Dr Susan Ledger
Dip Ed (Churchlands), B.Ed (ECU), M.Ed (Murdoch), Phd (UWA)

Associate Dean Engagement & Partnerships

About me

Susan Ledger is an educator who has a passion for connecting people, places and projects. She has had a range of educational experiences in both primary and tertiary settings around the globe. Susan investigates educational policies, practices and issues related to teaching, and preparing to teach in diverse contexts (international, rural, remote and virtual schooling) and its impact on schooling and initial teacher education. She is currently exploring how rural and international fields of study complement and compete with each other and the importance of global competencies within these contexts.

Susan is global and collaborative in her approach to research and engagement activities. She is currently writing with two research consortias: Africa, Australia & Mexico (rural ed); Malaysia, Australia, US (global ed). She has recently established an Australian Chapter of the Alliance for International Education, she is a founding member of the AARE SIG for global education and is currently Chief Editor of the Australian and International Journal of Rural Education. Sue recently endorsed the SAGE Handbook of International education (Hayden & Thompson, 2015). She has developed strong links with the International Baccalaureate Organisation since offering the first IB authorised Post Graduate program in 2011 (http://www.ibo.org/ ). Sue has been invited to forums as an expert in the field including CSE’s inclusive ed project and ARC/OLT preparing students for rural placements. She has also published for the Asian Education Foundation (www.Asianeducation.edu.au) and provides reviews for many international journals in her field. She is an Education Forum member for the W.A Chamber of Commerce and Industry (http://www.cciwa.com).

She currently teaches: Undergraduate Primary English and Literacy; Post Graduate International Education in Schools – which is aligned with the International Baccalaureates Teaching and Learning Certificate; Introduction to Teaching for M.Teach. Sue is currently piloting the application of Virtual Reality and Simulation Environments as tools to prepare preservice teachers for real-life classrooms.

Susan has had a range of leadership roles in schools and higher education. She is currently Associate Dean – Engagement and School Partnerships in the School of Education. She is the deputy chair of the newly formed Network of Associate Deans of Professional Experience (NADPE http://www.acde.edu.au/networks-and-partnerships/nadpe/). She was recently elected vice-president for the Society for the Provision of Education in Rural Australia (www.SPERA.asn.au). Susan oversees the placement of all Murdoch School of Education pre-service teachers. She also developed and manages a range of 12 month teaching internships sustainable since 2011 currently known as Murdoch Internship Models (MIMs) including the Pilbara Cities Internship Project (http://www.pdc.wa.gov.au/pilbara-cities/).

Sue is an early career researcher; a title she finds amusing given that she is not as young as she would like to be. She was awarded the WAIER Early Career Award (2015).

Teaching area

Undergraduate Units: EDN 235 Teaching English and Literacy in Early Years and Primary Schools, EDN 2104 Second Year English in Practice, EDN 4100 Integrated Practice, EDN 565 Primary English.

Postgraduate Units: EDU 519 International Education in Schools- Issues and Practices; EDN5501 Introduction to teaching EDN 600 Supervision; Ed D and PhD co-supervisor.

Workshop Leader: International Baccalaureate, First Steps Literacy, Language Acquisition, Global Mindedness.


Research areas

My research interests are centred on policies, practices and issues related to teaching  in international, rural and remote, and virtual contexts.  Although these fields are usually addressed individually, my interests focus on their intersection as well as the teacher education programs involved in preparing pre-service teachers for each field such as teacher internships.  In addition, i am currently involved in a Reading Aloud Study funded by the Collier Charitable Fund with Margaret Merga exploring the frequency and barriers to Reading Aloud at home and school- it builds on my previous experience with teaching language and language acquisition.


Current projects


2017 – China consortia – pathways to Murdoch.

2017- Invited IB expert for Huijia Private School & Vocational College, Beijing (March)

2016 – Piloting Virtual Reality Classroom with University of Central Florida partner

2016- Piloting Project Based Learning in Curriculum Subjects

2016 – Guest Scholar at University of Oregon, Eugene: Collaborative Research Processes with Michael Thier.

2016 – Promoted and presented international internships at IB Global Higher Education Conference at Kent State University, Ohio.

2016 – Invited Session leader at the Alliance of International Education Conference (Bangkok)

2015-6 New Columbo Plan projects in Thailand (HPE) and Singapore (Primary)

2013 – Invited to attend IB Global Higher Education Conference and Training Session in The Hague.

2013 – Collaborating with Huijai Private School and University in Beijing in regard pre-service teacher development and English support programs that are sustainable and involve undergraduate Murdoch students and post graduate Huijai teachers.

2013 -  A Global Educational Research Consortium member (China, US, Spain, Australia) researching “A Case Study of Additional Language Teaching and Learning at Schools Offering the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme” for the IB Development Research Division (2012-13 project)

2012- Commissioned by the International Baccalaureate to create a workshop entitled: Educating for International Mindedness.

Since 2011- Sue has developed a partnership with the  International Baccalaureate Organisation and the IB Asia Pacific Office and now coordinates professional development workshops for teachers in the region. Her Post Graduate Certificate in International Education is authorised by the IB and students receive a Teaching & Learning Award from the IB on completion.

Initiated the inaugural School of Education Borneo Field Trip 2012 in conjunction with Antipodeans international (Funded by DEEWR).


2017 – Joint coordinator of SWITCH tender [Department of Education $....]

2017 – Lead of newly developed multi-pronged approach to school partnerships [Murdoch's multi-dimensional teacher]

2017- Academic lead for Murdoch School of Education-Virtual Reality & Simulation project

2015 – Manager of Internship programs spanning ECE, Primary, Secondary in rural and metro contexts (sustainable since 2011)

2014 Academic Lead for Murdoch School of Education new professional experience model.

2014 – 2015  Project Manager for the Pilbara Cities Internship Program, Royalties for Regions funded.($250,000)

2013 – Project Manager of the W.A Combined Universities Training School Project (2012-13) Murdoch, UWA & Curtin high calibre internship program for final B.Ed students.  DEEWR funded ‘National Partnership Schools’. ($200,000 per annum)

2012-2013  Collaborative project with the Department of Education – the development of a  Classroom Management Strategies program for undergraduate teachers at Murdoch. This involved Piloting the inclusion of Classroom Management Strategies in the 4th Year Bachelor of Education course (B1081). 2012 – offered to final year students. 2013 trialling a new undergraduate CMS course developed in conjunction with the Department of Education.

Ongoing – Developing partnerships with supportive schools to ensure  Pre-service Teachers are mentored  by high calibre teachers within safe and supportive professional learning environments that are sustainable and mutually beneficial.

Ongoing – Integrating rural placements and international placements into the third and final year of the Bachelor of Education program and the Graduate Diploma of Education final placment.

Ongoing – Developing framework for 4th Year internships for B.Ed students based on the W.A Combined Universities Training School Program (WACUTS)




Awards and grants


International Baccalaureate Research Office Tender: A Case Study of Second Language Learning in PYP Schools, 2012-2013. ($25,000)


Collier Charitable Fund – Research Grant for Reading Aloud Study ($25 000)

DEEWR New Columbo Plan Funding: Placement Opportunities – Singapore & Thailand ($50, 000)

Australian Teacher Educators Association (ATEA) School University Research Grant Awarded (June, 2015), $500.

Society for the Provision of Education in Rural Australia (SPERA) Australian Rural Education Award (2014): Developing Pre-service teachers and their understandings of living and working in a rural or remote setting (OConnor Primary and Murdoch University Partnership)

ALTC Grant: Developing Strategies to Address Critical Teacher Attraction and Retention Issues in Australian Rural, Regional and Remote Schools. (2010-2012). A combined university consortium. ($330,000)

DEEWR Grant: Study Overseas Short Term Mobility Program- Cultural and Field Experience Borneo, 2012. ($25,000)


2015 Vice Chancellor’s Citations for Excellence in Enhancing Learning: for leading, conceptualising and implementing sustainable 12 month Teaching Internship programs i diverse settings that improve the capacity of graduates transitioning into the profession ($2000)

Royalties for Regions (2014-2015) Pilbara Cities Internship Project ($250,000)

National Partnership for Improving Teacher Quality: Training Schools Project (2012). A combined university approach. ($200,000)

National Partnership for Improving Teacher Quality: Training Schools Project (2012). A combined university approach. ($197,000)


Events and speaking engagements


Invited Presenter- National Associate Directors of ProfEx (NADPE). Australian Council of Deans of Education (Oct, 2016)

Invited Panel Member – Initial Teacher Education; WAPPA Conference, Perth (July, 2016)

Global Research Engagement Symposium, IB Higher Ed Conference, Kent State University, (May, 2016)

Teacher Internships: A home-grown approach (2014) Society for the Provision of Education in Rural Australia, 30th Annual Conference – University of New England, Armidale (Sept 2014)


Thier & Ledger (2016) Common and Un-Common Cores: Global Citizenship in US and Australian Curriculum Standards K-12 Standards. AARE Conference, Politics and Policy SIG (November, 2016)

Dickson, Perry & Ledger (2016) How accessible is IB schooling for rural and low SES students in Australia. In ‘Spatial Distribution in Curriculum Hierarchies Symposium’ Chair: Phil Roberts, AARE Conference, Rural SIG (November, 2016)

Ledger (2016) Developing a Rural Compass: Recalibrating for Success. In ‘Wheres the Rural in That Symposium’ Chair: Bernadette Walker-Gibbs, AARE Conference, Rural SIG  (November, 2016)

International Schools Engaging at the Local Level: Breaking through the Cultural Bubble. SPERA Conference (September, 2016).

Local review of a Global Organisation: International Baccalaureate Standards and Practices WAIER Forum, (August, 2016)

Enablers and Barriers implementing internship reform in schools, ATEA, Ballarat, (July, 2016)

International Internships: Pragmatics and Possibilities. Alliance for International Education, Bangkok (March, 2016).

Exploring Difference Through Literature. Alliance for International Education, Bangkok, (March, 2016).

Classroom Ready- Ready Classrooms?. WAIER Forum (August, 2015)

Developing a Rural Compass. SPERA Conference, Geelong (October, 2015)

Service Learning: Value adding to a Teaching Degree, Service Learning Conference, Fremantle, (October, 2016)

International and Remote Education: Capturing the policy trajectories. Australian Association for Research in Education,  Brisbane (December, 2014)

Leadership structures and pedagogic strategies: an Australian case study across six countries. Alliance for International Education Conference, Mumbai (October, 2014)

Rural Induction/Internship Spaces: Crossing Borders. Society for the Provision of Education in Rural Education Conference, UNE, Armidale (Sept, 2014)

International Teachers: Missionaries, Mercenaries, Misfits or Mavericks. WA Education Research Forum, Notre Dame University, Fremantle (July, 2014)

Case Studies: Additional languages in IBPYP schools. International Baccalaureate Africa, Europe, Middle East Conference, The Hague (June, 2013).

A Consequence of Collaboration: Pre-Service Initiatives in W.A targeting rural placements. ATEA Conference, QUT, (July, 2013).

Going Bush – metro and rural exchange. ISFIRE International Summit, UWA, (Jan 2013).

Global dreams to local realities: curriculum policy processes in remote international schools in Indonesia. Australia New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society. (ANZCIES) Christchurch, (November 2012).

An online community designed to support future makers in education reform. Australasian Society for Computers in Learning (ASCILITE), 2012, Wellington, November (2012)

Global to local – a PYP policy trajectory. International Baccalaurete Asia Pacific Annual Conference. Singapore, (May, 2012).

Introducing the IB into W.A settings. West Australian Primary Principals Association, Burswood, Perth, (June, 2012).

Global influences in remote Schools. National Summit for Rural Educators, Flinders University, (Sept, 2011).

Remote schools in Indonesia – a comparative study. Society for Provision of Education in Rural Australia Conference,Mooloolabah, Qld University of the Sunshine Coast, (Sept, 2010).


Invited representative – Teacher Education Asia Literacy Foundation – Round Table. Asian Education Foundation, Melbourne University, (November, 2016)

Primary Principals Association Conference- Higher Education Panel Member, Crown Plaza, Perth (June, 2016)

International Teachers: Missionaries, Mercenaries, Mavericks or Misfits. WAIER Forum, University of Notredame (July 26th, 2014)

Inaugural Education Advisory Committee – School of Education. Murdoch University (Nov 1st, 2013)

Invited representative – IB European, Middle East, African Regional Conference and Higher Education Roundtable. IBO,The Hague, (October 24-8, 2013)

School of Education Research Attendee- The First Murdoch Commission Round Table. Murdoch University ( August 14th, 2013).

Invited representative – Teacher Education Asia Literacy Foundation – Round Table. Asian Education Foundation, Melbourne University, (March 5th, 2013).

Invited guest – Higher Education Roundtable. International Baccalaureate South East Asia Conference, Singapore, March, 2013.

Presenter- WACUTS Training School Project. National Forum for Initial Teacher Education, Melbourne Cricket Ground,( May, 2012)

Presenter-Combined Universities the Way forward, Department of Education Training Schools Forum, W.A (Maylands Golf Club, March, 2012)

Invited guest- Australian High Commission ‘Gifted Education Forum’, (Kuala Lumpur, KDU, June 2011)


School of Education (October, 2016) Malaysian Teaching Group visit. Institute of Teaching, Malaysia, Johor.

Pilbara Cities Internship Program (2016) Workshops x4 elements of the profession.

School of Education (May, 2014) Malaysian Teaching Group visit.

Inclusive Education in a WA context (October 2013) Sidoarjo Indonesian Government Visit.

Professional Partnerships (April, 2013) Huijai Private Organisation, Beijing.

Introduction to Assessment for PYP (July 2012) Stamford Hotel, Singapore.

Introduction for the PYP for Administrators (Feb 2012) John Wollaston Community College, Kelmscott.


SPERA- Rural Education: Place, Pedagogies,Policies, Partnerships and Possibilities (Mackay, 2016)

SPERA -  Mapping the education policy landscape: Rurality and Rural features (Ballarat, 2015)

ANZCIES – Learning and Living in the world and with the world: New possibilities for space, place, and time in Comparative and International Education (Newcastle, 2013) Member

Alliance for International Education (Melbourne, 2010) Member

Professional and community service


Foundation Member for the Australian Chapter of the Alliance of International Education (March, 2016)

Foundation Member of the AARE Special Interest Group- Global K-12 (Dec, 2015)

Vice-President for the Society for the Provision of Education in Rural Australia (SPERA)

WA Representative of National Associate Deans of Professional Experience (NADPE)

Member of the Asian Education Foundation Higher (AEF) Education Round-table.

Board member of Cottesloe Primary School and Bertram Primary School.

International Baccalaureate W.A Network (2010 – )

Education Representative of the W.A Chamber of Commerce and Industries (CCI).

W.A School Experience Committee  (Chair 2010-2012, Member 2012-)


Establishing the Engagement & Partnership Committee (2016)

Work Integrated Learning Committee (2015-16)

Field Work Policy Committee (2013-)

Internationalization Policy Committee (2010-2011)

Work Integrated Learning Committee (2010-2012)

Initial Teacher Education Committee School of Education (2009-)


Alliance for International Education (AIEF)

Australian College of Educators (W.A Chapter)

Asian Education Foundation

Papuan Education Program Board Member (2006- )

Primary English Teachers Association (PETA)

Teachers College Review


Reviewer for International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education (Routledge)

Reviewer for Australian and International Journal of Rural Education (SPERA)

Reviewer for Canadian Government SSHRC Insight Grants

Reviewer for Issues In Education Research



Doctoral and masters supervisions

  • Mangaratua Simanjorang (2017) Integrating Ethics into Mathematics Education: A philosophical Auto-ethnographic Inquiry into Indonesian Mathematics Education. PhD [COMPLETED 2017]
  • Neni Mariani (2015-2017). Auto-ethnographical perspectives: revealing hidden voices as a way toward transforming curriculum reform in Indonesia. (Co-supervisor Peter Taylor) PhD [COMPLETED 2016]
  • Sarah Milnes (Jennings) (2017) International Schooling and General Capabilities. (Co-supervisor Anne Price) M.Ed
  • Jeanne Sproule (2014- ) Light Sensitive students, Neuroscience and Classroom Pedagogy. (Co-supervisor Associate Professor Judy MacCallum) APA Scholar -PhD
  • Ben Nilsson (2016-) How Secondary School English Teachers are Negotiating the Asia Literacy Cross Curriculum Priority (Co-supervisor Chris Glass) M.Ed
  • Tiffany Banner (2016-) Collaborative problem-solving partnerships as a professional development model for inclusive practices between mentor teachers and internship preservice teachers. (Co-supervisor – Deborah Pino-Pastinak) EdD
  • Julie Carmel (2016-) Televisions Playschool portrayal of disability. (Co-supervisor Chris Glass). EdD
  • Thi Minh Tam Dang [Tam] (2015) Enabling non-English major students to communicate in a multilingual and multicultural environment: A case study in Vietnamese higher education. (Co-supervisor Lindy Norris) PhD
  • Anisah Dickson (2016–) The impact of the IB Middle Years Program on teaching and learning in low SES schools: Key stakeholders’ perspectives (Co-supervisor Laura Perry)
  • Brett Healey (2016-) How Children Experience Writing: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. (Co-Supervisor – Margaret Merga).M.Ed
  • Victoria Kelleher (2015-) International perspectives – South Africa nimmigrants transitioning to WA. (Co-Supervisor – Associate Professor Laura Perry) PhD.
  • Andrea Dodo-Balu (2013- ) On the Edge of Academe Ed.D Proposal (Co-supervisor with Dr Lindy Norris – Principal) PhD
  • Dian VanStraalen (2017) English teachers making sense of differentiation. (Co-supervisor Peter Whipp)
  • Andrew Marshall (2015-) International School Improvement. (Co-supervisor Lindy Norris) M.Ed
  • John Stewart (2015 –) Innovative ECE settings targeting boys. (Co-supervisor Libby-Lee Hammond) M.Ed
  • Zarina Williams (2013) New educators a sense of well-being and its impact on their professional journey into teaching. (M.Ed Coursework – final dissertation)
  • Mignon Weckert (2012) The role of the pedagogical leadership team in facilitating an inquiry approach to teaching and learning, within schools implementing the IB Primary Years Programme. M.Ed Coursework – final dissertation)
  • Irma McCullen (2012) Not Just for Little Kids: Ways picture books can be utilized successfully in the MYP, across the areas of interaction to promote the attributes of the Learner Profile and international mindedness. M.Ed Coursework – final dissertation).




Ledger, S., Vidovich, L., & O’Donoghue, T (2014) Global to Local Curriculum Policy Processes: The Enactment of the International Baccalaureate in Remote Schools. Policy Implications of Research in Education Series, Vol.4. VIII, 217p. Springer ISBN 978-3-319-08762-7 http://www.springer.com/education+%26+language/book/978-3-319-08761-0

Ledger, S., & Ledger, R (2004). Snapshots of Asia – Big book Series #2: Philippines, Malaysia, Korea.  Education Services Australia ISBN: 9781863665681  SCIS No: 1149168 http://www.asiaeducation.edu.au/curriculum_resources/english_cr/snapshotsofasia/snapshots_landing_page.html

Ledger, R., & Ledger, S. (1998). Snapshots of Asia – Big book Series #1: Thailand, China, Vietnam, Indonesia, India, Japan. Curriculum Corporation, Victoria.

BOOK Chapters

White, S., Heck, D., Tindall-Ford, S., Ledger, S. (2017) Policy Jurisdictions. In Successful Innovations in Professional Experience in Teacher Education (Chapter 2).

Tindall-Ford, S., Ambrosetti, A., Ledger, S., Williams (2017 Exploring how immersion programs develop classroom ready teachers. In Successful Innovations in Professional Experience in Teacher Education (Chapter 5).

Broadley, T., Ledger, S., & Sharplin, E. (2013) New Frontiers or Old Certainties: The pre-service teacher internship. In D.Lynch & T.Yeigh Teacher Education in Australia: Investigations into Programming, Practicum and Partnerships, Chapter 6. ISBN:978-1-300-83163-1

JOURNAL Articles

1.    Ledger, S. (2017). The International Baccalaureate Standards and Practices as reflected in Literature (2009 – 2016). International Schools Journal 37 (1) November, 2017, 32-44. Petersfield: UK.

2.    Sproul, J., McCallum, J., & Ledger, S. (2017). Screens and teens with migraines: visually sensitive learners in contemporary digital classrooms. Disability and Society, 32 (8), 1275-1279. Taylor & Francis https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2017.1330455

3.    Ledger, S., & Merga, M. (in press). Reading Aloud: Children’s attitude toward being read to at home and at school. Australian Journal of Teacher Education. ECU.

4.    Merga, M., & Ledger, S. (in press). Parent’s views on reading aloud to their children: beyond the early years. Language & LIteracy, UK.

5.    Ersozlu, Z., Ledger, S., Ersozlu, Al, Mayne, F., Wildy, H. (under review) Mixed Reality Learning Environments in Teacher Education: An analysis of TeachLivE ™ research. Computers in Education.

6.    Ledger, S., Bailey, L., Their, M., & Pitts, M. (under review). OECD’s Approach to Measuring Global Competency: Powerful Voices Shaping Education. Teachers College Record.

7.    Dickson, A., Perry, L., Ledger, S. (2016). How accessible is IB schooling? An Australian case.  Journal of Research in International Education. p1-15. I: 10.1177/147524091769603

8.    Ledger, S., Vidovich, L. (under review) Australian Teacher Education Policy in Action:  The Case of Pre-service Teacher Internships. Asia Pacific Journal of Teacher Education.

 9.    Ledger, S., Their, M. (under review). Worlds Apart? How Australian and U.S. Literacy Standards Approach Global Citizenship. Journal of Education Policy: UK.

10.Ledger, S. (2016). Breaking through the cultural bubble: International schools engaging at the local level. International Schools Journal, Vol XXXVI (1) Nov, John Catt: UK.

11.Ledger, S., Van Vooren, C., Bueno-Villaverde, A., & Steffen V., Lai, C. (2016). More than a second language: Leadership structure and pedagogical leadership in an Australian International Baccalaureate PYP additional languages program. Journal of Second Language Teaching and Research, Vol 5, 6-36. UCL: UK

12.Ledger, S., Vidovich, L., O’Donoghue, T., (2015). International and Remote Schooling: Global to Local Curriculum Policy Dynamics in Indonesia (ONLINE FIRST), The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, Published online, DOI 10.1007/s40299-014-0222-1.

13.Trinidad, S., Sharplin, E., Ledger, S., Broadley, T., (2014). Connecting for Innovation: Four Universities Collaboratively Preparing Pre-service Teachers to Teach in Rural and Remote Western Australia, Journal of Research in Rural Education, 29, 2, pages 1 – 13.

14.Trinidad, S., Broadley, T., Terry, E., Boyd, D., Lock, G., Sharplin, E., Ledger, S., (2013). Regional Resilience: Pre-service Teacher Preparation to Teach in the Bush, Australian and International Journal of Rural Education, 23, 2, pages 43 – 52.

15.Van Vooren, C., Lai, C., Ledger, S., Bueno Villaverde, A., & Steffen V. (2013). Additional language teaching and learning in International Baccalaureate Primary Years Program schools.  Report for International Baccalaureate Organization.  Retrieved at:  http://www.ibo.org/research/programmedevelopment/programmedevstudies/other/documents/AdditionallanguageFinalReport.pdf (A-1)

16.Van Vooren, C., Lai, C., Ledger, S., Bueno Villaverde, A., & Steffen, V. (2013). Research summary: Additional language teaching and learning in International Baccalaureate Primary Years Program schools. International Baccalaureate Organization.

17.Trinidad, S. G., T. Broadley, E. Terry, D. Boyd, G. Lock, M. Byrne, E. Sharplin, and S. Ledger. (2012). “Going Bush: Preparing Pre-service Teachers to Teach in Regional Western Australia.” Australian and International Journal of Rural Education 22 (1): 39-55.

18.Broadley, T & Ledger, S (2012) An online community designed to support future makers in educational reform. In M.Brown, M.Hartnett & Te.Stewart (eds). Future challenges, sustainable futures. ASCILITE, 2012 (pp 152-158)

19.Trinidad, S., Sharplin, E., Lock, G., Ledger, S., Boyd, D., Terry, E., (2011), Developing strategies at the pre-service level to address critical teacher attraction and retention issues in Australian rural, regional remote schools, Education in Rural Australia, 2 (1) p 111- 120.

20.Sharplin, E., Lock,G., Trinidad, S., Ledger (2010) Mapping rural teacher education: A comparison of rural education and rural health approaches to pre-serviced practicums. AARE (Melbourne, Nov).

CONFERENCE Publications & Other Sources

Healy, B., Ledger, S (2016) Post Modern Picture Books as a reflective tool for making learning visible: 2016 Alliance for International Education Conference. International Schools Magazine.

Van Vooren, C., Lai, C., Ledger, S., Bueno Villaverde, A., & Steffen V. (2013). Case studies of additional lanague teaching and learning in schools offering IBPYP. International Baccalaureate Africa, Europe, Middle East Annual Regional Conference , The Hague, October, 2013.

Broadley, T., Ledger, S., & Sharplin, E., (2013) Portals and Platforms: Does technology matter when developing an online community? Ed Media Conference, Canada, May, 2013.

Trinidad, S. G., T. Broadley, E. Terry, D. Boyd, G. Lock, E. Sharplin, and S. Ledger. 2012. “Australian and International Journal of Rural Education.” In 28th National SPERA Rural Education Conference Proceedings. Developing Connections for Sustainable Futures – Networking the Bush., Sep 26, 2012, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD: Society for the Provision of Education for Rural Australia

Sharplin, E., Trinidad, S., Ledger, S., Lock, G., (2011) A united approach to rural preparedness for pre-service teachers – a collaborative proposal by four Western Australian Universities. ISFIRE, Korea.

ALTERNATIVE – Multimedia Sources


Channel 7 Today Tonight

Perth 7


Melville Times

Adelaide Times


Online Opinion Pieces

Don’t follow American Teacher Education Policy Reform  (2015) Online-Opinion: Australia’s ejournal of political and social debate http://www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp?article=17656