A/Prof Trish Fleming
BSc (Hons) UWA, MSc Murdoch, PhD UWA

About me

I am a wildlife biologist.  My research focuses on translational biology, where improving our understanding of the physiology and behaviour of vertebrates has conservation or welfare implications and there is a direct interaction between experimental questions and the application of this research.  For example, understanding factors such as  habitat requirements or physiological limitations of animals can provide important information for their management and conservation.  I am more interested in the questions than the organisms, and my research has tested a wide range of scientific hypotheses using organisms from crickets through to giraffes.

I am part of westernWEB.net – Western Australian researchers working in Wildlife Ecology and Behaviour. We investigate how animals respond to human presence across urban, agricultural and natural landscapes, and contribute to our quality of life.

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Teaching area

Physiology, behaviour, welfare

Research areas

Animal welfare, ecophysiology, ecology and conservation.

Research in Applied Animal Behaviour

Animal Welfare
Humans have had a close evolutionary association with both domestic and wild animals, and we have depended on this stockmanship for our survival. Humans are subsequently able to ‘read’ animals in astonishing detail. A good stockman can identify an animal that is ill or lame since it behaves in some manner differently from the rest of the group – for example it might walk differently, spend more time apart, or increase the amount of time lying compared with the rest of the group. Although it is sometimes difficult to put into words to communicate, what that stockman is doing is essentially assessing qualitative aspects of the animals’ behavioural expression.
The Murdoch Animal Welfare (MAW) team at Murdoch is actively investigating the development of objective measures of animal welfare. We have been validating Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) as a reliable, objective integrated measure of assessing the behavioural expression of animals, including sheep, cattle, pigs, dogs, and horses.
Urban ecology
Cities represent one of the most challenging environments for animals, with a dearth of vegetation and other natural resources, increased habitat fragmentation, an abundance of roads, and altered climate.  We have been examining the behavioural responses of various birds, reptiles and mammals to urbanisation and roads.

The role of vegetation structure and composition as habitat for fauna
State Centre of Excellence in Climate Change and Woodland and Tree Health researchers are examining the effects of habitat loss upon wildlife across a variety of habitats (e.g. tuart and wandoo woodlands).
Centre for Phytophthora Science and Management researchers have been looking at the effects of the plant pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi upon vegetation structure and composition, and therefore indirect effects upon fauna (e.g. mardo and honeypossum).
Southern brown bandicoot Digging mammals
‘Aussie diggers’ play an important role in keeping ecosystems healthy.  Despite once being described as common, digging mammal species have been lost from the Australian landscape over the last 200 years.  Around half of digging mammal species are now extinct or under conservation threat, and the majority of extant species have undergone marked range contractions.

Roos fighting Sexual selection in marsupials
Male roos fight with each other from youngsters, which helps them build up the strength they need to fight over females as adults.  We examined the relative size of forelimb muscles in male and female kangaroos, and revealed strong sexual selection in males.
Red foxes caught red-handed
Oblong turtle (Chelodina oblonga) populations in lakes Chittering and Needonga near Bindoon are susceptible to terrestrial predators.  Foxes kill adult females when they emerge to nest, and excavate eggs and embryos from nests.  Fox predation may contribute to an age and sex biases in these oblong turtle populations, with very few breeding females and little recruitment observed.
We are currently examining non-lethal methods of controlling fox predation of these turtles around these sites.

Quokkas get caught on camera What have quokkas got to smile about?
Quokkas are present on the mainland where they are vulnerable to habitat loss and introduced predators. We have a number of ongoing projects examining the ecology of these marsupials, to determine factors that may influence their population status and health. We are also working with quokkas on Rottnest Island to determine diet as well as behavioural responses to the presence of bicycle-mounted and camera-toting tourists.
Squirrels stalk the sidewalks Antipredator behaviour
We are interested in factors that influence antipredator behaviour of lizards, birds and invertebrates.  For example, autotomy is the defensive loss of a body part in order to escape entrapment. We are investigating the costs of leg autotomy in crickets, tail autotomy in lizards, and exploring factors that influence selection for this interesting mechanism.  We have also compared between escape tactics, such as in armoured crickets.Urban animals are able to alter their anti predator behaviour to deal with the challenges of living in cities. Our recent study showed this for New York City squirrels.  Scicurious  has now produced a fantastic video ‘explaining’ the paper: Do-It-Yourself Science Zone – hunting squirrels for science

Doctoral and masters supervisions

Doctoral students:
2014- Ashleigh Wolfe: “Reptiles and urbanisation”
Department of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University
Supervisors: Bill Bateman, Trish Fleming
2014- Stuart Dawson: “Critical habitat and foraging range of bilbies”
School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Peter Adams, Bill Bateman, Kris Waddington (Buru Energy), Trish Fleming
2012- Erica Dallenogare: “Ecological mechanisms driving reptile responses to fire”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Leonie Valentine, Bill Bateman, Trish Fleming
2011- Taya Clarke: “Qualitative Behavioural Assessment in pigs”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Trish Fleming, Teresa Collins, Anne Barnes, David Miller, John Pluske
Supported by Australian Pork Limited
2011- Amanda Worth: “Do Australian strains of Toxoplasma gondii affect the behaviour of hosts”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Andrew Thompson, Alan Lymbery, Trish Fleming, Adrian Wayne (DEC)
2011- James McGregor: “Development of a framework for the assessment of the health of wild platypus populations”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Kris Warren, Carly Holyoake, Ian Robertson, Trish Fleming
2010- Hayley Abiss: “Metabolomics of polycystic kidney disease”
Research & Development, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Rob Trengove, Garth Maker, Trish Fleming
2009- Pedro Martinez Perez: “Health and disease status of the quokka”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Trish Fleming, Cree Monahan, Tim Hyndeman, Una Ryan
2009- Tracey Moore: “Fauna associated with Eucalyptus wandoo decline”
Centre of Excellence for Climate Change, Woodland and Forest Health, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Trish Fleming, Giles Hardy, Leonie Valentine, Michael Craig
2009-2014 Shannon Dundas: “Feral pig and fox impacts on quokka populations in southwest Western Australia”
Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University
Supervisors: Trish Fleming, Peter Adams
2008-2014 Kathryn Napier: “Mistletoe fruit as nutrition for birds – identifying digestive constraints ”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University.
Supervisors: Trish Fleming, Todd McWhorter
2006-2013 Cromwell Purchase: “Water disposal in nectar-feeding birds: water loss and ion regulation”
Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria.
Supervisors: Sue Nicolson, Trish Fleming
2007-2011 Sarah Wickham: “Qualitative Behavioural Assessment as an integrated measure of welfare in sheep”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University.
Supervisors: Teresa Collins, Trish Fleming, Anne Barnes, Dave Miller, Dave Beatty
2006-2011 Gillian Bryant: “The ecology of the south-western carpet python, Morelia spilota imbricata”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University.
Supervisors: Trish Fleming, Kristin Warren, Ian Robertson, Paul deTores (Department of Environment and Conservation)
2006-2010 Kobus Wentzel: “Impact of tuart (Eucalyptus gomphocephala) decline on fauna biodiversity”
Department of Biological Sciences, Murdoch University.
Supervisors: Trish Fleming & Giles Hardy
2006-2008 Rodney Armistead: “Effect of Phytophthora cinnamomi on the mardo”
Department of Biological Sciences, Murdoch University.
Supervisors: Giles Hardy,Trish Fleming, Bernie Dell, Mark Garkalis
Masters students:
2013- Thinza Vindevoghel: “Behavioural assessment of cattle during castration”
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University.
Supervisors: Teresa Collins, Trish Fleming
2003 Sally Hofmeyr: “Giraffes and the pollination ecology of knobthorns (Acacia nigrescens)”
Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria.
Supervisors: Sue Nicolson, Trish Fleming, Johan du Toit

Publications

Journals

  • Clarke, T., Pluske, J., Fleming, P., (2016), Are observer ratings influenced by prescription? A comparison of Free Choice Profiling and Fixed List methods of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 177, 2016, pages 77 - 83.
  • Fleming, P., Wickham, S., Stockman, C., Verbeek, E., Matthews, L., Wemelsfelder, F., (2015), The sensitivity of QBA assessments of sheep behavioural expression to variations in visual or verbal information provided to observers, Animal, 9, , pages 878 - 887.
  • Lau Yi Wen, Y., Pluske, J., Fleming, P., (2015), Does the environmental background (intensive v. outdoor systems) influence the behaviour of piglets at weaning?, Animal, 9, 8, pages 1361 - 1372.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2015), Body size and group size of Cuban tree frog (Osteopilus septentrionalis) tadpoles influence their escape behaviour, Acta Ethologica (Print), 18, 2, pages 161 - 166.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2015), Escape behaviour in shore crabs: constraints of body size and available shelter, Journal of Zoology, 297, , pages 265 - 269.
  • Wickham, S., Collins, T., Barnes, A., Miller, D., Beatty, D., Stockman, C., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P., (2015), Validating the Use of Qualitative Behavioral Assessment as a Measure of the Welfare of Sheep During Transport, Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 18, 3, pages 269 - 286.
  • Napier, K., Mather, S., McWhorter, T., Fleming, P., (2014), Do bird species richness and community structure vary with mistletoe flowering and fruiting in Western Australia?, Emu: austral ornithology, 114, , pages 13 - 22.
  • Morgan, T., Pluske, J., Miller, D., Collins, T., Barnes, A., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P., (2014), Socialising piglets in lactation positively affects their post-weaning behaviour, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 158, , pages 23 - 33.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2014), Living on the edge: Effects of body size, group density and microhabitat selection on escape behaviour of southern leopard frogs Lithobates sphenocephalus, Current Zoology, 60, 6, pages 712 - 718.
  • Moore, T., Craig, M., Valentine, L., Hardy, G., Fleming, P., (2014), Signs of wildlife activity and Eucalyptus wandoo condition, Australian Mammalogy, 36, , pages 146 - 153.
  • Moore, T., Valentine, L., Craig, M., Hardy, G., Fleming, P., (2014), Does woodland condition influence the diversity and abundance of small mammal communities?, Australian Mammalogy, 36, 1, pages 35 - 44.
  • Stockman, C., Collins, T., Barnes, A., Miller, D., Wickham, S., Verbeek, E., Matthews, L., Ferguson, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P., (2014), Qualitative behavioural assessment of the motivation for feed in sheep in response to altered body condition score, Animal Production Science, 54, , pages 922 - 929.
  • Dundas, S., Adams, P., Fleming, P., (2014), First in, first served: Uptake of 1080 poison fox baits in south-west Western Australia, Wildlife Research, 41, , pages 117 - 126.
  • Dawson, S., Adams, P., Huston, R., Fleming, P., (2014), Environmental factors influence nest excavation by foxes, Journal of Zoology, 294, , pages 104 - 113.
  • Nicolson, S., Fleming, P., (2014), Drinking problems on a 'simple' diet: physiological convergence in nectar-feeding birds, Journal of Experimental Biology, 217, , pages 1015 - 1023.
  • Poole, H., Mukaromah, L., Kobryn, H., Fleming, P., (2014), Spatial analysis of limiting resources on an island: diet and shelter use reveal sites of conservation importance for the Rottnest Island quokka, Wildlife Research, 41, 6, pages 510 - 521.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2014), Does human pedestrian behaviour influence risk assessment in a successful urban adapter?, Journal of Zoology, 294, , pages 93 - 98.
  • Macgregor, J., Holyoake, C., Munks, S., Connolly, J., Robertson, I., Fleming, P., Warren, K., (2014), Novel use of in-stream microchip readers to monitor wild platypuses, Pacific Conservation Biology: a journal dedicated to conservation and wildlife management in the Pacific region, 20, 4, pages 376 - 384.
  • Valentine, L., Fisher, R., Wilson, B., Sonneman, T., Stock, W., Fleming, P., Hobbs, R., (2014), Time since fire influences food resources for an endangered species, Carnaby's cockatoo, in a fire-prone landscape, Biological Conservation, 175, , pages 1 - 9.
  • Macgregor, J., Holyoake, C., Fleming, P., Robertson, I., Connolly, J., Warren, K., (2014), Investigation into the characteristics, triggers and mechanism of apnoea and bradycardia in the anaesthetised platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), Conservation Physiology, 2, , pages 1 - 11.
  • Napier, K., Fleming, P., McWhorter, T., (2014), Mistletoebirds and Xylose: Australian Frugivores Differ in Their Handling of Dietary Sugars, Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: ecological and evolutionary approaches, 87, 3, pages 445 - 455.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., Rolek, B., (2014), Bite me: decoy blue tails as a risky defence tactic for lizards, Current Zoology, 60, , pages 333 - 337.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., Jones, B., Rothermel, B., (2014), Defensive responses of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) are influenced by risk assessment and level of habituation to humans, Behaviour: an international journal of behaviourial biology, 151, 9, pages 1267 - 1280.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2014), Switching to Plan B: changes in the escape tactics of two grasshopper species (Acrididae: Orthoptera) under repeated predatory approaches, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68, , pages 457 - 465.
  • Dybing, N., Fleming, P., Adams, P., (2013), Environmental conditions predict helminth prevalence in red foxes in Western Australia, International Journal for Parasitology, 2, , pages 165 - 172.
  • Purchase, C., Nicolson, S., Fleming, P., (2013), Salt intake and regulation in two passerine nectar drinkers: white-bellied sunbirds and New Holland honeyeaters, Journal of Comparative Physiology B: biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 183, , pages 501 - 510.
  • Fleming, P., Paisley, C., Barnes, A., Wemelsfelder, F., (2013), Application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment to horses during an endurance ride, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 144, , pages 80 - 88.
  • Purchase, C., Napier, K., Nicolson, S., McWhorter, T., Fleming, P., (2013), Gastrointestinal and renal responses to variable water intake in whitebellied sunbirds and New Holland honeyeaters, Journal of Experimental Biology, 216, , pages 1537 - 1545.
  • Fleming, P., Anderson, H., Prendergast, A., Bretz, M., Valentine, L., Hardy, G., (2013), Is the loss of Australian digging mammals contributing to a deterioration in ecosystem function?, Mammal Review, 44, 2, pages 94 - 108.
  • Warburton, N., Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2013), Sexual selection on forelimb muscles of western greykangaroos (Skippy was clearly a female), Linnean Society. Biological Journal, 109, , pages 923 - 931.
  • Napier, K., McWhorter, T., Nicolson, S., Fleming, P., (2013), Sugar preferences of avian nectarivores are correlated with intestinal sucrase activity, Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: ecological and evolutionary approaches, 86, 5, pages 499 - 514.
  • Moore, T., Valentine, L., Craig, M., Hardy, G., Fleming, P., (2013), Do woodland birds prefer to forage in healthy Eucalyptus wandoo trees?, Australian Journal of Zoology, 61, 3, pages 187 - 195.
  • Fleming, P., Valentine, L., Bateman, P., (2013), Telling tails: Selective pressures acting on investment in lizard tails, Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: ecological and evolutionary approaches, 86, 6, pages 645 - 658.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2013), The influence of web silk decorations on fleeing behaviour of Florida orb weaver spiders, Argiope florida (Aranaeidae), Canadian Journal of Zoology, 91, 7, pages 468 - 472.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2013), Signaling or Not-Signaling: Variation in Vulnerability and Defense Tactics of Armored Ground Crickets Acanthoplus Speiseri: Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Hetrodinae), Journal of Insect Behavior, 26, , pages 14 - 22.
  • Stockman, C., Collins, T., Barnes, A., Miller, D., Wickham, S., Beatty, D., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P., (2013), Flooring and driving conditions during road transport influence the behavioural expression of cattle, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 143, 1, pages 18 - 30.
  • Moore, T., Valentine, L., Craig, M., Hardy, G., Fleming, P., (2013), Is the reptile community affected by Eucalyptus wandootree condition?, Wildlife Research, 40, 5, pages 358 - 366.
  • Dundas, S., Fleming, P., Hardy, G., (2013), Flower visitation by honey possums (Tarsipes rostratus) in a coastal banksia heathland infested with the plant pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi, Australian Mammalogy, 35, 2, pages 166 - 174.
  • Napier, K., McWhorter, T., Fleming, P., (2012), A comparison of pharmacokinetic methods for in vivo studies of nonmediated glucose absorption, Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: ecological and evolutionary approaches, 85, , pages 200 - 208.
  • Craig, M., Hardy, G., Fontaine, J., Garkakalis, M., Grigg, A., Grant, C., Fleming, P., Hobbs, R., (2012), Identifying unidirectional and dynamic habitat filters to faunal recolonisation in restored mine-pits, Journal of Applied Ecology: ecology with management relevance, 49, , pages 919 - 928.
  • Valentine, L., Anderson, H., Hardy, G., Fleming, P., (2012), Foraging activity by the southern brown bandicoot(Isoodon obesulus) as a mechanism for soil turnover, Australian Journal of Zoology, 60, 6, pages 419 - 423.
  • Bryant, G., De Tores, P., Warren, K., Fleming, P., (2012), Does body size influence thermal biology and diet of a python (Morelia spilota imbricata)?, Austral Ecology: a journal of ecology in the Southern Hemisphere, 37, 5, pages 583 - 591.
  • Stockman, C., McGilchrist, P., Collins, T., Barnes, A., Miller, D., Wickham, S., Greenwood, P., Cafe, L., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P., (2012), Qualitative Behavioural Assessment of Angus steers during pre-slaughter handling and relationship with temperament and physiological responses, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 142, , pages 125 - 133.
  • Bryant, G., Dundas, S., Fleming, P., (2012), Tree hollows are of conservation importance for a Near-Threatened python species, Journal of Zoology, 286, 1, pages 81 - 92.
  • Bryant, G., Fleming, P., Twomey, L., Warren, K., (2012), Factors affecting hematology and plasma biochemistry in the southwest carpet python (Morelia spilota imbricata), Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 48, 2, pages 282 - 294.
  • Fleming, P., Bateman, P., (2012), Autotomy, tail regeneration and jumping ability in Cape dwarf geckos (Lygodactylus capensis) (Gekkonidae), African Zoology, 47, 1, pages 55 - 59.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2012), Big city life: carnivores in urban environments, Journal of Zoology, 287, , pages 1 - 23.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2011), Who are you looking at? Hadeda ibises use direction of gaze, head orientation and approach speed in their risk assessment of a potential predator, Journal of Zoology, 285, 4, pages 316 - 323.
  • Kaewmongkol, G., Kaewmongkol, S., Fleming, P., Adams, P., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Fenwick, S., (2011), Zoonotic bartonella species in fleas and blood from red foxes in australia, Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 11, 12, pages 1549 - 1553.
  • Bryant, G., Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2011), Tantalising tongues: Male carpet pythons use chemoreception to differentiate among females, Australian Journal of Zoology, 59, 1, pages 42 - 48.
  • Stockman, C., Collins, T., Barnes, A., Miller, D., Wickham, S., Beatty, D., Blache, D., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P., (2011), Qualitative behavioural assessment and quantitative physiological measurement of cattle nave and habituated to road transport, Animal Production Science, 51, 3, pages 240 - 249.
  • Biedenweg, T., Parsons, M., Fleming, P., Blumstein, D., (2011), Sounds scary? Lack of habituation following the presentation of novel sounds, PLoS One, 6, 1, pages -.
  • Kohler, A., Verburgt, L., Fleming, P., McWhorter, T., Nicolson, S., (2011), Interruptions in nectar availability: Responses of White-bellied Sunbirds (Cinnyris talatala) and Brown Honeyeaters (Lichmera indistincta), Emu: austral ornithology, 111, 3, pages 252 - 258.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2011), Frequency of tail loss reflects variation in predation levels, predator efficiency, and the behaviour of three populations of brown anoles, Linnean Society. Biological Journal: a journal of evolution, 103, 3, pages 648 - 656.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2011), Failure to launch? The influence of limb autotomy on the escape behavior of a semiaquatic grasshopper Paroxya atlantica (Acrididae), Behavioral Ecology, 22, 4, pages 763 - 768.
  • Kaewmongkol, G., Kaewmongkol, S., Burmej, H., Bennett, M., Fleming, P., Adams, P., Wayne, A., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Fenwick, S., (2011), Diversity of Bartonella species detected in arthropod vectors from animals in Australia, Comparative Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases: the international journal for medical and veterinary researchers and practitioners, 34, 5, pages 411 - 417.
  • Fleming, P., Moore, T., (2011), Do experimental methods affect estimates of pollen digestion by birds?, Australian Journal of Zoology, 59, 6, pages 407 - 415.
  • Kaewmongkol, G., Kaemongkol, S., Owen, H., Fleming, P., Adams, P., Ryan, U., Irwin, P., Fenwick, S., (2011), Candidatus Bartonella antechini: A novel Bartonella species detected in fleas and ticks from the yellow-footed antechinus (Antechinus flavipes), an Australian marsupial, Veterinary Microbiology, 149, 3-4, pages 517 - 521.
  • Craig, M., Benkovic, A., Grigg, A., Hardy, G., Fleming, P., Hobbs, R., (2011), How many mature microhabitats does a slow-recolonising reptile require? Implications for restoration of bauxite minesites in south-western Australia, Australian Journal of Zoology, 59, 1, pages 9 - 17.
  • Moore, T., de Tores, P., Fleming, P., (2010), Detecting, but not affecting, nest-box occupancy, Wildlife Research, 37, 3, pages 240 - 248.
  • Craig, M., Hobbs, R., Grigg, A., Garkaklis, M., Grant, C., Fleming, P., Hardy, G., (2010), Do thinning and burning sites revegetated after bauxite mining improve habitat for terrestrial vertebrates?, Restoration Ecology, 18, 3, pages 300 - 310.
  • Nice, P., Fleming, P., Bennett, N., Bateman, P., Miller, D., (2010), Exposure to non-kin females rapidly affects testicular morphology in non-reproductive male Damaraland mole-rats, Journal of Zoology, 282, 2, pages 84 - 90.
  • Purchase, C., Fleming, P., Nicolson, S., (2010), Added salt helps sunbirds and honeyeaters maintain energy balance on extremely dilute nectar diets, Journal of Comparative Physiology B: biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 180, 8, pages 1227 - 1234.
  • Craig, M., Grigg, A., Garkaklis, M., Hobbs, R., Grant, C., Fleming, P., Hardy, G., (2009), Does habitat structure influence capture probabilities? A study of reptiles in a eucalypt forest, Wildlife Research, 36, 6, pages 509 - 515.
  • Fleming, P., Bateman, P., Verburgt, L., Scantlebury, M., (2009), Jettisoning ballast or fuel? Caudal autotomy and locomotory energetics of the Cape dwarf gecko Lygodactylus capensis (Gekkonidae), Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: ecological and evolutionary approaches, 82, , pages 756 - 765.
  • Fleming, P., Bateman, P., (2009), To cut a long tail short: a review of lizard caudal autotomy studies carried out over the last 20 years, Journal of Zoology, 277, , pages 1 - 14.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2009), There will be blood: autohaemorrhage behaviour as part of the defence repertoire of an insect, Journal of Zoology, 278, , pages 342 - 348.
  • Napier, K., Purchase, C., McWhorter, T., Nicolson, S., Fleming, P., (2008), The sweet life: diet sugar concentration influences paracellular glucose absorption, Functional Ecology, 4, , pages 530 - 533.
  • Davis, C., Fleming, P., Craig, M., Grigg, A., Hardy, G., (2008), A funnel trap for capture of small arboreal reptiles, Amphibia - Reptilia, 29, , pages 413 - 423.
  • Beatty, D., Barnes, A., Fleming, P., Taylor, E., Maloney, S., (2008), The effect of fleece on core and rumen temperature in sheep, Journal of Thermal Biology, 33, 2008, pages 437 - 443.
  • Fleming, P., Xie, S., Napier, K., McWhorter, T., Nicolson, S., (2008), Nectar concentration affects sugar preferences in two Australian honeyeaters and a lorikeet, Functional Ecology, 22, , pages 599 - 605.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2008), An intra- and interspecific study of body size and autotomy as a defense in Orthoptera, Journal of Orthoptera Research, 17, 2, pages 315 - 320.
  • Kohler, A., Verburgt, L., Fleming, P., Nicolson, S., (2008), Changes in nectar concentration: how quickly do whitebellied sunbirds (Cinnyris talatala) adjust feeding patterns and food intake?, Journal of Comparative Physiology B: biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 178, , pages 785 - 793.
  • Napier, K., McWhorter, T., Fleming, P., (2008), Mechanism and rate of glucose absorption differ between an Australian honeyeater (Meliphagidae) and a lorikeet (Loriidae), Journal of Experimental Biology, 211, , pages 3544 - 3553.
  • Swinburn, M., Fleming, P., Craig, M., Grigg, A., Garkaklis, M., Hobbs, R., Hardy, G., (2007), The importance of grasstrees (Xanthorrhoea preissii) as habitat for mardo (Antechinus flavipes leucogaster) during post-fire recovery, Wildlife Research, 34, , pages 640 - 651.
  • Craig, M., Garkaklis, M., Hardy, G., Grigg, A., Grant, C., Fleming, P., Hobbs, R., (2007), Ecology of the western bearded dragon (Pogona minor) in unmined forest and forest restored after bauxite mining in south-west Western Australia, Australian Journal of Zoology, 55, 2, pages 107 - 116.
  • Fleming, P., Bateman, P., (2007), Just drop it and run: the effect of limb autotomy on running distance and locomotion energetics of field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus), Journal of Experimental Biology, 210, , pages 1446 - 1454.
  • Fleming, P., Hofmeyr, S., Nicolson, S., (2007), Role of insects in the pollination of Acacia nigrescens (Fabaceae), South African Journal of Botany, 73, , pages 49 - 55.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2006), Sex and the single (-eared) female: Leg function, limb autotomy and mating history trade-offs in field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus), Biology Letters, 2, , pages 33 - 35.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2006), Increased susceptibility to predation for autotomized house crickets (Acheta domestica), Ethology (Print), 112, , pages 670 - 677.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2006), Sex, intimidation and severed limbs: the effect of simulated predator attack and limb autotomy on calling behavior and level of caution in the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 59, , pages 674 - 681.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2006), Males are selective too: mating, but not courtship, with sequential females influences choosiness in male field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus), Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 59, , pages 577 - 581.
  • Fleming, P., Hofmeyr, S., Nicolson, S., du Toit, J., (2006), Are giraffes pollinators or flower predators of Acacia nigrescens in Kruger National Park, South Africa?, Journal of Tropical Ecology, 22, , pages 247 - 253.
  • Vasicek, C., Malpaux, B., Fleming, P., Bennett, N., (2005), Melatonin secretion in the Mashona mole-rat, Cryptomys darlingi - influence of light on rhythmicity, Physiology & behavior, 83, , pages 689 - 697.
  • Bateman, P., Fleming, P., (2005), Direct and indirect costs of limb autotomy in field crickets Gryllus bimaculatus, Animal Behaviour, 69, , pages 151 - 159.
  • Nicolson, S., Hoffmann, D., Fleming, P., (2005), Short-term energy regulation in nectar-feeding birds: the response of whitebellied sunbirds (Nectarinia talatala) to a midday fast, Functional Ecology, 19, , pages 988 - 994.
  • Fleming, P., Gray, D., Nicolson, S., (2004), Osmoregulatory response to acute diet change in an avian nectarivore: rapid rehydration following water shortage, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 138, , pages 321 - 326.
  • Fleming, P., Gray, D., Nicolson, S., (2004), Circadian rhythm of water balance and aldosterone excretion in the whitebellied sunbird Nectarinia talatala., Journal of Comparative Physiology B: biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 174, , pages 341 - 346.
  • Fleming, P., Hartman, B., Lotz, C., Nicolson, S., (2004), Concentration and temperature effects on sugar intake and preferences in a sunbird and a hummingbird, Functional Ecology, 18, , pages 223 - 232.
  • Fleming, P., Nicolson, S., (2004), Sex differences in space use, body condition and survivorship during the breeding season in the Namaqua rock mouse, Aethomys namaquensis, African Zoology, 39:00:00, , pages 123 - 132.
  • Gray, D., Fleming, P., Nicolson, S., (2004), Dietary intake effects on arginine vasotocin and aldosterone in cloacal fluid of whitebellied sunbirds (Nectarinia talatala), Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 138, , pages 441 - 449.
  • Richter, T., Malpaux, B., Fleming, P., Molteno, A., Bennett, N., (2003), Melatonin secretion in a strictly subterranean mammal, the Damaraland mole-rat (Cryptomys damarensis), Journal of Zoology, 261, , pages 1 - 7.
  • Fleming, P., Nicolson, S., (2003), Arthropod fauna of mammal-pollinated Protea humiflora: ants as an attractant for insectivore pollinators?, African Entomology, 11, , pages 9 - 14.
  • Fleming, P., Nicolson, S., (2003), Osmoregulation in an avian nectarivore, the whitebellied sunbird Nectarinia talatala: response to extremes of diet concentration, Journal of Experimental Biology, 206, , pages 1845 - 1854.
  • Nicolson, S., Fleming, P., (2003), Nectar as food for birds: the physiological consequences of drinking dilute sugar solutions, Plant Systematics and Evolution: Entwicklungsgeschichte und Systematik der Pflanzen, 238, , pages 139 - 153.
  • Nicolson, S., Fleming, P., (2003), Energy balance in the whitebellied sunbird, Nectarinia talatala: constraints on compensatory feeding, and consumption of supplementary water, Functional Ecology, 17, , pages 3 - 9.
  • Fleming, P., Loveridge, J., (2003), Miombo woodland termite mounds: resource islands for small vertebrates?, Journal of Zoology, 259, , pages 1 - 8.