Xiangpeng Gao  from Murdoch University in Perth Australia.
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+61 8 9360 6957

Email

X.Gao@murdoch.edu.au

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    Dr Xiangpeng Gao
    PhD in Chemical Engineering

    Lecturer

    About me

    I joined the School of Engineering and Information Technology at Murdoch University as a lecturer in January 2015. Prior to this appointment, I worked as a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Curtin University.

    I completed my PhD in Chemical Engineering at Curtin University in 2012 under the supervision of Prof Hongwei Wu, with a thesis entitled “Emission of Inorganic Particulate Matter during the Combustion of Biomass, Biochar and Collie Coal”. I completed my Bachelors and Masters degrees, in 2004 and 2006, respectively, in Energy and Power Engineering from Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST) in Wuhan, China.

    I am currently teaching in Energy-related Units. My research is focused on advanced bioenergy production from biomass pyrolysis and gasification, fine airborne particulate matter (aerosols) emission from the combustion of solid fuels (e.g., biomass and coal), biochar production and application, hydrothermal carbonisation of microalgae, and smouldering combustion of biosolids.

    I am seeking HDR students in the aforementioned research areas. Please see details in the ‘Doctoral and Masters Supervisions’ section below.

    Teaching area

    I am currently coordinating/ teaching the following units:

    • PEN593/ZPEN593/OEENV593 Energy Economics
    • PEN504 Greenhouse Gas Reporting and Life Cycle Assessment
    • PEN622/ZPEN622 Renewable Energy Resources
    • ENG441 Solar Thermal and Biomass Engineering

    I am also involved in delivering guest lectures in the following units:

    • PEN592 Energy in Society
    • PEN594 Energy Management
    • PEN590 Energy Systems
    • PEN621 Renewable Energy Devices
    • PEN623 Renewable Energy Systems Design
    • PEN620 Case Studies of Renewable Energy Systems
    • ENG338 Energy Supply and Management

    Research areas

    (1) Smouldering combustion of biosolids from wastewater treatment plants

    (2) Advanced bioenergy production technologies:

    • Co-production of char/heavy oil pellets and light bio-oil from biomass pyrolysis
    • Hydrothermal carbonisation of microalgae for advance fuel and carbon materials
    •  Co-combustion of biomass and its derived fuels (biochar, bio-oil, and bio-oil/char slurry) with coal under air and oxy-fuel combustion conditions.

    (3) Formation and emission of fine particulate matter during combustion of solid fuels

    (4) Techno-economic analysis and life cycle assessment of biofuels and bio-electricity

    Current projects

    • Hydrothermal Carbonisation of Microalgae
    • Smouldering Combustion of Biosolids
    • Valorisation of Agricultural Residues via Advanced Pyrolysis Process

    Awards and grants

    Awards

    • 2016 Brian Haynes Travelling Award from the ANZ Section of the Combustion Institute
    • 2012 Curtin Chancellor’s Commendation Letter for outstanding PhD thesis
    • 2012 Chinese Government Award for Outstanding Self-Financed Students Abroad
    • 2009 Excellent Master Thesis in Hubei Province China
    Grants
    • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Postdoctoral Fellowship commencing in 2018, funded by the JSPS and Hosted by Prof Jun-Ichiro Hayashi at Kyushu University, Japan, CI Dr Xiangpeng Gao, “Coproduction of Liquid Biofuels and Metallurgical Coke from Microalgae Hydrothermal Carbonisation”.
    • Endeavour Research Fellowship commencing in 2018, Funded by The Australian Government Department of Education and Training, and Hosted by Prof Jun-Ichiro Hayashi at Kyushu University, Japan, CI Dr Xiangpeng Gao, “Production of High-Quality Metallurgical Coke from Lipid-Extracted Microalgal Hydrochar”.
    • SWDC/234 – Review of 2016 Collie Coal and Energy Industry Opportunities Study $8,000, Funded by South West Development Commission, CI Dr Xiangpeng Gao, 2018.
    • Matching fund of Murdoch University Strategic Partnership Scholarship $50,193.5, funded by Guangdong Hinergy Environmental Technology Co., Ltd., CI Dr Xiangpeng Gao, “Treating Biosolids from Wastewater Treatment Plants via Smouldering Combustion” 2017.
    • Inter-Disciplinary Collaborative Research Grant $7,000, funded by the School of Engineering and Information Technology (SEIT) at Murdoch University (MU), CI Drs Manickam Minakshi, Xiangpeng Gao, and Fang Xia, “Microalgae Derived Carbon for Energy Storage Devices” 2017.
    • New Staff Start-up Grant , funded by the School of Engineering and Information Technology (SEIT) at Murdoch University (MU), CI Dr Xiangpeng Gao, “Spontaneous Combustion of Biochars Derived from Mallee Biomass” 2015 – 2016.
    • Small Grant, funded by the SEIT, CI Dr Xiangpeng Gao, “Coproduction of Liquid Transport Fuels and Bio-oil/char Slurry from Microalgae Hydrothermal Liquefaction” 2015-2016.
    • Inter-Disciplinary Collaborative Research Grant, funded by the SEIT, CI Drs Xiangpeng Gao and Fang Xia, “Co-firing Biochar Derived from Solid Recovered Fuel in Coal-based Power Stations for Electricity Production” 2015.
    • Inter-Disciplinary Collaborative Research Grant, funded by the SEIT, CI Drs Fang Xia and Xiangpeng Gao, “Exploring the mechanism of the evolution of porosity and permeability during in-situ leaching of copper minerals” 2016.
    • 2016 Travel Grant from the SEIT. This enabled me to disseminate my research on fine PM emission from the combustion of individual mallee components and whole-tree biomass at The 36th International Symposium on Combustion, 31 July – 5 August 2016 in Seoul, Korea.
    • 2015 Travel Grant from Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST, Wuhan, China). As invited by Prof Minghou Xu, I visited his laboratory to collaborate on fine PM emission from coal combustion in December 2015, with the financial support from this Travel Grant.

    Professional and community service

    • Member of Student Appeals Committee at Murdoch University
    • Member of the Organisation Committee for the 6th Sino-Australian Symposium on Advanced Coal and Biomass Utilisation Technologies, 4 – 8 December 2017, Perth, Australia
    • Regular reviewer for the Journals Fuel and Energy & Fuels

    Doctoral and masters supervisions

    Current PhD Students

    Ms Sidra Jabeen: Hydrothermal Carbonisation of Microalgae

    Ms Salley Quadsia: Valorisation of Agricultural Residues via Advanced Pyrolysis Process

    Ms Kanwal Shabbir:  Smouldering Combustion of Biosolids under Air and Oxy-fuel Conditions

    Mr Alireza Zehi Mofrad: In-situ Adsorption of Heavy Oil with Char from Biomass Pyrolysis for an Enhanced Yield of Solid Fuel.

    For Potential Students

    I am looking for HDR students, in the research areas of biomass & biofuels and solid fuel combustion. The scholarships for PhD candidates waive tuition fee and provide a living allowance in the range ~$26-30 k annually.

    International PhD candidates can apply for:

    Domestic PhD candidates can apply for:

    Publications

    Refereed Journal Articles

    2019

    • J Al-Nu’Airat, BZ Dlugogorski, X Gao, N Zeinali, J Skut, PR Westmoreland, I Oluwoye, M Altarawneh, Reaction of phenol with singlet oxygen. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2019, 21, 171-183
    • J Al-Nu’Airat, BZ Dlugogorski, I Oluwoye, X Gao, M Altarawneh, Effect of Fe2O3 Nanoparticles on Combustion of Coal Surrogate (Anisole): Enhanced Ignition and Formation of Persistent Free Radicals. Proc. Combust. Inst., 2019, 37, 3091-3099
    • S Jabeen, Z Zeng, M Altarawneh, X Gao, A Saeed, BZ Dlugogorski, Thermal Decomposition of Model Compound of Algal Biomass. Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 2019, 51, 696-710
    • N Halim, UPM Ashik, X Gao, S Kudo, E Sanwani, K Norinaga, J Hayashi, Quantitative Description of Catalysis of Inherent Metallic Species in Lignite Char during CO2 Gasification. Energy Fuels, 2019, 33, 5996-6007
    • C Choi, K Shima, S Kudo, K Norinaga, X Gao, J Hayashi, Continuous Monitoring of Char Surface Activity toward Benzene. Carbon Resources Conversion, 2019, 2, 43-50

    2018

    • J Al-Nu’Airat, M Altarawneh, I Oluwoye, X Gao, BZ Dlugogorski, Role of Singlet Oxygen in Combustion Initiation of Aromatic Fuels. Energy Fuels 2018, 32, 12851-12860
    • H Wu, Y Yu, X Gao, M Xu, X Liu, 6th Sino-australian symposium on advanced coal and biomass utilisation technologies. (2018) Energy Fuels, 2008, 32, 4065-4068 (editorial)
    • H Wu, D Gauthier, Y Yu, X Gao, G Flamant, Solar-Thermal Pyrolysis of Mallee Wood at High Temperatures. Energy Fuels 2018, 32, 4350-4356
    • W Wang, X Gao*, T Li, S Cheng, H Yang, Y Qiao*, Stabilization of Heavy Metals in Fly Ashes from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration via Wet Milling. Fuel, 2018, 216, 153-159 
    • H Wu, X Gao, H Wee, L Ngu, Y Ninomiya, Q Wang, Occurrence and Characteristics of Abundant Fine Included Mineral Particles in Collie Coal of Western Australia, Fuel, 2018, 216, 53-60

    2017

    • C Wen, W Wang, P Zhang, X Gao, D Yu, C Li, M Xu, Effects of Typical Inorganics on the Emission Behavior of PM10 during Combustion of Ash-removed Coals Loaded with Sodium and Quartz. Energy Fuels, 2017, 31, 8014-8022
    • J Al-Nu’airat, M Altarawneh, X Gao, P Westmoreland, B Dlugogorski, Reaction of Aniline with Singlet Oxygen (O2 1Δg). J. Phys. Chem. A, 2017, 121, 3199-3206
    • Y He, X Gao, Y Qiao, M Xu, Occurrence forms of key ash-forming elements in defatted microalgal biomass. Fuel, 2017, 200, 182-185
    • X Gao, MU Rahim, X Chen, H Wu, Inorganic PM10 Emission from the Combustion of Individual Mallee Components and Whole-tree Biomass. Proc. Combust. Inst., 2017, 36, 3313-3319
    • C Feng, X Gao, H Wu, Emission of Particulate Matter during the Combustion of Bio-oil and its Fractions under Air and Oxyfuel Conditions. Proc. Combust. Inst., 2017, 36, 4061-4068
    • C Wen, P Zhang, D Yu, X Gao, M Xu, Loading identical contents of sodium and quartz into different ash-removed coals to elaborately investigate the real effects of coal particle combustion on the emission behavior of PM10. Proc. Combust. Inst., 2017, 36, 2191-2198

    2016

    • X Liu, Y Xu, X Zeng, Y Zhang, M Xu, S Pan, K Zhang, L Li, X Gao, Field Measurements on the Emission and Removal of PM2.5 from Coal-fired Power Stations: 1. Case study for a 1000 MW Ultrasupercritical Utility Boiler. Energy Fuels, 2016, 30, 6547-6554
    • X Liu, Y Xu, B Fan, C Lv, M Xu, S Pan, K Zhang, L Li, X Gao, Field Measurements on the Emission and Removal of PM2.5 from Coal-fired Power Stations: 2. Studies on Two 135 MW CFB Boilers Respectively Equipped with Electrostatic Precipitator and Hybrid Electrostatic Filter Precipitator. Energy Fuels, 2016, 30, 5922-5929
    • Y Xu, X Liu, Y Zhang, Wei Sun, Z Zhou, M Xu, S Pan, X Gao, Field Measurements on the Emission and Removal of PM2.5 from Coal-fired Power Stations: 3. Direct Comparison on the PM Removal Efficiency of Electrostatic Precipitators and Fabric Filters. Energy Fuels, 2016, 30, 5930-5936
    • Y Xu, X Liu, J Cui, D Chen, M Xu, S Pan, K Zhang, X Gao, Field Measurements on the Emission and Removal of PM2.5 from Coal-fired Power Stations: 4. PM Removal Performance of Wet Electrostatic Precipitators. Energy Fuels, 2016, 30, 7465-7473
    • C Wen, X Gao, M Xu, A CCSEM Study on the Transformation of Included and Excluded Minerals during Coal Devolatilization and Char Combustion. Fuel, 2016, 172, 96-104
    • C Feng, X Gao, H Wu, Particulate Matter Emission from Bio-oil Incomplete Combustion under Conditions Relevant to Stationary Applications. Fuel, 2016, 171, 143-150
    • X Gao, Y Chen, C Sheng, H Wu, Interaction between Sodium Vapor and Reactor Wall during Biomass Combustion and its Influence on Measurement of Particulate Matter Emission. Fuel, 2016, 165, 260-263

    2015

    • X Gao, S Yani, H Wu, Emission of Inorganic PM10 during the Combustiuon of Spent Biomass from Mallee Leaf Steam Distillation. Energy Fuels, 2015, 29, 5171-5175
    • S Yani, X Gao, H Wu, Emission of Inorganic PM10 from the Combustion of Torrefied Biomass under Pulverized-Fuel Conditions. Energy Fuels, 2015, 29, 800-807
    • C Wen, X Gao, Y Yu, J Wu, M Xu, H Wu, Emission of Inorganic PM10 from Included Mineral Matter during the Combustion of Pulverized Coals of Various Ranks, 2015, Fuel, 2015, 140, 526-530
    • MU Rahim, X Gao, H Wu, Release of Chlorine from the Slow Pyrolysis of NaCl-loaded Cellulose at Low Temperatures. Proc. Combust. Inst., 2015, 35, 2891-2896

    2014

    • X. Gao, S Yani, H Wu, Pyrolysis of Spent Biomass from Mallee Leaf Steam Distillation: Biochar Properties and Recycling of Inherent Inorganic Nutrients. Energy Fuels, 2014, 28, 4642-4649
    • X Gong, Y Yu, X Gao, Y Qiao, M Xu, H Wu, Formation of Anhydro-sugars in the Primary Volatiles and Solid Reisidues from Cellulose Fast Pyrolysis in a Wire-Mesh Reactor. Energy Fuels, 2014, 28, 5204-5211
    • X Gao, H Wu, Aerodynamic Properties of Biochar Particles: Effect of Grinding and Implications. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett., 2014, 1, 60-64
    • X Gao, MU Rahim, X Chen, H Wu, Significant Contribution of Organically-bound Mg, Ca, and Fe to Inorganic PM10 Emission during the Combustion of Pulverized Victorian Brown Coal. Fuel, 2014, 117, 825-832
    • MU Rahim, X Gao, H Wu, Determination of Chlorine in Solid Fuels Using an Improved Eschka Method. Fuel, 2014, 129, 314-317
    • S Yani, X Gao, P Grayling, H Wu. Steam Distillation of Mallee Leaf: Extraction of 1,8-Cineole and Changes in the Fuel Properties of Spent Biomass. Fuel, 2014, 133, 341-349
    • Z Kong, SB Liaw, X Gao, Y Yu, H Wu, Leaching Characteristics of Inherent Inorganic Nutrients in Biochars from the Slow and Fast Pyrolysis of Mallee Biomass. Fuel, 2014, 128, 433-441
    2013
    • MU Rahim, X Gao, H Wu, A Method for the Quantification of Chlorine in Low-Rank Solid Fuels. Energy Fuels, 2013, 27, 6992-6999 
    • M Zhang, X Gao, H Wu, A Method for the Quantification of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metallic Species in Bioslurry Fuels. Energy Fuels, 2013, 27, 6823-6830
    • X Gao, Y Yu, H Wu, Life Cycle Energy and Carbon Footprints of Microalgal Biodiesel Production in Western Australia: A Comparison of Byproducts Utilization Strategies. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 2013, 1, 1371-1380
    • Y Li, X Gao, H Wu, Ash Cenosphere from Solid Fuels Combustion. Part 2: Significant Role of Ash Cenosphere Fragmentation in Ash and Particulate Matter Formation. Energy Fuels, 2013, 27, 822-829
    • Y Li, X Gao, H Wu, Further Investigation into the Formation Mechanism of Ash Cenospheres from an Australian Coal-Fired Power Station. Energy Fuels, 2013, 27, 811-815
    2012
    •  X Gao, Y Li, M Garcia-Perez, H Wu, Roles of Inherent Fine Included Mineral Particles in the Emission of PM10 during Pulverized Coal Combustion. Energy Fuels, 2012, 26, 6783-6791
    • MU Rahim, X Gao, M Garcia-Perez, Y Li, H Wu, Release of Chlorine during Mallee Bark Pyrolysis. Energy Fuels, 2012, 27, 310-317

    2011

    •  X Gao, H Wu, Combustion of Volatiles Produced in Situ from the Fast Pyrolysis of Woody Biomass: Direct Evidence on Its Substantial Contribution to Sub-micrometer Particle (PM1) Emission. Energy Fuels, 2011, 25, 4172–4181
    • X Gao, H Wu, Biochar as a Fuel: 4. Emission Behavior and Characteristics of PM1 and PM10 from the Combustion of Pulverized Biochar in a Drop-tube Furnace. Energy Fuels, 2011, 25, 2702-2710
    • H Wu, K Yip, Z Kong, C-Z Li, D Liu, Y Yu, X Gao, Removal and Recycling of Inherent Inorganic Nutrient Species in Mallee Biomass and Derived Biochars by Water Leaching. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2011, 50, 12143–12151
    • H Wu, W Hendrawinata, Y Yu, X Gao, Y Li, J Bartle, P Grayling, Effect of Hydrodistillation on 1,8-Cineole Extraction from Mallee Leaf and the Fuel Properties of Spent Biomass. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2011, 50, 11280–11287

    2010 (and earlier)

    •  X Gao, H Wu, Effect of Sampling Temperature on the Properties of Inorganic Particulate Matter Collected from Biomass Combustion in a Drop-tube Furnace. Energy Fuels, 2010, 24, 4571-4580
    • C Sheng, Y Lu, X Gao, H Yao,  Fine Ash Formation during Pulverized Coal Combustion-A Comparison of Air Combustion vs O2/CO2 Combustion. Energy Fuels, 2007, 21, 435-440
    • X Liu, M Xu, H Yao, D Yu, X Gao, Q Cao, Y Cai,  Effect of Combustion Parameters on the Emission and Chemical Composition of Particulate Matter during Coal Combustion. Energy Fuels, 2007, 21, 157-162
    • J Sui, M Xu, J Qiu, Y Qiao, Y Yu, X Liu, X Gao, Numerical Simulation of Ash Vaporization during Pulverized Coal Combustion in the Laboratory-scale Single-burner Furnace. Energy Fuels, 2005, 19, 1536-1541