Terence Lee  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.

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    Associate Professor Terence Lee
    BA (Honours 1st Class), MA, PhD

    Associate Professor, Communication & Media Studies / Cluster Leader, Communication & Society

    About me

    I joined Murdoch University in 2001 as an academic staff after teaching and researching at the University of Adelaide and the University of South Australia. I am currently Associate Professor in the School of Arts at Murdoch University. I am Academic Chair of our innovative and well-regarded Master of Communication Management program. I previously served as Deputy Dean of the former School of Media Communication and Culture and was the long-time Academic Chair of the Communication and Media Studies undergraduate program. Since 2002, I have been a Research Fellow of the Asia Research Centre at Murdoch University. I was the 2013-2014 President of the Australian and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA).

    Prior to my academic career, I was a Media Policy Executive with the Singapore Broadcasting Authority (known as the iMDA or the Infocomm Media Development Authority from 2016) where I was involved in digital broadcasting research, policy and planning. I also has a stint with the Media Corporation of Singapore as a journalist during the 1990s.

    With a PhD in Politics from the University of Adelaide, an MA in Cultural and Media Policy from Griffith University and a First-Class Honours in Communication Studies from Murdoch University, my background is rather varied and interdisciplinary. I am Thematic/Regional Editor of the Asian Studies Review (Routledge) and also an Associate Editor of Communication and Research Practice (ANZCA/Routledge). I sit on the editorial boards of Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies (Taylor and Francis), Asia Pacific Media Educator (Sage) and SEARCH: The Journal of the Southeast Asia Research Centre for Communications and Humanities. Together with Dr Susan Leong from Curtin University, I am Series Editor of the book series: “Media, Culture and Communication in Asia-Pacific Societies” with Rowman and Littlefield International, UK.

    Teaching area

    Media Governance and the Public Sphere (CMS305)
    Global Media: Asia-Pacific Perspectives (MCM682)
    Communication Research Project (MCM680)

    I also lecture on a range of topics including Media in Asia (especially Southeast Asian countries like Singapore and Malaysia), Creative Industries, Media and Cultural Policy, Internet Regulation and Censorship, Digital Broadcasting, Media and Politics, Governmentality and much more.

    Research areas

    • Media and Politics in Asia, especially Singapore and Malaysia.
    • Political/Government Communication
    • Internet Regulation, Cybersovereignty
    • Cultural and Media Policy
    • Creative Industries; Creativity and Innovation
    • Governmentality (Foucault)
    • Communication, Media and Cultural Studies

    Events and speaking engagements

    I have delivered numerous keynote addresses at international scholarly workshops and conferences in different parts of the world.

    Professional and community service

    Professional Services:

    • Co-Founder: WACCM (Western Australian Communication, Culture and Media) Scholarly Network
    • Regional/Thematic Editor of Asian Studies Review (Routledge)
    • Associate Editor of Communication Research and Practice (Routledge)
    • Editorial Board Member of: Continuum (Routledge), Asia Pacific Media Educator (SAGE), SEARCH: Journal of the Southeast Asia Research Centre for Communications and Humanities (Taylors University, Malaysia).
    • Book Series Editor, Rowman and Littlefield International, London – “Media, Culture and Communication in Asia Pacific Societies”
    • Book Reviewer for Routledge Asian Studies manuscripts and book proposals
    • Book Reviewer for Asian Studies Review, Media International Australia, Asian Journal of Communication, etc.

    Professional Memberships:

    • Australia New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA) – President (2013-14)
    • Asian Media Information and Communication Centre (AMIC) – Lifetime Member 
    • Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA)
    • International Communications Association (ICA)
    • Malaysia and Singapore Society of Australia (MASSA)

    University Service:

    • Member of Academic Council (elected Level D/E member, School of Arts, from 2015)
    • School Promotions Advisory Committee (former role)
    • Research Committee (former role)
    • International Committee (former role)


    Doctoral and masters supervisions

    PhD supervisions:

    • Elaine Xu
    • Howard Lee
    • Rendro Soehoed
    • Nathan Tozer

    Master’s Research Supervisions:

    • John Michael Swinbank
    • Deki Choden
    I also supervise all Master of Communication Management Research Projects



    • Lee, T., (2010),The Media, Cultural Control and Government in Singapore,Routledge.


    • Lee, T., (2019),From Media 21 to Media Fusion,In: The State and The Arts in Singapore: Policies and Institutions, World Scientific Publishing, .
    • Lee, T., (2018),PAP's Communication Strategy,In: Regime Resilience in Malaysia and Singapore, Strategic Information and Research Development Centre (SIRD), pages 113 to 128.
    • Lee, T., (2017),The Myth of Singapore as a Global Media Hub,In: Living with Myths in Singapore, Ethos Books: Singapore, pages 61 to 71.
    • Lee, T., (2016),The Pragmatics of Change: Singapore's 2015 General Election,In: Change in Voting: Singapore's 2015 General Election, Ethos Books: Singapore, pages 9 to 25.
    • Lee, T., (2016),Arts, aspirations and anxieties: Cultural Policy in Singapore,In: Singapore: Negotiating State and Society, 1965-2015, Routledge, pages 172 to 186.
    • Lee, T., Lim, J., (2016),Negotiating state and society in Singapore: Rethinking historical narratives,In: Singapore: Negotiating State and Society, 1965-2015, Routledge, pages 1 to 14.
    • Lee, T., (2016),Inculcating creativity: culture and public pedagogy in Singapore,In: Education in the Global City: The manufacturing of education in Singapore, Routledge, pages 94 to 108.
    • Lee, T., (2014),Media Governmentality in Singapore,In: Democracy, Media and Law in Malaysia and Singapore: A Space for Speech, Routledge, pages 25 to 44.
    • Lee, T., (2013),Government Communication in Singapore,In: Government Communication: Cases and Challenges, Bloomsbury Professional, pages 241 to 257.
    • Tan, K., Lee, T., (2011),Political Shift: Singapore's 2011 General Election,In: Voting in Change: Politics of Singapore's 2011 General Election, Ethos Books, pages 10 to 25.
    • Lee, T., (2011),Mainstream Media Reporting in the Lead-up to GE2011,In: Voting in Change: Politics of Singapore's 2011 General Election, Ethos Books, pages 131 to 144.
    • Lee, T., (2011),Creative Human Exchanges and the Singapore-Perth Network,In: Australia-Singapore Relations: Successful Bilateral Relations in a Historical and Contemporary Context, Select Publishing, pages 179 to 197.
    • Lee, T., Willnat, L., (2009),Media Management and Political Communication in Singapore,In: Political Communication in Asia, Routledge, pages 93 to 111.
    • Lee, T., (2008),Gestural politics: mediating the 'new' Singapore,In: Political Regimes and the Media in Asia, Routledge, pages 170 to 187.
    • Lee, T., (2008),The Singaporean Creative Suburb of Perth: Rethinking Cultural Globalization,In: Globalization and Its Counter-forces in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, pages 359 to 379.
    • Lee, T., (2007),gestural politics: mediating the "new" Singapore,In: Political Regimes and the Media in Asia, Routledge, pages 170 to 187.
    • Lee, T., (2007),Industrializing creativity and innovation,In: Renaissance Singapore?: Economy, Culture, and Politics, NUS Press, National University of Singapore, pages 45 to 70.
    • Lee, T., (2005),Going online: Journalism and civil society in Singapore,In: Journalism and Democracy in Asia, Routledge, pages 15 to 27.
    • Lee, T., (2004),Emulating Singapore: Towards a Model for Internet Regulation in Asia,In: Asian Cyberactivism: Freedom of Expression and Media Censorship, Friedrich Naumann Foundation, pages 162 to 196.


    • Xu, E., Lee, T., (2017), Illness Bloggers and sickness scams: Communication Ethics and the 'Belle' Gibson saga, Ethical Space: the International Journal of Communications Ethics, 14, 2/3, pages 72 - 79.
    • Lee, T., (2016), Forging an "Asian' media fusion: Singapore as a 21st century media hub, Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy: quarterly journal of media research and resources, 158, 1, pages 80 - 89.
    • Lee, T., Turnbull, S., (2015), 'Parochial Internationalism': publication in Australia, Communication Research and Practice, 1, 3, pages 210 - 217.
    • Soehoed, S., Lee, T., Fitch, K., (2015), Political Public Relations in Indonesia: A History of Propaganda and Democracy, Asia Pacific Public Relations Journal, 16, 1, pages 22 - 36.
    • Lee, T., (2014), 'Inculcating' creativity: culture as public pedagogy in Singapore, Discourse (Abingdon): studies in the cultural politics of education, 35, 5, pages 718 - 732.
    • Lee, T., (2013), Global Challenges in Media and Communication: Public Pedagogy and Other Discourses, Asia Pacific Media Educator, 23, 2, pages 223 - 231.
    • Lee, T., (2013), Global networks, global divides: Research and views from the Antipodes, Media Asia, 40, 4, pages 327 - 332.
    • Lee, T., Bottomley, J., (2010), Commentary: Pending crises: Crisis journalism and SARS in Australia, Asia Pacific Media Educator, , 20, pages 269 - 276.
    • Lee, T., Kan, C., (2009), Blogospheric Pressures in Singapore: Internet Discourses and the 2006 General Election, Continuum: journal of media & cultural studies, 23, 6, pages 871 - 886.
    • Lee, T., (2007), Towards a 'New Equilibrium': The Economics and Politics of the Creative Industries in Singapore, Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, 2006, 24, pages 55 - 71.
    • Lee, T., (2006), Creativity and Cultural Globalisation in Suburbia: Mediating the Perth-Singapore 'Network', Murdoch University. Asia Research Centre. Working Paper, 132, , pages 1 - 23.
    • Lee, T., (2006), Media Research and Political Communication in Singapore, Murdoch University. Asia Research Centre. Working Paper, 130, , pages 1 - 24.
    • Lee, T., (2005), Online Media and Civil Society in the 'New' Singapore, Murdoch University. Asia Research Centre. Working Paper, 123, , pages 2 - 19.
    • Lee, T., (2005), Gestural Politics: Civil Society in "New" Singapore, Sojourn: journal of social issues in Southeast Asia, 20, 2, pages 132 - 154.
    • Lee, T., (2005), Internet Control and Auto-regulation in Singapore, Surveillance & Society, 3, 1, pages 74 - 95.
    • Lee, T., (2004), Popularising Policy: (Re)forming Culture and the Nation in Singapore, Asia Pacific Journal of Arts and Cultural Management, 2, 1, pages 55 - 69.
    • Lee, T., (2004), Creative Shifts and Directions: Cultural Policy in Singapore, International Journal of Cultural Policy, 10, 3, pages 281 - 299.
    • Lee, T., Lim, D., (2004), The economics and politics of 'creativity' in Singapore, Australian Journal of Communication, 31, 2, pages 149 - 165.
    • Leo, P., Lee, T., (2004), The New Singapore: Mediating Culture and Creativity, Continuum: journal of media & cultural studies, 18, 2, pages 205 - 218.
    • Lee, T., Giles, C., (2004), Discursive realities: Global media and September 11, Australian Journal of Communication, 31, 1, pages 37 - 55.
    • Lee, T., Giles, C., (2003), Mediating and Mass Communicating Sept 11, Asia Pacific Media Educator, 14, , pages 185 - 195.
    • Lee, T., (2003), Internet Use in Singapore: Politics and Policy Implications, Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy: quarterly journal of media research and resources, 107, , pages 75 - 88.
    • Lee, T., (2002), The Politics of Civil Society in Singapore, Asian Studies Review, 26, 1, pages 97 - 117.
    • Lee, T., (2002), New regulatory politics and communication technologies in Singapore, Asia Pacific Media Educator, Dec-13, December, pages 4 - 25.
    • Lee, T., (2002), Popular Cultural Policy: National Day and National Songs in Singapore, Australian Journal of Communication, 29, 2, pages 83 - 102.
    • Lee, T., (2001), The politics of internet policy and (auto-) regulation in Singapore, Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy: quarterly journal of media research and resources, 101, , pages 33 - 42.
    • Lee, T., (2001), The state of civil society in Singapore, Media development, 48, 3, pages 36 - 42.

    Edited Volumes/Books

    • Lee, T. (with Jason Lim) 2016. Singapore: Negotiating State and Society, 1965-2015, London and New York: Routledge.
    • Lee, T. (with Kevin YL Tan) 2016. Change in Voting: Singapore’s 2015 General Election, Singapore: Ethos Books
    • Lee, T. (with Kevin YL Tan) 2011. Voting in Change: Politics of Singapore’s 2011 General Election, Singapore: Ethos Books.
    • Lee, T. (with Krishna Sen) 2008. Political Regimes and the Media in Asia, London and New York: Routledge.