pages 320 - 325.
  • Robertson, I., Irwin, P., Lymbery, A., Thompson, R., (2000), The role of companion animals in the emergence of parasitic zoonoses, International Journal for Parasitology, 30, Dec-13, pages 1369 - 1377.
  • Horn, B., Irwin, P., (2000), Transient hypoparathyroidism following succesful treatment of hypercalcaemia of malignancy in a dog, Australian Veterinary Journal, 78, , pages 690 - 692.
  • Irwin, P., Whithear, K., Lavelle, R., Parry, B., (2000), Acute bronchopneumonia associated with Mycobacterium fortuitum infection in a dog, Australian Veterinary Journal, 78, , pages 254 - 257.
  • Ryan, U., Xiao, L., Monis, P., Adams, A., Irwin, P., Fayer, R., Denholm, K., Limor, J., Lal, A., Thompson, R., (2000), Cryptosporidium spp. in Domestic Dogs: the "Dog" Genotype, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 66, 5, pages 2220 - 2223.
  • Irwin, P., Parry, B., (1999), Streptococcal meningoencephalitis in a dog, American Animal Hospital Association. Journal (Online), 35, , pages 417 - 422.
  • Irwin, P., (2012), Babesiosis and cytauxzoonosis. In: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, 2nd Edition, BSAVA, UK, pages 74-80.